Proceedings of the  First Asia Dairy Goat Conference

Proceedings of the
First Asia Dairy Goat Conference

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome, 2012

ABSTRACT

The goat was the first animal to be domesticated by humankind. The global goat population currently stands at 921 million, of which over 90% are found in developing countries. Asia is home to about 60% of the total world goat population and has the largest goat breed share of 26%. Goats play a vital socio-economic role in Asian agriculture, particularly for resource-poor people living in harsh environments. Non-cattle milk accounts for approximately 15% of the total milk consumption by humans worldwide. Asia contributes approximately 59% to world goat milk production and Asia?s demand for animal products, fueled by increasing populations and growing disposable incomes, is increasing at a high rate. Despite their socio-economic importance, goat rearing has not attracted much attention of development practitioners, science managers and researchers or policy makers in Asia. However, lately, due to the emerging challenges of climate change and increasing pressure on natural resources and the high value of goat meat and milk across a number of Asian countries, the potential of goats with their high adaptability to a wide array of environmental conditions and â??low quality? feed resources is being increasingly appreciated. Goats use poor quality roughages with high cell wall and low protein contents more efficiently than other domesticated animals. In Asia concerted efforts are needed to address issues facing goat farmers and the goat milk processing industry to fully exploit the potential of goats. FAO joined with the Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Department of Veterinary Science, Malaysia and the International Dairy Federation (IDF) in organizing the First Asia Dairy Goat Conference in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia from 9 to 12 April 2012. The conference provided a platform to share technical information and experiences and to network for the promotion of dairy goat farming.



CONTENTS

Preface

 

  
   

Contents

Keynote Address – Dairy Goats in Asia: Multifunctional Relevance and Contribution to Food and Nutrition Security

Plenary 1 – Linking Smallholders to Markets – Opportunities and Challenges

Plenary 2 – Challenges Facing Dairy Goat Farmers in Malaysia

Plenary 3 – Dairy Goat Farming in Australia: Current Challenges and Future

Plenary 4 – IImproving Dairy Goat Productivity with Concomitant Mitigation of Methane

Plenary 5 – The Possibility of Controlling Flow of Metabolic H into Various Pathways in Rumen Fermentation to Improve Dairy Goat Productivity

Plenary 6 – IDF Perspectives on the Global Dairy Situation and Development Perspectives for Non-Cow Milk

Plenary 7 – Goat Milk and Human Nutrition

Plenary 8 – Microbiota of Goat’s Milk and Goat’s Milk Cheese

Plenary 9 – The Welfare of Dairy Goats

Country Report 1 – Dairy Goats in Indonesia: Potential, Opportunities and Challenges

Country Report 2 – Dairy Goat in Vietnam: Potential, Opportunities and Challenges

Country Report 3 – Dairy Goats in Thailand: Potential, Opportunities and Challenges

Country Report 4 – Dairy Goats in Pakistan: Potential, Opportunities and Challenges

Lead Paper 1 – Perspectives for Increasing Nutrient Use Efficiency in Dairy Goat Production

 

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Paper 1 – Use of Indigofera zollingeriana as a Forage Protein Source in Dairy Goat Rations

Paper 2 – Protein Requirement for the Maintenance and Gain of Growing Goats Fed Leucaena leucocephalade Roughage-Based Diets in Thailand

Paper 3 – Yield and Quality of Forage affected by Molybdenum Fertiliser and Legume Genotypes

Paper 4 – The Use of Rain Tree Pods as a Feed Supplement for Dairy Goats

Paper 5 – Effect of Jerusalem Artichoke Supplementation on Methanogenic Achaea in Dairy Goats using Real Time PCR Technique

Paper 6 – Production and Quality of Pasture with Introduced Legumes for Dairy Goats

Paper 7 – Evaluation of Tree Leaves as a Crude Protein and Energy Supplement to the Low Quality Diets of Dairy Goats

Paper 8 – Assessment of Grewia oppositifolia Leaves as Crude Protein Supplement to Low Quality Diets of Goats

Paper 9 – Effect of Intersowing Italian Ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) with Dwarf Napier Grass on Yield and Quality for Biomass Use

Paper 10 – Effect of Feeding Pattern on Rumen Microorganism Population in Saanen Goats

Paper 11 – Supplementation of Leucaena and Acacia mangium Willd Foliages on Microbial N Supply, Digestibility and N Balance in Saanen Goats

Paper 12 – Enhancing Performance of Dairy Goat by Biscuit Feeding as Fibre Source

Paper 13 – Development of a New Quantitative Competitive PCR Assay for Rumen Butyrate-Producing Bacterium, Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens

Lead Paper 2 – Reproductive, Production and Economic Performances of the Damascus (Shami) Goats in Cyprus

Paper 14 – Genotypic Characterisation of Ardi Goats in Saudi Arabia

Paper 15 – Effect of Estrus Synchronisation with Sponge and CIDR on Pregnancy Rate, Sex and Birth Type of Kids in Iranian Adani (Persian Gulf) Goats

Paper 16 – Estimation of Genetic Parameters for Growth Traits of Iranian Adani (Persian Gulf) Goats

Paper 17 – Effects of Synchronisation and Artificial Insemination with Alpine and Saanen Semen on Reproductive Traits of Iranian Goat Breeds

Paper 18 – Milk Production of Local Qomi and F1 and F2 Qomi × Saanen Goats in Iran

Paper 19 – Serum Protein Polymorphism in Iraqi Local Goats Using Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis: Transferrin (β-Globulin) Polymorphism

Paper 20 – Phenotypic and Genetic Marker of Dairy Goat Performances Based on the Polymorphism of Acaca Gene

Paper 21 – Effect of Body Condition Score on Milk Yield, Protein and Fat Contents in Etawah Crossbred Dairy Goats

Paper 22 – Detection and Identification of Pregnancy-Associated Glycoprotein as a Biomarker for Early Stage Pregnancy in Goats

Paper 23 – West African Dwarf Goat Milk Production, Composition and Kid Growth during the Dry Season in Western Highland of Cameroon

Paper 24 – Estimation of Genetic Parameters for Milk Production Test Day Records of Iranian Adani (Persian Gulf) Goats

Paper 25 – Sexual Behaviour of Indigenous Does and Ewes under Mixed Flock System

Paper 26 – Genetic and Phenotypic Parameter Estimates for Birth Weight in Iranian Indigenous Goats

Lead Paper 3 – Taurine-Rich Goat Milk

Paper 27 – “Feed less Food” – Effect of a Low Concentrate Diet on Milk Quality, Milk Fatty Acid Composition and Performance of Dairy Goats

Paper 28 – Comparative Studies of Milk Components of West African Dwarf Goats and Sheep

Paper 29 – Introduction of Goat Milk Pasteurisation Equipment to the Etawah Crossbred Dairy Goat Farmers in East Java Province, Indonesia

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Paper 30 – Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) Content in Ferment Goat Milk

Paper 31 – Composition and Quality of Hand- and Machine-Milked Goat Milk

Paper 32 – Using Ultraviolet Irradiation in Combination with Pasteurisation to Reduce Microorganism Content and Extend Shelf Life of Goat Milk

Paper 33 – Goat Milk Production and Utilisation in Nomadic Pastoral Society of Kerman Province of Iran

Paper 34 – Effect of Feeding Cassava Peel Chips on Nutrient Consumption and Milk Production in Dairy Goats

Paper 35 – Comparison of Nutrition Quality between Cow and Goat Dairy Products: A Meta-analysis

Paper 36 – Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Parasites and Efficacy of Anthelmintics in Dairy Goats in Pakistan

Paper 37 – Phylogenetic Analysis of Serotype Asia 1 Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus: Asia Diversity and the Iran Perspective

Paper 38 – Johne’s disease in Goats: A Histopathological and Serological Study

Paper 39 – Sero-epidemiological Investigation and Risk Factor Analysis of Brucellosis in Small Ruminants and Their Owners in a District Of Pakistan

Lead Paper 4 – Improvement in Rural Livelihood through Dairy Goat Farming in India

Paper 40 – Housing Advancements for Smallholder Dairy Goat Farming in the Tropics

Paper 41 – Rural Farmer Preferences Regarding Purpose of Rearing and Choice of Body Coat Colour in Indian Rural Goats

Paper 42 – Developing a Model of a Goat-Sharing System Based on Farmer Groups to Improve Etawah Crossbred Goats in the Village

Paper 43 – Normative Pen Mating Behaviour in Local Goats of the Rohilkhand Region

Paper 44 – Emerging Stall-fed Goat Farming for Milk and Meat in the Periurban Districts of Karnataka, India

Paper 45 – The Role of Goat in Poverty Reduction among Smallholder Farmers in Egypt

Paper 46 – Integration of Etawah Crossbred Dairy Goat with Cocoa in East Java Province, Indonesia

Paper 47 – Dairy Goat Feeding Characteristics in Malang District East Java, Indonesia

Paper 48 – Lactation Performance of Local Goats of Rohilkhand Region, India under Semi-intensive System

Paper 49 – Dairy Goat – A Potential Candidate for the Dairy Science Park Peshawar, Pakistan

Paper 50 – Trends in Goat Production in Islamic Republic of Iran

Paper 51 – Impact of Prompt Delivery of Veterinary Services on Morbidity and Mortality Rate in the Flocks of Indigenous Goat Farms in Central Punjab, Pakistan

Paper 52 – Heat Tolerance Coefficient of Pregnant and Nonpregnant Dairy Goat in Hot Environment

Paper 53 – Association between Growth Hormone Gene and Post-Weaning Body Weight Gains in Savanna Goats

Paper 54 – Production of Black Goats by the Embryo Transfer Technique

Paper 55 – Fermentation of Ensiled Rice Straw in an in Vitro system containing rumen microbes

Paper 56 – Quality of Caprine Sex-Separated Spermatozoa Obtained by Free-Flow Electrophoresis

Paper 57 – Morphological Characteristics of Shami Goat in Malaysia

Paper 58 – Preliminary Study on Mortality and Adaptability of Newly Imported Shami Breed in Malaysia

Author Index

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