Fisheries and aquaculture in the Republic of Azerbaijan: a review

FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular. No. 1030/4

Fisheries and aquaculture in the Republic of Azerbaijan
a review


by
Zaur Salmonov
Director
Khilly Sturgeon Hatchery
Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources
Neftchala, Azerbaijan

Agasadiq Qasimov
Head of Artificial Reproduction section
Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources
Neftchala, Azerbaijan

Haydar Fersoy
Fisheries Management Expert
FAO Subregional Office for Central Asia
Ankara, Turkey

and

Raymon van Anrooy
Fishery and Aquaculture Officer
FAO Subregional Office for the Caribbean
Bridgetown, Barbados



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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Ankara 2013


ABSTRACT

Salmanov, Z., Qasimov, A., Fersoy, H. & van Anrooy, R. 2013.
Fisheries and aquaculture in the Republic of Azerbaijan: a review.
FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Circular No. 1030/4. Ankara, FAO. 42 pp.

Following the general tendency of the successor States to the Union of the Soviet Socialist Republics, fishing and the production of fish and fish products in Azerbaijan declined considerably in the early 1990s, with annual fish production falling from more than 20 000 tonnes in the early twentieth century to just 1 570 tonnes by the end of the century. Fish imports into Azerbaijan are relatively stable, while sturgeon and black caviar make up the majority of fish exports. Sudden increases in export volumes can be explained by the different catch quotas for sturgeon in years concerned. Compared with the global average consumption of fish and fish products, consumption of fish-derived products in Azerbaijan is low as a result of both high product prices determined by insufficient domestic production and the immaturity of the distribution network.

Some structural transformations in the sector occurred in 2001, and Azerbaijan has signed a number of international conventions, three of which are related to water resources. Moreover, Azerbaijan is a member of the Commission on Aquatic Bioresources of the Caspian Sea.


Table of Contents

Preparation of this document
Abstract
Abbreviations and acronyms
Acknowledgements

1.

INTRODUCTION

2.

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

 

 

General background

   

Fisheries and aquaculture up to independence

 

 

Institutional settings

3.

STATUS OF FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE

 

 

Natural resources and potential of the fishery sector

 

 

Marine capture fisheries

   

Inland capture fisheries

   

Recreational fisheries

   

Aquaculture and restocking

 

 

Facilitating industries

4.

PROCESSING, MARKETING AND TRADING OF FISH AND FISHERIES PRODUCTS

   

Fish processing and storage

   

Distribution and marketing of fish and fishery products

   

Fish trade

   

Fish demand and consumption

5.

PROCESSING, MARKETING AND TRADING OF FISH AND FISHERIES PRODUCTS

 

 

Fisheries administration

 

 

Fisheries training, research and extension

 

 

Fisheries statistics

   

Unions, cooperatives, associations and other fisheries-linked institutions

   

International cooperation in fisheries development and management

   

Fisheries and aquaculture policies and planning

   

Legal regulatory frameworks for fisheries

 

 

Fisheries management

6.

SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE

 

 

Fisheries and aquaculture employment

 

 

Social security of fishers, fish farmers and other workers in the sector

   

Economics of fisheries and aquaculture

   

Credit and investment in fisheries and aquaculture

 

 

The role of fisheries and aquaculture in food security and poverty alleviation

7.

SECTORAL DIAGNOSIS

 

 

Strengths

 

 

Weaknesses

 

 

Opportunities

 

 

Threats

References


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