Regional overview of fisheries and aquaculture in Asia and the Pacific 2012


RAP PUBLICATION 2012/26

Regional overview of fisheries and aquaculture in Asia and the Pacific 2012

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Bangkok 2012


ABSTRACT

The Asia-Pacific Fishery Commission (APFIC) is committed to improving the quality of information on the status and trends of fisheries and aquaculture in the region and to reviewing and analyzing this information regularly. The purpose of this document is to inform APFIC member countries of the current status and potential of fisheries and aquaculture in Asia and the Pacific region and of emerging issues facing the sector. The report also contains short reviews on some current issues that are likely to challenge the sector as it adapts to continuously changing production and market environments. The capture fisheries review is divided into three subregions: the South China Sea, the Bay of Bengal and the Sulu-Sulawesi and Timor-Arafura Seas. The aquaculture overview covers different commodity groupings across the region.



Table of Contents

Foreword
Preparation of this document
Introduction
Geographical scope of this review: states, entities and areas
    Marine capture fisheries
    Inland fisheries
    Aquaculture
General trends in marine capture fisheries and in the APFIC region
Issues of nei reporting species composition in national statistics
Classifications of APFIC region national fishery management areas
Fisheries classifications
Subregional overviews of marine capture fisheries
Trends in marine capture fishery production in the South China Sea subregion
    Changes in species composition in the South China Sea and Gulf of Thailand
        subregion
    Fishery/stock assessments
    Trends in CPUE/catch rates
    Low-value/trash fish production
    Fishmeal production
    Capture production of surimi species
    Fishery zoning
    Management measures
    Vessel numbers
    Employment
    Marine protected areas, closed areas and others
Trends in marine capture fishery production in the Bay of Bengal
    Marine resource management
    Fisheries by country
    Catch composition trends in the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea subregion
    Fishery/stock assessments
    Hilsa shad and Indian mackerel ecosystem-based fisheries in the Bay of Bengal
    Trends in CPUE/catch rates
    Low-value/trash fish production
    Fishmeal production
    Capture production of urimi species
    Fishery zoning
    Management measures
    Vessel numbers
    Employment
    Marine protected areas, closed areas and others
Trends in capture fishery production in the Sulu-Sulawesi and Timor-Arafura
    Seas subregion

    Catch composition trends and production in the Sulu-Sulawesi and Timor-Arafura
        Seas subregion
    Composition of catch landings
    Fishery/stock assessments
    Trends in CPUE/catch rates
    Low-value/trash fish production
    Fishing zones
    Management measures
Aquaculture trends in Asia and the Pacific region
Changes in the production of top species of the region
Species composition
    Freshwater carnivorous finfish species
    Marine and brackish water finfish species
    Freshwater finfish requiring lower inputs
    Crustaceans
    Molluscs
    Aquatic plants
    Reptiles and amphibians
    Niche aquaculture species
Subregional trends in aquaculture production
    Trends in South Asia
    Trends in Southeast Asia
    China
    Other Asia
    Oceania
Inland capture fishery production
    Employment in inland fisheries in Asia (selected countries)
    Examples of fish consumption
International and regional agreements
    Binding agreements
    Voluntary agreements




The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned.

The views expressed in this information product are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of FAO.

ISBN 978-92-5-107474-9


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For copies write to:Simon Funge-Smith
Senior Fishery Officer
FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Atit Road
Bangkok 10200, Thailand
Tel: (+66) 2 697 4000
Fax: (+66) 2 697 4445
E-mail: RAP-Publications@fao.org

© FAO 2013