Swine health management. Volume 1: Handbook on swine health field surveillance


RAP PUBLICATION 2012/27

Swine health management
Volume 1: Handbook on swine health field surveillance

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Bangkok 2012


ABSTRACT

Commercial pig production has intensified significantly in recent decades. In Asia, this trend is characterized by an increase in production stemming from larger herd sizes. As more and more gilts and young sows populate herds, the risk of disease from these young animals increases. This is compounded by the growing movement of animals and the consequent risks of the introduction of new diseases. There are ever increasing reports of swine disease outbreaks in Asia. The adverse socio-economic impacts of such diseases are significant. This publication is part of a three-volume set showcasing effective swine disease management in smallholder settings. Field veterinary staff play an important role in effective and efficient disease surveillance. This volume on swine health field surveillance provides practical information for field veterinary staff in preparing and conducting surveillance of swine.



Table of Contents

Foreword
Acknowledgements
Abbreviations and acronyms
Introduction
Preparing for active surveillance of swine diseases field surveillance
    Objectives of the field surveillance
    How will disease information be obtained?
    Standard case definitions
    Time and target area
    Biosecurity
    Materials and supplies
    Field team
    Permits and notices to prepare for a field survey
    Participation of pig owners
    Survey of pig farmers
    Specimen collection
    Laboratory analysis
    Data management and processing
    Data analysis
    Data circulation
Conducting active surveillance of swine diseases
    Clinical surveillance of diseases present in a herd
    Collection of diagnostic specimens
    Laboratory analysis of specimens
    Farmer Interviews
The survey questionnaire
    Designing the survey questionnaires
    Passive surveillance in pigs at the community level
    Data analysis and information dissemination
Annexes
    Annex 1: Serological survey form
    Annex 2: FMD investigation report
    Annex 3: Individual data recording sheet
    Annex 4: Sample recording sheet
    Annex 5: Sample submission form
    Annex 6: Sample questionnaire for outbreak/disease investigation on pig farm
    Annex 7: Negative monitoring report
    Annex 8: Outline of an outbreak investigation report
    Annex 9: Outline of a surveillance report
References




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ISBN 978-92-5-107477-0


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For copies write to:Carolyn Benigno
Animal Health Officer
FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Atit Road
Bangkok 10200, Thailand
Tel: (+66) 2 697 4000
Fax: (+66) 2 697 4445
E-mail: RAP-Publications@fao.org

© FAO 2013