Swine health management. Volume 2: Guide to prevent and control porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome


RAP PUBLICATION 2012/27

Swine health management
Volume 2: Guide to prevent and control porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Bangkok 2012


ABSTRACT

Commercial pig production has intensified significantly in recent decades. In Asia, this trend is characterized by an increase in production stemming from larger herd sizes. As more and more gilts and young sows populate herds, the risk of disease from these young animals increases. This is compounded by the growing movement of animals and the consequent risks of the introduction of new diseases. There are ever increasing reports of swine disease outbreaks in Asia. The adverse socio-economic impacts of such diseases are significant. This publication is part of a three-volume set showcasing effective swine disease management in smallholder settings. This volume provides practical guidelines on how to prevent, control and respond to outbreaks of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome. The volume is intended for use by veterinary staff, but is also useful to farmers and traders.



Table of Contents

Foreword
Acknowledgements
Abbreviations and acronyms
Introduction
The disease
    What is porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome?
    Clinical signs of PRRS
    Behaviour of PRRS virus in the herd
    Does PRRS affect humans?
PRRS prevention
    Trading pigs
    Semen
    Biosecurity
    Swill feeding
    Movement control
    PRRS vaccines
    Inform the public
PRRS control
    Manage and treat sick animals
    Vaccination
Outbreak investigation and management (OIM)
    Steps in the investigation of outbreaks
    Biosecurity protocols for the team
    Samples to be collected
    Advice to farmers
Annexes
    Annex 1: PRRS outbreak investigation and management
    Annex 2: Steps in the cleaning and disinfection of animal facilities
    Annex 3: Key messages for farm owners
Glossary
References




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ISBN 978-92-5-107478-7


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For copies write to:Carolyn Benigno
Animal Health Officer
FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Maliwan Mansion, 39 Phra Atit Road
Bangkok 10200, Thailand
Tel: (+66) 2 697 4000
Fax: (+66) 2 697 4445
E-mail: RAP-Publications@fao.org

© FAO 2012