Construction and installation of hexagonal wooden cages for fish farming: A technical manual

FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 571

Rights-based management in international tuna fisherie

Dale Squires
US NOAA Fisheries
University of California San Diego
La Jolla, United States of America

Robin Allen
Executive Secretary of the SPRFMO Interim Secretariat
Scientific Advisory Committee, International Seafood Sustainability Foundation
Blenheim, New Zealand


Victor Restrepo
Board od Directors and Chair Scientific Advisory Committeee, International Seafood Sustainability Foundation
Madrid, Spain

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome, 2013


Squires, D., Allen, R. & Restrepo, V. 2013.
Rights-based management in international tuna fisheries.
FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper. No. 571. Rome, FAO. 79 pp.

This technical paper discusses rights-based management of international tuna fisheries that directly addresses the incomplete or absent property rights underlying the incentives for overfishing, overcapacity, and failure to capture the full social and economic benefits that are possible. Rights that are secure, exclusive and extend into the future can be defined over shares of total allowable catch or effort or by units of capacity, but catch shares provide the strongest and most effective right. Rights-based management creates positive incentives that end the race to fish and creates conditions for matching capacity with fishing opportunities and sustainable catches, economic efficiency, full benefits, and wealth. Transferable rights provide a means of accommodating new members and increasing fishing by small island and coastal developing States.


Preparation of this document
Abbreviations and acronyms
Executive summary

1 –


2 –

Rights-based management


Economic benefits and social issues


International experience


Rights-based management and biological sustainability


Characteristics of rights with transboundary resources


Enforcement of rights


Types of rights adopted


Allocation of rights


Governance, institutions and rights-based management


Markets for transferable rights


Constraints to rights-based management

3 –

Mechanics of management, monitoring, control and surveillance for rights-based management systems


Limited entry and capacity allocations


Catch and bycatch limits


Transferable effort




Buybacks in the transition to rights-based management


Concluding remarks


The designations employed and the presentation of material in this information product do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) concerning the legal or development status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these have been endorsed or recommended by FAO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned.
The views expressed in this information product are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of FAO.

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