Utilization of fruit and vegetable wastes as livestock feed and as substrates for generation of other value-added products


RAP PUBLICATION 2013/04

Utilization of fruit and vegetable wastes as livestock feed and as substrates for generation of other value-added products

by M. Wadhwa and M.P.S. Bakshi
technical edited by Harinder P.S. Makkar

Download Full Report  1.83 Mb


Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Bangkok 2013


ABSTRACT

By 2050 the world will need to feed an additional 2 billion people and will require 70 per cent more meat and milk. The increasing future demand for livestock products, driven by increases in income, population and urbanization will impose a huge demand on feed resources. Sustainability of feed production systems is being challenged due to biophysical factors such as land, soil and water scarcity, food-fuel-feed competition, on-going global warming and frequent and drastic climatic vagaries, along with increased competition for arable land and non-renewable resources such as fossil carbon-sources, water and phosphorus. A key to sustainable livestock development is efficient use of available feed resources including reduction in wastage, and enlargement of the feed resource base through a quest for novel feed resources, particularly those not competing with human food.



Table of Contents

Foreword
Acknowledgements
Summary
Introduction
Fruit wastes as livestock feed
    Apple
    Banana
    Citrus
    Grapes
    Mango
    Pineapple
    Other fruit wastes and their comparative evaluation as livestock feed
Vegetable wastes as livestock feed
    Baby corn
    Bottle gourd
    Carrot
    Peas
    Potato
    Sarson saag waste
    Snow peas
    Sugar beet
    Tomato
    Other vegetable wastes as livestock feed
Nutritional worth of fruit and vegetable wastes from supermarkets shelves
Conservation of fruit and vegetable wastes
Vegetable wastes as source of nutrients in urea molasses multinutrient blocks
Novel value-added products from fruit and vegetable wastes
Conclusion
References




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