Biotechnologies at Work for Smallholders: Case Studies from Developing Countries in Crops, Livestock and Fish


Biotechnologies at Work for Smallholders:
Case Studies from Developing Countries in Crops, Livestock and Fish

Edited by
J. Ruane, J.D. Dargie, C. Mba, P. Boettcher, H.P.S. Makkar, D.M. Bartley and A. Sonnino


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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
2013


ABSTRACT

This book documents a unique series of 19 case studies where agricultural biotechnologies were used to serve the needs of smallholders in developing countries. They cover different regions, production systems, species and underlying socio-economic conditions in the crop (seven case studies), livestock (seven) and aquaculture/fisheries (five) sectors. Most of the case studies involve a single crop, livestock or fish species and a single biotechnology. The biotechnologies covered include some that are considered quite traditional, such as fermentation and artificial insemination, as well as other more modern ones, such as the use of DNA-based approaches to detect pathogens. Prepared by scientists and researchers who were directly involved in the initiatives, the authors were able to provide an insider’s guide to the background, achievements, obstacles, challenges and lessons learned from each case study. The final chapter of the book summarizes the background, challenges, results and lessons learned from the 19 case studies.



Table of Contents

Acknowledgements
Abbreviations and Acronyms

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Chapter 1: Introduction
J.D. Dargie

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Chapter 2: Case Studies in the Crop Sector
2.1 Use of Tissue Culture and Mutation Induction to Improve Banana Production for Smallholders in Sri Lanka
P.J.L. Lagoda

2.2 Successful Marker-Assisted Selection for Disease Resistance and Drought Tolerance in Pearl Millet in India
R. Yadav, C.T. Hash, C. Howarth, J.R. Witcombe and I.S. Khairwal

2.3 Clean Planting Materials Produced in Vitro to Improve Performance of Sweet Potato, Plantain and Bananas in Ghana
M.D. Quain and B.M. Dzomeku

2.4 Molecular Markers and Tissue Culture: Technologies Transcending Continental Barriers to Add Value and Improve Productivity of Cassava in Africa
E. Okogbenin, C. Egesi and M. Fregene

2.5 Somatic Embryogenesis for the Production of Plantain Planting Materials in Cuba
J. LĂłpez, N. Montano, D. Reinaldo, A. Rayas, V. Medero, A. Santos, D. RodrĂ­guez, M. Basail, Y. Beovidez, A. Cantero and D. Montano

2.6 Use of Tissue Culture in Cassava for Rural Households in Colombia
R.H. Escobar, J. Restrepo, J. Tohme and W.M. Roca

2.7 Transforming Rice Production in Flood-Affected Areas: Development of the Swarna-Sub1 Variety Using Marker-Assisted Backcrossing and its Deployment in India
U.S. Singh, M.H. Dar, S. Singh and A.M. Ismail

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Chapter 3: Case Studies in the Livestock Sector
3.1 Sustainable Improvement in Sheep Productivity in India Using the FecB (Booroola) Mutation
C. Nimbkar

3.2 Saving the Endangered Namaqua Afrikaner Sheep Breed in South Africa through Conservation and Utilization
E. van Marle-Koster, C. Visser, S.O. Qwabe and M.A. Snyman

3.3 Application of Artificial Insemination with Frozen Semen in an Angora Goat Breeding Project in Northern Patagonia, Argentina
A. Gibbons, J. Arrigo, H. Taddeo, M. Abad and M. Cueto

3.4 Use of Artificial Insemination in a Community-Based Approach to Deliver Cattle Production-Related Veterinary Services in Four Dairy-Producing Areas of Bangladesh
M.M.U. Bhuiyan, M.T. Islam and M. Shamsuddin

3.5 Intensive and Integrated Farm Systems using Fermentation of Swine Effluent in Brazil
I. Bergier, E. Soriano, G. Wiedman and A. Kososki

3.6 Taking the Laboratory to the Field: Rapid Diagnosis of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) in Cameroon
A. Wade and A. Souley

3.7 Application of the Sterile Insect Technique in Zanzibar to Eradicate Tsetse Flies, the Vectors of Trypanosomosis
U. Feldmann, F. Mramba, A.G. Parker, K.M. Saleh, V.A. Dyck and M.J.B. Vreysen

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Chapter 4: Case Studies in the Fishery Sector
4.1 Application of Probiotics as an Environmental Treatment and Feed Additive in the Production of Farmed Marine Shrimp in China
Y. Xinhua

4.2 PCR-based Pathogen Detection in Shrimp Aquaculture in India
P.C. Thakur, A.P. Padiyar, A.K. Sahoo, G. SubbaRao and D. Ramraj

4.3 Interspecific Hybrid Catfish in Thailand
U. Na-Nakorn

4.4 Use of Within-Family Selection and Gynogenesis to Develop the Jian Carp (Cyprinus carpio var. jian) in China
Z. Dong

4.5 Small-Scale Fish Fermentation and Processing in West Africa
G.R. Akande

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Chapter 5: Agricultural Biotechnology Case Studies: Challenges, Achievements and Lessons Learned
J.D. Dargie

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