Implementing improved tenure governance in fisheries - A technical guide to support the implementation of the voluntary guidelines on the responsible governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests in the context of national food security.

Implementing improved tenure governance in fisheries
A technical guide to support the implementation of the voluntary guidelines on the responsible
governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests in the context of national food security






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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome 2013


ABSTRACT

FAO. 2013.
Implementing improved tenure governance in fisheries – A technical guide to support the implementation of the voluntary guidelines on the responsible governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests in the context of national food security.
Preliminary version, September 2013. Rome. 71 pp.

This Guide has been developed to assist in the implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security (the VGGT) with regard to fisheries in marine and inland waters. It explains the characteristics of the fisheries sector and provides technical guidance. Its purpose is to contribute to the achievement of the VGGT objectives in respect of the improvement of governance of tenure in fisheries. Special attention is given to small-scale fisheries considering the sector's particular importance to food security and nutrition, poverty eradication, equitable development and sustainable resource utilization.


Table of Contents

PREFACE

PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT

ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS

INTRODUCTION


PART 1: CHARACTERISTICS OF RESPONSIBLE TENURE GOVERNANCE IN FISHERIES

 

What do tenure rights and governance of tenure mean in the context of fisheries?

 

Why is responsible governance of tenure needed in fisheries?

 

Who has rights to fishery resources, and what are the related responsibilities?

 

Can fisheries resources be sustainably managed as common property?

 

Why should a human rights approach be used in small-scale fisheries governance and development?

 

What are the different types of formal tenure rights in fisheries?

 

What are customary and informal tenure rights?

 

What happens with shared fishery resources and those in international waters?

 

Is there an international legal and policy framework relevant to governance of tenure in fisheries?

 

How can tenure rights be valued?

 

What are the emerging issues that need to be considered in the future?


PART 2: IMPLEMENTING RESPONSIBLE TENURE IN FISHERIES

 

Implementation context

 

General principles

 

Setting objectives

 

Improving knowledge

 

Allocating rights

 

Administering tenure rights

 

Special considerations: climate change and natural disasters

 

Monitoring and evaluation (M&E) and compliance


REFERENCES


APPENDIX 1: GLOSSARY

APPENDIX 2: APPROACHES AND TOOLS



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