The Bangladesh model and other experiences in family poultry development


World Livestock 2013
Changing disease landscapes


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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome 2013


The World Livestock 2013: Changing disease landscapes looks at the evidence of changing disease dynamics involving livestock and explores three key areas: the Pressure, including drivers and risk factors that contribute to disease emergence, spread and persistence; the State, describing the disease dynamics that result from the Pressure and their subsequent impact; and the Response, required both to adapt and improve the State and to mitigate the Pressure.

The report argues that a comprehensive approach for the promotion of global health is needed to face the complexities of the changing disease landscapes, giving greater emphasis on agro-ecological resilience, protection of biodiversity and efficient use of natural resources to ensure safer food supply chains, particularly in areas worst afflicted by poverty and animal diseases. Speeding up response times by early detection and reaction – including improved policies that address disease drivers – is key. Forging a safer, healthier world requires engagement in the One Health approach, which involves all relevant actors and disciplines spanning animal, human and environmental health sectors.

Table of Contents


Acronym list

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Changing disease landscapes


Scope of this publication




Demographic and economic development and the quest for animal-source food


Urbanizing environments and diversifying farming landscapes

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The coevolution of extensive and intensive systems


Livestock densities and distributions

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Livestock-related trade

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Climate change


Health systems




Rapid livestock intensification, food chain dynamics and disease


Land pressure, deforestation and disease


Globalization and disease

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Climate change and disease


Livestock productivity, animal health inputs and disease


Interacting disease drivers, dynamics and impacts




Addressing the drivers of disease emergence


Reducing poverty-driven endemic disease burdens in humans and livestock


Addressing the biological threats driven by globalization and climate change


Providing safer animal-source food from healthy livestock agriculture


Preventing disease agents from jumping from wildlife to domestic animals and humans


Rationale for concerted action




Countries and groupings




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ISBN 978-92-5-107927-0 (print)
E-ISBN 978-92-5-107928-7 (PDF)

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