The Bangladesh model and other experiences in family poultry development

 

World Livestock 2013
Changing disease landscapes

 

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Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Rome 2013


ABSTRACT

The World Livestock 2013: Changing disease landscapes looks at the evidence of changing disease dynamics involving livestock and explores three key areas: the Pressure, including drivers and risk factors that contribute to disease emergence, spread and persistence; the State, describing the disease dynamics that result from the Pressure and their subsequent impact; and the Response, required both to adapt and improve the State and to mitigate the Pressure.

The report argues that a comprehensive approach for the promotion of global health is needed to face the complexities of the changing disease landscapes, giving greater emphasis on agro-ecological resilience, protection of biodiversity and efficient use of natural resources to ensure safer food supply chains, particularly in areas worst afflicted by poverty and animal diseases. Speeding up response times by early detection and reaction – including improved policies that address disease drivers – is key. Forging a safer, healthier world requires engagement in the One Health approach, which involves all relevant actors and disciplines spanning animal, human and environmental health sectors.



Table of Contents

   

Contributors
Foreword
Acronym list
Overview

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Introduction

 

Changing disease landscapes

 

Scope of this publication

 

Pressure


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Demographic and economic development and the quest for animal-source food

 

Urbanizing environments and diversifying farming landscapes

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The coevolution of extensive and intensive systems

 

Livestock densities and distributions

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Livestock-related trade

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Climate change

 

Health systems

 

State


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Rapid livestock intensification, food chain dynamics and disease

 

Land pressure, deforestation and disease

 

Globalization and disease

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Climate change and disease

 

Livestock productivity, animal health inputs and disease

 

Interacting disease drivers, dynamics and impacts

 

Response


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Addressing the drivers of disease emergence

 

Reducing poverty-driven endemic disease burdens in humans and livestock

 

Addressing the biological threats driven by globalization and climate change

 

Providing safer animal-source food from healthy livestock agriculture

 

Preventing disease agents from jumping from wildlife to domestic animals and humans

 

Rationale for concerted action

 

Annex


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Countries and groupings

 

References

 

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ISBN 978-92-5-107927-0 (print)
E-ISBN 978-92-5-107928-7 (PDF)

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