c) Longer-term action
90. The Conference agreed that it was important to assess the basic long-term trends as distinct from short-term influences. It noted that the Secretariat had prepared a comprehensive report of Projections for Agricultural Commodities to 1975 and 1985, which had been reviewed by the CCP and revised in the light of the comments made by governments, a major re-working being left for a later stage of the work on the Indicative World Plan.
91. According to the Study, which analysed separately a large number of commodities, the net volume of agricultural imports required from developing countries by the developed countries plus eastern Europe and the U. S. S. R. would, if present trends and policies continued, increase much more slowly in the period up to 1975 than in the nine-year period before 1961-63. This would be the case even with rapid economic growth in the importing zone. Some dynamic areas of import demand for many agricultural commodities over the next ten years were identified, such as southern Europe and Japan, and, perhaps a decade or so later, many developing countries also, but the absolute size of these markets was relatively small initially. The great potential import demand in the U. S. S. R. and eastern Europe, especially for tropical products, was recognized in the Study. Among individual commodities, only for coarse grains, meat and forest products did the Projections Study envisage a satisfactory rate of increase in import demand in the high-income zone. Otherwise, the outlook for the developing countries, and some developed countries, to expand their exports of agricultural products to the high-income countries was not seen from the Study to be very promising bearing in mind the Development needs of the exporters.
92. Provided the assumptions and limitations of the Commodity Projections Study were borne in mind, the findings would be valuable to governments in their planning and policy formulation, and would help in identifying policy issues, both nationally and internationally. The Conference noted that the report would be made available at the Second Session of UNCTAD. The Conference considered that an understanding of the basic trends was a prerequisite to the longer-term solution of commodity problems. It agreed that a revised set of commodity projections should be published from time to time.
93. In the long run, the Conference emphasized, most developing countries could only achieve a faster rate of economic growth by accelerating the increase of agricultural production. This was required both in order to reduce dependence on food imports as well as, for some commodities, to provide adequate supplies for export. The technical backwardness of agriculture in developing countries was one of the main obstacles to the growth of production. This had aggravated the food problem, and in some cases it had also limited the ability of developing countries to take advantage of favourable opportunities in export markets. Also, expanding commercial imports of food represented a serious offset to export earnings. The Conference stressed the importance of measures in developing countries to promote the diversification of exports, to raise agricultural productivity, and to improve agricultural marketing systems; and considered that full use should be made of technical assistance possibilities in these fields. At the same time, it recognized that for many commodities national measures in developing countries had to be accompanied by greater access to markets if a significant expansion of trade was to take place.
94. Delegates of developing countries recommended a program of action in international commodity policies based on the Charter of Algiers, and urged that the CCP should take these recommendations into account in its studies. Further consultations on the problems of access to markets, possibly within the GATT, were proposed. Some delegates pointed out, however, that consideration of the removal of tariff barriers and internal taxes should take full account of the possible effects on the economies of developing exporting countries which enjoy preferential trade arrangements in certain import markets for their major export products. The importance of allowing traditional exporting countries a due share in the growth of consumption in importing countries was also stressed. According to some delegates, it was necessary for high-income countries to avoid expanding their production of commodities such as oilseeds which directly competed with the exports of developing countries.
95. The Conference stressed the need to achieve a due balance in the Development of agriculture and industry. The growing contribution of processed and manufactured products to the trade of developing countries was noted, as well as the role in economic Development of new processing industries, including secondary and tertiary industries which were ancillary to agriculture. It was important for the Commodity Study Groups to continue to keep processing problems under review.
96. The Conference agreed that policies of diversification of agricultural production in the developing countries should be correlated with efforts towards closer economic integration on a regional basis. This could lead to a more rational use of resources and prevent a wasteful increase in competition for markets between developing countries. Some delegates stressed that markets for their present export commodities should first be organized since diversification would be more difficult in a situation of falling prices and export earnings. The Conference agreed that policies for production should be closely integrated with the assessment of trade prospects. International agencies lending assistance to developing countries for agricultural production or diversification should be careful to ascertain that there would be expansion of demand to match any additional production being promoted, so as to avoid a misallocation of resources. The Conference anticipated that the analysis of such production problems, in the context of the assessment of world trade prospects, would be taken up in the Indicative World Plan for Agricultural Development.
97. The Conference noted the Director-General's intention to initiate, on a pilot basis, reviews of the medium-term food outlook which could provide early warning of the emergence of possible trade and marketing problems. These reviews would fill a gap in FAO's current outlook work, and could serve several purposes including the planning of technical assistance and other aid to agriculture, of production policies in exporting countries, and of food aid activities. Some delegates suggested that the preparation of pilot reviews for examination by the Study Groups on Grains and Rice might be useful in evolving appropriate methods and procedures.
98. The Conference agreed that where worldwide surplus productive capacity existed, moves should be made toward the management of supply and the rational organization of markets, particularly in commodity agreements; in this respect reference was made to the Coffee Agreement and the informal arrangements on jute and hard fibers. Some delegates stressed the need for the international financing of buffer stocks and diversification schemes, as envisaged in the Algiers Charter.
99. The problem of storage, and especially the reduction of storage losses, was an important related issue. The Conference noted that in addition to the technical assistance being extended to countries under UNDP, the economic problems of grain storage in developing countries were being examined by the Study Group on Grains with a view to the identification of possible projects for international financing. Some delegates proposed that the Study Group on Bananas should also examine the problems of preservation and transport.
100. Several delegates emphasized the increasing severity of the problems affecting agricultural commodities through competition from synthetic substitutes, especially for developing countries heavily dependent on export earnings from natural products. This underlined the need for basic studies of the impact of synthetics on natural products, and of the possibilities of developing new end-uses as a means of stimulating consumption of such products. Some delegates urged that research on synthetic products be directed to uses in which there was less competition with natural products.
101. The Conference recognized the FAO's long-standing interest and responsibilities in these fields and expressed its satisfaction at the progress being made in a number of major research studies initiated by the Study Groups on Hard Fibers and Jute as well as the report recently completed by the Study Group on Oils, Oilseeds and Fats. It also welcomed the assistance extended by FAO to UNCTAD in the preparation of documents and in the servicing of the Permanent Group on Synthetics.
102. At the same time, the Conference appreciated that there was a serious threat of competition to a very wide range of other agricultural commodities, including rubber, apparel fibers, hides and skins and some food commodities, which required continuing attention and study. It therefore recommended that FAO, in developing its general program of work for commodity studies, give as great attention as possible to the analysis of these problems, both with respect to the commodity coverage and the depth of treatment.
e) Export promotion
103. The Conference stressed the importance of promotional activities with regard to agricultural commodities in raw and processed form. It noted that activities of this kind were being brought into a new focus within the United Nations system of Agencies through the establishment of the United Nations Export Promotion Program, of which the proposed Joint UNCTAD/GATT Trade Centre would be a part.
f) New study groups
104. In discussing world meat problems the Conference noted that, apart from the general question of access to markets, meat exporting countries faced many other difficulties in international trade. Some developing countries possessed a significant production and export potential which was of importance in diversification and as a source of foreign exchange. There was a number of obstacles to an expansion of their export trade, both technical and economic, which required international study and co-operation.
105. Accordingly, the Conference adopted the following resolution:
Resolution No. 2/67
Establishment of a Study Group on Meat and Poultry
Having taken note of the request of Ethiopia and other countries substantially interested in the production and consumption of and trade in livestock, meat, and poultry for the establishment of a CCP Study Group to consider questions of international trade in these commodities, with special reference to possible measures to facilitate the expansion of world trade;
Recognizing the importance of these commodities in international trade and their weight in the export earnings of a number of developed and developing countries as well as their significance for developing countries which aim to diversify their agricultural export;
Bearing in mind the procedures followed by FAO on these matters, in particular the criteria adopted by the CCP for the establishment of commodity study groups, and also the useful functions that can be performed by commodity study groups on which all interested Governments can be represented;
Invites the CCP Committee on Commodity Problems to consider, at its next session, the establishment of a Study Group on Meat and Poultry, and to take the necessary preparatory steps, in conjunction with the Director-General, for the organization of the work of that Group.
106. The Conference was informed of the trade difficulties faced by some developing producing countries which depended on wine and other vineyard products as an important source of foreign exchange. Market outlets were limited by various trade barriers, including import tariffs, levies and quantitative import controls. Although efforts had been made in producing countries to adapt output to market trends by diversification to other vineyard products, such as grape juice, table grapes, etc., and partly even by uprooting, accumulation of large stocks could not be avoided. This, in turn, had created serious problems of finding sufficient storage space and storage management to handle the stocks, and especially to assure their financing.
107. In view of these difficulties and of the urgency of the problem, the Conference agreed that action was necessary, and adopted the following resolution:
Resolution No. 3/67
Establishment of a Study Group on Wine and Vine Products
Having noted the request of certain countries, in particular those interested in the production of wine and vine products and international trade in them, for the establishment of a study group on these commodities;
Recognizing the important part played by wine and vine products in international trade in agricultural commodities of certain developing countries, and the significant contribution that these make to the export earnings of these countries;
Taking into account the serious difficulties several of the developing producer countries are having in marketing their wine and vine products, the large stocks that have accumulated in certain countries, and the uncertainty of prices;
Recommends that the Director-General, in view of the urgency of the problems faced in this sector by certain of the developing countries, convene as soon as possible in liaison with the appropriate international bodies, in particular the International Vine and Wine Office, a special consultation on wine and vine products for the purpose of examining questions relating to the production, consumption and marketing of these commodities and of submitting its conclusions to the Forty-Third Session of the Committee on Commodity Problems which should go into the whole matter, including the possibility of setting up a study group on wine and vine products.
(Adopted 23.11. 67)
g) Other CCP activities
108. The Conference noted that food aid and surplus disposal had remained an important regular item on the agenda of the CCP, and that the Consultative Sub-Committee on Surplus Disposal continued to be the principal intergovernmental forum for reviewing food aid transactions. Some delegates considered that the problem of surplus butter stocks in a number of producing countries should be brought to the attention of the sub-committee as a matter of urgency. While stressing that food aid was essentially an interim rescue operation, the Conference recognized that food aid could be used effectively as an additional resource to promote agricultural Development in developing countries. It also noted that, providing financing arrangements could be made, multilateral food aid could provide an opportunity for surpluses which were tending to emerge in some developing countries to be mobilized for use in deficit developing countries. A step in this direction had been made in the new International Grains Arrangement, and reference was made to the possibility of vegetable oils produced by developing countries being utilized in this way. The Conference noted with satisfaction the policy guidance given by the CCP to the participation by FAO in the Inter-Agency Study on Multilateral Food Aid being conducted under the auspices of General Assembly Resolution 2096 (XX).
109. Several delegates emphasized the great significance of the CCP for all Member Governments of the Organization, from both developing and developed countries, and felt that it would be desirable for CCP membership to be open to all members of the Organization. It was pointed out, however, that at the current session, the composition of the CCP was being enlarged from 30 to 34 members, with a revised system of voting to permit the Council when electing the CCP to give greater weight to the representation from developing regions. It was generally felt that this system should be given a trial for the next biennium.
h) Co-operation with UNCTAD
110. The Conference noted that throughout the past biennium the CCP had continued to maintain its interest in relationships between FAO and UNCTAD in the commodity field, and shared the satisfaction of the CCP that the close working relations initiated earlier had been consolidated. Thus there had been, in effect, joint secretariat servicing of the UNCTAD negotiations on cocoa and sugar, and of the Second Session of the FAO Study Group on Oilseeds, Oils and Fats. FAO was also developing its consultative role in the work of the UNCTAD Permanent Group on Synthetics. The Conference noted also that arrangements were being finalized for a jointly sponsored meeting of experts on promotional measures affecting primary agricultural products. Co-operation has also been extended by FAO to the UNCTAD Committee on Manufactures.
111. As at its Thirteenth Session, the Conference had reaffirmed that FAO was the competent agency for agriculture within the United Nations family. It recognized that the functions and work of CCP and UNCTAD bodies were complementary, and considered that the guidelines, in which the UNCTAD Committee on Commodities at its First Session had expressed its intention to rely as far as possible on the assistance of other international bodies competent in the commodity field in carrying out its program of work, had proved in practice during the past biennium to be a satisfactory basis for collaboration between FAO and UNCTAD.
112. The Conference agreed with the CCP that FAO should continue its close co-operation with UNCTAD, and continue to make available to UNCTAD its expertise and services in the preparation of documents needed by UNCTAD bodies on all matters within the responsibility of FAO. The Conference recognized that this co-operation represented a significant call upon the resources of the Secretariat, but felt that this was worthwhile in order to avoid duplication of effort and to ensure that the resources available to the two Organizations were used with the utmost effectiveness. The present framework and methods of co-operation, including joint secretariat servicing of meetings of common interest, were giving good results and should be continued.
113. The Conference also noted with satisfaction the reinforcement during the past biennium of the co-operation of FAO with GATT, and the autonomous commodity councils and groups. Through the close collaboration established with UNCTAD and with these bodies, which the CCP had done much to foster, the commodity analyses of FAO were being increasingly brought to bear where solutions were negotiated and decisions taken.
114. The Conference took note of the preparations under way for the Second UNCTAD Session, and adopted the following resolution:
Resolution No. 4/67
Second United Nations Conference on Trade and Development
Noting with concern the persistent decline in the terms of trade of agricultural commodities and its adverse effects on earnings of developing countries;
Recalling that present patterns of international trade generally result in a decline of the purchasing power of agricultural exporters, and that such patterns are not conducive to promoting the common welfare by speedy raising of levels of nutrition and standards of living of the people of developing countries;
Considering that the instability of world prices and the low level of the purchasing power of the developing countries are major bottlenecks which may seriously jeopardize the economic growth essential for the conquest of hunger and malnutrition;
Taking into consideration Resolutions 1785 (XVII) and 2206 (XXI) of the General Assembly of the United Nations;
Taking into consideration the Resolution 1/63 adopted by the Conference at its Twelfth Session and bearing in mind the concern expressed by the Forty-Second Session of the CCP for the preparation of the Second United Nations Conference on Trade and Development;
Welcomes the Second United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, which is to be held in New Delhi in February 1968;
Stresses the close link between problems of trade and Development and those of hunger and malnutrition;
Invites the governments which will participate in the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, in dealing with the various items of its agenda and documents and proposals contributing to the aims of the Conference, to give consideration also to the Charter of Algiers, adopted at the ministerial meeting of the Group of 77 developing countries;
Recommends that governments of both developed and developing countries give full consideration to the study of international trade problems contained in the agenda of the Second United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, paying also particular attention to the study of trade and other policy measures designed to accelerate economic Development;
Requests that the Director-General give high priority to preparatory work for the Second United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, emphasizing the agricultural and food aspects of the items included in the agenda, and make available to the Conference all the FAO experience and technical knowledge;
Requests further the Director-General to continue, within the framework of the Program of Work adopted by the Conference, the study of methods to restore health to the markets and stabilize prices of agricultural commodities at equitable and remunerative levels, taking into account the study prepared by the International Monetary Fund in collaboration with the World Bank on prices of commodities.
(Adopted 23. 11. 67)
Nutrition in agriculture
115. The Conference agreed that close liaison between nutritionists and agriculturists was essential in the planning of food supplies and improved food production and consumption levels. The attainment of this liaison, however, was often hampered by the absence of the necessary technical units and of the organization and administrative framework in ministries of agriculture. It was felt that the creation of units responsible for food and nutrition in ministries of agriculture could help bring about the desired closer association between nutritionists and agriculturists, as had been achieved in a number of countries. Such units could collect information on the food and nutrition situation that was required as a basis for food production planning and overall economic and social planning. The Conference also recognized that machinery should be developed to ensure co-ordination between the activities of all ministries and departments dealing with human nutrition, including the planning authorities.
116. The Conference, therefore, adopted the following resolution:
Resolution No. 5/67
Nutrition in Agriculture
Considering the growing seriousness of the world's food and nutrition situation, the need for formulating realistic food and nutrition policies according to the nutritional requirements of populations and the essential improvements required in food production, processing and distribution;
Appreciating the importance of the roles of nutrition services which may already exist in other ministries or departments, particularly in those of public health;
Recognizes the crucial roles that ministries of agriculture must play in the solutions to food and nutrition problems and; consequently,
Reiterates the recommendations of previous Conferences that national food and nutrition committees be established to improve the co-ordination of food and nutrition activities including home economics and food technological aspects;
Recommends Member Governments to make every effort to establish food and nutrition units in ministries of agriculture and to include human nutrition orientation in the curricula of agricultural personnel; and
Further recommends the Director-General of FAO to assist governments in establishing food and nutrition units in their ministries of agriculture and to give every possible assistance for the inclusion of human nutrition and, in particular, such subjects as food consumption, food economics, nutrition planning and nutrition in extension programs, in the training of agriculturists and other related specialists.
(Adopted 23.11. 67)
Problems in fishery Development
117. The Conference recognized that the rational utilization and Development of the oceans and inland waters in many cases raised unique problems of an international character. It was in the context of the urgency of finding solutions to some of these problems that the Conference, at its Thirteenth Session, had established the Committee on Fisheries and the Department of Fisheries. Many Delegations expressed disappointment that the resources available to the Department of Fisheries through the regular budget of the Organization were not to grow during 1968/69 at the rate envisaged for the Department by the Conference at its Thirteenth Session over the six year period 1966 through 1971, and urged that this rate of growth be restored, in order that the many urgent demands on the Department could be met.
118. The Conference had before it the Reports of the first two Sessions of the Committee on Fisheries, held in 1966 and 1967, and expressed its satisfaction with the manner in which it had approached its task, and the rapidity with which it had responded to problems presented to it; especially with the major steps it had taken to create machinery to deal with specific and urgent international fishery problems; for instance its recommendations leading to the creation by the FAO Council at its Forty-Eighth Session of the Indian Ocean Fishery Commission and the Fishery Committee for the Eastern Central Atlantic.
119. The Conference felt that further Development of the world's fisheries to keep up the rate of growth of the past decade would depend on the identification and utilization of under exploited or latent resources, and that this would require greatly increased inputs of fishery exploration and research, new products, marketing, economic studies and investment in fishing vessels and equipment. The Conference considered that the promotion of the necessary co-operative programmes for intensified exploration and rapid fish stock assessment was indispensable, and should be undertaken under the aegis of the international fishery bodies concerned, whether within the framework of FAO or outside it, with the active co-operation and assistance of the Department of Fisheries.
120. The Conference noted that the multilateral funding agencies, especially UNDP, were, in assisting the developing countries to strengthen their fishery activities, facilitating greatly their participation in the work of some of the international fishery bodies, and expressed the hope that such assistance would be continued and further expanded.
121. The Conference recognized, however, that many of these international bodies lack the financial and staff resources to put into effect large scale ocean fishery researches, particularly as in many cases their membership consisted very largely of developing countries. For FAO regional fishery bodies funds under the Regular Program were not intended for the active promotion, planning and execution of co-operative programmes by their members. The Conference, therefore, believed that the various multilateral funding agencies including the UNDP should support research and Development activities sponsored by regional fishery bodies directed towards increased exploitation of resources of fish and their more efficient utilization and effective management; the Conference accordingly recommended that the Committee on Fisheries undertake a more detailed study with a view to formulating recommendations in this regard. The Conference also considered that operations, research and marketing studies should go forward simultaneously with the exploration and assessment of stocks.
122. Many delegations, including developing countries in every region, emphasized the particular importance of training and education in the field of fisheries, inadequacy of which almost everywhere was a major impediment to fishery Development. The Conference, therefore, in noting the Regular Program strengthening proposed in 1968/69 in this regard requested the Director-General to promote, with support from whatever sources of funds which might become available, a dynamic programme for the organization of such training at both regional and national level; the regional aspect was especially stressed for the Near East and African regions, where delegations emphasized the desirability of facilitating the training in national institutions of fishery workers from neighboring countries.
123. The Conference noted and accepted in principle a proposal by the Delegation of Argentina that the Director-General convene a conference of nations interested in the high seas fisheries of the Southwest Atlantic in the ensuing biennium, subject to the availability of funds, and requested the Director-General to consult the Government of Argentina and other nations concerned, and begin appropriate action.
124. The Conference also took note with appreciation of the special chapter on "The Management of Fishery Resources" in The State of Food and Agriculture 1967 and expressed its satisfaction with the presentation there of many interesting new ideas. The Conference, however, was not necessarily in agreement with all the statements made therein. One delegation drew the attention of the Conference to the difficulties of defining economic criteria for effective management of international fisheries, and considered that data on many stocks of fish unmentioned in the paper and the exploitation of new resources would need to be taken into account.
125. Other fields of work on which the Conference urged action by the Department of Fisheries included marine and fresh water pollution; coastal culture of fish and shellfish; the Development of speedier, cheaper and more direct methods of assessing fish resources; problems of handling and transport of fish and fish products; economic effects of subsidies especially in relation to small fishing fleets; and the supply of capital for investment in fishery Development.
126. The Conference took note of the UN General Assembly Resolution 2172 (XXI) concerning the Resources of the Sea, and of the discussions and consultations arising therefrom in which FAO was playing an important part and which to date seemed to be leading to satisfactory results.
127. The Conference was informed that, independent of the action arising from the UN Resolution, the UN General Assembly was at present engaged in discussions concerning the resources of the seabed in the course of which references have also been made to the principles governing the conservation of the living resources of the sea and other matters which were clearly within the constitutional responsibilities of FAO.
128. The Conference hoped that no steps would be taken that might adversely affect the effectiveness of FAO work in that field and that might lead to duplication of work and requested the Director-General to draw attention to these dangers where appropriate.
129. The Conference appreciated the progress report of activities and achievements of the FAO/Industry Co-operative Program. Delegates from both industrialized and developing countries gave strong support to the Program which had been approved by the Thirteenth Session of the FAO Conference to help accelerate agro-allied industrial expansion in the developing countries through closer operation between FAO, industry and governments. The Conference recognised the Programme's important catalytic role in bringing together the managerial, technical and financial elements for new investments, as well as the Programme's co-operation with Governments in eliminating obstacles to investment. Delegates appreciated that the Program's activities focussed on implementation of FAO pre-investment work as well as investment, training, research, demonstration, and other projects proposed by industry and governments.
130. The Conference noted that the Programme had steadily expanded communications between FAO, industry and governments. Contact with these industries was maintained through individual consultations in Rome, at industry offices, and in the field; and through the meetings of the General and Executive Committees as well as industry working groups. This had facilitated the dissemination of annotated UNDP/FAO project lists as approved by the UNDP Governing Council, and of more detailed information on selected UNDP/FAO projects to members of the Program who were directly concerned, or to any other company which had shown interest in those projects during their execution.
131. Emphasis was also placed on the strong support which UNDP was providing especially to new arrangements whereby additional feasibility studies could be carried out by the Program through existing UNDP/FAO/Government working agreements, and with the co-operation of interested industries.
132. The Conference took note of the Program's steady growth and the present membership, which included senior executives of 46 major multinational companies from processing industries requiring raw materials derived from agriculture, including animal husbandry, forestry and fisheries; and industries supplying essential requisites for the Development of agriculture, such as seeds, chemicals, fertilizers, equipment, machinery, and packaging materials. Thus, through the Program, both FAO and Government had a unique chance of obtaining direct access to the decision makers - and some of the finest minds - in the world's leading agro-allied industries.
133. The Conference appreciated an example of action whereby the Program was instrumental in establishing a new food processing industry in Turkey, by helping to bring together foreign and local private and State capital, and foreign technical know-how in co-operation with a new UNDP/FAO project.
134. In discussing this progress report further, the Conference stressed that governments did not alone have sufficient means to meet the demand for accelerated agricultural production in a broader sense; that industry represented a vital part of the total resources available; and that the Program was playing an increasingly effective role in helping energize and activate these resources. The Conference also emphasized the importance of industry's role in channelling new technology to the developing countries. The fact was also stressed that, when multinational industries, which in fact the Program's members were, invested in developing countries, they brought market outlets with them. The Conference noted that industries were eligible to join the Program if the membership qualifications were met; no differentiation was made between private and public ownership. In addition, it was recognized that multinational corporations were increasingly entering joint ventures with governments in establishing new agro-allied industries in developing countries.
135. The Conference Called for the expansion of Program activities in both the input and food production industries. In accordance with Resolution 5/65 of its Thirteenth Session, the Conference recognized the urgent need for establishing plants for manufacturing fertilizers, insecticides, pesticides, and other requisites in order to increase agricultural production more rapidly. FAO should therefore make increasing use of the Program to promote production resource demonstration schemes in co-operation with governments and industry, appropriately combining the integrated use of fertilizers, pesticides, and machinery.
136. In reply to questions about increased government co-operation, the Conference agreed that governments concerned should initiate and maintain policies that would make conditions for investment by industry as attractive as possible. In addition, governments could advance the Program by providing the most specific information available on priority agro-allied investment projects, thus guiding the Program's efforts towards the most important industrial projects. The Conference noted that the Program's expanding contacts would include area banks, new agro-business movements in developed countries, and bilateral agencies. It was explained that the Program had already established contact with UNIDO, and the Conference welcomed the co-operation of that new UN agency.
137. In conclusion, the Conference noted that this new action-oriented Program would expand the possibilities for governments to implement agro-allied industrial Development.