Table Of Contents


Dr. Hemangee Jambhekar, India.


It is experienced that problems before modern agriculturists lie in their approach towards Nature. The scenario of today’s agriculture can be depicted as follows –


As a solution to above problems, technologies of organic or natural agriculture systems are suggested. However both the systems are not very dynamic, hence they take a long time for restoring the balance of various parameters in the life cycle of crop. In the initial stage, one obtains lower yield of crop which is not at all affordable for developing countries like India, as nearly 70% of its population depends only on agriculture. Hence the question of sustainability of the farmers remains unanswered in this change over period from chemical to organic / natural agriculture.

In order to find the breakthrough a survey of ancient Indian literature was done.

Ancient Indian Philosophers, while understanding the nature and its laws, were asking themselves the reason behind each and every action of living beings. Yajnyavalkya, the great Indian sage and philosopher, had realized that every action is done for its own sake and its own happiness by an individual. The Rishis tried to understand various degrees of happiness. Unlike modern technologists, they had realized that the state of eternal bliss or the permanent state of happiness is related with inner satisfaction and not related with fulfilling the needs from outwards. The inner satisfaction can be achieved by caring and loving others and experiencing oneness with other living beings. They believed in the phenomenon Live and Let Live !

Indian philosophers literally lived with these philosophies which gave birth to technologies encompassing every field of life. For example, Ayurveda i.e. science of medicines, Yogashastra i.e. Indian psychology of extrasensory knowledge, Sanjeevan System i.e. one of the therapeutic method for human diseases. As a result, harmony in life was maintained in the process of development. Many of these technologies are based on the concept of management of Energy. Let us look into this concept.


While discovering the mysteries of universe, Vedic Rishis realized that at the time of creation of universe, only two things were present. They were Matter and Energy.

Role of Matter -

All living bodies require a rigid specific framework to perform the actions. In such cases matter expresses itself in five forms. These five forms are known as panch mahabhutas or five basic elements such as Prithvi or Earth, Jal or Water, Vayu or Gas, Tej or Fire and Akash or Space. They are responsible for the nourishment and formation of framework of the body. Their role in the formation of framework with reference to plants is given below

TABLE 1 : The Role Of Panch Mahabhutas Or Five Basic Elements In The Formation Of Framework Of The Plant

Mahabhutas or Basic Element


Part of The Plant Where It Works

1. Prithvi or earth

    • To build the rigid frame / skeleton of the body

    • Digestion of nutrients.

Roots, stems, branches.

2. Jal or water

    • Vehicle of earth elements.

    • Takes the nutrients from roots to leaves

    • Takes products of photosynthesis from leaves to various parts of the plants.

Sap juice in the plant.

3. Tej or fire

    • Metabolism

    • Photosynthesis

All enzymes, hormones, cytokinins, flowers, fruits, seeds.

4. Vayu or gas

    • Respiration


5. Akash or space

    • Encompasses living bodies from inwards to outwards

Vacuoles in tissues, cavities in the veins which carry sap juice, skin of the plant.

Role Of Energy -

While analyzing the idea and the role of matter the Vedic rishis realized that Panch Mahabhutas or the five forms of the matter are incomplete or actually dead in the absence of Jeevan Shakti or Vital Energy. The Vital Energy is the driving force behind all actions and reactions taking place in the living bodies. This internal Vital Energy i.e. Jeevan Shakti is also called as Atma Shakti.

Further the Rishis experienced that the Vital Energy in not only present inside the living bodies but also outside the living bodies. In fact it is omnipresent.

They understood that the internal Vital Energy takes assistance of three external energy sources while working at the level of living bodies. These three energies are as follows.

Solar Energy – Sun is well known basic source of energy for all living beings on the earth. The solar energy is blended on Vayu or gases and enters the body during respiration. It is postulated that it takes five forms called Panch Pranas or five life forces which control the functioning of Panch Mahabhutas. If there is imbalance or interference in the self-nutrition the Panch Pranas or five life forces try to restore the balance and protect the body. That means Panch Pranas or actually solar energy provide the energy of self-protection. Their role in the body with reference to the plants is given in the following table.

TABLE 2 The Role Of Panch Pranas Or Five Life Forces

Prana Shakti or Life Force


Part Of The Plant Where It Works

Apana Prana or energy of earth element

Controls the function of roots and extraction of nutrients.


Samana Prana or energy of water element

Controls transpiration

Stem, veins and petioles of leaves, stomata

Udana Prana or energy of fire element

Controls photosynthesis and secretion of enzymes, hormones

Fruits, seeds, flower, hormones.

Prana Prana or energy of gas element

Controls respiration and eases movement of respiratory products.


Vyan Prana or energy of space element

Makes space available for above functions.

Vacuoles in cells and tissues, skin of the plant.

Lunar Energy – Solar rays are first incident on the moon, they are absorbed to some extent by the moon and then are reflected back on the earth. In process, the intensity of radiation is reduced. The body takes in the Lunar Energy in the form of food. It is considered that Lunar Energy assists the Vital Energy in nourishment that means, provides energy for the smooth functioning of Panch Mahabhutas or five basic elements.

Cosmic Energy – This energy comes from various stars in the galaxy. It is considered that it works to stop and avoid the degeneration at tissue level or even at genetic level. It is postulated that all non-living matter is converted into living forms using Cosmic Energy source.

In this way these three energy sources assist the “internal Vital Energy” to maintain the balance between self-nutrition and self-protection energies so that the plants remain in the healthy state.

Sanjeevan system postulated that imbalance between the two is manifested as the disease or pest attack. The imbalance may be due to interference or manipulation of the self-nutrition and self-protection energies from outside. Actually this disharmony between the two energies is the basic cause of problems before today’s agriculture, according to Sanjeevan system.

Obviously in order to avoid or remove the root cause of constraints in agriculture, one has to restore the balance between both self-nutrition and self-protection energies. In other words one has to obtain an efficient management of these energies of the crop.


The Sanjeevan system or the system of vital energy management is developed by taking inspiration from Vedic literature, its physiological concepts are based on Yoga Shastra i.e. science of Yoga while the basis for selection and use of medicinal crops is provided by Rig Veda.

Sanjeevan system was initially developed in the first quarter of twentieth century to cure human diseases. Later on while working on human diseases, the founders of this system went up to root cause of these diseases. They realized that the root cause of these diseases is the nature of food on which their body is nourished. If the food is in pure form, the body remains in the healthy state. But if it is adulterated with toxic residues, then immune system of the body is disturbed. It was observed that modern agricultural technologies produced food which is adulterated due to excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides in the farm. As a result the human beings have to suffer with many diseases. Hence the researchers of this Sanjeevan system decided to apply this concept in agriculture in order to minimize the use of fertilizers and pesticides. It was believed that one would get healthy, pure food for human beings by using Sanjeevan system for plants. In turn their immune system would be strengthened. They would require minimum medication and may lead a happy, healthy life.

It was wondered whether the same concept would be applicable to agriculture or not. It is well known that all living beings are just different forms of the same Vital Energy. Hence, it was thought that the concept which was applicable to human beings should be applicable to plants, soil microbes and animals as well. Hence the same principles of Sanjeevan concept were applied to activate the Vital Energies of plants and soil fauna.

The plants were identified which were useful in removing blockage and restoring the balance in nutrition and protection energies of plants. Extensive research was done to observe how the stored energy in plant extract would be useful in restoring the balance in above energies so that cause of deficiency in nutrition or pest and disease attack would be removed from inside instead of manipulating it from outside.

Let us discuss how the Vital Energy in plants is activated by using most indigenous concept i.e. Sanjeevan system.

Three sources of energies such as Solar, Lunar and Cosmic energies are considered by Sanjeevan system as equivalent to the internal Vital Energies of the living beings. Further it is postulated that any imbalance in the energies of self-nutrition or self-protection can be restored by providing any of these three equivalent energies as per requirement. The plants are well known primary receivers of these three basic energies.

Sanjeevan concept further postulated that Solar, Lunar or Cosmic energy stored by plants help the vital energy to remove blockages or imbalances in particular sub-function of the body. As a result Vital Energy itself removes the root cause of the problem from inwards instead of manipulating it from outside and the biological system starts functioning in the normal healthy way. This way of activation of Vital Energy is supportive to the natural biological system and does not interfere in the life cycle at any point. Hence it gives very positive as well as fast results.

Methodology :

Sanjeevan system uses the Solar, Lunar and Cosmic energies stored by plants. According to this system each and every plant receives these energies, still some plants are identified as having maximum capacity to store these energies. Research was done to identify these plants. Although specific plants were identified, there may be many more plants which must be as powerful sources as these identified plants and can be used to activate the vital energy.

Generally these plants are abundantly available in nature. They are collected and cleaned. Specific parts of the plants are used to activate specific energy as given below.

TABLE 3 : Role Of Parts Of The Plant In Activation Of Various Energies

Roots / stems

Activation of energy of Prithvi / earth element

Milky juice

Activation of energy of Jal / water element


Activation of energy of Vayu / gas element

Seeds / fruits / flowers

Activation of energy of Tej / fire element

Skin of the plant

Activation of energy of Akash / space element

Preparation of herbal extracts

Combination of methanol, cow urine and water (30:30:40 in proportion respectively) is used as solvent. Then the extract is subjected to fermentation. Yeast extract is used for fermentation. Ten gm of yeast is taken for 10 liters of solvent. Gases generated during the fermentation are expelled out after every 4 to 5 days. The fermentation is completed in one month. Then the solution is filtered.

The fermented extract of the plant is considered as the source of specific solar / lunar / cosmic energy. Further the mother tincture / basic extract is potentised 100 times. For this purpose one ml mother tincture is added in 10 ml of chlorine free, clear water. This is solution A. One ml of solution A is taken and 10 ml of chlorine free, clear water is added into it. This is the final solution. It is applied as foliar or soil application.


1. Sanjeevan system used in activating the absorption of atmospheric Nitrogen.

Importance of nitrogen in the growth of plants –

Nitrogen is one of the major nutrients required by plants for their vegetative growth. Nitrogen is the major part of the proteins, enzymes and amino acids in the plant.

It is well known that atmosphere contains nitrogen more than 75%. First it is fixed in the soil by nitrogen fixing bacteria, then it is converted into ammonical / nitrate form. Plants can take up only such nitrogen. It also gets fixed in the soil during lightening and thundering.

Drawbacks of application of chemical nitrogen –

Whatever nitrogen fixed by the microbes is in very small quantity and can not meet the requirement of today’s hybrid crops which are aimed at huge production. Hence the farmers have to depend on chemical nitrogen like urea, ammonium sulphate, di-ammonium phosphate, etc. However, nearly 70 to 75 % of this water soluble nitrogen is lost through leaching or evaporation of water. The leached nitrogen gets saturated in the sources of water or extra nitrogen is stored in plant in nitrate form.

Watery tissues are developed in the crops, in the leaves due to absorption of excess nitrogen which make them soft and succulent. Such leaves actually give invitation to the pests and insects, as they love to eat soft leaves. A farmer thus faces a difficult situation. On one hand nitrogen requirement of the crop has to be fulfilled and on the other hand its disadvantages have to be avoided.

The remedy found by Sanjeevan System :

According to Sanjeevan system nitrogen is classified as Tej or fire element. Hence it was thought that energy of Tej or fire element may stimulate the nitrogen absorption. But nitrogen is not available in the soil. Then will it be absorbed from atmosphere? New research shows that leaves have certain glands where certain nitrogen fixers are present. They take up nitrogen directly from the air, convert it into amino acids and then it is taken to the different parts of the plant. In a way plants have capacity to fulfil their nitrogen requirement on their own to some extent. It was thought that whether this inbuilt system can be activated for nitrogen absorption, so that doses of chemical nitrogen may be reduced.

In order to induce the energy of Tej or fire element, extract of two plants was obtained such as, Carthamus Tinctorius and Arachis Hypogaea. This is herbal extract for nitrogen or H.E.-N. 4 ml of H.E.-N per liter of water is used for vegetative growth of the plant. It is sprayed on the leaves after one month duration during the grand growth period of the crop.

The Advantages –

TABLE 4 : Effect Of H.E.N. On The Rabi Groundnut


Residual available N after harvest (kg/ha)

Total nitrogen uptake in plant at harvest (kg/ha)

T1 – H.E.-N spray 3ml/lit + Recommended NPK in soil



T2- H.E.-N spray 3ml/lit. + 50% Recommended N + Recommended P& K in soil.



T3-H.E.-N spray 4ml/lit. + Recommended NPK in soil



T4–H.E.-N spray 4ml/lit. + 50% recommended N + recommended P & K in soil.



T5- Rhizobium culture seed treatment + recommended NPK in soil.



T6- Rhizobium culture seed treatment +50% recommended N + recommended PK in soil.



T7-Recommended NPK in soil



T8-Control (No Spray and no NPK in soil)



SE +






General Mean



H.E-N: Herbal extract used to induce nitrogen absorption capacity of the crop.

Source : Effect of bio-fertilisers on growth and yield of rabi groundnut by Mr. T.T. Salunkhe, MAU, Parbhani in Maharashtra, India, 2002

FIGURE. 1. Effect Of H.E.N. On The Economics Of Rabi Groundnut

Source : Effect of bio-fertilisers on growth and yield of rabi groundnut by Mr. T.T. Salunkhe, MAU, Parbhani in Maharashtra, India, 2002

Lush Green Cotton field when treated with H.E.N. at Nandura, Dist. Jalgaon, India

2. Sanjeevan system used in inducing the extraction of Potash.

Importance of potash in life cycle of plant –

Potash is another major nutrient required for better growth of the crop.

It is known that Potash is available in the soil in large quantities. However potash remains unavailable because –

As a result plants cannot utilize potash although it is available in large quantities in soil. Therefore farmers have to use costly potassic fertilizers. Still large part of it is lost through evaporation, and irrigated water or gets fixed in the soil in the form of salts.

The Sanjeevan way of making potash available to the plants -

Low ion exchange capacity which is the cause of unavailability of potash is interpreted by Sanjeevan system as blockage in the expression of Prana Shakti of Akash or space of the crop. Hence due to less elasticity of the roots and larger cation, potash is not able to enter the roots.

The plants which store the life force of Akash or space were identified. They were Sida Rhombifolia and Hibiscus Cannabinus. This energy of space in the form of herbal extract i.e. H.E.-K was sprayed on the leaves. The dose is 1 ml per liter of water. It is sprayed before flowering stage of the crop and also at the time of fruit setting.

The functioning of H.E.-K in the growth of the crop is as follows –

The advantages -

TABLE 5 : Data On Yield And Mean Characteristics Of Tomato




Height of plant


No. of fruits per plant

Weight of fruit per plant (Kg)

Weight of fruit (gm)

Yield increase over control

% uptake of K at harvest

T1 H.E.-K 1 ml /lit + 25% K








T2 H.E. -K 1 ml /lit + 50% K








T3 H.E.-K 1 ml /lit + 75% K








T4 H.E.-K 1 ml /lit + Rec. NPK








T5 Rec. NPK








T6 Control
















C.D. at 5%








C.V. %








Application of H.E.-K with different percent levels of potash were found significantly superior in yield per ha over control. Among the H.E.-K treatments, application of H.E.-K 1.0 ml + 75 % potash (T3) and H.E.-K 1.0 ml + recommended or 100 per cent potash (T4) were at par and recorded significantly highest tomato yield over recommended NPK treatment (T5). The T3 treatment having 16.38 percent increase in yield over recommended NPK treatment.

Effect of H.E.-K on various crops like export quality gerbera and grapes

Balanced nutrition is the base of healthy crop. Among these nutrients silica is one of the most crucial nutrient, which plays a major role in making the crop resistant to insect and fungus attack. The author believes that the importance of silica has not been properly communicated by scientists to farmers.

Silica is one of the essential materials from which the soil is formed. Silica plays an important role in the life cycle of crop as follows –

As seen earlier silica is much more beneficial. Sometimes it plays equivalent role to NPK and other nutrients. It was observed that in spite of abundant availability of silica in the soil, plants are not somehow able to absorb silica easily from the soil.

The Sanjeevan way of making silica available to the plants -

According to Sanjeevan system the blockage in the energy of absorption of silica can be removed by Prana Shakti of prithvi, vayu and tej i.e. life forces of earth, air and fire elements respectively. To achieve this objective extract of the plant Cardiospermum Halicacabum was obtained, potentised 100 times and used as foliar application.

H.E.-Si. is sprayed on the leaves 15 days after germination or transplantation of the seedlings. There after it is sprayed one or two times according to requirement of the crop with one months duration. Dose of the spray is 1 ml per liter of water.

The Advantages –

TABLE 6 - Grain Yield And Straw Yield Of Wheat As Affected By Various Treatments


Grain yield (q/ha)

Straw yield (q/ha)

% uptake of Si at harvest

T1- H.E.-Si spray +100% RDF




T2- H.E.-Si spray +50% RDF




T3- Silica fertilizer @ 50 Kg/ha +100% RDF




T4- Silica fertilizer @ 50 Kg/ha + H.E.-Si spray + 100% RDF




T5- RDF 100%




SE +




CD at 5 %




General Mean




Source : Trials conducted in MAU, Parbhani, India in 2001-02 on wheat

Abundant yield of paddy and wheat when treated with H.E.-Si

4. Sanjeevan System Used To Avoid Phosphate Fixation In The Soil

Herbal extracts for improving the uptake of nitrogen, potash and silica are the cases, which stimulate the crop to increase its capacity to absorb the nutrients which are already abundantly available in nature. However, many Indian soils are phosphate deficient soils on one hand and on the other hand, the 70% to 80% externally applied phosphate gets fixed in the soil. Sanjeevan system worked differently towards phosphate fixation in the soil.

Importance of phosphate –

Phosphate is one of the major nutrients. Phosphate is also a major part of nucleic acids and is an energy source of the crop. Root growth, yield of the crop and absorption of K, Mn and N in balanced form depend on the proper absorption of P. Today this need is fulfilled by using super phosphate and di-ammonium phosphate.

Unavailability of the phosphate -

Unfortunately water soluble part of these phosphatic fertilisers is converted into unavailable form as soon as it comes in contact with Fe, Al, or Ca, Mg salts in the soil. The water soluble phosphate added in the soils which are calcareous, heavy or rich in lime, becomes immediately unavailable. On one hand soils become phosphate banks due to this unavailable phosphate and on the other hand crop suffers from deficiency of phosphate.

Sanjeevan based phosphocompost –

In order to overcome above mentioned problems the phosphocompost was prepared. It contains 10% total phosphate out of which 6 - 7 % phosphate is in citrate soluble form and 1 - 2 % phosphate is in water soluble form. In this process rock phosphate and organic matter undergo the treatment of earthworms, p-solubilisers, and H.E.-P- i.e. herbal extracts for solubalisation of phosphate. H.E.-P was prepared by using Ficus Bengalensis, Ficus Religiosa and Ficus Glomerata. The process is completed within one month and phosphocompost is formed. H.E.-P along with P-solubilisers converts citrate soluble phosphate into water soluble phosphate slowly, whereas humus in phospocompost is useful to avoid phosphate fixation in the soil. Phosphocompost is added according to the recommended dose of phosphate for the crop.

The Advantages –

FIGURE 2 - Onion : Fate Of Available P2O5 In Soil In Different Treatments

% of available P in soil at harvesting time was very much lower in Phosphocompost than that of at the time of bulb formation i.e. at the end of 45 days, which gave comparatively better yield in phosphocompost treatment

Source : Report on Phosphocompost submitted to DST, Govt. of India by IOFRT, Pune, India

FIGURE 3 - Soybean : Fate Of Available P2O5 In Soil In Different Treatments

% Available P in soil was more by 24 % and 28 % respectively in SSP & DAP treatments as against in Phosphocompost treatments in soybean at the time of harvesting.

Source : Report on Phosphocompost submitted to DST, Govt. of India by IOFRT, Pune, India.

FIGURE 4 - Yield In Different Crops In Different Treatments

Source : Report on Phosphocompost submitted to DST, Govt. of India by IOFRT, Pune, India.

From data on soil analysis it was studied how much available phosphate was converted into total phosphate. -

TABLE 7 - % of fixation of phosphate in different crops























































    • FP : % Fixation of P2O5

    • UP in Kg : Unutilised P2O5 in Kg

WM in Rs. : Wasted money in Rs.

Source : Report on Phosphocompost submitted to DST, Govt. of India by IOFRT, Pune, India.

Effect of phosphocompost on banana - Farm is in Jalgaon, India.


General meaning of the word insecticide or pesticide is that these chemicals are used to protect the crop from pest and insect attack. However, in the process of protecting the crop, the farmer actually kills the pests / insects. He feels that he has got rid off the insects. However, the long term effect of these chemicals is very different. Although the farmer is successful in controlling the pests initially, in order to maintain the ecological balance, Nature makes some changes in the genes of the pest so that it becomes resistant to that particular insecticide. As a result within few days these chemicals become ineffective. Hence man prepares more poisonous chemicals to counteract the change in the genes of the pest. Again the Nature reacts. In this way the vicious cycle continues.

As a result the crop is either devoured by the more resistant pests or the poisonous residues of the pesticides are found in the harvested crop.

Relation between internal water management in the crop and pest- disease attack.

'Water' takes the nutrient from the roots and carries them to all the parts of the plants. At the same time, the internal temperature is also controlled, which is required for better metabolic reactions. This brings about balanced nutrition and better healthy growth.

However, if water management is disturbed due to change in temperature or water stress. The Vital Energy of the crop tries to withstand with these changed conditions. It tries to minimize the water loss by reducing the frequency of stomatal opening or in acute conditions by shedding the leaves. This kind of water management balances the metabolic reactions and is also useful in controlling the internal temperature of the plants. It keeps the plant healthy and the pests have no reason to visit the crop.

However if this condition is prolonged for a long time, the crop loses lot of energy in trying to adjust with external unfavourable conditions. The crop is exhausted. The control over water management and naturally that of on internal temperature is lost. It disturbs the nutritional balance and also the metabolic reactions are affected badly. Such kind of prolonged tension makes the crop weak.

Nature behaves in a very different manner in such situation. There is no place for any weak living being in nature. To get rid off such weak plant Nature appoints the pests and diseases. This weak crop actually gives a standing invitation to the pests and diseases.

Sanjeevan system considers the crop and the pests in a positive way while managing the pest. It doesn't suggest to kill the pest. It is crop friendly because it increases the pest resistance capacity of the crop. For the same reason it is eco-friendly. Besides the herbal extracts used are not poisonous so that the pests are not killed but are kept away from the crop.

Through Sanjeevan system pest and insects attack can be controlled using the herbal extract – H.E.-IP. This is the combination of various herbs such as Argemone Mexicana, Melia Azadirachta, and Ocimum Gratissium.

H.E.-IP works in 3 ways -

Use of other herbal products which activate the extraction of N,K,P, Si, etc. as described earlier are helpful in reducing the infestation of pests and diseases by nearly 50 to 60% and H.E.-IP. finds an easy way to control pest in such condition. Hence it is always suggested to use total package. Use of H.E.-IP gives the best result when used as a preventive measure and gives control over pests even upto 90%. The frequency of spraying is also reduced significantly in such cases.

The good control over red spider mites, aphids, jassids, white fly, leaf miner, bollworm, catterpiller, diamond black moth is obtained. H.E.-IP. is useful to control sucking as well as chewing pests.


This method of composting is named as ‘Vasumitra system’. Vasu means Prithvi or earth and Mitra means friend. Vasumitra means friend of earth or sun. Solar energy stored in herbs is utilized for composting. This humus rich compost can be friendly to the earth for its better nourishment. Hence the name ‘Vasumitra’.

Concept of composting –

When any biodegradable material starts decomposing, many kinds of bacteria, fungi are developed naturally. In fact, there is an interlinking chain of microbes, which are developed step by step. They use organic carbon for their growth, multiply and in turn organic carbon in proteins, cellulose, hemicelluloses, lignin is reduced due to their enzymatic secretions. In a broad sense this process is called as composting. The stable product obtained after completion of composting is Humus.

Various methods of composting –

Humus is the soul of soil. Humus can be obtained using vermiculture, compost culture, etc. It is known that good humus rich compost can be obtained using earthworms within 45 days or within 3 – 4 months by using compost culture. Although vermicomposting is an efficient method of composting it is labour and capital intensive.

Composting done using compost culture is not that efficient. If specially prepared composting microbial culture is added, they compete with native flora in the waste for survival. Both of them loose energy during competition and composting is not done efficiently. Besides, to maintain the efficiency of composting microbial culture, one has to provide congenial conditions for their survival.

Sanjeevan way of efficient composting i.e. Vasumitra system –

Sanjeevan system, believes in increasing the efficiency of native flora. Their efficiency can be increased by managing their energy of self-nutrition, so that they will utilize efficiently their favourite group of organic matter such as cellulose, lignin or proteins. Simultaneously if their energy of self-protection is enhanced, they can survive in inadequate conditions such as excess or loss of moisture, temperature and high or low pH.

On basis of Sanjeevan system Vasumitra system was developed. In this system the H.E.-Comp is prepared from the plants - Ficus Bengalensis, Hibiscus Cannabinus and Valeriana officinalis.

Advantages of Vasumitra composting system –