28. There was substantial debate on Paragraph 2A sub-paragraph Bi and, in particular, concern was expressed about the wording in this paragraph, including the use of terms such as "extended period" and "in perpetuity". No agreement was reached on whether the sub-paragraph should be interpreted as dealing with endangered species or as a means to facilitate sustainable utilization. It was recognized that "over-exploitation" did not necessarily imply "under threat of extinction".
29. With reference to the use of terms such as "population", "sub-population" and "stock", several delegations underlined the importance of using a clear and concise terminology in the FAO report to avoid confusion or having to rely on interpretation of terms. It was pointed out by the CITES Secretariat that the CITES definition of species is very broad and may need clarification when applied to species exploited by fisheries.
30. It was pointed out that the use of the word "should" in Paragraph 2A and 2B implied similar levels of obligation. It was suggested that under Paragraph 2B, CITES should consider rewording the criterion in application to marine fisheries so as to reduce the level of obligation.
31. In response to widespread concern about the potential implications of an Appendix II listing, including the "look-alike" clause, there was consensus that the Technical Consultation should recommend to COFI to set up a working group to study the consequences of implementing these listings, for reporting back to FAO Members, in particular for ways to minimize unnecessary negative impact on the fishing industry, fishermen and fishing communities.
32. Several delegates pointed out that Paragraph 2B also introduced complexities in terms of "readily recognizable" products, especially for highly processed products. Reference was also made to the difficulties of implementing listing under Paragraph 2B in terms of the resources needed and feasibility of identifying products, and also because of the level of monitoring and control required.
33. Several delegations stated that it was not only fisheries management which operated at the stock level and expressed the view that reference should be made to the Biodiversity Convention with its use of sub-species levels.
34. Some delegations suggested that the wording in document FI:SLC/2000/2 on the potential implications of the look-alike clause was overly alarming and should be modified.
35. The issue of bycatch was highlighted by several delegations and it was recommended that technological solutions as well as management measures should be pursued in attempting to alleviate bycatch problems before applying restrictions on trade.