1. This document responds to the FAO Council request, made at its 119th
session, for information on "FAO's contribution, within the UN system, on progress
in the implementation of those provisions of the Millennium Declaration falling within its
2. The Millennium Summit took place in New York from 6 to 8 September
2000. The main output of the Summit, the Millennium Declaration, was adopted by the
General Assembly, at its 55th session, through its resolution A/RES/55/2
entitled "United Nations Millennium Declaration" (Annex 1.). The General
Assembly, at this same session, adopted resolution A/RES/55/162, entitled "Follow-up
to the outcome of the Millennium Summit" (Annex 2.). In this resolution, the
Assembly, inter alia, stressed that a comprehensive and balanced approach in
implementation and follow-up of the Millennium Declaration would be required. It also
"recognized that Governments bear the main responsibility, individually and
collectively, for action and implementation of the Millennium Declaration". It
"called upon the entire UN system to assist Member States in every way possible in
the implementation of the Millennium Declaration". For ease of reference, both
resolutions are annexed to this document.
3. The WFS target is reiterated in the Millennium Declaration, together
with other targets which relate to development and poverty eradication. It is expressed as
"to halve, by the year 2015, ... the proportion of people who suffer from
4. FAO is involved in several UN system initiatives for follow-up to
and implementation of the Millennium Declaration. These include:
5. For the information of the Council, links between the UN Millennium
Summit Declaration and FAO's major policy orientations and most responsive programmes are
outlined in the attached table. The table provides an indicative overview of FAO
contributions to broader UN system support to Member States for implementation and
follow-up of the Millennium Declaration.
|MILLENNIUM DECLARATION KEY TARGET (para. 19)
halve, by the year 2015, the proportion of the world's people ... who suffer from hunger
FAO'S POLICY ORIENTATIONS AND
|Refocusing FAO's policies and programmes
||Development of :
- Strategic Framework drawing on the Basic Texts of FAO and the 1996 World Food Summit
(WFS) Plan of Action
- Medium-Term Plan 2002-07 to reinforce FAO's capacity to fulfill its mandate in line with
the WFS decisions
|Convening the WFS:fyl
- Decision to convene World Food Summit: five years later, at the highest political
level, to examine progress made towards achieving the World Food Summit target and the
decisions required to reach it no later than 2015.
|Strengthening partnerships with particular focus on
food security in LIFDCs
||Focus on low-income food-deficit countries, with work
directed towards gaining greater appreciation of the extent, causes, location and impact
Strengthening partnership arrangements:
- Extension of the ACC Network on Rural Development and Food Security (for which FAO
provides the Secretariat) to national level
- Further expansion of national Thematic Groups affiliated to the ACC Network on Rural
Development and Food Security, to provide coordinated support amongst development partners
for government efforts in World Food Summit follow-up
- Extension of the Food Insecurity and Vulnerability Information and Mapping System to 67
- Collaboration in the UN Development Assistance Framework and contributions to the Common
|Special Programme for Food Security
- Extension of the Special Programme for Food Security to 62 countries.
- Strengthening of South-South Cooperation (SSC) in support of the SPFS. 21 SSC agreements
have already been signed.
|The Right to Food
- Continued cooperation with the High Commission for Human Rights and the Committee on
Economic, Social and Cultural Rights on the clarification and better implementation of the
"Right to Food"
- Participation in ACC work on human rights based approaches to development
- Follow-up contacts by Director-General with Heads of State and Governments
- Annual publication of The State of World Food Insecurity
- World Food Day/Telefood
- Contacts with religious leaders culminating, in 2000, in an address by the
Director-General in the presence of His Holiness Pope John Paul II on the occasion of the
Agricultural Jubilee attended by over 100,000 farmers
- Collaboration with the Inter-Parliamentary Union to generate national and international
support at the political level
- Participation of the Director-General in the World Economic Forum to gain support of
private sector leaders
|Participation of Non-Governmental Organizations and
Civil Society Organizations
||Strengthening of contribution of NGOs/CSOs/private sector to
- Issuance of policy statement as basis for increased collaboration
- Regional NGO/CSO consultations culminating in 2000 CFS
- Contribution of NGOs/CSOs towards the Right to Food (over 800 have subscribed to the
draft Code of Conduct on the Right to Food)
- Launching of a study in ten Sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America countries aimed at
identifying successful cases of building partnerships between government, private sector
and civil society to achieve food security and rural development objectives at local level
|Impact of globalization Para. 5: and unsustainable
patterns of production and consumption Para. 6 (5th bullet):
||FAO addresses the impact of globalization through enabling
all of its Members to become "equal and well informed partners" in fora,
negotiations, etc., for the establishment of international regulatory systems covering a
broad range of issues within its mandate, including:
- International collaboration for the protection and sustainable use of natural
resources (programmes in support of conservation and sustainable use of global commons
e.g. plant and animal genetic resources; land and water, forests and fisheries resources)
- International agricultural trade (market monitoring; analyses of impacts of trade
reforms; training and capacity building for participation in WTO trade negotiations;
impact of trade on the environment and national and international food security)
- International standards for food, plant and animal safety;(programmes in support
of international regulatory systems e.g. Codex Alimentarius, International Plant
Protection Convention; establishment of a "clearing house" of national and
- Information exchange (programmes to facilitate equitable access to statistics and
information e.g. WAICENT, FIVIMS, International Network on Post Harvest Operations, Global
Information and Early Warning System, Transboundary Animal Disease Information System,
OneFish - linking multiple fisheries databases)
|Resource mobilization for development (including the
planned High-level Event) Para 14:
||One of the key corporate strategies, contained in FAO's
Strategic Framework, is "Leveraging Resources for FAO and its Members". In
particular, FAO seeks to:
- Forge longer-term partnership agreements with selected bilateral and multilateral
- Improve communication of results obtained to all stakeholders;
- Link FAO projects and programmes to those of other agencies ("programme
- Assist countries in the creation of a policy environment conducive to expanding public
and private sector capital flows;
- Assist in the preparation of bankable projects and programmes in support of agricultural
sector development: for instance, total funding commitments for investment projects
prepared with FAO assistance amounted to an average of US$ 2.1 billion per year over the
- Collaborate with other agencies in the development of alternative capital flows, which
are not debt or dependency inducing, such as the Clean Development Mechanism, Global
Environment Facility, Debt for Nature Swaps and Debt for Food Security Swaps, Highly
Indebted Poor Countries initiative, etc.
- Contributing to preparation for the High-level International and Inter-Governmental
Event on Financing for Development
- Through the WFS:fyl, focus attention on the need for resource mobilization, both
internationally and domestically, and investment for agriculture and food security. To
this end a background paper entitled Mobilizing Resources to Fight Hunger has been
prepared. The paper reviews the amount of resources allocated to agriculture (public and
private, external and internal) in the 1990's and addresses future resource needs
associated with the alleviation of food insecurity in the world.
- Through the Special Programme for Food Security, demonstrate how simple, low-cost
investments can contribute to increased productivity and production as well as raising
rural incomes and improving access to food. It is in pursuit of this objective that FAO,
over five years, has already mobilised $230 million for the Special Programme for Food
Security (SPFS) that is operational in several countries around the world.
|Third UN Conference on LDCs Para. 15:
||FAO is actively involved in preparations for the Third UN
Conference on LDCs and related initiatives addressing the special needs and concerns of
these countries. As part of its support to the preparatory process and the Conference
itself, FAO is undertaking the following:
- Supporting the preparatory process at the country level, by supporting the development
of the food and agriculture component of the national action programmes.
- Organization of an interactive debate at the Conference on the theme of "enhancing
productive capacities: the agricultural sector and food security"
- Compilation of ongoing FAO projects for strengthening supply capacities, food security
and rural development in individual LDCs.
- Preparation of a compendium of key statistical indicators relating to agricultural
development and food security for the LDCs.
- Preparation of a concept paper on the role of agriculture in the development of LDCs and
their integration in the globalising world economy, which constitutes the main background
paper for the Interactive Session on "enhancing productive capacities: the
agricultural sector and food security"
- Provision of inputs to the part of the Conference Draft Programme of Action (PoA), 2001
- 2010, dealing with rural development, agriculture and food security.
- Exhibition at the Conference.
||Although not directly related to the Third UN Conference on
LDCs, FAO's activities in relation to the Integrated Framework for Trade-related
Technical Assistance to LDCs are highly relevant:
- a number of LDCs have asked FAO to be actively involved in its implementation;
- WTO is favourable to FAO's participation, while concrete arrangements for this
participation have yet to be formalized.
|Debt relief, particularly for LDCs Para 16:
- Within the inter-agency mechanism for preparing the Third LDC Conference and in other
fora, where relevant, FAO advocates that financial resources which accrue through targeted
debt relief initiatives, e.g., HIPC, be channelled to support not only poverty alleviation
but, more specifically, be focussed on food security in rural areas.
- Jointly with IFAD and WFP, and in collaboration with the Government of Italy, are
assisting middle-income developing countries in the design of projects for rural poverty
reduction using bilateral debt for development swap mechanisms.
- FAO is also assisting several developing countries in preparing Poverty Reduction
|Special Needs of Small Island Developing States
||FAO works closely with interested international organizations
and its own member governments in promoting the sustainable agriculture development in
Small Island Developing States.
- In implementing the Barbados Programme of Action, FAO provides technical assistance to
SIDS in agriculture, forestry and fisheries and sustainable development, including
- FAO organized a Special Ministerial Conference on Agriculture in Small Island Developing
States on 12 March 1999 at its Headquarters in Rome.
- The Conference adopted a Ministerial Declaration on Agriculture in Small Island
Developing States that led to the adoption, by the FAO Council, of a Plan of Action in
support of sustainable agricultural development
|"Cities without Slums" initiative Para.
19 last bullet
||The World Food Summit gave priority to the development of
urban and peri-urban agriculture as well as improving the efficiency of food supply and
distribution systems and linkages between production and consumption areas, with the aim
of facilitating access to food by low-income households and hence improving food security.
As follow-up, FAO has launched a multidisciplinary effort (Priority Area for
Interdisciplinary Action) on Food for the Cities.
|Gender equality and empowerment Para. 20, 1st
||FAO provides direct assistance to its members in integrating
socio-economic demographic and gender issues into national policies and programmes for
agricultural and rural development, as well as nutrition and food security, in line with
the 1994 Cairo Plan of Action on Population and Development and the 1995 Beijing Platform
for Action on Women, and the Outcomes of the five-year reviews of these.
An FAO Plan of
Action on Gender and Development, which integrates gender perspectives into selected major
outputs of the Corporate Medium Term Plan 2002-2007 is under preparation The focus is on
promoting gender equality in
- access to sufficient, safe and nutritionally adequate food
- access to, control over and management of natural resources, and agricultural support
- in policy- and decision-making processes at all level in the agricultural and rural
- in opportunities for on- and off-farm employment in rural areas
|Implementation of Agenda 21 of UNCED Para. 22,
||FAO, through its normative and operational activities,
continues to assist member countries in the implementation of Agenda 21 and follow-up of
UNCED in areas of its mandate. FAO is the Task Manager for the following Chapters of
- Chapter 10 "Integrated Planning and Management of Land Resources"
- Chapter 11 "Combating Deforestation"
- Chapter 13 "Sustainable Mountain Development"
- Chapter 14 "Sustainable Agriculture and Rural Development"
It is also a partner in the implementation of several other Chapters of Agenda 21,
- Chapter 3 Combating Poverty
- Chapter 12 Combating Desertification and Drought
- Chapter 15 Conservation of Biological Diversity
- Chapter 17 Protection of the Oceans and Seas
- Chapter 18 Protection of Freshwater Resources
- Chapter 19 Environmentally Sound Management of Toxic Chemicals
- Chapter 24 Global Action for Women towards Sustainable and Equitable Development
- Chapter 32 Strengthening the Role of Farmers
- Chapter 40 Information for Decision-making.
In preparation for the World Summit on Sustainable Development in 2002 (Rio + 10), FAO
has a lead responsibility in preparing reports in areas where it is task manager and also
for providing inputs to chapters of Agenda 21.
Corporate Strategy D, "Supporting the conservation, improvement and sustainable
use of natural resources for food and agriculture" of FAO's Strategic Framework
ensures FAO's continued role in assisting the global community to address natural
resources management and conservation issues.
|Climate change and Kyoto Protocol Para. 23, 1st
- FAO established an interdepartmental working Group on Climate Change in 1988; recently,
climate change was accepted as one of the Priority Areas for Interdepartmental Action.
- FAO follows international climate-related negotiations, with a view to assisting its
members within its mandate. Participation in international fora and conferences include
the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the Conference of the Parties to the
Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Subsidiary Body for Science and
Technological Advice. FAO documents on climate change include position papers on Global
Climate Change and Agricultural Production and on Biofuels for Sustainable Development,
proceedings of expert meetings (on Global Climatic Change and Agricultural production, on
Verification of Country-level Carbon Stocks and Exchanges in non-annex-I Countries) , as
well as a number of internal documents, for instance submissions to COFO on Climate Change and the Kyoto
Protocol: Key Forestry-Related Issues and to COAG on Climate Variability and Change: A
Challenge for Sustainable Agricultural Production
- Issues of particular interest include carbon sequestration in biomass (forests) and
soils (forest and agricultural soils), emission of reductions of carbon dioxide, methane,
and nitrous oxides from agricultural sources, and fossil fuel substitution through
· FAO hosts the Secretariat of the Global Terrestrial Observing System, and
contributes towards the Terrestrial Carbon Observation Initiative
|Management, conservation and sustainable development of
forests Para 23, 2nd bullet
||FAO has a lead role in international efforts to assess,
monitor and sustainably develop forest and tree resources, in particular by providing
support to the preparation and implementation of national forest programmes. Specifically,
FAO has :
- supported, as Task Manager, the implementation of Chapter 11 of Agenda 21 and the
"forest principles" towards sustainable forest management, including support to
the Intergovernmental Panel on Forests (IPF) and the Intergovernmental Forum on Forests
- undertaken a broad range of normative and field activities including Global Forest
Resources Assessment, development of forest-related information systems, providing policy
and legal advice, developing criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management,
facilitating international and regional cooperation for the conservation of fragile
ecosystems, developing approaches for community participation in forest resources
development and conservation.
FAO plays a lead role in forging the Collaborative Partnership on Forests (CPF) as
recommended by the IFF, and actively implementing IPF/IFF proposals for action, and
providing support to the multi-year programme of work and the Secretariat of the United
Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF)
|Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)) Para 23,
||FAO addresses biological diversity issues inter alia
through its Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, and its programmes
on animal, plant (including forest) and fish genetic resources, biological diversity
conservation and sustainable wildlife utilization and integrated pest management. It
provides an integrated approach to biological diversity-related activities in FAO through
its Interdepartmental Working Group on biological diversity for food and agriculture.
- The Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity has recognized
the leading role of FAO in agricultural biodiversity. FAO, in collaboration with the
Secretariat conducted an assessment of ongoing activities in agricultural biodiversity and
developed four elements of a programme of work which formed the basis of a COP V decision
on agricultural biodiversity. FAO has now been invited by the CBD Secretariat to assist in
the implementation of this decision, including to further study the potential implications
of genetic use restriction technologies (GURTs) on agricultural biodiversity, in
collaboration with other organisations; and facilitation and co-ordination of the
International Initiative for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Pollinators as a
crosscutting initiative within the programme of work.
- FAO has been invited to contribute to a number of other decisions, including on access
and benefit sharing (V/26), invasive alien species (V/8), forest biodiversity (V/4),
marine and coastal biodiversity (V/3), the Global Taxonomy Initiative (V/9), Plant
Conservation Strategy (V/10), and incentive measures (V/15). In addition, FAO continues to
support the implementation of other CBD programmes of work.
|Convention to Combat Desertification (CCD) Para 23,
||FAO assistance to the United Nations Convention to Combat
Desertification has been formalized through several collaboration agreements with the
UNCCD Secretariat and with IFAD and UNEP) as well as support to the Global Mechanism
through its Facilitation Committee. Activities include:
- technical support to the preparation of National and Regional Action Plans in Africa,
Asia and Latin America, and of field projects, half of which are in Africa
- data bases and web sites on desertification, leading to the formulation of a global
programme on land degradation assessment and monitoring (LADA) in cooperation with UNEP,
and the preparation of technical guidelines and best practices on dryland management.
- participation in the international and regional consultative process promoted through
the bodies of the UNCCD
- FAO's Strategic Framework pays particular attention to the integrated development of
fragile ecosystems such as drylands, and has put the combat against desertification as one
of its major cross-sectoral priorities.
|Water resources Para 23, fourth bullet:
- FAO's water-related activities focus on increasing water-use efficiency. Water is an
important component of FAO's Special Programme for Food Security.
- FAO is working in partnership with other institutions (WB, UN, GEF, Global Water
Partnership, IWMI, International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage, NGOs, regional
organizations). However, there is a considerable overlap between various UN-sponsored
water programmes and initiatives. This calls for the need to establish an effective
- Recent initiatives with partners include: dialogue on water and food security,
integrated land and water initiative, various GEF funded projects on riverbasins and
inland water bodies.
|Reducing the number and effects of natural and man-made
disasters Para. 23, fifth bullet
||FAO gives priority to emergencies as recognized in its
Strategic Framework: "Preparedness for, and effective and sustainable response to,
food and agricultural emergencies". The Emergency Coordination Group coordinates the
diverse range of multidisciplinary activities under the theme, Strengthening Emergency
Preparedness and Response.
FAO participates as organizational focal point in
follow-up to the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. In particular, it provides
a lead role in Task Forces on El Nino and La Nina, Climate Change and
Variability; Early Warning; and Risk, Vulnerability and Disaster Impact Assessment.
As an example of FAO support to emergency planning,. FAO is cooperating in the
evolution of strategies to move from peacekeeping to development and is involved in
inter-agency dialogue and cooperation with the local institutional counterparts in Kosovo
FAO is participating in a new initiative by the UN Secretariat and the specialized
agencies (the GIST group) to increase data sharing among UN missions by generating
agreed-upon standards for georeferenced data. Many areas of cooperation are being
developed from Kosovo to the Horn of Africa. The latter initiative may be realized through
the Horn of Africa Humanitarian Planning Map project, which has three overlapping goals:
- Integration of geographic information system (GIS) compatible data, interactive maps and
remote sensing imagery for complex emergencies;
- Application of new Internet-linked technologies for collection and dissemination of
geospatial data among UN-led missions planning and responding to natural and man-made
- Support for developing UN/OCHA's ReliefWeb as the Internet focal point for humanitarian
assistance data among UN agencies and NGOs.
|Programming at country level Para. 30, ninth
||Programming of technical cooperation activities falling
within the mandate of FAO is a responsibility shared by all units of the Organization,
with a view to supporting FAO Representatives at the country level. Agricultural Sector
Briefs (synthetic programme-oriented analytical notes which identify areas for FAO
technical cooperation activities in the country) are prepared, making use of substantive
documents related to the agricultural sector of the country, including the Common Country
Assessment (CCA) and the United Nations Development Assistance Framework (UNDAF). They are
useful instruments for the identification of the field programmes, taking into account the
constraints, potential and priorities of agricultural development in the country, and
greatly assist the FAO representatives as part of the UN system country team.