Beekeeping in Africa


Table of contents


 

 

FAO Agricultural Services Bulletin 68/6
Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations
Rome, 1990

by
Stephen O. Adjare
Apiculture Promotion Unit
Technology Consultancy Centre
University of Science and Technology
Kumasi, Ghana

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

M-24
ISBN 92-5-102794-3

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted In any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner. Applications for such permission, with a statement of the purpose and extent of the reproduction, should be addressed to the Director, Publications Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Via delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy.

FAO 1990


Contents


Foreword
Acknowledgements
Table of equivalencies
Chapter 1 Introduction
Chapter 2 Colony life and social organization

Organization of a bee colony
The queen
The drone
The worker
The annual biological cycle op the bee colony

Chapter 3 Anatomy of the honeybee
Chapter 4 Traditional and modern beehives and beekeeping equipment

Traditional hives
Modern rives
Advantages and disadvantages of frame and top-bar hives
Timber used for making beehives
Equipment required by the beekeeper

Chapter 5 Hive management - Part I

General
The apiary
Preparing the top-bar hive for installation
Installation of beehives
Colonization
Capturing a swarm
Some common practices in apiary management
Bee stings

Hive management - Part II

Using the Langstroth frame
How to unite bees
Robbing and its prevention
Feeding bees
Record-keeping

Chapter 6 Colony manipulation: honey and beeswax harvesting and extraction

Brood-nest control
Honey harvesting and what to look for
Honey and beeswax extraction
Some facts about honey

Chapter 7 The use of bees for pollination
Chapter 8 Adverse natural factors and pests

Natural conditions
Human activities
Natural enemies and posts
Bee friends

Chapter 9 Some bee diseases

Brood diseases
Adult bee diseases
Measures against spreading bee diseases

Chapter 10 Queen-rearing

Queen cells
Maintaining the cycle

Appendix: Some honeybee forage plants in the tropics and sub-tropics