Abdel-Ghaffar A.S., El-Attar H.A. and Elsokkary I.H. (1988) Egyptian experience in the treatment and use of sewage and sludge in agriculture. Ch. 17, Treatment and Use of Sewage Effluent for Irrigation, M.B. Pescod and A. Arar (eds). Butterworths, Sevenoaks, Kent.
Abrol I.P. (1982) Technology of chemical, physical and biological amelioration of deteriorated soils. Panel of Experts Meeting on Amelioration and Development of Deteriorated Soils in Egypt, 2-6 May 1982, Cairo.
Agricultural Affairs and Fish Resources Authority, Kuwait. (1988) Treated sewage effluent for irrigation in Kuwait. Treatment and Use of Sewage Effluent for Irrigation. M.B. Pescod and A. Arar (eds). Butterworths, Sevenoaks, Kent.
Al-Salem S.S. (1987) Evaluation of the Al Samra waste stabilization pond system and its suitability for unrestricted irrigation. Paper prepared for the Land and Water Development Division, FAO, Rome.
Alabaster J.S. and Lloyd R. (1980) Water Quality Criteria for Freshwater Fish. Butterworths, London.
Arar A. (1988) Background to treatment and use of sewage effluent. Ch. 2, Treatment and Use of Sewage Effluent for Irrigation, M.B. Pescod and A. Arar (eds). Butterworths, Sevenoaks, Kent.
Arthur J.P. (1983) Notes on the design and operation of waste stabilization ponds in warm climates of developing countries. Urban Development Technical Paper No. 6. World Bank, Washington DC. 106 p.
Asano T., Smith R.G. and Tchobanoglous G. (1985) Municipal wastewater: Treatment and reclaimed water characteristics. Irrigation with Reclaimed Municipal Wastewater - A Guidance Manual, G.S. Pettygrove and T. Asano (eds). Lewis Publishers Inc., Chelsea, Mississippi.
Asano T. and Tchobanoglous G. (1987) Municipal wastewater treatment and effluent utilization for irrigation. Paper prepared for the Land and Water Development Division, FAO, Rome.
Bahri A. (1988) Present and future state of treated wastewaters and sewage sludge in Tunisia. Presented at Regional Seminar on Wastewater Reclamation and Reuse, 11-16 December, 1988, Cairo.
Bartone C.R. (1986) Introduction to wastewater irrigation: extent and approach. Third Annual World Bank Irrigation and Drainage Seminar, Annapolis, Maryland. The World Bank, Washington DC.
Bartone C.R., Esparza M.L., Mayo C., Rojas O. and Vitko T. (1985) Monitoring and maintenance of treated water quality in the San Juan lagoons supporting aquaculture. UNDP/World Bank/GTZ Integrated Resource Recovery Project GLD/80/004. 74 p.
Bernstein L. and Fireman M. (1957) Laboratory studies on salt distribution in furrow irrigated soil with special reference to the pre-emergence period. Soil Science 83:249-263.
Bouwer E.J., McCarty P.L., Bouwer H. and Rice R.C. (1984) Organic contaminent behavior during rapid infiltration of secondary wastewater at the Phoenix 23rd Avenue project. Water Research, 18(4):463-472.
Bouwer H. (1985) Renovation of wastewater with rapid-infiltration land treatment systems. Artificial Recharge of Groundwater, T. Asano (ed). Butterworths, Boston, Massachusetts.
Bouwer H. (1987) Soil-aquifer treatment of sewage. Paper prepared for the Land and Water Development Division, FAO, Rome.
Bouwer H. and Chaney R.L. (1974) Land treatment of wastewater. Advances in Agronomy, Vol. 26. N.C. Brady (ed). Academic Press, New York.
Bouwer H., Lance J.C. and Riggs (1974) High rate land treatment - II. Water quality and economic aspects of the Flushing Meadows project. J. Wat. Pollut. Control Fedn. 46(5): 844-859.
Bouwer H. and Rice R.C. (1984) Renovation of wastewater at the 23rd Avenue rapid infiltration project. J. Wat. Pollut. Control Fedn. 56(1):76-83.
Bouwer H., Rice R.C., Lance J.C. and Gilbert R.G. (1980) Rapid-infiltration research - the Flushing Meadows project, Arizona. J. Wat. Pollut. Control Fedn. 52(10):2457-2740.
Buras N., Duek L. and Niv S. (1985) Reactions of fish to microorganisms in wastewater. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 50:989-995.
Buras N., Duek L., Niv S., Hepher B. and Sandbank E. (1987) Microbiological aspects of fish grown in treated wastewater, Water Research 21:1-10.
California Department of Health Services. (1978) Title 22, California Code of Regulations, Sections 60301 et seq. Wastewater Reclamation Criteria. Berkeley, California.
California State Water Resources Control Board. (1990) California Municipal Wastewater Reclamation in 1987. Sacramento, California.
Carlton-Smith C.H. (1987) Effects of metals in sludge-treated soils on crops. Report TR 251, Water Research Centre, Medmenham, UK.
Cobham R.O. and Johnson P.R. (1988) The use of treated sewage effluent for irrigation: case study from Kuwait, Treatment and Use of Sewage Effluent for Irrigation. M.B. Pescod and A. Arar (eds). Butterworths, London.
Colman J.A. and Edwards P. (1987) Feeding pathways and environmental constraints in waste-fed aquaculture: balance and optimization. Detritus and Microbial Ecology. D.J.W. Moriarty and R.S.V. Pullin (eds). ICLARM Conference Proceedings 14. International Centre for Living Aquatic Resources Management, Manila, 240-281.
Cooper P.F., Hobson J.A. and Jones S. (1988) Sewage treatment by reed bed systems: The present situation in the UK. Water Research Centre, Stevenage.
Council of the European Communities. (1986) Council Directive of 12 June 1986 on the protection of the environment, and in particular of soil, when sewage sludge is used in agriculture (86/278/EEC). Official Journal of the European Communities. L181(6)29.
Dean R.B. and Suess M.J. (1985) The risk to health of chemicals in sewage sludge applied to land. Waste Management and Research. 3:251-278.
Department of the Environment. (1989) Code of Practice for Agricultural Use of Sewage Sludge. Her Majesty's Stationery Office, London.
Doran J.W., Ellis J.R. and McCalla T.M. (1977) Microbial concerns when wastes are applied to land. Land as a Waste Management Alternative. R.C. Loehr (ed). Ann Arbor Science, Michigan.
Edwards P. (1985) Aquaculture: A component of low cost sanitation technology. World Bank Technical Paper Number 36. Integretated Resource Recovery Series. The World Bank, Washington DC.
Edwards P. (1990) Reuse of human excreta in aquaculture: A state-of-the-art review. Draft Report. World Bank, Washington DC.
Edwards P., Pullin R.S.V. and Gartner J.A. (1988) Research and education for development of integrated crop-livestock-fish farming systems in the tropics. ICLARM Studies and Reviews 16. International Centre for Living Aquatic Resources Management, Manila.
EPA. (1977) Process design manual for land treatment of municipal wastewater. Report 625/1-77-008. US Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, Ohio.
FAO. (1977) Crop water requirements. J. Doorenbos and W. Pruitt. Irrigation and Drainage Paper 24. FAO, Rome. 144 p.
FAO. (1979) Yield response to water. J. Doorenbos and A.H. Kassam. Irrigation and Drainage Paper 33. FAO, Rome. 203 p.
FAO. (1985) Water quality for agriculture. R.S. Ayers and D.W. Westcot. Irrigation and Drainage Paper 29 Rev. 1. FAO, Rome. 174 p.
FAO. (1988) Irrigation practice and water management. L.D. Doneen and D.W. Westcot. Irrigation and Drainage Paper 1, Rev. 1. FAO, Rome. 71 p.
FAO-Unesco. (1973) Irrigation, Drainage and Salinity. An International Sourcebook. Paris. Unesco/Hutchinson (Publishers), London. 510 p.
Feachem R.G., Bradley D.J., Garelick H. and Mara D.D. (1983) Sanitation and Disease: Health Aspects of Excreta and Wastewater Management. John Wiley, Chichester.
Gambrill M.P., Mara D.D., Eccles C.R. and Baghaei-Yazdi N. Microcomputer-aided design of waste stabilization ponds in tourist areas of Mediterranean Europe. Public Health Engineer. 14(2): 39-41.
Gerba C.P. and Goyal S.M. (1985) Pathogen removal from wastewater during groundwater recharge. Artificial Recharge of Groundwater. T. Asano (ed). Butterworths, Boston, Massachusetts.
Ghosh D. (1984) Significance of wetlands in environmental rescue: Lessons from Calcutta's waste recycling backyards. East Calcutta Wetland Project Report. Department of Fisheries, Government of West Bengal.
Gunnerson C.G., Shuval H.I. and Arlosoroff S. (1984) Health effects of wastewater irrigation and their control in developing countries. Proc. Water Reuse Symposium III, San Diego, AWWA Research Foundation, Denver, 1576-1605.
Hall H.C. and Thompson S.G. (1981) Site selection techniques for land disposal of treated municipal wastewater. Proceedings Water Reuse Symposium II: Water Reuse in the Future. Amer. Wat. Wks. Assn. (AWWA) Research Foundation, Denver, Colorado.
Hillel D. (1987) The efficient use of water in irrigation. World Bank Technical Paper No. 64. The World Bank, Washington DC.
Hillman P.J. (1988) Health aspects of reuse of treated wastewater for irrigation. Ch. 5, Treatment and Use of Sewage Effluent for Irrigation. M.B. Pescod and A. Arar (eds). Butterworths, Sevenoaks, Kent.
Jewell W.J., Madras J.J., Clarkson W.W., DeLancey-Pompe H. and Kabrick R.M. (1983) Wastewater treatment with plants in nutrient films. Report PB83-247-494, US Environmental Protection Agency, Ada, Oklahoma.
Kandiah A. (1990a) Water quality management for sustainable agricultural development. Natural Resources Forum. 14 (1): 22-32.
Kandiah A. (1990b) Criteria and classification of saline water. Water, Soil and Crop Management Practices Relating to the Use of Saline Water. A. Kandiah (ed). AGL/MIC/16/90. FAO, Rome. 34-51.
Maas E.V. (1984) Salt tolerance of plants. The Handbook of Plant Science in Agriculture. B.R. Christie (ed). CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida.
Mara D.D. (1976) Sewage Treatment in Hot Climates. John Wiley, London.
Mara D.D. and Cairncross S. (1989) Guidelines for the safe use of wastewater and excreta in agriculture and aquaculture - measures for public health protection. World Health Organization, Geneva.
Marais, G.V.R. (1970) Dynamic behaviour of oxidation ponds. Proceedings 2nd International Symposium on Waste Treatment Lagoons, Kansas City. 15-46.
Marais G.V.R. (1974) Faecal bacterial kinetics in stabilization ponds. J. Amer. Soc. Civ. Engineers (ASCE), Env. Engng. Div. 100(EE1): 119-139.
McGarry M.G. and Pescod M.B. (1970) Stabilization pond design criteria for tropical Asia. Proc. 2nd Int. Symposium on Waste Treatment Lagoons, Kansas City. pp. 114-132.
Meiring P.G., Drews R.J., van Eck H. and Stander G.J. (1968) A guide to the use of pond systems in South Africa for the purification of raw and partially treated sewage. CSIR Special Report WAT34. National Institute for Water Research, Pretoria.
Middlebrooks E.J., Middlebrooks C.H., Reynolds J.H., Watters G.Z., Reed S.C. and George D.B. (1982) Wastewater Stabilization Lagoon Design, Performance and Upgrading. Macmillan, New York.
Morishita T. (1988) Environmental hazards o sewage and industrial effluents on irrigated farmlands in Japan. Ch. 6, Treatment and Use of Sewage Effluent for Irrigation. M.B. Pescod and A. Arar (eds). Butterworths, Severoaks, Kent.
Nakayama F.S. (1982) Water analysis and treatment techniques to control emitter plugging. Proc. Irrigation Association Conference, 21-24 February 1982. Portland, Oregan.
National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Engineering. (1972) Water quality criteria. US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington DC. Report No. EPA-R373-033. 592 p.
O'Brien W.J. (1981) Use of aquatic macrophytes for wastewater treatment. J. Amer. Soc. Civ. Engineers (ASCE), Env. Engng. Div. 107(EE4):681-698.
Olah J., Sharangi N. and Datta N.C. (1986) City sewage fish ponds in Hungary and India. Aquaculture 54:129-134.
Papadopoulos I. and Stylianou Y. (1988) Ongoing research on the use of treated sewage effluent for irrigating industrial and fodder crops. Treatment and Use of Sewage Effluent for Irrigation. M.B. Pescod and A. Arar (eds). Butterworths, Sevenoaks, Kent.
Pearson G.A. (1960) Tolerance of crops to exchangeable sodium. USDA Information Bulletin No. 216. 4 p.
Pescod M.B. (1987a) The quality of effluent for reuse in irrigation. Paper prepared for the Land and Water Development Division, FAO, Rome.
Pescod M.B. (1987b) Appropriate wastewater treatment for effluent reuse in developing countries. Paper prepared for the Land and Water Development Division, FAO, Rome.
Pescod M.B. and Mara D.D. (1988) Design, operation and maintenance of wastewater stabilization ponds. Ch. p, Treatment and Use of Sewage Effluent for Irrigation. M.B. Pescod and A. Arar (eds). Butterworths, Sevenoaks, Kent.
Polprasert C., Dissanayake M.G. and Thanh N.C. (1983) Bacterial die-off kinetics in waste stabilization ponds. J. Water Pollut. Control Fedn. 55(3): 285-296.
Pratt P.F. (1972) Quality criteria for trace elements in irrigation watsrs. California Agricultural Exteriment Station. 46 p.
Reddy K.R. and DeBusk W.F. (1987) Nutrient storage capabilities of aquatic and wetland plants. Aquatic Plants for Water Treatment and Resource Recovery. K.R. Reddy and W.H. Smith (eds). Magnolia Publishers, Orlando, Florida.
Rhoades J.D. (1982) Reclamation and management of salt-affected soils after drainage. Proc. 1st Annual Western Provincial Cong. on Water and Soil Resources Management. Lethbridge, Alberta Canada. pp. 123-197.
Rice R.C. and Bouwer H. (1984) Soil-aquifer treatment using primary effluent. J. Water Pollut. Control Fedn. 56(1): 84-88.
Romaire R.P., Boyd C.E. and Collis W.J. (1978) Predicting nighttime dissolved oxygen decline in ponds used for Tilapia culture. Trans. Amer. Fish. Soc. 107:804-808.
Sanchez Duron N. (1988) Mexican experience in using sewage effluent for large scale irrigation. Treatment and Use of Sewage Effluent for Irrigation. M.B. Pescod and A. Arar (eds). Butterworths, Sevenoaks, Kent.
Saqqar M. (1990) Coliform die-off in waste stabilization ponds in Jordan. Presented at FAO Regional Seminar on Wastewater Reclamation and Reuse, 11-16 December 1988, Cairo.
Saqqar M.M. and Pescod M.B. (1990) Microbiological performance of multi-stage stabilization ponds for effluent use in agriculture. Wat. Sci. Tech. 23:1517-1524.
Scheltinga H.M.H. (1987) Sludge in agriculture: the European approach. Wat. Sci. Tech. 19(8):9-18.
Sheikh B., Cort R.P., Kirkpatrick W.R., Jaques R.S. and Asano T. (1990) Monterey wastewater reclamation study for agriculture. WPCF Research Journal 62(3):216-226.
Shuval H.I. (1987) Recycling wastewater for agricultural use: regulations and control of health aspects. Paper prepared for the Land and Water Development Division, FAO, Rome.
Shuval H.I., Adin A., Fattal B., Rawitz E. and Yekutiel P. (1986) Wastewater irrigation in developing countries: health effects and technical solutions. Technical Paper No. 51. World Bank, Washington DC.
Shuval H.I., Yekutiel P. and Fattal B. (1985) Epidemiological evidence for helminth and cholera transmission by vegetables irrigated with wastewater. Jerusalem - case study. Water Science and Technology 17(4/5):433-442.
Strauss M. (1985) Pathogen survival, Part II., Health Aspects of Nightsoil and Sludge Use in Agriculture and Aquaculture, IRCWD Report No. 04/85. International Reference Centre for Waste Disposal, Dubendorf, Switzerland.
Strauss M. and Blumenthal U.J. (1989) Human waste use in agriculture and aquaculture: utilization practices and health perspectives. IRCWD Report No. 08/89. International Reference Centre for Waste Disposal, Dubendorf, Switzerland.
UN Department of Technical Cooperation for Development. (1985) The use of non-conventional water resources in developing countries. Natural Water Resources Series No. 14. United Nations DTCD, New York.
UN Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific. (1981) Renewable Sources of Energy. Vol. II. Biogas ECDC-TCDC Directory, Bangkok. 273 p.
UNEP. (1991) Environmental guidelines for municipal wastewater reuse in the Mediterranean region. S. Tedeschi and M.B. Pescod (eds). Mediterranean Action Plan - Priority Actions Programme, Regional Activity Centre, Split, Yugoslavia.
US Salinity Laboratory. (1954) Diagnosis and improvement of saline and alkali soils. Handbook No. 60. US Salinity Laboratory, US Department of Agriculture, Washington DC. 160 p.
van Schilfgaarde J. (1984) Drainage design for salinity control. Proc. Soil Salinity under Irrigation. I. Shainberg and J. Shalheret (eds). SPringer-Verlag, New York. pp. 190-197.
Water Research Centre. (1989) Soil injection of sewage sludge. A Manual of Good Practice, 2nd ed. WRC, Medmenham, UK. 15 p.
Wehner J.F. and Wilhelm R.H. (1956) Boundary conditions of flow reactor. Chem. Eng. Sci. 6:89.
Weis P., Weis J.S. and Greenberg A. (1989) Treated municipal wastewaters: effects on development and growth of fishes. Mar. Environ. Res. 28:527-532.
WHO. (1984) Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality. Vol. 1. WHO, Geneva. 130 p.
WHO. (1989) Health guidelines for the use of wastewater in agriculture and aquaculture. Technical Report No. 778. WHO, Geneva 74 p.
WHO. (1981) The risk to health of microbes in sewage sludge applied to land. EURO Reports and Studies No. 54. Regional Office for Europe, WHO, Copenhagen.
World Water. (1987) Biological plant beats cold. March. pp. 21-23.