A manual for the primary animal health care worker

Table of Contents

Working guide
Guidelines for training
Guidelines for adaptation

Rome, 1994

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

ISBN 92-5-103258-0

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© FAO 1994

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Table of Contents



Part 1: Working guide

Chapter 1: Animals and the community

Unit 1: Why do we keep animals?
Unit 2: Animals and the environment

Chapter 2: The animal body

Unit 3: Organs and systems of the body
Unit 4: Body temperature
Unit 5: Appearance of the healthy animal
Unit 6: Spread of disease

Chapter 3: Cattle, sheep, goats and buffalo

Unit 7: Ruminants
Unit 8: Bloat (tympany)
Unit 9: How to age sheep, goats, cattle and buffalo
Unit 10: Restraining cattle and buffalo
Unit 11: Foot (hoof) care
Unit 12: Shearing and dagging (crutching)
Unit 13: Dehorning calves, lambs and kids
Unit 14: Castration of ruminants
Unit 15: Internal parasites of ruminants
Unit 16: External parasites of ruminants
Unit 17: Signs of heat (oestrus) in ruminants
Unit 18: Pregnancy in ruminants
Unit 19: Calving (parturition)
Unit 20: Lambing and kidding (parturition)
Unit 21: Care of the newborn
Unit 22: Milk production and the udder
Unit 23: Feed and water for ruminants
Unit 24: Grazing management
Unit 25: Cattle plague (rinderpest) and foot and mouth disease

Chapter 4: The pig

Unit 26: Handling and restraining pigs
Unit 27: Teeth clipping in young pigs
Unit 28: Internal parasites of pigs
Unit 29: Skin infections of pigs
Unit 30: Heat (oestrus) in the sow
Unit 31: Pregnancy and farrowing (giving birth)
Unit 32: Care of the sow and piglet
Unit 33: Castrating piglets
Unit 34: Feeding pigs
Unit 35: Housing for pigs
Unit 36: Ear tagging or notching (identification)

Chapter 5: Horses, donkeys and mules

Unit 37: How to restrain horses, donkeys and mules
Unit 38: How to age horses
Unit 39: Hoof (foot) care, shoeing and lameness
Unit 40: Colic
Unit 41: Internal parasites of equines
Unit 42: Skin and coat disorders of equines
Unit 43: Heat (oestrus), mating and pregnancy
Unit 44: Foaling and caring for the young
Unit 45: Stabling and grazing
Unit 46: Feed and water for equines
Unit 47: Grooming and tackle (tack)
Unit 48: African horse sickness

Chapter 6: Chickens and ducks

Unit 49: Keeping chickens and ducks
Unit 50: Housing for chickens and ducks
Unit 51: Feeding chickens and ducks
Unit 52: Problems caused by poor feed (deficiencies)
Unit 53: Incubators and brooders
Unit 54: Brooding
Unit 55: Internal parasites of chickens and ducks
Unit 56: External parasites of chickens and ducks

Chapter 7: Camels, llamas and alpacas

Unit 57: Camels, llamas and alpaca
Unit 58: Ageing camels by the teeth
Unit 59: Breeding camels
Unit 60: Milk and care of the young camel
Unit 61: Feeding and watering of camels
Unit 62: Surra of camels (trypanosomiasis)
Unit 63: Internal parasites of camels
Unit 64: Skin diseases of camels
Unit 65: Foot problems in camels

Chapter 8: The rabbit

Unit 66: Breeding and feeding rabbits
Unit 67: Health problems of rabbits

Chapter 9: Treating sick animals in general

Unit 68: Diarrhoea and constipation
Unit 69: Salivation and mouth problems
Unit 70: Fever
Unit 71: Coughing and breathing problems
Unit 72: Eye problems
Unit 73: Wounds and bleeding
Unit 74: Fractures (broken bones)
Unit 75: Lumps under the skin
Unit 76: Poisoning

Chapter 10: Animal health and the community

Unit 77: Rabies (mad dog disease)
Unit 78: Tuberculosis (TB)
Unit 79: Hydatid disease
Unit 80: Screwworm
Unit 81: Ringworm
Unit 82: Disposal of dead animals
Unit 83: Disposal of dung
Unit 84: Health of the community


Annex 1: Medicines
Annex 2: Important veterinary tools (instruments)
Annex 3: Important techniques

1. Sterilisation of instruments
2. Injections
3. Vaccinations
4. Drenching
5. Boluses (tablets)
6. Stomach tubing
7. Cleaning the udder
8. Taking blood samples
9. Making blood smears
10. Collecting samples for the laboratory
11. Collecting faecal samples
12. Spraying
13. Dipping
14. Knots and tethering

Annex 4: Selection of animals for breeding
Annex 5: Record keeping
Annex 6: Weights and measures
Annex 7: Explanation of terms and index

Part 2: Guidelines for trainers

1. Creating conditions for learning

What the trainer must do
The conditions of learning

2. Evaluating the trainee's progress

Simple and complex tasks
Developing trainee's learning abilities
Evaluating the performance of trainees and the success of the training programme

3. The units and learning modules
4. Examples of training plans

Part 3: Guidelines for adapting this manual

1. Introduction
2. The need for primary animal health care
3. The Primary Animal Health Care Worker (PAHCW) and the community.
4. The role of women in PAHC
5. Working group
6. Adapting the manual
7. Adaptation process
8. Health of the community
9. Who uses this manual?
10. Translation