The role of agriculture, forestry and fisheries in the sustainable development of small island developing states



Paper prepared by FAO on the occasion of the

United Nations Global Conference on the Sustainable

Development of Small Island Developing States

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner. Applications for such permission, with a statement of the purpose and extent of the reproduction, should be addressed to the Director, Information Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy.

Reprinted 1998

(c) FAO 1994


Rome, 1994


Executive summary

I. Introduction

1 Macro-economic conditions and sustainable agriculture and rural development
2. Implications of the Uruguay round agreement on agriculture

II. Sustainable management of the natural resource base

1. Integrated coastal area management
2. Fisheries resources

Fisheries within the Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs)
High seas fisheries

3. Land and biotic resources

Land-use choices
Watershed management
Greening activities
Protected areas and biological diversity
Plant genetic resources
Managing risk due to natural hazards

4. Rural energy resources

III. Enhancing self-reliance

1. Diversification and intensification of primary production from renewable resources.

Promotion of the consumption of traditional foods and nutritional well-being
Diversification of agricultural commodities
Alternative use of crops
Integrated production systems
Forest products
Requirements for marketing and trade

2. Tourism

Tourism and the environment
Tourism and agriculture
Tourism and fisheries
Tourism and forestry

IV. Capacity-building for sustainable agriculture and rural development

1. Human resources development
2. Institutional strengthening
3. Legal instruments
4. Information systems
5. Technical cooperation and networking

Appendix: Inter-regional conference of small island countries on sustainable development and environment in agriculture, forestry and fisheries Barbados, 7-10 April 1992

The Bridgetown declaration
Conclusions and recommendations of the conference

A. General recommendations and follow-up
B. Sustainable agriculture and rural development (SARD)
C. Forest resources conservation and development
D. Coastal fisheries resources management and development