assortment method: The trees are cut to assortments of up to approximately 4 m in length in the stands and transported, usually by hand, to the skidding corridor or the haul road.
final cut: Removal of aged trees in different silvicultural systems (clearcut, shelterwood, selective cutting).
final cut area: Area, where final cut takes place.
full-length method: Delimbing and trimming take place in the stand, whereas bucking and final limbing are carried out only after skidding. Skidding itself can be either by the interrupted or by the continuous transport method.
harvesting method: The harvesting method is named according to the form in which the timber gets logged; e.g. whole-tree method, full-length method, assortment method.
harvesting system: The harvesting system is named according to its stage of mechanization; i.e. partially-, highly-, or fully-mechanized timber harvesting.
hauling: Transport of timber done by means of trucks on roads.
hoisting equipment: All kinds of equipment used to join the load to the hook (here: two ropes with log tongs at their ends and connected to a synthetic sling).
hook-block: Block with integrated hook.
logging: Transport of timber from the stand to the landing done by means of skidders or yarders.
modified full-length method: Delimbing and trimming take place in the stand; only bucking is carried out after skidding. Skidding itself can be either by the interrupted or by the continuous transport method.
processing: Delimbing, cross-cutting (= bucking) and storage are carried out by processors after skidding.
whole-tree method: Felling and trimming are done in the stand. Skidding is to the skidding corridor or the forest road, where processors are used for mechanical conversion.
FAO Forest Harvesting Case Studies
These publications are available in English from the FAO Forest Harvesting and Transport Branch, Viale delle Terme di Caracal-la, 00100 Rome, Italy.
Intermediate Technology in Forest Harvesting: Agricultural Tractor with Winch. Written by P. Alhojärvi. FOPH Publication 1988.01. 45 p. Produced under FAO/Finland Funds-in- Trust project GCP/INT/427/FIN. Country: Tanzania. Includes a set of colour slides. Language: English.
Intermediate Technology in Forest Harvesting: Agricultural Tractor and Forest Trailer with Mechanical Crane. Written by R. Jakobsson. FOPH Publication 1988.02. 40 p. Produced under FAO/Sweden Funds-in-Trust project GCP/INT/343/ SWE. Country: Ethiopia. Includes a set of colour slides. Language: English.
Plastic Log Chute in Steep Terrain Thinning Operations. Written by K. Leppänen. FOPH Publication 1989.05. 30 p. Produced with the cooperation of the Korean Forest Research Institute and the Korea-Germany Forest Management Project. Country: Republic of Korea. Includes a set of colour slides. Language: English.
Integrated Small-Scale Forest Harvesting and Wood Processing Operations. Written by O. Eeronheimo. FOPH Publication 1990.03. 27 p. Produced with the cooperation of the Forestry Commission of Zimbabwe. Country: Zimbabwe. Includes a set of colour slides. Language: English.
Forest Harvesting with Small-Scale Mobile Cable System. Written by O. Eeronheimo. FOPH Publication 1991.02. 16 p. Produced with the cooperation of the Korean Forest Research Institute. Country: Republic of Korea. Language: English.
Reduction of Wood Waste by Small Scale Log Production and Conversion in Tropical High Forest. Written by Risto Kilkki. FOPH Publication 1992.05. 33 p. Country: Papua New Guinea. Language: English.
Cosecha de Hongos en la VII Región de Chile. Written by Juan E. Donoso and Risto Kilkki. FOPH Publication 1992.10. 37 p. Country: Chile. Language: Spanish.
Uso de Bueyes en Operaciones de Aprovechamiento Forestal en Areas Rurales de Costa Rica. Written by William Cordero. FOPH Publication 1994.05. 44 p. Country: Costa Rica. Language: Spanish.
Use of Construction Crane for Wood Extraction in Mountainous Terrain. Written by Norbert Winkler. FOPH Publication 1994.06. 38 p. Country: Austria. Includes a set of colour slides. Language: English.
Use of construction
crane for wood extraction
in mountainous terrain