v6460e.jpg (75065 bytes)Gum naval stores: Turpentine and rosin from pine resin


Table of contents


 

 

NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS 2

J.J.W. Coppen and G.A. Hone

NATURAL RESOURCES INSTITUTE

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Rome, 1995

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

M-37

ISBN 92-5-103584-5

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying or otherwise, with out the prior permission of the copyright owner. Applications for such permission, with a statement of the purpose and extent of the reproduction, should be addressed to the Director, Publications Division, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy.

(c) FAO 1995


Table of contents


Preface

Abbreviations

Summary

Introduction

Chapter 1. Production trade and markets

Description, uses and principal sources

Resin
Rosin
Turpentine

World production, trade and outlook

Production and trade
Prices
Major markets
Trading structures and procedures
Trade in crude resin
People's Republic of China
Indonesia and other countries of Southeast Asia
Portugal and elsewhere in Europe
Russia
North America
Central and South America and the Caribbean
Africa
Indian sub-continent

Estimates of world production and exports

Chapter 2. Raw materials and inputs

Raw material requirements
Resin tapping operation

System of tapping using a wide face
System of tapping using a narrow face

Labour and organization

Chapter 3. Processing and plant description

Introduction
Olustee process for the production of turpentine and rosin
Production of turpentine and rosin in Portugal
Scale of operations and labour requirements

Chapter 4. Financial and economic aspects of resin tapping and processing

Resin tapping operations
Resin processing operations
Comparative advantages and disadvantages of domestic, regional and export markets for a new producer

Chapter 5. Conclusions and advice to a new producer

Appendix

Appendix 1: References and further reading
Appendix 2: Quality criteria, specifications and test methods
Appendix 3: Genetic factors influencing resin composition and yields
Appendix 4: Packaging of turpentine and rosin
Appendix 5: List of importers and traders of naval stores
Appendix 6: Statistical tables