Role of women in agriculture
About 70% of the female population live in rural areas, where they carry out 60-80% of the agricultural work and provide up to 44% of the work necessary to feed their families.
Division of Labour by Gender. Women are responsible for all household tasks, including water fetching, firewood gathering, food processing and preparation. Traditionally excluded from statistics, this work is not calculated in the GDP. In agricultural production, women work with men in the family field, planting, weeding and harvesting. In addition, women cultivate their own plots to complement the household food supply and to earn an income. In areas of male migration, women heads of household bear the entire responsibility for cultivating the family plot. Women are also responsible for the post-harvest storage and processing of food products for both domestic consumption and for the market, and are traditionally responsible for marketing agricultural products.
Gender Relations in Decision-making in Farming Activities. Data collection is needed on the gender relations in decision-making in farming activities at the household level.