APPENDIX B

COMPOSITION OF NUTS PER 100 g EDIBLE PORTION (Raw unless otherwise indicated)

(Farris, 1983; Rosengarten, 1984; Arnold et al., 1985; Brand and Cherikoff, 1985; Booth and Wickens, 1988; Willing, 1989)

Species Plant part Energy Water Protein Fat Carbohdrate Fibre Ash Ca P K Na Mg Fe Zn Cu Vitamin A Nicotinicacid Thiamine Riboflavine Vitamin C

kJ/100g- ---------------------/100g------------------------ ----------------------------------------------------mg/100g---------------------------------------------------------
Average daily requirements 1300 55 800 800 4000 2200 350 15 15 800 1.4 1.1 1.3 60

ANACARDIACEAE
Pistacia vera
Sclerocarya birrea
subsp. caffra



  nut

594

2703

5.3

4.0

19.3

28.3

53.7

57.3

17.1

3.7

1.9

2.9

2.7

3.8

131

118

500

808

972

601

-

3.81



462

7.3

4.87



5.19



2.81

230


1.4

0.72

0.67

0.42

-

0.12
0


BOMBACACEAE
Adansonia digitata
fruit kernel 1292
1803
8.7
8.1
2.7
33.7
0.2
30.6
73.7
4.8
8.9
16.9
5.8
5.9
335
273
76.2
5.12
2409
1275
11.2
2.48
167
640
2.65
6.55
1.0
6.68
0.37
2.78
  2.73
1.0
0.62
0.25
0.14
0.14
209
BURSERACEAE
Canarium ovatum
  669 6.3 11.4 71.1 5.7 2.7 2.8 140 554 489 3   3.4     40 0.5 0.88 0.09 Tr
CARYOCARACEAE
Caryocar sp.
kernel 629 3.8 23.7 61.2 8.4 - 2.9                          
COMPOSITAE
Helianthus annuus
dry kernels 560 4.8 24.0 47.3 16.1 3.8 4.0 120 837 920 30   7.1     50 5.4 1.96 0.23  
CORYLACEAE
Corylus avellana
kernel 634 5.8 12.6 62.4 13.7 3.0 2.5 209 337 704 2   3.4       0.9 0.46 - Tr
CUCURBITACEAE
Cucurbita spp.
dry kernels 553 4.4 29.0 46.7 13.1 1.9 4.9 51 1144       11.2     70 2.4 0.24 190.  
EUPHORBIACEAE
Schinziophyton rautanenii
flesh kernel 1410
2715
8.6
4.2
7.8
26.3
0.5
58.1
75.0
4.6
2.9
2.7
5.2
4.1
85.0
223
74.3
869
2145
674
2.39
3.35
214
493
2.54
3.42
1.68
3.54
1.30
2.52
         
FAGACEAE
Castanea dentata
Castanea mollissima
Castanea sativa




fresh
dry




194
377


33.4
57.6
52.5
8.4


10.2
4.4
2.9
6.7


10.2
0.9
1.5
4.1


42.3
34.6
41.0
76.1


1.9
1.4
1.1
2.5


1.9
1.1
1.0
2.2




27
52




88
162




454
875




6
12
 



1.7
3.3
     



0.6
1.2




0.22
0.32




0.22
0.38
 
Fagus sp.   568 6.6 19.4 50 16.6 3.7 3.7                          
JUGLANDACEAE
Carya alba
  673 3.3 13.2 68.7 10.9 1.9 2.0 Tr 380       2.4              
Carya illinoensis   687 3.4 9.2 71.2 12.3 2.3 1.6 73 289 603 Tr   2.4     130 0.9 0.86 0.13 2
Juglans nigra
Juglans regia
  628
651
3.1
3.5
20.5
14.8
59.3
64.0
13.1
13.7
1.7
2.1
2.3
1.9
Tr
99
570
380
460
450
3
2
  6.0
3.1
    300
30
0.7
0.9
0.22
0.33
0.11
0.13
2
LECYTHIDACEAE
Bertholletia excelsa
  654 4.6 14.3 66.9 7.8 3.1 3.3 186 693 715 1   3.4     Tr 1.6 0.96 0.12  
LEGUMINOSAE-CAES.
Cordeauxia edulis

Guibourtia coleosperma
Tylosema esculentum

seed

seed
seed

446

1589
2253

7.8-
16.9
9.1
3.7

10.8-
15.9
14.3
32.9

9.9
13.4
4.4
2.1

31.4-
41.5
62.3
20.5

2.1

4.4
2.1

2.2-
3.8
1.9
3.0

31-33

323
183

221-
232
198
463

625-
633
390
780

452-
493
20.3
22.6

79-
82
163
295

2.3

4.69
3.87



2.7
3.33



0.87
1.38
 



1.89




0.62




0.52
 
Lemuropisum edulen seed     14-26 6-9 38-43 26-32                            
LEGUMINOSAE-PAP,
Arachis hypogaea
raw with skins
raw less skins
boiled
roasted with skins
roasted and salted
564
568
376
582
585
5.6
5.4
36.4
1.8
1.6
26.0
26.3
15.5
26.2
26.0
47.5
48.4
31.5
48.7
49.8
16.2
15.7
12.7
17.9
16.4
2.4
1.9
1.8
2.7
2.4
2.3
2.3
2.1
2.7
3.8
69
59
43
72
74
401
409
181
407
401
674
674
462
701
674
5
5
4
5
418
  2.1
2.0
1.3
2.2
2.1
    0 17.2
15.8
10.0
17.1
17.2
1.14
0.99
0.48
0.32
0.32
0.13
0.13
0.08
0.13
0.13
0
0
0
0
0
Vigna subterranea seed     14--24   c.60                              
PROTEACEAE
Macadamia 
  691 3.0 7.8 71.6 13.4 2.5 1.7 48 161 264     2.0     0 1.3 0.34 0.11 0
ROSACEAE
Prunus dukcis
kernel, dried
roasted and salted
598
627
4.7
0.7
18.6
18.6
54.2
57.7
16.9
16.9
2.6
2.6
3.0
3.5
234
235
505
504
773
773
4
198
  4.7
4.7
    0
0
3.5
3.5
0.24
0.05
0.92
0.92
Tr
0
SANTALACEAE
Santalum acuminata
kernel 3000 1.6 15.5 67.6 3.1 20.8 1.3                          
SAPOTACEAE
Vitellaria paradoxa
kernel       45-60                                
SIMMONDSIACEAE
Simmondsia chinensis
nut     c. 30 c. 50                                
STYLOBASIACEAE
Stylobasium spathulatum
kernel 1988 1.3 11.6 0.9                           0   3
TRAPACEAE
Trapa natans

fruit
79
78.3
70.0

1.4
4.7

0.2
0.3
18.2
0.8
0.6
1.1
4
20

65
150
500 20  
0.6
0.8
    0 1.0 0.14 0.20 4
PINACEAE
Pinus edulis
Pinus pinea
Pinus sabiniana

seed
seed
seed

635
552
571

3.1
5.6
3.6

13.0
31.1
25.0

60.5
47.4
49.4

19.4
10.7
17.5

1.1
0.9

2.9
4.3
4.5

51
12
5.1

1144
604
   


53.87

11.2
5.2
8.39



13.04



1.69

70
30
Tr
0.24
1.28

0.19
0.23
Tr