Mechanisms to promote the advancement of woman
National Machinery. The Department of Women's Affairs (DWA) was established in the Ministry of National Affairs, Cooperatives and Employment Creation, with the mandate to coordinate interministerial WID activities. However, as a result of the Structural Adjustment Programme, the staff and capabilities of the DWA have been seriously reduced.
WID Units or Focal Points in Technical Ministries. The MLAWD does not have a WID Unit, as the Central Planning Unit is responsible for responding to WID issues. AGRITEX incorporates WID issues in its Training Branch and the AGRITEX Directorate has a senior officer whose duties include liaison on WID issues.
Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). NGOs play an important role in supporting rural women. In addition to a gradual increase in NGOs that focus on rural women, some NGOs are specifically oriented to reaching rural women. These include: the Zimbabwe Women's Bureau' the Self-Help Development Foundation, Organization of Rural Associations for Progress (ORAP), Africa 2000, Association of Women's Clubs, and the Dondolo Mudonzo Credit Schemes. In addition, the Zimbabwe Women's Resource Centre and Network (ZWRCN) carries out research on gender issues in agriculture.