Trade restrictions affecting international trade in non-wood forest products


Table of contents



 

NON-WOOD FOREST PRODUCTS 8

FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

M-37
ISBN 92-5-103767-1

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(c) FAO 1995


Table of contents


FOREWORD

ABBREVIATIONS

I. INTRODUCTION

1. Background
2. Report objectives
3. Approach
4. Scope and limitations
II. INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN NWFPs
1. Main commercial products
2. Major suppliers and main markets
III. TRADE RESTRICTIONS
1. General
2. Tariff measures
2.1. Import tariffs
2.2. Export tariffs
3. Non-tariff measures
3.1. Species protection controls (CITES)
3.2. Health and safety regulations
3.3. Quality and technical standards
3.3.1. Botanicals
3.3.2. Edible products
3.3.3. Essential oils
3.4. State control and policies
4. Import bans and boycotts
IV. URUGUAY ROUND
1. Broad features

2. Effect on NWFP trade

V. CONCLUSIONS
1. Custom tariffs
2. Uruguay Round
3. Export taxes
4. Non-tariff measures
5. Technical standards
6. State control and policies
7. Consumer/trade boycotts
LIST OF TABLES
1. List of NWFPs of commercial significance
2. Trade direction for major NWFPs
3. Summary of tariffs faced by NWFPs in EC, USA and
Japanese markets
4. Detail of NWFP-containing tariff lines facing import
duty of more than 10% in EC, USA and Japanese markets
BIBLIOGRAPHY

APPENDICES
APPENDIX I. Share of EC, USA and Japanese markets in world trade of NWFPs
APPENDIX II. Summary of restrictions on NWFP trade in the EC markets
APPENDIX III. Summary of restrictions on NWFP trade in the USA markets
APPENDIX IV. Summary of restrictions on NWFP trade in the Japanese markets
APPENDIX V. Tariffs (import duty) facing selected NWFPs in China
APPENDIX VI.Tariffs (import duty) facing selected NWFPs in India