Forests, fuel and the future - Wood energy for sustainable development - Forestry topics report no. 5


Table of contents


FAO FORESTRY DEPARTMENT
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Reprinted 1996

Acknowledgements

Written by
Robert Lamb

Photography by
M.A. Trossero

unless otherwise indicated

Design and Production by edit

Development of this report was coordinated by Dr. M.A. Trossero of the Forest Products Division, who thanks the many colleagues and consultants who contributed their ideas and comments to it.

FAO
Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
00100 Rome. Italy

FAO 1995


Contents


Foreword

Clarity from crisis

Chapter 1 Key trends and issues

Common property and commodity
After Nairobi
Changing perceptions
Lessons and limitations
The UNCED agenda
The scope of this report

Chapter 2 Wood energy and livelihoods

Fuelwood and charcoal
Commercial uses
Woodfuels in the North
Conflicts and constraints
Substitution and energy mix
New applications
Woodfuel flows

Chapter 3 Wood energy and economic development

Bioenergy context
Wood energy and forest industries
The forest itself
Land use and access
Policy in perspective
Market forces

Chapter 4 Wood energy and environmental security

Health aspects
Climate and atmosphere
Wood energy and land reclamation
Biodiversity dividends

Chapter 5 Technology transfer and energy transition

Direct combustion
Thermochemical conversion
Biochemical energy conversion
A new energy order
Wood energy transition

Chapter 6 Wood energy for the future: FAO's perspective

Wood energy policy and institutions
Wood energy resources development
Wood energy conservation and substitution
Opportunities in industry and commerce
Mature and emerging bioenergy technologies
Woodfuels trading and marketing
The future

Further information

Acronyms, units and abbreviations