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Appendix 1 - List of wood densities for tree species from tropical America, Africa, and Asia.

WOOD DENSITIES (G/CM3 OR T/M3) OF TREE SPECIES FOR TROPICAL REGIONS OF THREE CONTINENTS

Species

Wood density

Tropical Asia

Acacia arabica

0.70 *

Acacia catechu

0.88

Acacia confusa

0.75

Acacia leucophloea

0.76

Acacia richii

0.69

Adina cordifolia

0.58, 0.59 +

Aegle marmelo

0.75

Agathis dammara

0.41

Agathis spp.

0.44

Agathis vitiensis

0.45

Aglaia diffusa

0.70

Aglaia iloilo

0.53

Aglaia llanosiana

0.89

Alangium longiflorum

0.65

Alangium meyeri

0.63

Albizzia amara

0.70 *

Albizzia falcataria

0.25

Albizzia lebbek

0.55, 0.66 +

Albizzia odoratissima

0.76

Albizzia procera

0.52 *, 0.59 +

Aleurites moluccana

0.25

Aleurites trisperma

0.43

Alnus japonica

0.43

Alphitonia philippinensis

0.40

Alphitonia zizyphoides

0.50

Alphonsea arborea

0.69

Alseodaphne longipes

0.49

Alstonia macrophylla

0.62

Alstonia scholaris

0.36

Alstonia spp.

0.37

Amoora aherniana

0.58

Amoora macrocarpa

0.55

Amoora spp.

0.60

Anisophyllea zeylanica

0.46 *

Anisoptera aurea

0.53

Anisoptera spp.

0.54

Anisoptera thurifera

0.54

Anogeissus latifolia

0.78, 0.79 +

Anthocephalus chinensis

0.36, 0.33 +

Antidesma pleuricum

0.59

Aphanamixis cumingiana

0.58

Aphanamixis perrottetiana

0.52

Araucaria bidwillii

0.43

Artocarpus blancoi

0.43

Artocarpus heterophylla

0.60

Artocarpus lakoocha

0.53 *

Artocarpus ovata

0.47

Artocarpus spp.

0.58

Azadirachta indica

0.69

Azadirachta spp.

0.52

Balanocarpus spp.

0.76

Barringtonia edulis

0.48

Bauhinia spp.

0.67

Beilschmiedia tawa

0.58

Berrya cordifolia

0.78 *

Bischofia javanica

0.54, 0.58, 0.62 +

Bleasdalea vitiensis

0.43

Bombax ceiba

0.33

Bombycidendron vidalianum

0.53

Boswellia serrata

0.50

Bridelia retusa

0.50

Bridelia squamosa

0.50

Buchanania lanzan

0.45

Buchanania latifolia

0.45

Bursera serrata

0.59

Butea monosperma

0.48

Calophyllum blancoi

0.51

Calophyllum inophyllum

0.57

Calophyllum neo-ebudicum

0.50

Calophyllum obliquinervium

0.58

Calophyllum spp.

0.53

Calophyllum vitiense

0.50

Calycarpa arborea

0.53

Cananga odorata

0.29

Canarium asperum var. asperum

0.50, 0.60 +

Canarium hirsutum forma scabrum

0.40

Canarium luzonicum

0.51

Canarium spp.

0.44

Canarium vanikoroense

0.54

Canarium vitiense

0.54

Canarium vrieseanum forma stenophyllum

0.56

Canthium monstrosum

0.42

Carallia calycina

0.66 *

Cassia fistula

0.71

Cassia javanica

0.69

Cassia spectabilis

0.48

Castanopsis philippensis

0.51

Casuarina equisetifolia

0.83

Casuarina nodiflora

0.85

Cedrela odorata

0.38

Cedrela spp.

0.42

Cedrela toona

0.43

Ceiba pentandra

0.23

Celtis luzonica

0.49

Chisocheton cumingianus

0.52

Chisocheton pentandrus

0.52

Chloroxylon swietenia

0.76, 0.79, 0.80 +

Chukrassia tabularis

0.57

Cinnamomum mercadoi

0.65

Cinnamomum spp.

0.43

Citrus grandis

0.59

Cleidion speciflorum

0.50

Cleistanthus collinus

0.88

Cleistocalyx operculatus

0.66

Cleistocalyx spp.

0.76

Cochlospermum gossypium + religiosum

0.27

Cocos nucifera

0.50

Colona serratifolia

0.33

Combretodendron quadrialatum

0.57

Cordia spp.

0.53

Cotylelobium spp.

0.69

Crataeva religiosa

0.53 *

Cratoxylon arborescens

0.40

Cryptocarya spp.

0.59

Cubilia cubili

0.49

Cullenia excelsa

0.53

Cynometra insularis

0.76, 0.91 +

Cynometra ramiflora

0.70

Cynometra spp.

0.80

Dacrycarpus imbricatus

0.45, 0.47 +

Dacrydium elatum

0.48

Dacrydium nausoriensis

0.52

Dacrydium nidulum

0.52

Dacrydium spp.

0.46

Dacryodes spp.

0.61

Dalbergia latifolia

0.75

Dalbergia paniculata

0.64

Decussocarpus philippinensis

0.50

Decussocarpus vitiensis

0.37

Degeneria vitiensis

0.35

Dehaasia triandra

0.64

Dialium spp.

0.80

Dillenia luzoniensis

0.69

Dillenia megalantha

0.69

Dillenia pentagyna

0.53

Dillenia philippinensis

0.61

Dillenia spp.

0.59

Diospyros embryopteris

0.63 *

Diospyros inclusa

0.68

Diospyros melanoxylon

0.68

Diospyros mindanaensis

0.69

Diospyros nitida

0.71

Diospyros philippensis

0.81

Diospyros pilosanthera

0.80

Diospyros poncei

0.81

Diospyros pyrrhocarpa

0.60

Diospyros spp.

0.70

Diplodiscus paniculatus

0.63

Dipterocarpus caudatus

0.61

Dipterocarpus eurynchus

0.56

Dipterocarpus gracilis

0.61

Dipterocarpus grandiflorus

0.62

Dipterocarpus kerrii

0.56

Dipterocarpus kunstlerii

0.57

Dipterocarpus spp.

0.61

Dipterocarpus warburgii

0.52

Dracontomelon dao

0.52

Dracontomelon edule

0.46

Dracontomelon spp.

0.50

Dryobalanops spp.

0.61

Drypetes bordenii

0.75

Durio spp.

0.53

Durio zibethinus

0.44, 0.53 +

Dyera costulata

0.36

Dysoxylum altissimum

0.42

Dysoxylum decandrum

0.51

Dysoxylum euphlebium

0.63

Dysoxylum quercifolium

0.49

Dysoxylum richii

0.49

Elaeocarpus serratus

0.40 *

Emblica officinalis

0.80

Endiandra laxiflora

0.54

Endospermum macrophyllum

0.40

Endospermum peltatum

0.31

Endospermum spp.

0.38

Enterolobium cyclocarpum

0.35

Epicharis cumingiana

0.73

Erythrina fusca

0.25

Erythrina suberosa

0.32

Erythrina subumbrans

0.24

Erythrophloeum densiflorum

0.65

Eucalyptus citriodora

0.64

Eucalyptus deglupta

0.34

Eugenia spp.

0.65

Fagraea gracilipes

0.84

Fagraea spp.

0.73

Ficus benjamina

0.65

Ficus botryocarpa

0.43

Ficus minahassae

0.42

Ficus spp.

0.39

Ficus variegata

0.28

Ganua obovatifolia

0.59

Garcinia myrtifolia

0.65

Garcinia spp.

0.75

Gardenia latifolia

0.64

Gardenia turgida

0.64

Garuga pinnata

0.51

Gluta spp.

0.63

Gmelina arborea

0.41, 0.45 +

Gmelina vitiensis

0.54

Gonocaryum calleryanum

0.64

Gonystylus bancanus

0.52

Gonystylus macrophyllus

0.52

Gonystylus punctatus

0.57

Grewia multiflora

0.46

Grewia tiliaefolia

0.68

Hardwickia binata

0.73

Harpullia arborea

0.62

Heritiera ornithocephala

0.68

Heritiera spp.

0.56

Heritiera sylvatica

0.77

Hevea brasiliensis

0.53

Hibiscus tiliaceus

0.57

Homalanthus populneus

0.38

Homalium spp.

0.76

Hopea acuminata

0.62

Hopea foxworthyi

0.64

Hopea plagata

0.88

Hopea spp.

0.64

Intsia bijuga

0.61, 0.68,0.74

Intsia palembanica

0.68

Kayea garciae

0.53

Kingiodendron alternifolium

0.48

Kleinhovia hospita

0.36

Knema spp.

0.53

Koompassia excelsa

0.63

Koompassia malaccensis

0.72

Koordersiodendron pinnatum

0.65, 0.69 +

Kydia calycina

0.72

Lagerstroemia parviflora

0.62

Lagerstroemia piriformis

0.50

Lagerstroemia speciosa

0.53

Lagerstroemia spp.

0.55

Lannea coromandelica

0.54

Lannea grandis

0.50

Leucaena leucocephala

0.64

Litchi chinensis var. philippinensis

0.88

Lithocarpus celebica

0.68

Lithocarpus llanosii

0.63

Lithocarpus soleriana

0.63

Litsea garciae

0.34

Litsea leytensis

0.35

Litsea perrottetii

0.45

Litsea spp.

0.40

Lophopetalum spp.

0.46

Macaranga bicolor

0.29

Macaranga denticulata

0.53

Madhuca fulva

0.53

Madhuca longifolia var. latifolia

0.74

Madhuca oblongifolia

0.53

Mallotus multiglandulosus

0.42

Mallotus philippensis

0.64

Mangifera altissima

0.55

Mangifera indica

0.52, 0.59 +

Mangifera merrillii

0.52

Mangifera spp.

0.52

Maniltoa grandiflora

0.76

Maniltoa minor

0.76

Mastixia philippinensis

0.47

Melanorrhea spp.

0.63

Melia dubia

0.40

Melicope triphylla

0.37

Meliosma macrophylla

0.27

Melochia umbellata

0.25

Mesua ferrea

0.83, 0.85 +

Metrosideros collina

0.70, 0.76 +

Michelia platyphylla

0.51

Michelia spp.

0.43

Microcos stylocarpa

0.40

Micromelum compressum

0.64

Milliusa velutina

0.63

Mimusops elengi

0.72 *

Mitragyna parviflora

0.56

Myristica castaneifolia

0.49

Myristica chartacea

0.49

Myristica gillespieana

0.49

Myristica spp.

0.53

Neesia spp.

0.53

Neonauclea bernardoi

0.62

Neotrewia cumingii

0.55

Ochna foxworthyi

0.86

Ochroma pyramidale

0.30

Octomeles sumatrana

0.27, 0.32 +

Oroxylon indicum

0.32

Ougenia dalbergiodes

0.70

Palaquium fidjiense

0.48

Palaquium hornei

0.70

Palaquium lanceolatum

0.55

Palaquium luzoniense

0.45

Palaquium philippense

0.41

Palaquium spp.

0.55

Palaquium tenuipetiolatum

0.50

Palaquium vitilevuense

0.48

Pangium edule

0.50

Parashorea malaanonan

0.51

Parashorea spp.

0.44

Parashorea stellata

0.59

Paratrophis glabra

0.77

Parinari corymbosa

0.76

Parinari insularum

0.65

Parinari spp.

0.68

Parkia roxburghii

0.34

Payena spp.

0.55

Peltophorum pterocarpum

0.62

Pentace spp.

0.56

Phaeanthus ebracteolatus

0.56

Phyllocladus hypophyllus

0.53

Pinus caribaea

0.48

Pinus insularis

0.47, 0.48 +

Pinus merkusii

0.54

Pisonia umbellifera

0.21

Pittosporum pentandrum

0.51

Planchonella vitiensis

0.77

Planchonia spectabilis

0.58

Planchonia spp.

0.59

Podocarpus neriifolius

0.52

Podocarpus spp.

0.43

Polyalthia flava

0.51

Polyscias nodosa

0.38

Pometia pinnata forma pinnata

0.58

Pometia spp.

0.54

Pouteria villamilii

0.47

Premna tomentosa

0.96

Pterocarpus indicus

0.52

Pterocarpus marsupium

0.67

Pterocymbium macrorater

0.47

Pterocymbium tinctorium

0.28

Pygeum vulgare

0.57

Quercus spp.

0.70

Radermachera pinnata

0.51

Salmalia malabarica

0.32, 0.33 +

Samanea saman

0.45, 0.46 4

Sandoricum koetjape

0.44

Sandoricum vidalii

0.43

Sapindus saponaria

0.58

Sapium luzonicum

0.40

Schleichera oleosa

0.96

Schrebera swietenoides

0.82

Semicarpus anacardium

0.64

Serialbizia acle

0.57

Serianthes melanesica

0.48

Sesbania grandiflora

0.40

Shorea agsaboensis

0.35

Shorea almon

0.42

Shorea assamica forma philippinensis

0.41

Shorea astylosa

0.73

Shorea ciliata

0.75

Shorea contorta

0.44

Shorea gisok

0.76

Shorea guiso

0.68

Shorea hopeifolia

0.44

Shorea malibato

0.78

Shorea negrosensis

0.44

Shorea palosapis

0.39

Shorea plagata

0.70

Shorea polita

0.47

Shorea polysperma

0.47

Shorea robusta

0.72

Shorea spp. balau group

0.70

Shorea spp. dark red meranti

0.55

Shorea spp. light red meranti

0.40

Shorea spp. white meranti

0.48

Shorea spp. yellow meranti

0.46

Shorea virescens

0.42

Sloanea javanica

0.53

Soymida febrifuga

0.97

Spathodea campanulata

0.25

Stemonurus luzoniensis

0.37

Sterculia ceramica

0.27

Sterculia foetida

0.47 *

Sterculia urens

0.67

Sterculia vitiensis

0.31

Stereospermum suaveolens

0.62

Strombosia philippinensis

0.71

Strychnos potatorum

0.88

Swietenia macrophylla

0.49, 0.53 +

Swintonia foxworthyi

0.62

Swintonia spp.

0.61

Sycopsis dunni

0.63

Syzygium cumini

0.70

Syzygium luzoniense

0.63

Syzygium nitidum

0.74

Syzygium simile

0.56

Syzygium spp.

0.69, 0.76 +

Tamarindus indica

0.75

Tectona grandis

0 50, 0.55 +

Teijsmanniodendron ahernianum

0.90

Terminalia arjuna

0.68

Terminalia belerica

0.72

Terminalia catappa

0.52

Terminalia chebula

0.96

Terminalia citrina

0.71

Terminalia copelandii

046

Terminalia foetidissima

055

Terminalia microcarpa

0.53

Terminalia nitens

0.58

Terminalia pterocarpa

048

Terminalia tomentosa

0.73, 0.76, 0.77 +

Ternstroemia megacarpa

0.53

Tetrameles nudiflora

0.30

Tetramerista glabra

0.61

Thespesia populnea

0.52

Toona calantas

0.29

Trema orientalis

0.31

Trichospermum richii

0.32

Tristania decorticata

0.91

Tristania micrantha

0.89

Tristania spp.

0.80

Turpinia ovalifolia

0.36

Vateria indica

0.47 *

Vatica mangachapoi

0.65

Vatica obscura

1.04 *

Vatica pachyphylla

0.78

Vatica spp.

0.69

Vitex parviflora

0.70

Vitex peduncularis

0.96

Vitex spp.

0.65

Vitex turczaninowii

0.49

Wallaceodendron celebicum

0.55, 0.57 +

Weinmannia luzoniensis

0.49

Wrightia tinctorea

0.75

Xanthophyllum excelsum

0.63

Xanthostemon verdugonianus

1.04

Xylia xylocarpa

0.73, 0.81 +

Zanthoxylum rhetsa

0.33

Zizyphus spp.

0.76

Zizyphus talanai

0.53

Zizyphus xylopyra

0.85

Tropical America

Albizzia caribaea

0.64

Albizzia spp

0.52

Alcornea latifolia

0 49

Alcornea spp

0.34

Alexa grandiflora

0.60

Alexa imperatricis

0.41,0.51 +

Alnus ferruginea

0.38

Alnus jorullensis

0.38

Anacardium excelsum

0.41

Anacardium spruceanum

0.42

Anadenanthera macrocarpa

0.86

Anadenanthera rigida

0.63

Andira inermis

0.63, 0.64 +

Andira retusa

0.67

Aniba perutilis

0.50

Aniba riparia/duckei

0.62

Aniba spp.

0.38, 0.60 +

Antiaris africana

0.38

Apeiba aspera

0.23

Apeiba echinata

0.36

Apeiba spp.

0.20, 0.24 +

Apeiba tibourbon

0.12

Artocarpus comunis

0.70

Aspidosperma album

0.68

Aspidosperma cruentum

0.71

Aspidosperma dugandii

0.77

Aspidosperma marchravianum

0.68

Aspidosperma megalocarpum

0.71, 0.81 +

Aspidosperma spp. (araracanga group)

0.75

Aspidosperma spp. (peroba group)

0.62, 0.65 +

Astronium graveolens

0.75, 0.80, 0.84, 0.89 +

Astronium lecointei

0.73

Bagassa guianensis

0.68, 0.69 +

Banara guianensis

0.61

Basiloxylon exelsum

0.58

Beilschmiedia pendula

0.54

Beilschmiedia sp.

0.61

Berthollettia excelsa

0.59, 0.63 +

Bixa arborea

0.32

Bombacopsis quinatum

0.38, 0.45, 0.51 +

Bombacopsis sepium

0.39

Borojoa patinoi

0.52

Bowdichia nitida

0.77

Bowdichia spp.

0.74

Brosimum acutifolium

0.55

Brosimum parinarioides

0.57

Brosimum potabile

0.53

Brosimum rubescens

0.73

Brosimum sp.

0.64, 0.84 +

Brosimum spp. (alicastrum group)

0.64, 0.66 +

Brosimum spp. (utile group)

0.43

Brosimum utile

0.41, 0.46 +

Brysenia adenophylla

0.54

Buchenavia capitata

0.61, 0.63 +

Buchenavia huberi

0.59, 0.79 +

Bucida buceras

0.93

Bulnesia arborea

1.00

Bursera simaruba

0.29, 0.34 +

Byrsonima aerugo

0.62

Byrsonima coriacea

0.64

Byrsonima coriacea var. spicata

0.61

Byrsonima spp.

0.61, 0.64,0.75 +

Cabralea cangerana

0.55

Caesalpinia spp.

1.05

Calophyllum brasiliense

0.51, 0.54, 0.55 +

Calophyllum mariae

0.46

Calophyllum sp.

0.65

Calycophyllum candidisimum

0.67

Campnosperma panamensis

0.33, 0.50 +

Carapa guianensis

0.56

Carapa sp.

0.47

Caryocar nr. barbinerve

0.62

Caryocar spp.

0.69, 0.72 +

Caryocar villosum

0.72

Casearia arborea

0.53

Casearia guianensis

0.70

Casearia praecox

0.69 *

Casearia sp.

0.62

Cassia moschata

0.71

Cassia multijuga

0.57

Casuarina equisetifolia

0.81

Catostemma commune

0.51

Catostemma spp.

0.55

Cecropia peltata

0.29, 0.30, 0.36 +

Cecropia spp.

0.36

Cedrela angustifolia

0.36

Cedrela huberi

0.38

Cedrela odorata

0.43, 0.44, 0.45 +

Cedrela spp.

0.40, 0.46 +

Cedrelinga catenaeformis

0.41, 0.53 +

Ceiba pentandra

0.23, 0.24, 0.25, 0.29 +

Centrolobium paraense var. orinocensis

0.69

Centrolobium spp.

0.65

Cespedesia macrophylla

0.63

Chaetocarpus schomburgkianus

0.80

Chlorophora tinctoria

0.71, 0.75 +

Clarisia racemosa

0.53, 0.57 +

Clathrotropis brunnea

0.82

Clathrotropis spp.

0.89

Clusia rosea

0.67

Cochlospermum orinocensis

0.26

Copaifera duckei/reticulata

0.62

Copaifera officinalis

0.59

Copaifera spp.

0.46, 0.55 +

Cordia alliodora

0.42, 0.47, 0.50, 0.57 +

Cordia apurensis

0.66

Cordia bicolor

0.43, 0.49 +

Cordia borinquensis

0.70

Cordia collococca

0.47

Cordia exaltata

0.41

Cordia fallax

0.36

Cordia goeldiana

0.50

Cordia sagotii

0.50

Cordia spp. (gerascanthus group)

0.74

Cordia spp. (alliodora group)

0.48

Cordia sulcata

0.60

Couepia sp.

0.70

Couma macrocarpa

0.50, 0.53 +

Couratari pulchra

0.50, 0.54 +

Couratari spp.

0.50

Couratari stellata

0.65, 0.78 +

Croton xanthochloros

0.48

Cupressus lusitanica

0.43, 0.44 +

Cyrilla racemiflora

0.53

Dacryodes colombiana

0.51

Dacryodes excelsa

0.52, 0.53 +

Dalbergia nigra

0.68

Dalbergia retusa

0.89

Dalbergia stevensonii

0.82

Declinanona calycina

0.47

Dialium guianensis

0.87

Dialyanthera spp.

0.36, 0.48 +

Dicorynia guianensis

0.60, 0.65 +

Dicorynia paraensis

0.60

Didymopanax morototoni

0.36, 0.40, 0.45 +

Didymopanax pittieri

0.43

Didymopanax sp.

0.74

Dimorphandra mora

0.99 *

Diplotropis purpurea

0.76, 0.77, 0.78 +

Dipterix odorata

0.81, 0.86, 0.89 +

Drypetes variabilis

0.69

Dussia lehmannii

0.59

Ecclinusa guianensis

0.63

Endlicheria cocvirey

0.39

Enterolobium cyclocarpum

0.34, 0.45 +

Enterolobium schomburgkii

0.82

Eperua spp.

0.78

Eriotheca longipedicellatum

0.45

Eriotheca sp.

0.40

Erisma uncinatum

0.42, 0.48 +

Erythrina sp.

0.23

Eschweilera amara

0.85

Eschweilera corrugata

0.66

Eschweilera grata

0.88

Eschweilera hologyne

0.76

Eschweilera odora

0.81, 0.85 +

Eschweilera sagotiana

0.82

Eschweilera spp.

0.71, 0.79, 0.95 +

Eschweilera subglandulosa

0.87, 0.89 +

Eschweilera tenax

0.62

Eschweilera trinitensis

0.77

Eucalyptus robusta

0.51

Eugenia compta

0.68

Eugenia pseudosidium

0.62

Eugenia stahlii

0.73

Euxylophora paraensis

0.68, 0.70 +

Fagara aff. F. martinicense

0.41

Fagara sp.

0.57

Fagara spp.

0.69

Ficus citrifolia

0.40

Ficus sp.

0.32

Genipa americana

0.57, 0.58, 0.66 +

Genipa spp.

0.75

Goupia glabra

0.67, 0.72 +

Guarea chalde

0.52

Guarea spp.

0.52

Guarea trichiloides

0.51, 0.52 +

Guatteria spp.

0.36

Guazuma ulmifolia

0.52, 0.50 +

Guettarda scabra

0.65

Guillielma gasipae

0.95, 1.25 +

Gustavia sp.

0.56

Helicostylis tomentosa

0.68, 0.72 +

Hernandia sonora

0.29

Hevea brasiliense

0.49

Himatanthus articulata

0.40, 0.54 +

Hirtella davisii

0.74

Humiria balsamifera

0.66, 0.67 +

Humiriastrum melanocarpum

0.60

Humiriastrum procera

0.70

Hura crepitans

0.36, 0.37, 0.38 +

Hyeronima alchorneoides

0.60, 0.64 +

Hyeronima laxiflora

0.59

Hymenaea courbaril

0.54, 0.76, 0.77 +

Hymenaea davisii

0.67

Hymenolobium excelsum

0.63

Hymenolobium sp.

0.64

Inga alba

0.53

Inga capitata

0.64

Inga coruscans

0.72

Inga floribunda

0.56

Inga ingoides

0.50

Inga laurina

0.62

Inga marginata

0.72

Inga sp.

0.49, 0.52, 0.58, 0.64 +

Inga splendens

0.55

Inga vera

0.59

Iryanthera grandis

0.63

Iryanthera hostmanii

0.50

Iryanthera spp.

0.46

Jacaranda copaia

0.35

Jacaranda hesperia

0.35

Jacaranda sp.

0.55

Joannesia heveoides

0.39

Lachmellea speciosa

0.73

Laetia procera

0.68

Lecythis davisii

0.82

Lecythis ollaria

0.72

Lecythis paraensis

0.88

Lecythis sp.

0.83

Lecythis spp.

0.77

Licania aff. micrantha

0.86

Licania alba

0.91

Licania apetala

0.64, 0.78 +

Licania densiflora

0.80

Licania hypoleuca

0.90

Licania macrophylla

0.76

Licania parviflora

0.76

Licania sp.

0.61, 0.79 +

Licania spp.

0.78

Licania cayennensis

0.99

Licania spp.

0.82

Lindackeria sp.

0.41

Linociera domingensis

0.81

Lonchocarpus sericens

0.78

Lonchocarpus spp.

0.69

Lonchocarpus straminens

0.75

Loxopterygium sagotii

0.56

Lucuma spp.

0.79

Luehea cymulosa

0.55

Luehea spp.

0.50

Lueheopsis duckeana

0.64

Mabea piriri

0.59

Machaerium spp.

0.70

Macoubea guianensis

0.40 *

Magnolia sororum

0.50

Magnolia splendens

0.59

Magnolia spp.

0.52

Maguira sclerophylla

0.57

Mammea americana

0.62

Mangifera indica

0.55

Manilkara bidentata

0.82, 0.84, 0.85 +

Manilkara sp.

0.89

Marila sp.

0.63

Marmaroxylon racemosum

0.78 *

Matayba domingensis

0.70

Matisia hirta

0.61

Maytenus ficiformis

0.67

Maytenus spp.

0.71

Mezilaurus itauba

0.68

Mezilaurus lindaviana

0.68

Michropholis garciniaefolia

0.64

Michropholis spp.

0.61

Minquartia guianensis

0.76, 0.79 +

Mora excelsa

0.80

Mora gonggrijpi

0.80

Mora magistosperma

0.88

Mora sp.

0.77

Mouriria guianensis

0.80

Mouriria huberi

0.75

Mouriria pseudo-germinata

0.65

Mouriria sideroxylon

0.88

Myrcia paivae

0.73

Myrcia splendens

0.80

Myrciaria floribunda

0.73

Myristica spp.

0.46

Myroxylon balsamum

0.74, 0.76, 0.78 +

Nectandra antillana

0.42

Nectandra concinna

0.54, 0.56 +

Nectandra coriacea

0.51

Nectandra rigida

0.59

Nectandra rodioei

0.91

Nectandra rubra

0.55

Nectandra sp.

0.43, 0.48, 0.72 +

Nectandra spp.

0.52

Ocotea glandulosa

0.46

Ocotea leucoxylon

0.45

Ocotea moschata

0.61

Ocotea rodioei

0.85, 0.86 +

Ocotea rubra

0.54, 0.55, 0.56 +

Ocotea spathulata

0.62

Ocotea spp.

0.51

Onychopetalum amazonicum

0.64

Ormosia krugii

0.50

Ormosia lignivalvis

0.58

Ormosia spp.

0.59

Ouratea sp.

0.66

Pachira acuatica

0.43

Paratecoma peroba

0.60

Parinari campestris

0.69

Parinari excelsa

0.64

Parinari rodolfi

0.72

Parinari spp.

0.68

Parkia belutina

0.42

Parkia multijuga

0.38

Parkia oppositifolia

0.24

Parkia pendula

0.51

Parkia spp.

0.39

Peltogyne porphyrocardia

0.92

Peltogyne spp.

0.79

Pentaclethra macroloba

0.65, 0.68 +

Pera glabrata

0.65

Pera schomburgkiana

0.59

Persea spp.

0.40, 0.47, 0.52 +

Petitia domingensis

0.66

Pinus caribaea

0.51

Pinus oocarpa

0.55

Pinus patula

0.45

Piptadenia communis

0.68

Piptadenia macrocarpa

0.83 *

Piptadenia pittieri

0.62, 0.76 +

Piptadenia psilostachya

0.67

Piptadenia rigida

0.73

Piptadenia sp.

0.58

Piptadenia suaveolens

0.72

Piranhea longepedunculata

0.90

Piratinera guianensis

0.96

Pithecellobium guachapele (syn. Pseudosamea)

0.56

Pithecellobium saman

0.48

Platonia insignis

0.70 *

Platymiscium pinnatum

0.80, 0.81 +

Platymiscium polystachium

0.73

Platymiscium spp.

0.71, 0.84 +

Podocarpus oleifolius

0.46

Podocarpus rospigliossi

0.40

Podocarpus spp.

0.46

Pourouma aff. apiculata

0.45

Pourouma aspera

0.28

Pourouma aff. guianensis

0.33

Pourouma aff. melinonii

0.32

Pouteria carabobensis

0.68

Pouteria egregia

0.89

Pouteria eugeniifolia

1.08

Pouteria gonggrijpii

0.84

Pouteria melinonii

0.63 *

Pouteria multiflora

0.74

Pouteria pomifera

0.76

Pouteria sp.

0.73

Pouteria spp.

0.64, 0.67 +

Prioria copaifera

0.40, 0.41 +

Protium crenatum

0.54

Protium decandrum

0.56

Protium heptaphyllum

0.40, 0.55 +

Protium neglectum

0.58, 0.64 +

Protium sp.

0.73

Protium spp.

0.53, 0.64 +

Protium tenuifolium

0.60

Pseudolmedia laevigata

0.64

Pterocarpus officinalis

0.32, 0.50 +

Pterocarpus rohrii

0.41

Pterocarpus sp.

0.46, 0.50 +

Pterocarpus spp.

0.44

Pterocarpus vernalis

0.59

Pterogyne nitens

0.66

Pterygota excelsa

0.58

Qualea albiflora

0.50

Qualea cf. lancifolia

0.58

Qualea dinizii

0.58

Qualea spp.

0.55

Quararibaea guianensis

0.54

Quercus alata

0.71

Quercus costaricensis

0.61

Quercus eugeniaefolia

0.67

Quercus spp.

0.70

Raputia sp.

0.55

Rheedia spp.

0.72

Rollinia exsucca

0.32

Rollinia sp.

0.34, 0.36 +

Rollinia spp.

0.36

Saccoglottis cydonioides

0.72

Sapium biglandulosum

0.45

Sapium cf. jenmanni

0.41

Sapium laurocerasus

0.38

Sapium sp.

0.38, 0.48 +

Sapium spp.

0.47, 0.72 +

Schinopsis spp.

1.00

Sclerolobium aff. chrysophyllum

0.62

Sclerolobium guianensis

0.56

Sclerolobium paniculatum

0.34

Sclerolobium spp.

0.47

Sickingia spp.

0.52

Simaba multiflora

0.51

Simarouba amara

0.32, 0.34, 0.38 +

Sloanea berteriana

0.80

Sloanea grandiflora

0.80

Sloanea guianensis

0.79

Spondias lutea

0.38

Spondias mombin

0.39, 0.40, 0.41 +

Sterculia apetala

0.33, 0.36 +

Sterculia pilosa/speciosa

0.53

Sterculia pruriens

0.46

Sterculia spp.

0.55

Stryphnodendron polystachum

0.52

Stylogyne spp.

0.69

Swartzia spp.

0.95

Swietenia macrophylla

0.42, 0.45, 0.46, 0.54 +

Symphonia globulifera

0.58

Tabebuia guayacan

0.82

Tabebuia heterophylla

0.58

Tabebuia heterotricha

0.82

Tabebuia pentaphylla

0.51

Tabebuia rosea

0.54

Tabebuia serratifolia

0.92, 0.95, 0.99 +

Tabebuia spectabilis

1.07

Tabebuia spp. (lapacho group)

0.91

Tabebuia spp. (roble)

0.52

Tabebuia spp. (white cedar)

0.57

Tabebuia stenocalyx

0.55, 0.57 +

Tachigalia myrmecophylla

0.56

Talisia sp.

0.84

Tapirira guianensis

0.47 *

Terminalia amazonia

0.66

Terminalia catappa

0.59

Terminalia guianensis

0.63

Terminalia lucida

0.65

Terminalia sp.

0.50, 0.51, 0.58 +

Tetragastris altisima

0.61

Tetragastris balsamifera

0.63, 0.67 +

Tetragastris panamensis

0.71

Tetragastris spp.

0.71

Toluifera balsamum

0.74

Torrubia cuspidata

0.47

Torrubia sp.

0.52

Toulicia pulvinata

0.63

Tovomita guianensis

0.60

Trattinickia burserifolia

0.44

Trattinickia rhoifolia

0.37

Trattinickia sp.

0.38

Trichilia propingua

0.58

Trichosperma mexicanum

0.41

Triplaris sp.

0.64

Triplaris spp.

0.56

Triplaris surinamensis

0.51

Trophis sp.

0.54

Vatairea lundellii

0.64

Vatairea spp.

0.60

Virola sebifera

0.48

Virola spp.

0.40, 0.44, 0.48 +

Virola surinamensis

0.37, 0.42 +

Vismia spp.

0.41

Vitex divaricata

0.62

Vitex gaumeri

0.56

Vitex orinocensis

0.53

Vitex spp.

0.52, 0.56, 0.57 +

Vitex stahelii

0.60

Vochysia ferruginea

0.42, 0.47 +

Vochysia guianensis

0.45

Vochysia hondurensis

0.33

Vochysia lehmannii

0.48

Vochysia maxima

0.46

Vochysia spp.

0.40, 0.47, 0.79 +

Vochysia tetraphylla

0.48

Vochysia tomentosa

0.36

Vouacapoua americana

0.79

Warszewicsia coccinea

0.56

Xanthoxylum martinicensis

0.46

Xanthoxylum spp.

0.44

Xylopia columbiana

0.51

Xylopia emarginata

0.59

Xylopia frutescens

0.64 *

Tropical Africa

Afzelia bipindensis

0.66 *

Afzelia pachyloba

0.63 *

Afzelia spp.

0.67

Aidia ochroleuca

0.78 *

Albizia ferruginea

0.47 *

Albizia glaberrima

0.52 *

Albizia gummifera

0.51 *

Albizia spp.

0.52

Albizia zygia

0.46 *

Allanblackia floribunda

0.63 *

Allophyllus africanus f. acuminatus

0.45

Alstonia congensis

0.33

Amphimas ferrugineus

0.63 *

Amphimas pterocarpoides

0.63 *

Anisophyllea obtusifolia

0.63 *

Annonidium mannii

0.29 *

Anopyxis klaineana

0.74 *

Anthocleista keniensis

0.50 *

Anthonotha macrophylla

0.78 *

Anthostemma aubryanum

0.32 *

Antiaris africana

0.37

Antiaris spp.

0.38

Antrocaryon klaineanum

0.50 *

Aucoumea klaineana

0.37

Autranella congolensis

0.78

Baillonella toxisperma

0.71

Balanites aegyptiaca

0.63 *

Baphia kirkii

0.93 *

Beilschmiedia corbisieri

0.63 *

Beilschmiedia diversiflora

0.63 *

Beilschmiedia kweo

0.56 *

Beilschmiedia louisii

0.70 *

Beilschmiedia membranifolia

0.50 *

Beilschmiedia nitida

0.50 *

Berlinia bracteosa

0.60 *

Berlinia confusa

0.56 *

Berlinia spp.

0.58

Blighia welwitschii

0.74 *

Bombax buonopozense

0.32 *

Bombax chevalieri

0.41 *

Bombax rhodognaphalon

0.36 *

Bombax spp.

0.40

Brachystegia cynometroides

0.56 *

Brachystegia laurentii

0.45 *

Brachystegia mildbraedii

0.50 *

Brachystegia spp.

0.52

Bridelia grandis

0.50 *

Bridelia micrantha

0.47 *

Calpocalyx heitzii

0.66 *

Calpocalyx klainei

0.63 *

Canarium schweinfurthii

0.40 *

Canthium rubrocostratum

0.63 *

Carapa procera

0.59

Casearia battiscombei

0.50

Cassipourea euryoides

0.70 *

Cassipourea malosana

0.59 *

Ceiba pentandra

0.26

Celtis brieyi

0.50 *

Celtis mildbraedii

0.56 *

Celtis spp.

0.59

Celtis zenkeri

0.59 *

Chlorophora excelsa

0.55

Chrysophyllum albidum

0.56 *

Cleistanthus mildbraedii

0.87 *

Cleistopholis patens

0.36 *

Coelocaryon preussii

0.56 *

Cola cordifolia

0.50 *

Cola gigantea

0.46 *

Cola gigantea var. glabrescens

0.46 *

Cola natalensis

0.70 *

Cola sp.

0.70 *

Combretodendron macrocarpum

0.70

Conopharyngia holstii

0.50 *

Copaifera mildbraedii

0.63 *

Copaifera religiosa

0.50 *

Cordia africana

0.40 *

Cordia millenii

0.34

Cordia platythyrsa

0.36 *

Corynanthe gabonensis

0.56 *

Corynanthe pachyceras

0.63 *

Coula edulis

0.78 *

Croton macrostachyus

0.50 *

Croton megalocarpus

0.57

Cryptosepalum staudtii

0.70 *

Ctenolophon englerianus

078 *

Cylicodiscus gabonensis

0.80

Cynometra alexandri

0.74

Dacryodes buettneri

0.53 *

Dacryodes edulis

0.50 *

Dacryodes igaganga

0.53 *

Dacryodes klaineana

0.70 *

Dacryodes le-testui

0.50 *

Dacryodes normandii

0.50 *

Dacryodes spp.

0.61

Daniellia klainei

0.45 *

Daniellia ogea

0.40 *

Daniellia soyauxii

0.45 *

Desbordesia pierreana

0.87 *

Detarium senegalensis

0.63 *

Dialium bipindense

0.83 *

Dialium dinklagei

0.72

Dialium excelsum

0.78 *

Didelotia africana

0.78 *

Didelotia brevipaniculata

0.53

Didelotia letouzeyi

0.50 *

Diospyros kamerunensis

0.78 *

Diospyros spp.

0.82

Discoglypremna caloneura

0.32 *

Distemonanthus benthamianus

0.58

Drypetes gossweilleri

0.63 *

Drypetes sp.

0.63 *

Ehretia acuminata

0.51 *

Enantia chlorantha

0.42 *

Endodesmia calophylloides

0.66 *

Entandrophragma angolensis

0.45

Entandrophragma candollei

0.59

Entandrophragma cylindricum

0.55

Entandrophragma utile

0.53

Eribroma oblongum

0.60 *

Eriocoelum microspermum

0.50 *

Erismadelphus exsul

0.56 *

Erythrina vogelii

0.25 *

Erythrophleum ivorense

0.72

Erythroxylum mannii

0.50

Fagara heitzii

0.41 *

Fagara macrophylla

0.69

Ficus iteophylla

0.40 *

Ficus mucuso

0.39 *

Funtumia africana

0.40 *

Fumtumia latifolia

0.45 *

Gambeya africana

0.63

Gambeya lacourtiana

0.63 *

Gambeya madagascariensis

0.56 *

Gambeya spp.

0.56 *

Garcinia gerardii

0.66 *

Garcinia mannii

0.78 *

Garcinia punctata

0.78 *

Gilbertiodendron dewevrei

0.65 *

Gilbertiodendron grandiflorum

0.66 *

Gilbertiodendron mayombense

0.63 *

Gilletiodendron mildbraedii

0.87 *

Gossweilerodendron balsamiferum

0.40

Guarea cedrata

0.48

Guarea laurentii

0.56 *

Guarea thompsonii

0.55 *

Guibourtia arnoldiana

0.64

Guibourtia demeusei

0.70 *

Guibourtia ehie

0.67

Guibourtia pellegriniana

0.74 *

Guibourtia spp.

0.72

Guibourtia tessmannii

0.74 *

Hannoa klaineana

0.28 *

Harungana madagascariensis

0.45 *

Hexalobus crispiflorus

0.48 *

Holoptelea grandis

0.59 *

Homalium letestui

0.66 *

Homalium spp.

0.70

Hylodendron gabonense

0.78 *

Hymenostegia afzelii

0.78 *

Hymenostegia pellegrini

0.78 *

Irvingia gabonensis

0.71

Irvingia grandifolia

0.78 *

Julbernardia globiflora

0.78

Khaya grandifoliola

0.60

Khaya ivorensis

0.44

Khaya senegalensis

0.60

Klainedoxa gabonensis

0.87

Lannea welwitschii

0.45 *

Lecomtedoxa klaineana

0.78 *

Letestua durissima

0.87 *

Lophira alata

0.87 *

Lovoa trichilioides

0.45 *

Macaranga conglomerata

0.40 *

Macaranga kilimandscharica

0.40 *

Maesopsis eminii

0.41

Malacantha sp. aff. alnifolia

0.45 *

Mammea africana

0.62

Manilkara cuneifolia

0.81 *

Manilkara lacera

0.78 *

Markhamia hildebrandtii

0.50 *

Markhamia platycalyx

0.45 *

Memecylon capitellatum

0.77 *

Microberlinia bisulcata

0.63 *

Microberlinia brazzavillensis

0.70

Microcos coriaceus

0.42 *

Milletia laurentii

0.70 *

Milletia spp.

0.72

Mitragyna ciliata

0.45

Mitragyna stipulosa

0.47

Monopetalanthus coriaceus

0.45 *

Monopetalanthus durandii

0.50 *

Monopetalanthus heitzii

0.39

Monopetalanthus letestui

0.50 *

Monopetalanthus pellegrinii

0.47 *

Musanga cecropioides

0.23

Nauclea diderrichii

0.63

Neopoutonia macrocalyx

0.32 *

Nesogordonia fouassieri

0.70 *

Nesogordonia papaverifera

0.65

Newtonia buchananii

0.48 *

Newtonia glandulifera

0.74 *

Ochtocosmus africanus

0.78 *

Odyendea gabonensis

0.32 *

Odyendea spp.

0.32

Oldfieldia africana

0.78 *

Ongokea gore

0.72

Oxystigma oxyphyllum

0.53

Pachyelasma tessmannii

0.70 *

Pachypodanthium confine

0.58 *

Pachypodanthium staudtii

0.58 *

Paraberlinia bifoliolata

0.56 *

Parinari excelsa

0.69

Parinari glabra

0.87 *

Parinari goetzeniana

0.78 *

Parkia bicolor

0.36 *

Pausinystalia brachythyrsa

0.56 *

Pausinystalia cf. talbotii

0.56 *

Pentaclethra eetveldeana

0.63 *

Pentaclethra macrophylla

0.78 *

Pentadesma butyracea

0.78 *

Phyllanthus discoideus

0.76 *

Pierreodendron africanum

0.70 *

Piptadenia gabunensis

0.70 *

Piptadeniastrum africanum

0.56

Plagiostyles africana

0.70 *

Poga oleosa

0.36

Polyalthia suaveolens

0.66 *

Premna angolensis

0.63 *

Pteleopsis hylodendron

0.63 *

Pterocarpus angolensis

0.59

Pterocarpus soyauxii

0.61

Pterygota bequaertii

0.56 *

Pterygota spp.

0.52

Pycnanthus angolensis

0.40

Randia cladantha

0.78 *

Rauwolfia macrophylla

0.47 *

Ricinodendron heudelotii

0.20

Saccoglottis gabonensis

0.74 *

Santiria trimera

0.53 *

Sapium ellipticum

0.50 *

Schrebera arborea

0.63 *

Sclorodophloeus zenkeri

0.68 *

Scottellia chevalieri

0.50 *

Scottellia coriacea

0.56

Scyphocephalium ochocoa

0.48

Scytopetalum tieghemii

0.56 *

Sindoropsis letestui

0.56 *

Staudtia stipitata

0.75

Stemonocoleus micranthus

0.56 *

Sterculia oblonga

0.61

Sterculia rhinopetala

0.64

Strephonema pseudocola

0.56 *

Strombosia glaucescens

0.80

Strombosia grandifolia

0.74 *

Strombosiopsis tetrandra

0.63 *

Swartzia fistuloides

0.82

Symphonia globulifera

0.58 *

Syzygium cordatum

0.59 *

Tarrietia densiflora

0.63

Tarrietia utilis

0.54 *

Terminalia superba

0.45

Tessmania africana

0.85 *

Testulea gabonensis

0.60

Tetraberlinia bifoliolata

0.54 *

Tetraberlinia tubmaniana

0.60 *

Tetrapleura tetraptera

0.50 *

Tieghemella africana

0.55

Tieghemella heckelii

0.55 *

Trema guineensis

0.40 *

Trema sp.

0.40 *

Trichilia heudelotii

0.50 *

Trichilia prieureana

0.63 *

Trichoscypha arborea

0.59 *

Triplochiton scleroxylon

0.32

Uapaca spp.

0.60

Vepris undulata

0.70 *

Vitex doniana

0.40

Xylopia aethiopica

0.50 *

Xylopia chrysophylla

0.70 *

Xylopia hypolambra

0.63 *

Xylopia quintasii

0.70 *

Xylopia staudtii

0.36 *

+ The wood densities specified pertain to more than one bibliographic source
* Wood density is derived from the regression equation in section 3.1.2


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