The country names and order used in these tables follow standard UN practice regarding nomenclature and alphabetical listing of countries. Separate data are not given for "Taiwan Province of China", but are incorporated in the data for China, as consistent with UN practice. The regional groups used in these tables represent FAO's standardized regional breakdown of the world according to geographical (note: not economic or political) criteria. Tables 2 and 3 further break down these regions into subregional groups. This breakdown parallels ecofloristic zones and is used to provide the user with additional information about forest resources within a given region.
Numbers may not tally because of rounding.
n.s. = not significant, indicating a very small value
n.a. = not available
n.ap. = not applicable
The table gives data for all regions: Africa, Asia, Oceania, Europe, North and Central America, and South America. The land area figure refers to total area of the country, excluding areas under inland water bodies. The source of these data is the FAO Production Yearbook 1996 (FAO, 1998h). Population statistics on total population, population density and annual rate of change are taken from World population prospects - the 1996 revision (UN, 1996). The source of percent rural population data is the World urbanization prospects - the 1996 revision (UN, 1997a).
The source of the economic data is World development indicators 1997 (World Bank, 1997). The gross national product (GNP) per caput figure represents the GNP converted to United States dollars using the World Bank Atlas method, divided by the mid-year population. The annual growth rate figures for gross domestic product (GDP) are calculated using constant price data in local currency.
The table gives data for all regions, broken down by country and by ecofloristic zone. These 1995 figures represent the most current global data set on forest cover and forest cover change available. The source of the data is the FAO Forest Resources Assessment Project, which published them in the State of the World's Forests 1997 (FAO, 1997d). The methods used for collecting these data are described in that publication.
The Pacific Islands Trust Territory data in this table represent the aggregate figures for Northern Mariana Islands, Micronesia, the Marshall Islands and Palau. Although the Pacific Island Trust Territories entity was dissolved in 1994, disaggregate figures for the four components were not available at the time the table was originally prepared. "Total forest" is the sum of natural forest and plantations. Because of difficulties in drawing a clear distinction between the two in many developed countries, only "total forest" figures are provided for developed countries and "n.ap." (not applicable) is indicated under "natural forest". The "world total" figure for land area is greater than the sum of the land areas of the listed countries, because not all countries of the world are included in the table.
The subregional breakdown reflects ecofloristic zones, not economic or political groupings.
The table gives data for all regions, broken down by country and by ecofloristic zone. See notes to Table 2.
The table gives data for all regions, broken down by country. The source of these data is the FAO Yearbook of Forest Products 1996 (FAO, 1998g). The information is also available electronically through FAO's website: http://www.fao.org.
The table gives countries that have ratified the UNCED conventions - the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) and the Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD); countries that are members under the International Tropical Timber Agreement (ITTA); and countries that have national forest programmes (NFPs).
The reference date for ratification status and the source of information on the conventions and agreements are as follows:
In addition to the countries indicated, the European Community has ratified CBD, FCCC and UNCCD and the European Union has signed ITTA 1994.
The regional breakdown reflects geographic rather than economic or political groupings.
FSR = Forestry Sector Review
MP = Forestry Sector Master Plan
NCS = National Conservation Strategy
NEAP = National Environmental Action Plan
NEMS = National Environmental Management Strategy
NFAP = National Forestry Action Programme (including Tropical Forests Action Programme, TFAP)
NP = National Legal Policy or Planning Framework
NPCD = National Plan to Combat Desertification
* = Planning process interrupted, not completed