The primary objective of this study is to analyse and assess woodfuel consumption in the household sector on the basis of the 1994 wood consumption survey data. Under this generalized objective the terms of reference identified the following:
(a) Present and review basic tables concerning the consumption of woodfuels in the household sector.
(b) Assess the variations in per capita and total consumption of woodfuels in the household sector.
(c) Assess various supply management issues related to woodfuel used, collection versus purchase of woodfuels and collection patterns.
(d) Assess the role of woodfuels in the household energy supply and their relative contribution in the energy budget.
(e) Present and review consumption of non-woody biomass in the household sector.
Woodfuel consumption covers consumption of firewood, charcoal, dukhan wood and other biomass (namely agricultural residues and saw-dust). The analysis of the woodfuel situation in the household sector will be based only on the 1994 consumption survey data and covers three major aspects:
(a) Woodfuel consumption patterns where consumption expressed in terms of annual per capita and/or annual household will be carried out. This will provide the basis and guideline for future assessment of woodfuel consumption and is a useful planning figure.
(b) Current consumption aspect where the 1994 consumption estimates for individual woodfuels will be analysed.
(c) Supply management and wood resource needs where the major supply issues will be addressed in terms of woodfuel commodotization (purchase, collection etc), total resource needs and wood type used and its impact on the sustainability of the resource base.
For the above three aspects a common analytical framework will be used for the analysis. The common analytical framework has a set of parameters namely:
(i) Urbanization (rural/urban)
(ii) Income level where households are categorized into three income classes low (<Ls. 150,000), medium (<Ls. 150 000 - 300 000) and high (>Ls. 300 000).
(iii) Ecological zone where Northern Sudan is divided into four ecological zones: Desert Semi-desert, low rainfall and high rainfall zones.
(iv) Education level of the head of household. Six education levels were identified covering illiterate, Khalwa, Preliminary, intermediate, secondary and university levels.
(v) Northern Sudan and State Levels.
The 1994 national Survey data forms the basis of the analysis. The survey sampled 7500 households drawn from 53 provinces in Northern Sudan.
The report is composed of five chapters and an executive summary. Chapter one as an introduction addressing the report objectives, methodology used and its organization. Woodfuel consumption patterns are analysed in Chapter Two. chapter three review the 1994 current woodfuel consumption as appeared from the 1993/94 consumption survey. Supply management issues and resource requirements are discussed in chapter four. Chapter five is conclusions.