1. This budget is punctuated by two key influences. The first is that the biennium is seen as one of consolidation after the rather difficult period of the last three biennia involving restructuring and downsizing at the same time. Even in the biennium underway, the institution has had to face the abolition of a substantial number of posts and, inevitably, the separation of many long serving staff (about 120) and the loss, through attrition, of many more. The Director-General is strongly of the view that 2000-01 should be used to consolidate the streamlining of the Organization, to reinforce the integration of the programmes of Headquarters with those of the decentralized offices and to complete the enhancement of its administrative and financial systems
2. The second factor is that this budget reflects, at least on a preliminary basis, the major changes which are underway in the Organization's approach to planning and programming. While the Strategic Framework is not yet an approved source of Governing Body policy for the Organization, there is no question that the process by which it is being developed has led to significant re-evaluation of the external environment which the Organization needs to address. When combined with the new programme model, we find that the programmes of the Organization are being restated in much more specific terms echoing a clear definition of what Members expect of FAO.
3. At the beginning of each Major Programme, under the technical chapters, there is a section on Medium-Term Objectives and Priorities. This section has been redeveloped as a part of the process described above and reflects the departments' re-statement of objectives in the absence of a published Medium-Term Plan which, it will be recalled, was suspended by the Council until the next version for the period 2002-07 which will be published in the year 2000.
4. The table below provides an overall programme framework showing how the key priorities for 2000-01 for each Major Programme would relate to the five corporate strategies currently under consideration by Members in the draft of the Strategic Framework. The illustrative chart contains much abbreviated summaries of the priorities which are explained more fully under each Major Programme in Part IV, Programme Budget.
|Programme Framework - Programme Priorities in 2000-01|
|Major Programme||Eradication of Poverty and Food Insecurity||Policy and Regulatory Frameworks||Sustainable Increase in supply and availability of food, etc.||Conservation, improvement and sustainable utilization of natural resources||Information, monitoring and assessment|
|2.1 Agricultural Productions and Support Systems||- improved income opportunities and food security for the rural poor||- instruments and agreements covering genetic resources, plant protection, pesticides||- effective transition to market oriented agriculture
- sustainable intensification and diversification of production systems
|- conservation and sustainable use of plant and animal genetic resources||- strengthening information and decision support systems|
|2.2 Food and Agriculture Policy and Development||- food and nutrition policies for development and to improve household
- Policies and programmes for emergency prevention and response
- Enhanced early warning of food shortage (GIEWS)
- FIVIMS at national level
|- science-based food standards (Joint FAO/WHO Food Standards Programme)
- food standards, quality control and consumer protection
- enhanced agricultural trade performance and food security through commodity market development
- policy analysis and advice for developing countries in agricultural trade negotiations
|- maintenance and updating of international information and statistical
systems (WAICENT) including gender specific data
- strengthening national statistical information systems with special attention to Africa
- world food, nutrition and agriculture assessment and outlook including AT 2015/30 and SOFA
- commodity market intelligence, analyses and assessments
- monitoring implementation of the WFS Plan of Action
- development of global FIVIMS
|2.3 Fisheries||- small-scale fisheries and aquaculture
- better information and indicators to forecast emergencies and disasters in fisheries and aquaculture
|- technical standards and international norms in support of trade, quality and safety, including monitoring of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries||- advice on strategies and technologies for sustainable fish production||- policies and technologies for the more efficient and effective use of resources by fisheries and aquaculture||- assessments including SOFIA
- global fisheries information system
|2.4 Forestry||- agro-forestry to improve food security and generate income||- support national, regional and international processes related to forests||- best practices in sustainable management of forests including institutional dialogue and partnerships||- sustainable forest management and conservation
- trees in fragile eco-systems and marginal lands
|- global forest information system
- outlook studies including SOFO
|2.5 Contributions to Sustainable Development and Special Programme Thrusts||- sustainable livelihoods and food security in rural areas
- gender and population aspects of policies
|- UN Conventions (e.g. CBD, CSD, CCC)||- knowledge enhancement and technology transfer with a view to the
dissemination of appropriate technologies
- sustainable development of national food production and supply through the SPFS for LIFDCs
|- addressing cross-organizational responsibilities concerning global environmental change and other aspects||- information, observing systems, database development and data analysis for food security and sustainable development|
5. This document reflects the new programme model for all technical programmes under Chapter 2 and Major Programme 3.1 of the budget. These are expressed in terms of three types of entities:
6. These have the following general characteristics:
7. These vary from technical projects primarily because they are continuing activities of an ongoing nature that are not amenable to time bound objectives (e.g. collection of statistical time series). The following characteristics apply to this type of programme entity;
8. This is the final type of entity which is designed to cover demand oriented services such as advisory services to Members or technical support services to projects and can include servicing regular meetings.
9. One of the key aspects of the new programme model is the need to systematically apply criteria to the determination of priorities. Each Regular Programme technical project and continuing programme activity is rated on a scale of one to five where five is the optimum score.
10. These criteria are based upon those originally established by the Council at its One-hundred and eleventh Session bearing in mind the practical guidance subsequently given by the Programme Committee. The criteria used by all technical departments in developing the entities listed in the document are as follows:
11. The implementation of the new programme model is currently in progress. To allow a coherent document to be produced which would not provide a confusing mix of sub-programmes and programme elements (i.e. the old model) and programme entities under the new model, programme managers were asked to develop a complete set of new entities for the entire programme, at least in summary. Detailed project entities and continuing programme activities have been developed for about half of the total whereas the balance remain in summary form and will be developed in more detail for the Medium-Term Plan.
12. However, in every case, an objective for the medium term has been defined and is included in the text as is a list of the main outputs to be produced during 2000-01 in support of the achievement of the medium-term objectives.
13. While the underlying detail is undergoing a major transformation, the pre-existing programme structure is largely unchanged at the Chapter, Major Programme and Programme levels.
14. Within Major Programme 2.2 Food and Agriculture Policy and Development, modifications have been proposed for two programmes. Programme 2.2.3 Food and Agricultural Monitoring, Assessments and Outlooks, which was previously entitled Agricultural and Economic Development Analysis, has been refocused on short-, medium- and long-term situation and outlook analyses of food, agriculture, commodity markets and trade, and food security at national, regional and global levels. Programme 2.2.4 Agriculture, Food Security and Trade Policy, which was previously entitled Food and Agricultural Policy, has been broadened to cover all work on policy issues in agriculture, food security and trade, identified both within and outside FAO, with partners such as the World Bank (WB), the World Trade Organization (WTO) and the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
15. Within Major Programme 2.4 Forestry, it is proposed to create a new Programme 2.4.4 Forest Programmes Coordination and Information. The new programme will focus on information collection, analysis and dissemination both of the technical data related to forestry and of forestry related analytical information concerning the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) follow-up entrusted to FAO. The programme will also provide support to meetings of forestry statutory bodies and for improved coordination with decentralized offices.
16. Chapter 3 has been retitled from "Development Services to Member Nations" to "Cooperation and Partnerships" to better reflect the underlying thrust of these programmes. Similarly Programme 3.5.2, previously entitled "Private Sector, NGO's and Support to Food-for-All Fora" has been renamed "Civil Society Awareness and Partnerships".
17. Within Programme 5.1.1 Public Information and Publications Support, the sub-programme structure has been consolidated into three entities: Sub-programme 51130 Multimedia Production, Sub-programme 51140 Publishing Policy and Support and Sub-programme 51150 Media Relations. These changes align the programme structure with the new organizational structure of the Information Division (GII).
18. Programme 5.2.2 Information Systems and Technology Services (previously called Computer Services) has been broadened in scope to include telecommunications in order to bring the programme structure in line with the transfer of all telecommunications responsibilities to the Information Systems and Technology Division (AFI). This change has been accompanied by a transfer of US$ 3.0 million from Programme 5.2.2 and US$ 1.9 million from Chapter 6 into the Information Technology (IT) Pool Account, which is distributed across all programmes.
19. The tables overleaf describe the distribution of resources, firstly at the overall level of the Programme of Work (i.e. the gross budget including resources from Other Income) and secondly at the levels of the appropriation. In addition, a second scenario is introduced collecting together all of those additional requests and associated resource requirements that have been sought by the Governing Bodies, Technical Committees or Regional Conferences which were not possible to include within the constraint of the Zero Real Growth (ZRG) scenario.
20. ZRG implies the maintenance of programme levels (although not necessarily the same priorities) from one biennium to another. It translates, in practical terms, into the same nominal level with the addition of sufficient resources to cover inflation and other cost increases. Part III of this document, Budgetary Framework, includes the calculation of cost increases which amount in total to an estimated US$ 34.7 million.
21. The proposed overall resources allocation for the Programme of Work is shown by Major Programme and Chapter in the table overleaf. It will be recalled that the Programme of Work reflects the utilization of resources from several sources; that is not only Regular Programme assessments but also from Other Income including reimbursement for both technical and administrative support services, contributions to jointly funded activities, e.g., WB, International Financing Institutions (IFIs), World Health Organization (WHO), etc. It follows, therefore, that the Programme of Work for any one Major Programme can vary as a result of factors other than the contribution from the Regular Programme. The Regular Programme input to each programme is described under the next section entitled Distribution of the Proposed Appropriation.
|Proposed Overall Resources Allocation for the Programme of Work (All amounts in US$ 000)|
Programme of Work
Programme of Work
|11||Governing Bodies||18 046||(540)||17 506|
|12||Policy, Direction and Planning||22 472||651||23 123|
|13||External Coordination and Liaison||12 637||28||12 665|
|Chapter 1||General Policy and Direction||53 911||156||54 067|
|21||Agriculture Production and Support Systems||91 732||185||91 917|
|22||Food and Agriculture Policy and Development||88 533||247||88 780|
|23||Fisheries||40 069||163||40 232|
|24||Forestry||31 592||59||31 651|
|25||Contributions to Sustainable Development and Special Programme Thrust||53 493||(31)||53 462|
|Chapter 2||Technical and Economic Programmes||305 419||623||306 042|
|31||Policy Assistance||26 500||(213)||26 287|
|32||Support to Investment||50 504||(2 517)||47 987|
|33||Field Operations||40 282||(5 417)||34 865|
|34||FAO Representatives||66 341||(503)||65 838|
|35||Cooperation with External Partners||8 600||425||9 025|
|39||Programme Management||2 308||(5)||2 303|
|Chapter 3||Cooperation and Partnerships||194 535||(8 230)||186 305|
|41||Technical Cooperation Programme||76 672||(395)||76 277|
|42||TCP Unit||2 188||190||2 378|
|Chapter 4||Technical Cooperation Programme||78 860||(205)||78 655|
|51||Information and Publications Support||14 073||683||14 756|
|52||Administration||53 033||(3 888)||49 145|
|Chapter 5||Support Services||67 106||(3 205)||63 901|
|60||Common Services||45 557||(431)||45 126|
|Chapter 6||Common Services||45 557||(431)||45 126|
|Total||745 988||(11 292)||734 696|
22. The decline in the Programme of Work is entirely due to the reduction in Other
Income. This is attributable to two key factors:
23. The shifts in resources between Major Programmes and Chapters are fully explained
in Section IV Programme Budget. The following is, therefore, a summary of the major
a) In Chapter 1 General Policy and Direction the net increase consists of resources for the Oracle-based replacement of PLANSYS, partially offset by savings in Conference and Council.
b) In Chapter 2 Technical and Economic Programmes the small net changes hide more significant movements involving reductions because of the decline in forecast reimbursements for technical support services completely offset by the increased distribution of Information Technology (IT) services as described in the narrative for Programme 5.2.2 Information Systems and Technology Services. While the substantive priority accorded to the work in this Chapter and the importance of well recognized priorities has been maintained, the underlying programme has had to absorb a small reduction in non-staff resources (0.4 percent) in order to accommodate ZRG.
c) Chapter 3 Cooperation and Partnerships suffers most from the decline in Other Income relying as it does on such income for both Field Operations and, to a lesser extent, the programme of support to investment. Overall, income declines of US$ 8.4 million have been forecast although slightly less has been taken in the form of budget reductions.
d) Chapter 4 Technical Cooperation Programme (TCP) shows a transfer between programmes with a small overall decline which results from the increased allocation of TCP to the reimbursement of technical support services.
e) Chapter 5 Support Services has witnessed significant internal change and overall reduction of US$ 3.2 million which consists of a small increase under Major Programme 5.1 Information and Publications Support offset by a major reduction under Major Programme 5.2 Administration. Within Major Programme 5.2 there have been considerable shifts but overall, the decline is largely attributable to the shift of resources into the IT pool.
f) Chapter 6 Common Services declines because of a transfer of costs of the communications-related staff to the Information Systems and Technology Division (AFI) and to the IT Pool.
24. Whereas the previous table concentrates on the Programme of Work, the table overleaf demonstrates the changes proposed in the distribution of the Appropriation by major headings. The principal difference between the following table and the previous table on the Programme of Work is the change in income. In addition, this table shows the allocation of the inflationary or cost increase adjustment by Major Programme.
|Proposed Allocation for the Appropriation (All amounts in US$ 000)|
Appropriation after Cost Increases
|11||Governing Bodies||18 046||(540)||799||18 305|
|12||Policy, Direction and Planning||19 353||1 028||1 224||21 605|
|13||External Coordination and Liaison||12 204||28||604||12 836|
|Chapter 1||General Policy and Direction||50 359||533||2 671||53 563|
|21||Agriculture Production and Support Systems||88 344||1 121||4 365||93 830|
|22||Food and Agriculture Policy and Development||86 612||(110)||4 501||91 003|
|23||Fisheries||39 167||17||1 989||41 173|
|24||Forestry||30 310||399||1 524||32 233|
|25||Contributions to Sustainable Development and Special Programme Thrust||48 473||74||2 461||51 008|
|Chapter 2||Technical and Economic Programmes||292 906||1 501||14 840||309 247|
|31||Policy Assistance||22 322||261||1 328||23 911|
|32||Support to Investment||20 209||215||2 296||22 720|
|33||Field Operations||3 703||(1,426)||1 880||4 157|
|34||FAO Representatives||64 321||(153)||3 476||67 644|
|35||Cooperation with External Partners||5 501||993||479||6 973|
|39||Programme Management||1 973||20||128||2 121|
|Chapter 3||Cooperation and Partnerships||118 029||(90)||9 587||127 526|
|41||Technical Cooperation Programme||87 259||(190)||2 142||89 211|
|42||TCP Unit||2 188||190||129||2 507|
|Chapter 4||Technical Cooperation Programme||89 447||0||2 271||91 718|
|51||Information and Publications Support||14 073||683||772||15 528|
|52||Administration||43 423||(2 559)||2 563||43 427|
|Chapter 5||Support Services||57 496||(1 876)||3 335||58 955|
|60||Common Services||41 163||(68)||1 995||43 090|
|Chapter 6||Common Services||41 163||(68)||1 995||43 090|
|Total||650 000||0||34 699||684 699|
25. The Council, the Programme Committee, the Technical Committees and the Regional Conferences have made an unusually high number of recommendations which imply the application of additional resources to specified priorities. As always the Director-General has been attentive to such requests but has been very much influenced by the financial constraints which the Organization faces in 2000-01. In addition to the concerns of Members about the level of assessments, there is also the fact that after a period of substantive reform, there is very little flexibility in the allocation of resources.
26. Added to which is the fact that the 1998-99 budget base appears, in retrospect, to have been over-optimistic about the likely level of income. As has been demonstrated above, this has resulted in a US$ 11 million decline in the Programme of Work.
27. However, the extent to which the Secretariat has been able to accommodate the requests for additional resources does not do justice to their importance. There is a series of high priority areas where substantial additional resources would be justified but which cannot be granted unless Members decide that the importance of FAO's work justifies an appropriation beyond ZRG. The table below lists these requests and their incremental cost (i.e. beyond the amounts already included in the ZRG budget scenario).
28. The entire list totals close to US$ 22.6 million or 3.4 percent over the current appropriation of US$ 650 million. The Council may wish to indicate the priority of items and whether they should be included in the PWB. Where inclusion is recommended, Members are requested to state whether they are prepared to appropriate additional resources or alternatively to indicate the programmes from which the necessary resources can be taken.
29. The net effect of granting additional resources for all of the items listed would be as shown in the following table giving the revised breakdown of the Appropriation.
Proposed Allocation for the Appropriation after Positive Growth Adjustments
(All amounts in US$ 000)
|11||Governing Bodies||18 046||(540)||0||17 506|
|12||Policy, Direction and Planning||19 353||1 028||0||20 381|
|13||External Coordination and Liaison||12 204||28||0||12 232|
|Chapter 1||General Policy and Direction||50 359||533||0||50 892|
|21||Agriculture Production and Support Systems||88 344||1 121||5 425||94 890|
|22||Food and Agriculture Policy and Development||86 612||(110)||4 986||91 488|
|23||Fisheries||39 167||17||5 920||45 104|
|24||Forestry||30 310||399||1 592||32 301|
|25||Contributions to Sustainable Development and Special Programme Thrust||48 473||74||773||49 320|
|Chapter 2||Technical and Economic Programmes||292 906||1 501||18 696||313 103|
|31||Policy Assistance||22 322||261||662||23 245|
|32||Support to Investment||20 209||215||0||20 424|
|33||Field Operations||3 703||(1,426)||0||2 277|
|34||FAO Representatives||64 321||(153)||0||64 168|
|35||Cooperation with External Partners||5 501||993||1||6 495|
|39||Programme Management||1 973||20||0||1 993|
|Chapter 3||Cooperation and Partnerships||118 029||(90)||663||118 602|
|41||Technical Cooperation Programme||87 259||(190)||2 170||89 239|
|42||TCP Unit||2 188||190||0||2 378|
|Chapter 4||Technical Cooperation Programme||89 447||0||2 170||91 617|
|51||Information and Publications Support||14 073||683||600||15 356|
|52||Administration||43 423||(2 559)||214||41 078|
|Chapter 5||Support Services||57 496||(1 876)||814||56 434|
|60||Common Services||41 163||(68)||231||41 326|
|Chapter 6||Common Services||41 163||(68)||231||41 326|
|Total||650 000||0||22 574||672 574|
30. The additions in the growth scenario favour the technical and economic programmes and TCP. The increases proposed are, in addition to being listed in the table overleaf, described in the text at the end of each technical programme.
Provision to be made in the SPWB 2000-01 for a Real Growth Scenario
|AnGR Programme and the Intergovernmental Mechanism for AnGR (CGRFA- ITWG-AnGR)||Further develop the programme on management of farm animal
genetic resources for the following areas:
- The maintenance and further development of DAD-IS;
- Funding of the 2nd ITWG - AnGR; and
Preparing for the country driven report on the State of Animal Genetic Resources.
|CL 112/REP paragraph 24 and Report of the First Session of
ITWG -AnGR endorsed by the 15th session of COAG:
Paragraph 33 (i) and (iii)
|Monitoring Land and Freshwater Resources: Quality and Utilization||Enhance capacity to monitor the state of land and freshwater resources so as to make it possible to adequately respond to the increasing number of requests for quality information on the state of land and water resources. These resources would speed up basic data collection and updating the division's information base on soil and water resources.||The report of the 15th session of COAG, paragraph 41||250|
|Support Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade||Provision of the Interim Secretariat to the Rotterdam Convention, providing a forum to decide on the inclusion of chemicals and pesticides in the Prior Informed Consent procedure and providing for the management of an information system to help implement the Convention.||Programme Committee (CL 115/8) paragraph 26, 15th session of COAG report paragraph 33||523|
|Strengthening Plant Biotechnology Activities||15th session of COAG report, paragraphs 44-53||800
|Enhancing the implementation of FIVIMS at the national and international levels||National FIVIMS established in an additional 15 countries during 2000-01; indicators of food insecurity and vulnerability developed and tested; international FIVIMS database established with links to major relevant databases; nutrition and food security databases established and regularly updated; and Annual Reports on the State of Food Insecurity and Vulnerability in the World produced.||CFS 98/Report, paragraph 32
COAG/99/Draft Report/Part 1, paragraph 35
|GIEWS Crop and Food Supply Assessment Missions||Resources are insufficient to meet the expected level of requests in 2000-01 and as ad hoc extra-budgetary funding cannot be relied upon for planning purposes, this activity currently requires that funds be switched from other budgeted activities. The additional resources would allow eight additional assessment missions, locally-organized crop assessments, including local training, improved flow of country-level information to GIEWS, and assessment mission reports available in additional languages .||CL 115/Report, paragraph 6c
COAG/99/Draft Report/Part 1, paragraph 38
|Study of the impact of sanitary and phyto-sanitary measures on international food||To carry out a global study on the economic impact on developing countries of the application of the WTO agreement on sanitary and phyto-sanitary measures in international food and agriculture trade.||COAG/99/Draft Report/Part 1, paragraph 36||120|
|National Systems of Food and Agricultural Statistics||To provide additional technical advice, training and related capacity-building activities to improve food and agricultural statistics in Member Nations in the Near East Region (RNE) and the Sub-region for Central and Eastern Europe (SEUR).||CL114/19 paragraph 26
COAG/99/Draft Report/Part 1, paragraph 37
|Technical Assistance on Trade Policy||Increased technical assistance to strengthen the capacities of developing countries to become well informed and equal partners in the next round of multilateral trade negotiations. Additional resources would be used to provide rapid, highly specialised technical analysis and advice on negotiating issues as they arise.||CCP 62nd Session Report, paragraphs 45-46
COAG/99/Draft Report/Part 1, paragraph 37
|Enhancing technical support to member countries for the implementation of Codex standards on veterinary drug residues in foods||To organize and implement training activities at the Seibersdorf Laboratory of the Joint FAO/IAEA Division in the analysis of animal drug residues in food and to participate in the development of a database on levels of animal drug residues. Outputs would include international guidelines and standard references; trained analysts from developing countries in the detection drug residues, a database on the level of different animal drug residues in various food products.||COAG/99/Draft Report/Part 1, paragraph 36||265
|Implementation of the Plans of Action on Sharks, Seabirds and Capacity||The international Plan of Action for reducing the incidental catch of seabirds in longline fisheries, for the management and conservation of sharks and for the management of fishing capacity.||COFI/99/5 Part III Annexes E, F and G||3 200|
|Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries||Improved dissemination of information, a technical consultation on capacity and illegal fishing, dissemination of the Code and guidelines and indicators for monitoring fisheries.||CL 116/7, paragraphs 18, 20 and 22||316|
|Small Island Developing States Programme||Activities which serve to address the special characteristics of SIDS and emphasize the importance to them of often vulnerable fishery resources for employment, food and generation of foreign exchange.||CL 116/7 paragraph 41 and COFI/99/7||100
|Support to meetings and consultations on key issues||COFI Sub-committee on Aquaculture, Working parties and sessions of ACFR, and an open-ended Technical Consultation on Eco-Labelling.||CL 116/7 paragraphs 79, 26 and 56||367|
|Work on CITES Listing Criteria||Listing criteria for commercially harvested fish species for the Conference of the Parties to CITES.||CL 116/7 paragraphs 48 and 78||100|
|More appropriate Ecosystem Approaches to Fisheries Development||
As part of the follow-up to the Kyoto declaration and plan of action, develop more appropriate ecosystem approaches to fisheries development and management in collaboration with both FAO and non-FAO regional fisheries bodies and to continue its work on the development of sustainability indicators for fisheries.
|CL 116/7 paragraph 71||335|
|Forestry Information System||
Design new modules, including linkages with FAO Regional Offices and key external partners; using FAO's Regional Forestry Commissions, build regional and national capacities to utilize and provide updated information for inclusion in the global information system; and improve and institutionalize the management of the system.
|14th Session of COFO
COFO/99/REP, paragraphs 15, 36, 37, 49 and 51
|Strengthen International Forestry Policy||Serve as international forest policy forum, hosting one global meeting / year on major post-UNCED forest policy issues as determined by member countries and provide policy analysis in support of the global forest policy dialogue.||14th Session of COFO
COFO/99/REP, paragraphs 10, 15, 36, 37, 49 and 51
|Management and Coordination of the ACC Network on Rural Development and Food Security||Strengthen support to the a two-tiered mechanism comprising country-level Thematic Groups on Rural Development and Food Security (approximately 76 have been established to date) and a global network, bringing together UN agencies, governments and civil society, to support country-level action.||Programme Committee CL 115/8 paragraph 60||300|
|Statistical Analysis of Gender Specific Constraints and Issues in Socio-Economic and Development Contexts||Report on Gender Specific Constraints and Issues Arising from Socio-Economic and Development Contexts.||
15th session of COAG report, paragraph 11 and CL 115/REP, paragraph 50
|Strengthening the interdepartmental coordination for the follow-up of the UN Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD)||Strengthen the coordinating mechanism to help integrate the activities of FAO's technical departments, enabling the Organization to address the issue of environmental sustainability in a cross-sectoral way. Outputs will include publications on major ongoing normative and operational activities of FAO on theme being addressed at CSD each year.||15th session of COAG report, paragraph 39 and Programme Committee CL 115/8 paragraph 55||100|
|Sub-regional Office for Central Asia||Provide Members of the sub-region with direct access to a multi-disciplinary team of technical experts.||CL 115/REP paragraph 7 and NERC/98/REP paragraph 24||2 000|
|Sub-regional Office for Central America||Provide Members of the sub-region with direct access to a multi-disciplinary team of technical experts||CL 115/REP paragraph 7 and LARC/98/REP||2 000|
|Strengthening Regional and Sub-regional Offices in Africa||Strengthen the capacity of these offices to provide technical expertise in livestock production and animal health care.||ARC/98/2 paragraph 22 d||300
|Technical Cooperation Programme||Increase resources to bring the total closer to the share of TCP of the total budget to 14% and, if possible to raise it to 17% - Increase returns TCP to its 1986-87 level of 14.1% of the appropriation.||C 89/REP Resolution 9/89||2 170|
|Improve language balance - Meetings||Fifty percent improvement in number of world-wide meetings where translation and interpretation are provided in Chinese and Arabic (currently only English, French and Spanish are covered).||CL 115/REP paragraphs 70-71||814|
|Improve language balance - Publications||Twenty percent improvement in numbers of publications translated into languages other than English.||CL 115/REP paragraphs 70-71||1 040|
|Improve language balance - WAICENT||Expand the cultural base of WAICENT and FAO Web site by increasing the proportion of translated text and databases, providing support for multi-lingual search capacity.||CL 115/REP paragraphs 70-71||1 692|
|Improve language balance - Media relations||Extend the language capacity of GII Media groups to enhance FAO's capacity to communicate its message effectively with other cultures and language groups.||CL 115/REP paragraphs 70-71||600|