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Three new Working Papers have been produced by our Wood Energy Programme

The role of wood energy in Africa
(Working Paper FOPW/99/3)

This Working Paper is the third in our Wood Energy Today for Tomorrow (WETT) series.

[Please see Forest Energy Forum No. 4, for more information.]

 

 

 

 

Electricidad a partir de eucalipto y bagazo en ingenios azucareros de Nicaragua
(Working Paper FOPW/99/2 (S)
)

El estudio realiza un análisis tecnoeconómico de la generación de electricidad a partir de bagazo y de leña de eucalipto utilizados como combustibles en dos ingenios azucareros nicaragüenses.

 

El Protocolo de Kyoto y el mecanismo para un desarrollo limpio
(Working Paper FOPW/99/1 (S))

Las actividades de secuestro, almacenamiento o reducción de emisiones de carbono asociadas con los cambios de uso del suelo y las actividades forestales constituyen una de las opciones existentes para regular las emisiones antrópicas de gases con efecto invernadero, permitiendo por lo tanto mitigar los efectos potenciales del calentamiento global subsecuente.

El Protocolo de Kioto (PK), negociado en diciembre de 1997 durante la tercera Conferencia de las Partes de la Convención Marco de las Naciones Unidas sobre el Cambio Climático (CMCC), reconoce esta opción posibilitando que aquellos países que han aceptado reducir sus emisiones de gases con efecto invernadero puedan acreditar dicha reducción a partir de la ejecución doméstica de actividades forestales y de cambio en el uso del suelo que intensifiquen el secuestro y el almacenamiento de carbono en sumideros naturales o que lleven a la reducción de emisiones de dichos gases.

Adicionalmente, el PK prevé mecanismos de flexibilidad, mediante los cuales los mencionados países podrán desarrollar dichas actividades de secuestro o reducción de emisiones en colaboración con otros países, pudiendo "compensar" parcialmente los compromisos de reducción de emisiones de gases en sus propios países.

Estos elementos han desencadenado una gran expectativa, tanto en los países industrializados como en los países en desarrollo, con relación a las consecuencias que puedan tener sobre el desarrollo futuro.

Si bien aún existen muchos interrogantes sobre los aspectos políticos, técnicos y económicos de estas cuestiones y, principalmente, acerca de los mecanismos mediante los cuales se llevarán a cabo los nuevos acuerdos, al crecer el consenso general -tanto científico como político- sobre la acumulación en la atmósfera de gases con efecto invernadero que pueden tener efectos nefastos para el ambiente global, la naturaleza del debate político internacional ha cambiado sensiblemente: de argumentar si es necesario hacer algo, a preguntarse qué se puede hacer, cuándo se debe hacer, y a qué costo.

Con el convencimiento de que esta temática constituirá un importante dinamizador del desarrollo sostenible del sector forestal, se ha preparado el presente documento a fin de describir brevemente las oportunidades, riesgos e incertidumbres emergentes -focalizándolos sobre la región de América Latina y El Caribe- con el objetivo de difundir sus principales características e impulsar la realización de iniciativas forestales y bioenergética para la movilización de inversiones.

For copies of these publications, please contact Mr Miguel Trossero.

 

Volume/biomass special study: georeferenced forest volume data for Latin America

The assessment of environmental functions of forests is essential for FAO Forest Resources Assessment 2000 (FRA 2000). It relates directly to the role of forests in the carbon cycling and maintenance of biological diversity. This report (FRA Working Paper No. 4) deals with forest biomass estimate and specifically describes the progress made so far towards the establishment of a geographic information system and an electronic information system, containing integrated cartographic and tabular information for data analysis, modelling and the implementation of special studies on selected thematic elements.

For more information, please contact: Mr Robert Davis, FRA Programme Coordinator, Forest Resources Division, Forestry Department, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00100 Rome, Italy.
e-mail:robert.davis@fao.org

 

Wood pelletization sourcebook

Produced by the Great Lakes Regional Biomass Energy Program, this sourcebook describes the costs and processes for making pellets from sawdust and other wood waste products.

For more information, please contact: Mr Fred Kuzel, Director, Great Lakes Regional Biomass Energy Program, 35 E. Wacker Drive, Suite 1850, Chicago, IL 60601, USA.
Fax: +1 312 407 0038;
e-mail: fkuzel@cglg.org

 

The challenge of rural energy poverty in developing countries

This joint FAO/WEC publication, which was published in October 1999, draws attention to a problem that is often overshadowed by the more immediate problems of hunger and famine. Energy, however, is an essential element both for the fulfilment of basic needs (especially cooking and heating, but also hygiene, health, etc.) and for sustainable rural development, including energy for agriculture, food processing and education.

FAO's approach in the field of energy is aimed at assisting developing countries to meet their energy requirements in agriculture, forestry and fisheries, as a means of achieving sustainable rural development. A transition from the present energy supply of mainly fuelwood and animal and human power, to a more diversified base and a better use of commercial energy, is the key to improving the living conditions of rural populations. While the report advocates this gradual transition to more modern energy systems, it recognizes that the use of traditional fuels will remain a long-term reality in many rural areas. This calls for the development of ways to manage the use of traditional fuels in a sustainable way, while at the same time improving the lot of rural people. The report advocates an approach which is best summarized as decentralized, integrated and empowering: decentralized because biomass is essentially a local issue; integrated because biomass management needs to take account of other measures in sectors such as agriculture and health; and empowering because those best equipped to manage their (energy) problems are those who know best - the rural people themselves.

It is hoped that this report, issued jointly by the World Energy Council (WEC) (www.worldenergy.org) and FAO, will raise the awareness of the impact energy poverty has on hunger, health and other aspects of rural development.

For more information, please contact: Mr Gustavo Best, Senior Energy Coordinator, Environment and Natural Resources Service, Research, Extension and Training Division, Sustainable Development Department, FAO.
Fax: +39 06 57053369;
e-mail: Gustavo.Best@fao.org;
www.fao.org/sd/egdirect

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Latest publications from FAO’s Regional Wood Energy Development Programme in Asia (RWEDP)

WOOD ENERGY DATA, PLANNING AND POLICIES

Wood energy planning: study tour in India (RM 44), 1999

WOOD ENERGY RESOURCES, PRODUCTION, DISTRIBUTION AND MARKETING

Production, Utilization and Marketing of Woodfuel in Lao PDR – National Workshop (RM 45), 1999

Woodfuel trade in Nepal (RM 46), 1999

Woodfuel Production and Marketing in India – National Training Course (RM 47), 1999

OTHERS

Wood Energy and Forestry Education – Expert Consultation on the Integration of Wood Energy into the Training Curricula of Forestry Education, Cha-am, Thailand (FD 56), 1999

WOOD ENERGY AND GENDER

Gender aspects of woodfuel flows in Sri Lanka: a case study in Kandy district (FD 55), 1999

WOOD ENERGY NEWS

Small and medium enterprises , Vol. 14.1, 1999

Wood energy in India , Vol. 14.2, 1999

For more information, please contact: Mr Bert van der Plas, APO Information Systems, RWEDP, c/o RAP, Maliwan Mansion, Phra Atit Road, Bangkok 10200, Thailand.

Fax: +66 2 280 0760;

e-mail:RWEDP@fao.org