Indigenous multipurpose trees of Tanzania: Uses and economic benefits for people













Table of Contents


Deborah A. Hines
Karlyn Eckman

Drawings: Masquel Lasserre
SPECIES Data Base Programme: Luc Dubreuil
Translation to Swahili: Richard Mabala and Paul Manda
Editing: Pia Cole

Printed in: Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
1st printing 1993

ISBN 0-9697075-0-9

Cultural Survival Canada and Development Services Foundation of Tanzania Also Distributed by Tree Roots Canada

This electronic document has been scanned using optical character recognition (OCR) software and careful manual recorrection. Even if the quality of digitalisation is high, the FAO declines all responsibility for any discrepancies that may exist between the present document and its original printed version.


Table of Contents


Foreword

Acknowledgements

Glossary and acronyms

1. Introduction

1.1 People's needs and the role of indigenous trees
1.2 Purpose of handbook

2. Summary of findings

2.1 The method
2.2 General conclusions
2.3 Role and importance of forests
2.4 Additional thoughts

3. Specific tree uses

3.1 Firewood
3.2 Charcoal
3.3 Building materials
3.4 Domestic items
3.5 Fodder
3.6 Timber/Furniture
3.7 Honey
3.8 Ritual/Spiritual
3.9 Dye
3.10 Land improvement
3.11 Fibre
3.12 Beverages/Food/Condiments
3.13 Fruits
3.14 Medicine
3.15 Fencing
3.16 Gums/Tannins/Resins/Crafts

4. Species list

5. Species profiles

5.1 Introduction
5.2 Propagation and management techniques
5.3 Local vegetative propagation and tree tending techniques
5.4 Species profiles

ACACIA ALBIDA
ACACIA MELLIFERA
ACACIA NILOTICA
ACACIA TORTILIS
ADANSONIA DIGITATA
AFZELIA QUANZENSIS
ALBIZIA GUMMIFERA
ALBIZIA SCHIMPERANA
ANNONA SENEGALENSIS
AZANZA GARCKEANA
BALANITES AEGYPTIACA
BERCHEMIA DISCOLOR
BRACHYSTEGIA SPICIFORMIS
BREONADIA SALICINA
BRIDELIA MICRANTHA
COMBRETUM MOLLE
COMMIPHORA AFRICANA
COMMIPHORA EMINII
CORDIA AFRICANA
CORDIA SINENSIS
CROTON MEGALOCARPUS
DALBERGIA MELANOXYLON
DICHROSTACHYS CINEREA
DIOSPYROS MESPILIFORMIS
ENTADA ABYSSINICA
ERYTHRINA ABYSSINICA
EUPHORBIA TIRUCALLI
FICUS SYCOMORUS
FICUS THONNINGII
FLACOURTIA INDICA
GREWIA BICOLOR
JUNIPERUS PROCERA
KHAYA ANTHOTHECA
LONCHOCARPUS CAPASSA
MARKHAMIA OBTUSIFOLIA
MILICIA EXCELSA
OCOTEA USAMBARENSIS
OLEA CAPENSIS
OLEA EUROPAEA
OXYTENANTHERA ABYSSINICA
PARINARI CURATELLIFOLIA
PTEROCARPUS ANGOLENSIS
RAUVOLFIA CAFFRA
SALVADORA PERSICA
STRYCHNOS COCCULOIDES
SYZYGIUM GUINEENSE
TAMARINDUS INDICA
TECLEA NOBILIS
TERMINALIA SERICEA
TREMA ORIENTALIS
TRICHILIA EMETICA
UAPACA KIRKIANA
VANGUERIA MADAGASCARIENSIS
VITEX DONIANA
WARBURGIA SALUTARIS
XIMENIA AMERICANA
XIMENIA CAFFRA

Appendices

Appendix A: References and readings

Appendix B: Questionnaires

No. 1: Species data questionnaire
No. 2: Village level questionnaire
No. 3: Market survey
No. 4: Seasonal calendar

Appendix C: Lexicon

C1. List of local languages
C2. Species list by Latin name
C3. Common and local names