David J. Doulman
Senior Fishery Planning Officer
FAO Fisheries Department
FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, November 1994
This document was prepared at the request of the United States Department of State as a contribution for the Global Fisheries Enforcement Workshop, held in Washington DC, USA, from 25 to 27 October 1994. The paper summarizes technical assistance provided by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in the field of monitoring, control and surveillance to its developing members since 1980.
Technical assistance in fisheries monitoring control and surveillance: a historical perspective of FAO's role.
FAO Fisheries Circular. No. 882. Rome, FAO. 1994. 22p.
ABSTRACTThis paper provides a summary of technical assistance rendered since 1980 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) to its developing members in the field of fisheries monitoring, control and surveillance (MCS). Following the introduction the international and national legal aspects of MCS are discussed briefly in the context of fisheries conservation and management. The origin of FAO's MCS programme of technical assistance is then outlined. Over the period 1980 to 1994, the geographical distribution and type of MCS technical assistance provided by FAO is analyzed. MCS funding sources are addressed in the next section of the paper and a qualitative assessment made concerning the impact that FAO's MCS technical assistance has had on fisheries conservation and management efforts in recipient States. The paper concludes that it is anticipated that a high level of demand will remain for MCS technical assistance in view of the (i) increasing recognition of the fundamental importance of MCS in fisheries conservation and management, and (ii) increased and new international conservation and management responsibilities associated with Agenda 21: The United Nations Programme of Action from Rio, the implementation of the Agreement to Promote Compliance with International Conservation and Management Measures by Fishing Vessels on the High Seas, and the outcomes of negotiations for the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fishing, and the United Nations Conference on Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks.
The FAO Fisheries Circular is a vehicle for distribution of short or ephemeral notes, lists, etc., including provisional versions of documents to be issued in other series.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
2. LEGAL CONSIDERATIONS
3. FAO EXPERT CONSULTATION
4. DISTRIBUTION AND TYPES OF MCS ASSISTANCE PROVIDED
4.1 Geographical areas assisted
4.2 Types of assistance
5.1 Regular programme sources
5.2 Trust fund support
6. ASSESSMENT OF TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROVIDED
SUMMARY OF NATIONAL AND REGIONAL MCS TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROVIDED BY FAO TO MEMBERS, 1980-1994