TCP/MYA/4554

Field Document

TECHNICAL COOPERATION PROGRAMME

Support to Special Plan for Prawn
and Shrimp Farming

BASED ON THE WORK OF

DR. NYAN TAW

Shrimp Backyard Hatchery Consultant

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS

Bangkok, June 1997

Table of Contents

1. BACKGROUND

2. WORKPLAN

3. ACTIVITIES

4. TRAINING

5. STUDY TOUR

6. FACILITIES & EQUIPMENT

7. THE CONSULTANT SCHEDULED FINAL MISSION

APPENDIX 1

TRAINING ON SHRIMP BACKYARD HATCHERY OPERATION TECHNOLOGY

1. BACKGROUND

2. TRAINING PROGRAMME

3. LIST OF TRAINEES

4. TRAINING STAFF

5. TRAINING ACTIVITIES

APPENDIX 2

REPORT ON THE STUDY TOUR TO THAILAND, VIETNAM, INDONESIA AND MALAYSIA

1. BACKGROUND

2. THE DELEGATION

3. ITINERARY

4. LIST OF PERSONS MET

5. COUNTRIES

APPENDIX 3

APPENDIX 4

APPENDIX 5

APPENDIX 6


1. BACKGROUND

Neither intensive nor semi-intensive culture of shrimps has developed in Myanmar. Farming of marine shrimps has spread rapidly in South-east and South Asia, with exception of a few countries, including Myanmar. Myanmar's neighbors Bangladesh to the north and Thailand to the south are both major producers of cultured marine shrimps. Culture of marine shrimps is now spreading rapidly in India. In all these countries export of cultured marine shrimps is a major earner of foreign exchange. There are about 30,00 acres (12,000 hectares) of traditional shrimp farms in operation which are mainly located in Rakhine State which borders with Bangladesh. The yield from the ponds are very low - 100 kgs/ha/year.

The government considers aquaculture generally, and shrimp farming in particular, as high priority sectors of the economy. Shrimp farming is potentially a very large generator of foreign exchange. If the 40,000 hectares could be brought under semi-intensive culture, the export income could be substantial (US$ 400 to 500 million). The government at its highest level, the State Law and Order Restoration Council, has established a special programme for shrimp culture development. The Special Programme has approved a Special Plan for the development of shrimp culture. This endorses a strategy which prioritizes semi-intensive culture as the main vehicle for shrimp culture development in Myanmar.

The main purpose of the project TCP/MYA/4554 "Support to Special Plan for Prawn and Shrimp Farming" is the development of sustainable, environment-friendly shrimp culture in Myanmar. Development of backyard hatcheries and identification of a strategy for attracting foreign participation in the shrimp farming industry. Initially two demonstration backyard hatcheries are to be setup in Rakhine State: the first in Sittwe area, and the second close to Kyaukpyu. It is expected that demonstration scale farms (5 to 20 hectares) will be provided at these sites.

The consultant carried out three missions. During the first mission (April - June 1996) the project area (Rakhine State), and other possible sites (Yangon and Ayeyawady Divisions ) tentatively selected by the DOF, were surveyed. Two sites, Soemekyi (Sittwe area) and Lontha (Thandwe/Kyautpyu area), were selected to establish backyard hatcheries. Hatchery design, list of equipment and chemicals required for construction and operation of the backyard hatcheries were provided. At the request of the DOF modification and upgrading plans of the existing DOF Lontha hatchery and operation system were made, and under the direct technical supervision of the consultant, nearly four million Post Larvae (PLs) were produced for the first time. A number of traditional shrimp farms and semi-intensive shrimp farm projects were visited. The consultant advised the technicians from the shrimp farms and projects as appropriate. The consultant was a sole resource speaker at a Seminar on Recent Technology on Shrimp Backyard Hatchery and Farming organized by the Myanmar Aquaculture & Fisheries Association (MAFA). The consultant formulated a training programme for DOF technicians to be trained in Indonesia.

During the second mission (21 October - 21 December 1996), the consultant supervised the construction of the backyard hatcheries at the sites identified : Soemekyi and Lontha, Rakhine State. The construction was advanced by approximately 35% (Soemekyi) and 15 % (Lontha) at the time of the consultant `s departure. All major equipment to be installed at the hatcheries was purchased locally and transferred to the sites, including the speed boat for Soemekyi. The list of equipment and names of suppliers of chemicals, drugs and shrimp feeds were submitted to FAOR Myanmar before the consultant concluded the mission. The consultant advised three semi-intensive shrimp farms/projects - Rakhine Trading Co. Shrimp Farm project near Sittwe (within 3 hours by speed boat), Top Win Co. Shrimp Farm at Wetkite and Myanmar Aquaculture Industry Co. Ltd., Shrimp farm project Wetkite (both within ten hours by Air). These farms are intended as the project demonstration semi-intensive shrimp farms. A basic layout and cross-section plan for semi-intensive shrimp farm was also provided. The consultant participated in a Workshop on Fisheries Management organized by DOF. A Workshop on Shrimp Aquaculture Industry was organised by DOF with assistance from the TCP project. A programme was recommended for the study tour planned to Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia and Malaysia for two DOF senior officials. This third mission took place from 26 March through 26 June 1997.

2. WORKPLAN

The project workplan was discussed at a meeting with U Soe Win, DG Department, Director U Hla Win, Director U Win Aung and U Chin Khoke , National Project Director at the DG's office on April 22, 1997. Main Concern of the Director General was to ascertain that the work plan proceeded on schedule. The consultant explained that there had been some minor changes due to some delays both by DOF (construction of hatcheries and timely availability of fund) and by FAO (delay in procurement of equipment through FPO) which would not affect the project objectives. The consultant informed the DG of the extension of project until October 31, 1997 and assured him that the extension reflected a re-scheduled workplan, which is normal practice. The DG gave strict instructions to the NPD and his staff to give full support to the project and to accomplish the workplan as scheduled.

The workplan is based on the prevailing weather condition in Myanmar, in particular Rakhine State where the planned backyard hatcheries are located. In Myanmar the southwest monsoon starts from mid-May until end of September. Hatchery operation during the monsoon months will be difficult due to lower seawater salinity. The best period for shrimp hatchery operation to produce shrimp post larvae is between February and May. The following table reflects the sequence of operations as implemented until June 26, 1997, date of completion of the consultant's third mission. The plan for the future is a tentative plan as discussed during de-briefing at FAORAP in Bangkok. The reporting consultant together with the shrimp farm environmentalist consultant would carry out his last mission in October 1997 to organize a final workshop and to formulate, based on the present project's findings, a proposal for shrimp culture development to allow government follow-up action and/or seeking of additional external assistance.

 

WORKPLAN

(April 14, 1996 to June 26, 1997 - actual; June 27 to October 31, 1997 - projected)

Months/Calendar months

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19  
Apr. May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec

1996

Jan

1997

Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct  

3. ACTIVITIES

During the third mission, the consultant supervised final construction works and the installation of equipment at the backyard hatcheries. Procurement of equipment, chemicals, drugs and shrimp feeds were completed, including a speed boat (80 HP) for Soemekyi. Training in shrimp backyard hatchery operation technology was conducted for 25 persons from DOF and shrimp farmers at the project main DOF backyard hatcheries (Lontha).

3.1 SHRIMP BACKYARD HATCHERIES

3.1.1. Soemekyi backyard hatchery, Pauktaw Township.

The Soemekyi backyard hatchery at Pauktaw Township is located at the south -western inner part of west Phayonka island, about 3 hours traveling time by local motor boat from Sittwe. The backyard hatchery built by DOF, and facilitated by FAO, is completed and in operation. Two units of staff quarters are also completed. A room in one of the units is used as a field laboratory. A room at Sittwe Township Fishery Office, where power is available 24 hours (near the Cold storage facilities), is to be modified into a laboratory. Phytoplankon stock will be maintained at the laboratory.

Criteria for selection of the site:

(i) Technically the sea water conditions such as clear blue sea water with high suitable salinity for the hatchery operation is available at least 10 months in a year. There is a rocky protected beach with some white sand. The PLs (seed) production can be controlled to suit the PLs demand by shrimp grow-out farms.

(ii) Shrimp spawners are known to be abundant just off the west Phayonka island. During 1997/88 some of shrimp spawners were exported from this area. Spawners are essential in the production of shrimp PLs.

(iii) The shrimp farms - traditional and semi-intensive farms - are located from as near as 30 minutes to five hours transport time by normal local motor boats. With the speed boat the transport time will be reduced to 30%. The Rakhine Trading Co. Ltd. shrimp semi-intensive farm which is to be used as a project demonstration farm is located about one hour from Sittwe or about two hours by speed boat from Soemekyi hatchery. Traveling time from Soemekyi to Sittwe is recorded to be 45 minutes with the 80 HP speed boat provided by the project.

(iv) The west Phoyonka island is a long island with a channel between west and mid Phoyonka islands. The protected beaches (rocky/sandy) along the inner southern area are also suitable for shrimp hatchery operation. These areas can be utilized and either backyard/ small scale or commercial hatcheries can be established.

(iv) There is a small fishing village with a small health center with a daily ferry motor boat to and from Sittwe.

Two technicians - U Myint Thein and U Nyan Win Aung - who were trained in Indonesia within the TCP project - are assigned at Soemekyi backyard hatchery. The shrimp PLs produced from Soemekyi hatchery can be distributed to the Rakhine Trading Co. Shrimp Farm project near Sittwe (within 3 hours by speed boat). The project will be completing five 1 ha semi-intensive ponds for stocking with PLs in one months' time. If required, the PLs could also be sent to Myanmar P.L. Int. Ltd. Shrimp Farm Project (within ten hours transporting time boat) where six 1 acre ponds will be ready for stocking. There are also over 10,000 hectares of traditional shrimp farms within 10 hours distance from Soemekyi Hatchery.

3.1.2 Lontha backyard hatchery, Thandwe Township.

The Lontha backyard hatchery, Thandwe Township, is located just off a beach area beside the main DOF Lontha hatchery at Thandwe. The backyard hatchery, built by DOF and facilitated by FAO, is completed and in operation. Two units for staff quarters are also completed. A room in one of the units is used as a field laboratory. Phytoplankon stock can be available from the main laboratory within the main DOF hatchery. U Aye Kyaw has been assigned as head of the backyard hatchery; he was trained in Indonesia by the present project.

Criteria for selection of the site:

(i) The site is proven to be feasible to produce shrimp Post Larvae as it is located just beside the DOF main hatchery established by Asian Development Bank (ADB) loan in 1986.

(ii) During 1987/88 over 30,000 shrimp spawners were collected from the area and exported abroad.

(iii) The Post Larvae has been successfully transported to Yangon Division by Air. The PLs can also be sent by car/motor boat (within 6-10 hours) to Kyautpyu area shrimp farms.

(iv) In Rakhine State, the DOF Lontha shrimp hatchery is the only hatchery with complete facilities for operation and training purposes. One of the main objectives of the project was to train backyard hatchery operators. To facilitate the training of technicians, use of facilities at only one backyard hatchery will not be sufficient. To train well qualified backyard hatchery operators main hatchery facilities are essential.

(v) Lontha is located about five km south of Ngapali (a major tourist area) which can be reached by air, road (three routes) and sea. The town has sufficient facilities to accommodate a large number people.

The consultant had already made arrangements to send about seven hundred thousand PLs to be stocked in six 1 acre ponds at Myanmar P.L. Int. Ltd. Shrimp Farm Project at Kyautpyu area (within 9 hours transport time by car/boat from Lontha hatchery). The PLs can also be sent by car/motor boat (within 6-10 hours) to other parts of Kyautpyu areas. At present, the sources of shrimp PLs for farming in the Yangon Division are the DOF Lontha hatchery, (Thandwe) by air and the DOF Chaungtha, (Ayeyawady Division) by car. Post Larvae have been successfully transported to both Ayeyawady and Yangon Division .

3.2 SHRIMP SEMI-INTENSIVE FARMS

A number of shrimp farms at Rakhine State, Ayeyawady, and Yangon Division were visited to assess the possibility of using them as demonstration farms for the project. The following semi-intensive shrimp farms were identified for use as demonstration shrimp farms in the development of shrimp farming in Myanmar.

3.2.1 Rakhine Trading Co. Shrimp Farm, Sittwe

The Rakhine Trading Co. Ltd. shrimp semi-intensive farm started the project over two years ago. The company had already spent over Kyats 25,000,000. The farm is located north of Sittwe, Yethetaung Township, about 15 minutes drive by car and about one hour travelling time by motor boat. The Company has already developed over 250 acres for traditional culture system. The area is located at the junction of Mayu and Kaladan river mouths. The salinity ranged between 5 and 34 ppt., which is a feasible water salinity for shrimp farming. They are now developing five 1 ha ponds for semi- intensive system culture this year. The ponds are well constructed with water supply canals and outlet gates. Tidal current is to be used for initial filling of reservoir and production ponds. Water pumps will be used to supply the ponds with water during the later part of production. Equipment such as paddle wheels, water pumps, generators are ready in hand for farming operation . The consultant advised the Chairman of the company on the modifications and changes needed in their layout and production system. These modifications can be made within a month, by which time the PLs produced from Soemekyi backyard hatchery can be stocked. Two technicians were trained at Lontha hatchery in the course of the present project. They will be the core technicians to manage the farming technical aspects. The Chairman informed the consultant that the company will built a backyard hatchery near the project hatchery before next year. The company had already purchased an acre of land in the proximity of the project's hatchery.

This semi-intensive shrimp farm can be used as a demonstration farm in the development of semi-intensive shrimp farming in the northern Rakhine State where most of the estimated 40,000 hectares of traditional shrimp farms are located.

3.2.2 Myanmar P.L. Int. Ltd. Shrimp Farm, Kyautpyu.

During the consultant's first and second missions, due to communication problems, Kyautpyu area was not visited. During this third mission the consultant managed to visit the area. The farm is located south-east of Kyautpyu City. The site lies between Kyautpyu main island and mainland, protected from strong sea and winds. The site can be reached from Pyautpyu by motor boat in about an hour. It is about 7 to 9 hours from Taunggot . Taunggot is approximately two hours drive from Thandwe and about 10 hours from Yangon. Soemekyi can be reached through inner water way in about 12 hours.

The project started over three years ago. The farm is being implemented through the Myanmar Joint Venture No. 6 between the Myanmar P.L. Ltd and Department of Fisheries. The company had over 350 acres of land from which eighteen 1 acre and three 2.5 acre ponds are to be established. The reservoir and production ponds are well designed but some modifications need to be made for cost-effective and smooth operation. The farm system was designed by an engineer who had experience in freshwater fish culture systems. However, with some modification and changes the ponds could be made productive for semi-intensive farming system. Equipment such as paddle wheels, water pumps, and generators are ready in hand for farming operation. The consultant advised the technicians on the modifications of the ponds and the operation system. The farm was to stock at least six ponds with PLs from DOF Lontha Hatchery. Two technicians from the company participated in the Backyard Hatchery Operation Technology training which was conducted by the present project at DOF Lontha hatchery.

This semi-intensive shrimp farm can be used as a demonstration farm in the development of semi-intensive shrimp farming in the middle and southern Rakhine State where an estimated 10,000 hectares of traditional shrimp farms are located.

3.2.3 Top Win Co. Shrimp Farm at Wetkite, Kungyangon Township, Yangon Division.

The consultant had visited this shrimp farm during both the first and second mission. According to the company Director the farm started over two years ago. The land was formerly used for salt production, and converted into shrimp ponds. Pond design and the operation system were improved as advised by the consultant. During the first culture trial, shrimps were harvested after two months growing period with some earnings. At present four ponds are in operation using PLs transported from DOF Lontha (by air & car) and Chaungtha (by car) hatcheries. From the consultant's evaluation the shrimps are growing as expected despite the quality of feeds given. One pond is due for harvest in 10 days time from now. If the shrimps grow as anticipated, over five tons can be expected from the four 2 acre ponds. Two technicians from the company participated in the Backyard Hatchery Operation Technology training conducted by the present project at DOF Lontha hatchery. Also this company plans to establish a backyard hatchery, either at Chaungtha or Kanthaya, to support their farm.

This semi-intensive shrimp farm can be used as a demonstration farm in the development of semi-intensive shrimp farming in Yangon and Ayeyawady Divisions, where there are a number of sites suitable for shrimp farming.

3.2.4 Myanmar Aquaculture Industry Co. Ltd., Wetkite Kungyangon Township, Yangon Division

This shrimp farm started only one year ago with advice from the consultant. The pond layout , design and farming systems were provided by the consultant. The area is ideal as it is located near Yangon. Travelling time from Yangon to the farm is only two hours. The major constraint is the source of PLs, which requires at least 7-12 hours transportation time either by air or road. Due to the water quality (muddy and low salinity during rainy season) only one cycle of production may be achieved. The farm plans to establish sixteen 1 hectare production ponds. However, only two ponds were completed for this season. They were stocked with PLs from DOF Lontha hatchery about six weeks ago. The shrimps in the ponds are growing as expected although the technicians are having problems with the pond newly constructed dikes.

This semi-intensive shrimp farm can be used as a demonstration farm in the development of semi-intensive shrimp farming in Yangon and Ayeyawady Divisions, where there are a number of sites suitable for shrimp farming.

4. TRAINING

The training on shrimp backyard hatchery operation technology was conducted at DOF Lontha hatchery, the project's backyard hatchery. Twenty five DOF technicians and shrimp farmers participated in the hands-on training programme. The training took place during 21 days, from 21 May to 11 June. The trainees were divided into five groups and actually given a 8 ton tank per group to hatch and rear shrimp larvae from nauplii to post larvae (Pls) stage. All five groups managed to produce Shrimp PLs from their respective tanks. With the trainees'effort, the five tanks produced about one million PLs. A separate account of this training session is given in Appendix 1.

5. STUDY TOUR

The consultant lead and acted as coordinator of a study tour to Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia and Malaysia (24 April - 14 May 1997) for two DOF senior officials - U Win Aung , Director and U Min Thein, Asst. Director - to have an overview on shrimp farming, its economics and international joint venture arrangements. Since semi-government and private sectors will also play a major role in the development of shrimp farming in Myanmar, the consultant arranged for two active persons to participate in the study tour, at their own expense, in Indonesia, where the consultant normally works and could take full responsibility. Only U Khin Maung Aye, Chairman of Rakhine Trading Co. Ltd. Shrimp Farm at Sittwe was able to join the team in Indonesia and Malaysia.

A detailed study tour report is provided in Appendix 2.

6. FACILITIES & EQUIPMENT

The consultant supervised the finalization of construction and installation of equipment at the backyard hatcheries. Procurement of equipment, chemicals, drugs and shrimp feeds for the hatcheries was completed, including a speed boat (80 HP) for Soemekyi. There were delays in securing equipment and chemicals through the field purchase order from suppliers who were reluctant to accept the payment modality of this system. A detailed list was submitted to FAOR Myanmar during the consultant's first mission. The FPO were received by the suppliers during mid March 1997 just before the consultant's departure for his third mission. However, all equipment was secured on June 18, 1997 before the consultant's departure. The equipment which the supplier failed to supply had to be purchased locally. A detailed list of equipment, chemicals, drugs and shrimp feeds procured is given in appendix 3.

Some of the essential equipment needed has not yet been purchased. In the development of shrimp farming extension, good laboratory and field facilities are a basic requirement. The equipment purchased for the backyard hatcheries and laboratories is sufficient. However, procurement of better performing microscopes for the two backyard hatcheries is advisable.

7. THE CONSULTANT SCHEDULED FINAL MISSION

As per revised workplan agreed to by all concerned, a final mission by the consultant is scheduled during late September or October 1997 to :

- organize and implement a workshop to be addressed to both DOF officials and farmers

- collaborate with national entities involved and with the consultant environmentalist in the design and formulation of a follow-up project proposal for shrimp culture development which, based on the project's findings, would allow Government follow-up action and/or seeking additional external assistance as necessary.

- assist the national project director in the preparation of the project draft terminal statement to be submitted to RAP/FAO for finalization and submission to the Government

APPENDIX 1

TCP/MYA/4554

Support to the Special Plan for Shrimp

and Prawn Farming

TRAINING ON SHRIMP BACKYARD HATCHERY OPERATION TECHNOLOGY

A training programme under the Food and Agriculture Organization of

the United Nations (FAO) project - Support to the Special Plan for Shrimp

and Prawn Farming (TCP/MYA/4554-T) - implemented by the Department

of Fisheries, Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries and assisted by the FAO.

REPORT

Prepared by

Dr. Nyan Taw

FAO Consultant- Backyard Hatchery

Lontha, Thandwe

Myanmar

June 12, 1997

1. BACKGROUND

Farming of marine shrimps has spread rapidly in South-east and South Asia, with exception of a few countries, including Myanmar. Myanmar's neighbors Bangladesh to the north and Thailand to the south are both major producers of cultured marine shrimps. Culture of marine shrimp is now spreading rapidly in India. In all these countries export of cultured marine shrimp is a major earner of foreign exchange.

The government considers aquaculture in general, and shrimp farming in particular, as high priority sectors of the economy. Shrimp farming is potentially a very large generator of foreign exchange. Given the pressing development needs of the country, the government at its highest level, the State Law and Order Restoration Council, has established a special programme for shrimp culture development. The Special Programme has approved a Special Plan for the development of shrimp culture.

The main objective of the project is for the development of sustainable, environment-friendly shrimp culture in Myanmar for which development of backyard hatcheries and training of technicians are essential. Backyard hatcheries are now being established, one at Lontha, Thandwe Township and the other at Soemekyi, Pauktaw Township, both in Rakhine State. This project trained four technicians from DOF in shrimp hatchery operation technology in Indonesia.

One of the main components of the project is to train local shrimp farmers and technicians in shrimp backyard hatchery operation technology using the trained DOF technicians. The training was opened by Lt. Col. Khin Maung Than, District Law & Order Restoration Council Office, Thandwe. The closing ceremony was also attended by Lt. Col. Khin Maung Than and his staff. The Head of trainees, Lt. Ne Lin, described their training experience in Indonesia with acknowledgement to the members of the project, especially the DOF and FAO officials. Also U Kyaw Aye, the most senior trainee by age, gave an acknowledgement speech at the closing ceremony. The trainees were awarded with completion certificates signed by U Soe Win , Director General , Department of Fisheries, U Chin Khoke (National Project Director) and Dr. Nyan Taw , FAO Consultant for Backyard Hatcheries.

The training started on May 21, 1997 and was concluded on June 11, 1997.

2. TRAINING PROGRAMME

Subject: Shrimp Backyard Hatchery Operation Technology

Location: Lontha Backyard Hatchery [TCP/MYA/4554-(T)] - Lontha, Sandoway Township

Backup facilities - DOF Lontha Hatchery.

Trainees: At least 10 Trainees should be from private sector; with B.Sc. or equivalent with at least one year experience in shrimp/prawn hatchery operation.

Trainers: U Chin Khoke, NPD (DOF) as Coordinator

U Saw New Year & U Aye Kyaw (Lontha) - DOF

Dr. Nyan Taw , FAO Consultant

Experienced technicians from Lontha hatchery will be requested to act as instructors during the training.

Starting /ending dates: May 21 -June 11, 1997 ( 21 Days)

Programme: The training will start with an opening ceremony attended by invited guests and trainees at DOF Lontha hatchery.

Backyard Hatchery Operation:

The trainees will spend most of their time at DOF Lontha main and DOF/FAO backyard hatcheries participating and learning hands-on technology on :- selection of site; selection of spawners; maturation; spawning; hatching; larvae rearing; post larvae (PLs) rearing; phytoplankton & artemia culture; transportation & marketing of post larvae.

Laboratory Procedures: Laboratory procedures for water quality management, phytoplankton stock culture & maintenance and disease diagnosis will be studied at DOF Lontha main hatchery.

Field trip to Shrimp Farms: The trainees will visit private shrimp farms within Thandwe areas. They will also participate in obtaining shrimp spawners for fishing trawlers.

Training Cost: Sponsored by FAO project TCP/MYA/4554(T).

Accommodation: The participants will be accommodated at DOF - housing facilities at Lontha.

3. LIST OF TRAINEES

1. Lt. Ne Lin Security Officer, Security Office, Western Command, Sittwe

2. U Thein Soe Security Office, Western Command, Sittwe

3. U Than Aung Rakhine Trading Co. Ltd., Shrimp Farm Project, Sittwee

4. U Kyaw Tun Zan Rakhine Trading Co. Ltd., Shrimp Farm Project, Sittwee.

5. U Tin Maung MGF, Shrimp Farm Project, Sittwee.

6. U Oo Than Tun MGF, Shrimp Farm Project, Sittwee.

7. U Kyaw Aye Star Coral Shrimp Breeding Entrepreneur's Coop. Ltd., Sittwee

8. U Khin Maung Latt Star Coral Shrimp Breeding Entrepreneur's Coop. Ltd. Sittwee

9. U Myo Than Naing Star Coral Shrimp Breeding Entrepreneur's Coop. Ltd. Sittwee.

10. U Kyaw Soe Myanmar PL Co. Ltd., Kyautpyu Shrimp Farm Project , Kyautpyu.

11. U Kyi Nyein Myanmar PL Co. Ltd., Kyautpyu Shrimp Farm Project, Kyautpyu.

12. U Maung Maung San District Law & Order Restoration Council Office, Thandwe.

13. U Kyaw Soe Coral Coop. Society Ltd. Shrimp Farm, Thandwe

14. Saw Ka Hsawme Htoo Coral Coop. Society Ltd. Shrimp Farm, Thandwe.

15. U Pao Khan Khai Myanmar Aquaculture Industry Shrimp Farm Project, Wetkite.

16. Daw Mu Mu Hlaing Top Win Co. Ltd., Shrimp Farm, Wetkite.

17. U San Aung Kyaw DOF Rakhine State, Sittwee

18. U Myint Thein DOF Lontha Hatchery, Thandwe

19. U Ko Lay " " "

20. Daw Myint Myint Zaw " " "

21. Daw Nyunt Nyunt Htay " " "

22. Daw Khin Than Win " " "

23. U Myint Wai " " "

24. Daw Nyo Nyo San " " "

25. U Khin Maung Yee " " "

4. TRAINING STAFF

1. Dr. Nyan Taw,

FAO Consultant -Backyard Hatcheries, TCP/MYA/4554-(T), FAO

2. U Saw New Year, Head- Staff Officer

DOF Lontha Hatchery, Thandwe Township, Rakhine State, DOF

3. U Aye Kyaw , Head -Backyard Hatchery

Lontha Shrimp Hatchery , Thandwe Township, Rakhine State, DOF

Remarks: The following trainees participated as resource persons for demonstrations during the training session. They are experienced DOF technicians or former DOF technicians.

U Myint Thein , U Ko Lay, Daw Myint Myint Kyi (DOF)

U Kyaw Soe and Daw Mu Mu Hlaing (Former DOF Technicians)

5. TRAINING ACTIVITIES

Shrimp Hatchery Operation

The trainees spent most of their time at the hatchery participating and learning hands-on technology on the following subjects:

General biology and life cycle of P. monodon

Site selection

Collection, handling and transportation of spawners

Selection of spawners

Maturation of spawners by eye ablation.

Spawning and hatching

Larvae rearing

Post larvae rearing

Harvesting and marketing of postlarvae

Phytoplankton stock maintenance

Phytoplankton mass culture

Artemia culture

Preparation and utilization of artificial feeds

Water and water quality management

Disease diagnosis.

Drying and sanitation of hatchery, tanks and equipment before and after each cycle.

To have a better understanding of the hatchery operation systems the trainees were divided into five groups. Each group was given an eight ton larvae rearing tank to operate on their own with close supervision of the instructors. The trainees had to take turns during the 24 hours period to attend to water management, preparation of feeds and actual feeding of the larvae or PLs, and thus learning the biology and morphology of the shrimp larvae stages. The trainees participated in getting spawners from fishing trawlers and identifying their life stages. They participated also in cleaning, washing and installation of equipment - water pumps, air blowers and air lines - and making sand filters for the backyard hatchery. The trainees visited a traditional shrimp pond (one acre) at Lintha, near Lontha hatchery, joinly operated by the members of the District Law & Order Restoration Council Office, Thandwe, and by the members of the DOF Lontha hatchery staff .

During the training of 21 days the trainees produced from their five tanks nearly one million post larvae (PLs). All five groups managed to produced PLs although survival ranged from 40 to 50%. The trainees managed to see all aspects of shrimp hatchery operation system starting from obtaining spawners, selection of spawners, spawning, hatching and larvae rearing from mysis to post larvae (PLs) to marketing and transportation, in addition to other aspects such as live food, disease diagnosis, water management, etc.

COMMENT AND ACKNOWLEDGEMENT ON THE TRAINING

(In Myanmar)

By

Lt. Ne Lin

Western Command, Rakhine State

Abstract (translation):

He, on behalf of the trainees, would first of all like to thank the officials from the Thandwe District Law and Order Retoration Committee, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and all guests for the opportunity of a presentation at this closing ceremony of the Shrimp Backyard Hatchery Operation Technology Training held during the past three weeks. During the training we have studied and learnt the technology, starting from getting shrimp spawners from shrimp trawlers, hatching of eggs to rearing larvae to marketable shrimp post larvae (PLs) finally transportation of PLs to shrimp farms. We were taught mostly hands-on, taking part in every step of the hatchery operation both at the main hatchery and how to operate the project's backyard hatchery. We also studied the phytoplankton culture, disease diagnosis and water management at the main hatchery laboratory. We were divided into five groups and given a larvae rearing tank to work on practically from stocking newly hatched mysis and reared through post larvae passing larvae stages, working 24 hours together with the technicians of the hatchery. We, the trainees, managed to produce nearly one million PLs although survival was not as good as under normal operation. We have attended a number of training courses given by the DOF. However, this training can be considered as of high quality and complete in the sense that we learnt practically to date methods and facilities. With what we have learnt from this training we are sure that we will be able to dissiminate the technology for the development of shrimp farming, not only within our region the Rakhine but also in the rest of the country. Finally, we the trainees, would sincerely like to thank the organizers - the DOF and FAO for the training and specially Dr. Nyan Taw, FAO Consultant, the National Project Director U Chin Khoke and the Staff and members of Lontha hatchery for their efforts in making this training a success.

APPENDIX 2

Support to the Special Programme for Shrimp and Prawn Farming

TCP/MYA/4554(T)

REPORT ON THE STUDY TOUR TO THAILAND, VIETNAM, INDONESIA AND MALAYSIA

Dr. Nyan Taw

Shrimp Backyard Hatchery Consultant

TCP/MYA/4554(T)

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

May 1997

1. BACKGROUND

Farming of marine shrimps has spread rapidly in South-east and South Asia, with exception of a few countries, including Myanmar. Myanmar's neighbors Bangladesh to the north and Thailand to the south are both major producers of cultured marine shrimps. Culture of marine shrimp is now spreading rapidly in India. In all these countries export of cultured marine shrimp is a major earner of foreign exchange.

The government considers aquaculture generally, and shrimp farming in particular, as high priority sectors of the economy. Shrimp farming is potentially a very large generator of foreign exchange. Given the pressing development needs of the country, the government at its highest level, the State Law and Order Restoration Council, has established a special programme for shrimp culture development. The Special Programme has approved a Special Plan for the development of shrimp culture.

The project is to sponsor two senior government officials to study shrimp farming and to study international joint venture arrangements. A programme was formulated for the officials to visit four Asian countries - Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia and Malaysia - to have an overview on the activities of shrimp farming, marketing and on joint venture arrangements.

The consultant lead and acted as coordinator on the study tour to Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia and Malaysia for two DOF senior officials - U Win Aung, Director and U Min Thein, Asst. Director -to have an overview on shrimp farming and its economics (24 April to 14 May 1997). Since semi-government and private sectors will also play a major role in the development of shrimp farming in Myanmar, the consultant invited two persons active in shrimp farming activities to participated in the study tour with their own cost, in Indonesia where the consultant usually works and could take full responsibility. U Khin Maung Aye, Chairman of Rakhine Trading Co. Lt. Shrimp Farm at Sittwe joined the team at Surabaya, Indonesia and accompanied the team to Malaysia.

2. THE DELEGATION

1. U Win Aung

Director, Research and Development Division

Department of Fisheries

Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries

2. U Min Thein

Asst. Director, Research and Development

Department of Fisheries

Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries

3. Dr. Nyan Taw

FAO Consultant on Backyard Hatcheries

TCP/MYA/4554(T)

FAO Myanmar

Note: U Khin Maung Aye, Chairman of Rakhine Trading Co. Lt. joined the delegation in Surabaya, Indonesia at his own expense.

3. ITINERARY

April 24,1997 - Left Yangon as scheduled. Director U Win Aung and Asst. Director U Min Thein of DOF participated in the tour. The consultant accompanied the officials as coordinator. The team arrived in Bangkok in the morning, went to FAORAP to collect DSA and air tickets for the trip. The consultant had a meeting with the project operations officer at FAORAP on the project progress and on the study tour.

April 25 - Left Bangkok for Hanoi, Vietnam. Arrived at Hanoi and picked up at Hanoi Airport by FAO Vietnam official.

April 26. - Met FAOR Vietnam at FAO Vietnam office. Planned the tour within Vietnam with FAO programme officer. Received the service charge of US$ 900 for the study tour to be hand carried for the University of Fisheries at Nha Trang City.

April 27 - Left Hanoi for Nha Trang City . Arrived Nha Trang and met by Dr. Nguyen Huu Dzung, University of Fisheries. Discuss on the tour schedule.

April 28-30 - Toured the south, central and northern parts of Nha Trang coastal areas and studied the shrimp hatcheries and traditional/semi-intensive farms. Left Nha Trang in the evening for Hanoi arriving Hanoi the same evening

May 1 - Left Hanoi for Bangkok .

May 2 - Discussion with NACA officials. Studied NACA's aquaculture activities

May 3 - Left Bangkok and arrived Jakarta, Indonesia.

May 4 - Left Jakarta for Surabaya. Met by PT. Puteri Cendana Prima officials at Surabaya Airport.

May 5 - Visited PT. Meager Marine Pride (Seamstress) Shrimp Processing and Cold Storage facilities. Had discussion with the Company President Mr. Sidik Dewanto.

May 5-9 - Visited PT. Puteri Cendana Prima shrimp hatchery and two intensive farms at Situbondo. Studied the hatchery operation system and shrimp intensive farming methods. Visited the Regional Aquaculture Development Center, DOF, and studied sea farming of finfishes. Had discussions with Director Muhammad Murdjani.

May 10 - Left Surabaya for Bali. The semi-intensive farm proposed to be visited stopped operation due to financial problem.

May 11 - Left Bali for Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Arrived KL the same day.

May 12-13 - Visited INFOFISH and had discussions with Director K.P.P. Nambiar and Ms. Fatima Ferdouse, Chief, Trade Promotion Division. Had meeting with Dato' Megat Muhaiyadin Hassan, Director General of Fisheries Development Authority of Malaysia.

May 14 - Left Kuala Lumpur via Bangkok arriving Yangon the same day.

4. LIST OF PERSONS MET

1. Mr. Pham Gia Truc,

Programme Assistant

FAO Vietnam, Hanoi

2. Professor Dr. Nguyen Trong Can

Rectore, Fisheries University

Nha Trang City, Vietnam

3. Dr. Nguyen Huu Dzung

Fisheries University

Nha Trang City , Vietnam

4. Mr. Pedro Bueno, Information Specialist

Regional Seafarming Development and Demonstration Project

NACA, Bangkok

5. Mr. Edwin Setyobudi, President

PT. Puteri Cendana Prima

Surabaya, Indonesia

6. Mr. Sidik Dewanto, President

PT. Maga Marine Pride (Seamstress)

Surabaya, Indonesia

7. Ir. Muhammad Murjani, Director

Regional Aquaculture Development Center, DOF

Situbondo, Indonesia

8. Dr. K.P.P. Nambiar, Director,

INFOFISH, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

9. Ms. Fatima Ferdouse, Chief, Trade Promotion Officer

INFOFISH, Kuala Lumpur

Malaysia

10. Dato' Megat Muhaiyadin Hassan

Director, Fisheries Authorities of Malaysia

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

11. Mr. Mustafa B. Hj. Ahmad, Marketing Director

Fisheries Authorities of Malaysia

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

5. COUNTRIES

5.1 THAILAND

NACA

The Myanmar delegation had a meeting with Mr. Pedro Bueno, Information Specialist, Regional Seafarming Development and Demonstration Project at NACA. Mr. Bueno took the officials on a tour to observe the NACA activities in Bangkok area. The officials had a long discussion on future cooperation and coordination with NACA and DOF Myanmar.

5.2. VIETNAM

Nha Trang coastal region

The study tour was organized by the Fisheries University at Nha Traang City. The officials were met at Nha Trang airport by Dr. Dzung from the University. He lead the tour and acted as interpreter. The officials visited backyard and small scale shrimp hatcheries along the coastal areas of Nha Trang. Nha Trang coastal area is the major area where shrimp hatcheries are located. The shrimp seed (PLs) are transported to Mekong delta area where traditional, traditional plus and semi-intensive farms are concentrated. The officials were also received by the Rector of the University Professor Dr. Nguyen Trong Can. The University is the main source of technical support for the shrimp hatchery operators in the region. The technicians who supervised a number of hatcheries (about 10 small scale/backyard) can earn as much as US$ 1,000 a month. The official salary of an average government officer was known to be about US$ 30 a month only. At times a shrimp spawner can be as expensive as up to US$ 100 per spawner.

The traditional plus shrimp farms appeared to prefer a much older shrimp post larvae (PLs) which had to be nursed for about two weeks after being released from hatcheries. A large number of shrimp nursery ponds were also observed in some areas. A number of traditional, traditional plus and semi-intensive farms were also visited and discussed with the local operators.

5.3 INDONESIA

The Myanmar delegation was met by the PT. Puteri Cendana Prima staff on arrival at Surabaya airport. Mr. Edwin Setyobudi, President of the company, called on the officials at their hotel and made arrangement for the study tour.

Seamstress processing and cold storage

The officials visited the PT. Meager Marine Pride - Seamstress seafood processing and cold storage factory. The delegation was met by the Mr. Sidik Dewanto, President of the company. They were shown around the factory and had discussions with technicians from the company. The factory is located in Pasuruan, Surabaya. The company also have a shrimp intensive farm with about 100 hectares of production pond area. The storage capacity of the factory is 250 metric tons. The factory has the capacity to process 10 metric tons of shrimps per day. The company also process squids imported from New Zealand. At times frog and fish are also processed at the factory.

Shrimp intensive farms

The Myanmar delegation visited the Company's shrimp farms - PT. Puteri Cendana and PT. Puteri Prima (over 160 ponds - about 100 hectares) in Situbondo to have an overview and understanding of the stocking of PLs produced from hatcheries in shrimp ponds. They were able to observe and discussed with the technicians on the intensive shrimp farm technical management systems - pond preparation/stocking PLs/water management/ shrimp health management/ feeding and feed control/ and harvesting.

Traditional shrimp farms

The delegation was also shown around some of the traditional shrimp culture within Sitibundo area. The farms are no longer low production farms, but can be considered as traditional plus in the present term. The delegation was able to observe the pond size and design which could be used and applied also in Myanmar to upgrade traditional ponds and increase production.

Shrimp commercial hatchery

The officials visited the company's commercial hatchery - PT. Puteri in Situbondo. The delegation was met by Hatchery Manager and technicians from the hatchery. The hatchery produces from 10 to 20 million post larvae (PLs) per 60 days cycle from one unit depending on the market demand. Production capacity of the hatchery is 100 million PLs per annum. The hatchery has two units with about 25 staff. The officials had discussions on the operation system used at the hatchery.

Shrimp backyard hatcheries:

The team visited a number of backyard hatcheries in Situbondo, including the backyard hatchery operated by Ir. Santoso who is a staff of Brackishwater Aquaculture Development Sub-Center (DOF). His hatchery design is similar to that of the design recommended for the project. In actual fact his design is based on the former FAO /UNDP Shrimp Culture Development Project's backyard hatchery design which was implemented from 1987-1990. Ir. Santoso's backyard hatchery is built at the back of his house (staff house provided by the DOF). The participants visited the hatchery and held discussions concerning the operation and its economics.

The Myanmar delegation also visited another backyard hatchery in Panarucan operated by Mr. Joni, who had been a member of Brachishwater Aquaculture Development Sub-center (DOF) in Situbondo during the FAO/UNDP Shrimp Culture Development Project period in 1988/89. He left the service to start his own backyard hatchery in 1989. He was the first backyard hatchery operator in East Java. His success had prompted the development of backyard hatchery operators in the region. He is still a very successful hatchery operator. At present he is operating a small-scale hatchery and has started an intensive backyard shrimp farm (two one acre ponds) near his small town.

Regional Aquaculture Development Center

The officials visited the Regional Aquaculture Development Center in Situbondo. The Center is under the Department of Fisheries (DOF), Ministry of Agriculture. They were received by Ir. M. Murdjani , Director of the Center. The Center's finfish division has been conducting applied research and development on seed production of marine fish such as milkfish (Chanos chanos), and several grouper species (Epinephlus spp., Plectropomus leopardus & Cromtleptes altivelis.). The groupers have been successfully bred in captivity at the center in small scale. The officials were shown around the facilities and had discussion on the technical aspects.

5.4 MALAYSIA

INFOFISH

The officials visited INFOFISH in Kuala Lumpur. They were received by Dr. K.P. P. Nambiar, Director of INFOFISH. Ms. Fatima Ferdouse, Chief of Trade Promotion Division, INFOFISH joined the meeting. The Director explained the objectives and functions of the INFOFISH. The officials discussed on how to be more active for future collaboration. Dr. Nambiar informed the Myanmar officials that the INFOFISH can help Myanmar by providing up to date information on the fisheries economics or coordinate with possible investors through the INFOFISH network. U Win Aung informed that the Department of Fisheries will be joining INFOFISH very soon. Dr. Nambiar suggested that the Myanmar delegation meet the Director General of Fisheries Development Authority of Malaysia as an opportunity to discuss investment for the fisheries sector in Myanmar.

FISHERIES DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY OF MALAYSIA

The Director-General, Dr. Dato' Megat Muhaiyadin Hasssan, received the Myanmar delegation at his office and explained the objectives and functions of his organization. He explained that the FDAM is a semi-governmental organization which is to support and help private sector in production of fisheries products. The organization could also invest jointly with private sector or with foreign companies abroad. He is interested to visit Myanmar for possible cooperation with the DOF in Myanmar. The meeting concluded by having a tentative programme for the officials from FDAM to visit the DOF in Myanmar.

APPENDIX 3

TERMS OF REFERENCE

Seven months when-actually-employed.

In close collaboration with the National Project Director, the consultant will:

- To organize and/or advise on the precise locations of backyard shrimp hatcheries, including two demonstration units ( both tentatively planned to be in the Rakhine State).

- To provide necessary guidance (eg. plans, drawings) for the construction of the backyard hatcheries.

- To supervise the construction of the hatcheries.

- To manage the production of PLs during the first two months of operation of the hatcheries.

- To organize and carry out workshops on the use and operation of backyard hatcheries for local farmers.

- To organize the study tours for three progressive local shrimp culturist to backyard hatcheries and shrimp farms in Thailand/ or Indonesia.

The detailed workplan for each mission will be prepared in consultation with the National Project Director.

APPENDIX 4

LIST OF PERSONS MET

1. Lt-General Tun Kyi Member- The State Law and Order Restoration Council.

Chairman- The Committee for Boosting Meat & Fish Production and Controlling Consumer Prices, and Committee for Boosting Marine Production .

Minister for Commerce.

2. U Aung Thaung Minister for Livestock and Fisheries.

3. Major-General Aung Htwe Commander, Western Command Sittway, Rakhine.

4. U Soe Win Director General, Department of Fisheries.

5. U Kyaw Lwin Director General, Department of Fisheries

6. Lt. Col. Khin Mg Than Chairman, District Law and Order Restoration Council, Thandwe

7. Dr. P. Nath FAO Representative, FAO Myanmar

8. Mr. K.P. Upadhyay CTA, Watershed Management for three Critical Areas - UNDP/FAO MYA/93/005

9. U Than Tun Deputy Director General, Department of Fisheries (DOF)

10. U Hla Win Director, DOF.

11. U Win Aung Director, DOF.

12. U Soe Win Director, DOF

13. U Tin Hlaing Chairman, Union of Myanmar, Joint Venture Corporation No-6 Ltd.

14. Mr. Abdul Basir FAO Economist Consultant, TCP/MYA/4554(T)

15. U Thant Zin Programme Manager, FAO Myanmar

16. U Chin Khoke National Project Director (Deputy Director, DOF).

17. U Aung Myint Division Head, Yangon Division, Yangon DOF

18. U Tun Win State Head, Rakhine State (North), Sittwe DOF

19. U Khin Mg Myint State Head, Rakhine State (South), Thandwe DOF

20. U Min Thein Asst. Director, DOF

21. U Sein Maung District Head, Thantwe District, Thantwe DOF

22. U Saw Newyear Head, Lontha Shrimp Hatchery, Thandwe, DOF.

23. U Aye Kyaw Head, Lontha Backyard Hatchery (DOF/FAO), Thandwe

24. U Myint Thein Head, Soemekyi Backyard Hatchery (DOF/FAO), Sittwe

25. U Tin Maw Thein Chairman, Myanmar Aquaculture & Fisheries Association (MAFA)

26. U Kyee Ngwe General Secretary, MAFA (Director, Myanmar Aquaculture Industry Co. Ltd. - Shrimp Farm Project at Wetkite, Yangon Division)

27. U Khin Maung Aye Chairman, Rakhine Trading Co. Ltd. Shrimp Farm Project , Sittwe, Rakhine State. (Director JV6)

28. U Bon Khin Executive Director, Myanmar P.L. Int. Ltd.

29. U Tint Lwin Director, Shrimp Farm Project, Kyautpyu. Myanmar P.L. Int. Ltd.

30. U Tin Maung Win Director, Top Win Shrimp Farm, Wetkite. Yangon Division.

31. U Saw James Coral Coop. Society Ltd. Shrimp Farm, Thandwe.

32. U Kyaw Aye Star Coral Shrimp Breeding Entrepreneur's Coop. Ltd., Sittwee

APPENDIX 5

ITINERARY AND ACTIVITIES IN BRIEF

March 26, 1997 Left Surabaya/ Arrived Bangkok

March 27 Reported to FAORAP. Briefing with Ms. Dora Blessich, Project Operations Officer

March 28 Final discussion with Ms. Blessich FAORAP. Left Bangkok/ arrived Yangon in the evening.

March 31- April 1 Report to FAO Myanmar and DOF and plan for future work schedule.

April 2, Meeting with U Soe Win, Director General, DOF together with U Win Aung (Director ) and U Chin Khoke (NPD).

April 3 Met HE Lt. General Tun Kyi, Minister for Commerce together with U Chin Khoke (NPD).

April 4 Attended the meeting - The Committee for Boasting Marine Production - at the invitation of the Committee. HE Minister Lt. Gen. Tun Kyi, HE Minister U Aung Thaung, U Soe Win (DG-DOF), U Than Tun (Dy.DG- DOF) and high officials from other departments attended the meeting. The Chairman requested the FAO Consultant to assist in seeking aid from the United Nations system for Myanmar in fisheries sector.

April 5-6 To Wetkite shrimp farm area. Advised the Top Win Shrimp Farm and the Shrimp Aquaculture Industry Co. Ltd. shrimp farm on shrimp farming technology.

April 7 Meeting with Dr. P. Nath, FAOR together with Mr. Abdul Basir and U Chin Khoke (NPD) and updated the FAOR on the project activities and progress.

April 8-18 Preparation (equipment and other facilities) for operation of backyard hatcheries at Sittwe & Lontha and scheduled training programme on backyard hatchery operation technology at Lontha. (Myanmar New Year public holiday - April 14-17)

April 19-20 To Wetkite shrimp farm area. Advised the shrimp farmers in the area.

April 21-23 Meeting with U Soe Win Director General DOF together with Director U Win Aung, Director U Hla Win and U Chin Khoke (NPD)on April 22. Updated the DG on the workplan , project activities and progress. Requested for counterpart facilities for the operation of the backyard hatcheries at Rakhine State and the forthcoming backyard hatchery operation technology training programme. The DG instructed his staff to support the project. The consultant also informed the DG of the forth coming study tour toThailand, Vietnam, Indonesia and Malaysia for his two senior officers.

April 24 Left Yangon as scheduled for the study tour. Director U Win Aung and Asst.Director U Min Thein of DOF participated in the tour. The consultant accompanied the officials as coordinator. The team arrived in Bangkok in the morning. The team went to FAORAP to collect DSA and air tickets for the trip. The consultant had meeting with Ms. Blessich at FAORAP on the project progress and on the study tour.

April 25 Left Bangkok for Hanoi, Vietnam.

April 26. Met FAOR Vietnam at FAO Vietnam office. Planned the tour within Vietnam with FAO programme officer. Received the service charge of US$ 900 for the study tour to be handcarried to the University of Fisheries at Nha Trang City.

April 27 Left Hanoi for Nha Trang City . Arrived Nha Trang and met by Dr. Nguyen Huu Dzung, University of Fisheries. Discuss on the tour schedule.

April 28-30 Toured the south, central and northern parts of Nha Trang coastal areas and studied the shrimp hatcheries and traditional/semi-intensive farms. Left Nha Trang in the evening for Hanoi and arriving Hanoi the same evening

May 1 Left Hanoi for Bangkok .

May 2 To NACA and had discussion with NACA officials. Studied NACA activities on aquaculture.

May 3 Left Bangkok and arrived Jakarta, Indonesia.

May 4 Left Jakarta for Surabaya. Met by PT. Puteri Cendana Prima officials at Surabaya Airport.

May 5 Visited PT. Meager Marine Pride (Seamstress) Shrimp Processing and Cold Storage facilities. Had discussion with the Company President Mr. Sidk Dewanto.

May 5-9 Visited PT. Puteri Cendana Prima shrimp hatchery and two intensive farms at Situbondo. Studied the hatchery operation system and shrimp intensive farming methods. Visited Regional Aquaculture Development Center, DOF and studied sea farming of finfishes. Had discussion with Director Muhammad Murdjani.

May 10 Left Surabaya for Bali. The semi-intensive farm proposed to be visited had stopped operation due to financial problem.

May 11 Left Bali for Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Arrived KL the same day.

May 12-13 Visited INFOFISH and had discussion with Director K.P.P. Nambiar and Ms. Fatima Ferdouse, Chief, Trade Promotion Division. Had meeting with Dato' Megat Muhaiyadin Hassan, Director General of Fisheries Development Authority of Malaysia.

May 14 Left Kuala Lumpur via Bangkok and arriving Yangon the same day.

May 15-19 In Yangon preparing for backyard hatchery operation training at Lontha.

May 20 Left Yangon for Thandwe by car arriving Thandwe the same evening.

May 21-23 Training started - opening ceremony chaired by Lt. Col. Khin Mg Than.

May 24 Left Thandwe by air for Yangon. Planned to go direct to Kyautpyu but not possible due to cancellation of flights.

May 25-26 In Yangon preparing for Kyautpyu trip.

May 27-29 Left Yangon for Kyautpyu by car/boat. Visited the Myanmar P.L. Int. Ltd. Shrimp Farm Project at Kyautpyu area accompanied by the Company Directors. Advised on their layout and operation plans. Twelve 1 acre pond can be made ready for stocking for semi- intensive culture within three weeks. The farm will be using the shrimp PLs produced by DOF backyard and main hatcheries at Lontha. The PLs can be transported to the farm within 8 hours by car/ boat. Visited DOF shrimp hatchery under construction at Kyautpyu. Left Kyautpyu on May 29, arrived back at Lontha the same day.

May 30-June 2 Training continued at Lontha hatchery.

June 3 Left Thandwe for Yangon (planned to go to Sittwe, but due to flight cancellation had to take a flight to Yangon.)

June 4 -5 Left Yangon for Sittwe arrived Sittwe the same day. Visited Soemekyi backyard hatchery site. The hatchery is completed, but awaiting spawners to enter into operation. Left Soemekyi for Sittwe the next day.

June 6-7 Visited the shrimp farm project by Rakhine Trading Co. Ltd. The company chairman, U Khin Maung Aye, accompanied the team. Discussed and advised on their pond layout and operation systems. Five 1 hectare ponds can be made ready for operation within one month. The company plans to stock the ponds with PLs produced from Soemekyi backyard hatchery.

June 8 Left Sittwe for Yangon

June 9 Checked for the arrival of consignment to be taken to Project Site. The consignment had not received as planned. On chemicals were supplied.

June 10 Left Yangon for Thandwe by car, arrived Thandwe the same day.

June 11 The training concluded with a closing ceremony chaired by Lt. Col. Khin Ma Than. Twenty five trainees were awarded with completion certificates.

June 12 Left Thandwe and arrived Yangon the same day.

June 13-18 Worked on the procurement of equipment for local purchase. The chemicals drugs and shrimp feeds ordered through FPO arrived on June 18. The consultant managed to procure most of the major equipment required through local purchase. The remaining were ordered locally which will be received within three weeks of confirmed order.

June 19 Left Yangon for Bangkok. Arrived Bangkok the same day.

June 20- 25 De-briefing and report writing at FAORAP.

June 26 Left Bangkok. Arrived Surabaya.

APPENDIX 6

LIST OF EQUIPMENT AND CHEMICALS PROCURED

Equipment purchased locally (Local Purchase)

FAO Project TCP/MYA/4554 (T)

Sr. Description Unit price Unit purchased Total cost
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

Refrigerator - Sanyo Model No. SR-D103 2-door upright 9.6 cuft.

Water pump 4" pipe 4/5 HP Diesel

Generator 3 KVA Diesel

Submersible water pump-Pedrollo 0.6 HP 1.5" (Italy)

Electric water pump -Pedrollo 0.85 HP 1.5" (Seawater) Italy made

Motorcycle - YAMAHA

Model Force 1 (110 cc)

SPEED BOAT - 20 x 5 1/2 x 2 1/2 Teakwood frame, etc.(Local made)

Outboard motor YAMAHA

Model E40JML (40 HP)

TOTAL

US$ 345

US$ 290

US$ 400

US$ 200

US$ 320

US$ 1,303

US$ 3,500

US$ 3,300

2

4

4

2

2

1

1

2

US$ 690

US$ 1,160

US$ 1,600

US$ 400

US$ 640

US$ 1,303

US$ 3,500

US$ 6,600

--------------

US$ 15,893

Equipment purchased locally (Local Purchase- in Kyats*)

(The equipment were ordered through FPO but the company failed to supply)

Sr. Description Unit price Units purchased Total cost
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

18.

19.

20.

21.

22.

23.

24.

25.

26.

27.

28.

29.

30.

31.

32.

33.

Voltex Air blower (AMC)

Voltex Air Blower - Fuji (AMC)

HI-BLOW Takatsuki 200 watt (ROY)**

Voltex Air blower (ST)

HI-BLOW Takatsuki 80 Watt (ROY)

Refractometer (ROY)**

Refractometer (ROY)

O2 tanks with pressure guage+valve

pH meters - pocket size

Microscope (field) Lumagny

Microscope - Olympus B-7136 (ROY)**

Microscope - Olympus B-7136

Gold weighing balance + weights

Air pump + diffuser pipes

Papauline sheet

Plastic transparent sheet

Plastic black sheet

Air diffusers

Vibrators AC**

Vibrators DC**

Plankton net (150 micron)

Plankton net (500 micron)

pH test kit

NO2 test kit

NO3 test kit

Chlorine test kit

Ammonia test kit

Alkalinity test kit

Soil test kit

Artemia cysts

ALGAMAC artificial plankton

TETRA (AZ300) artificial plankton

TETRA (AA300) artificial plankton

TOTAL

36,000

68,000

100,000

50,000

53,000

45,000

45,000

10,000

9,000

7,000

35,000

35,000

7,500

6,000

135/yd

95/yd

24/yd

55/pc

9,000

15,000

687/yd

440/yd

1,200

1,200

1,300

1,500

1,500

1,100

700

4,460

6,270

5,000

5,000

3

2

2

1

2

4

1

6

5

1

1

1

1

1

280 yds

280 yds

900 yds

750 pcs

4

6

50 yds

50 yds

8

5

5

6

4

4

2

48 cans

3 cans

2 cans

2 cans

108,000

136,000

200,000

50,000

106,000

180,000

45,000

60,000

45,000

7,000

35,000

35,000

7,500

6,000

37,800

26,600

21,600

41,250

36,000

90,000

34,350

22,000

9,600

6,000

6,500

9,000

6,000

4,400

1,400

214,080

18,810

10,000

10,000

1,635,840

($ 9,348)

* At the time of purchase the exchange rate - FEC 1.0 = between Kyats 164 - 180

** = Ordered - the items will be delivered within 3 weeks.

NOTE: Miscellaneous minor supplies and chemicals for operation of the backyard hatcheries were purchased at field areas by the officer in charge of the DOF hatcheries and are not included in the list.

Shrimp Feeds, Chemicals & Drugs received through FPO for the Project (TCP/MYA/4554(T)

Ordered from - CV. Radjawali Sakti, INDONESIA. Received June 18, 1997.

Sr. Description Unit price Unit required Total cost
1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

Chemicals

EDTA

Chlorine

Formalin

Vitamins

Vitamin C

Bacterial &Enzines

Top 10

Shia Lingeng

Drugs

Povidone - 10

Furazolidone NF

Oxytetracycline (OTC)

Tetracycline

Chlorampenicol

Prefuran

Treflan

Malachite Green

Artificial Feeds

Micro Mac 30

Micro Mac - 70

Spirulana Top

Fishery Flakes

Top Flakes

Yuh Eusi Flakes

Hai Chen Chu

ALGAMAC-2000

Artemia Cyst

Bio Marine

G.L.A

TOTAL

3.44/kg (US$)

11.83/kg

4.30/kg

19.35/kg

66.665/can

19.14/bag

88.17/can

19.14/kg

32.26/kg

32.26/kg

55.92/kg

160.06/kg

62.37/kg

75.16/kg

32.25/bag

32.25/Bag

43.10/can

19.14/can

19.14/can

20.79/bag

32.25/can

40.86/can

25.81/can

21.50/can

10 kg

30 kg

20 kg

6 kg

2 cans

4 bags

4 cans

4 kg

2 kg

2 kg

2 kg

1 kg

1 kg

2 kg

20 bags

20 bags

6 cans

4 cans

4 cans

6 bags

12 cans

12 cans

75 cans

75 cans

34.40 US$

354.90

86.00

116.10

133.32

76.56

352.68

76.56

64.52

64.52

111.84

160.06

62.37

150.32

645.00

645.00

258.60

114.84

114.84

124.74

387.00

490.32

1,935.75

1,612.50

-------------------

7,735.49US$

NOTE: the amount does not include freight and handling charges to Yangon.