APPENDIX 2

COUNTRY TABLES

 General notes

Table updates

The table data represent a summary of FRA 2000 findings as of 1 March 2001. The contents will continue to be updated, including making corrections and adding currently missing data, until the FRA 2000 main report is released. The latest version of the table data is available on the FAO Forestry website (http://www.fao.org/forestry/fo/fra/index.jsp)

Country nomenclature and regional groups used in the tables

The country names and order used in these tables follow standard UN practice regarding nomenclature and alphabetical listing of countries. Data for "China" incorporate values for China (including Hong Kong and Macao) and for "Taiwan Province of China", as consistent with UN practice. The regional groups used in these tables represent FAO’s standardized regional breakdown of the world according to geographical (note: not economic or political) criteria.

The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.

Totals

Numbers may not tally because of rounding.

Abbreviations

n.s. = not significant, indicating a very small value
- = not available (n.a.)
n.ap. = not applicable
000 = thousands
  = empty data cells indicate a zero value

Table 1. Forest data by country

The land area" figure refers to total area of the country, excluding areas under inland water bodies.

The table shows the forest cover in year 2000 and the estimated change between 1990 and 2000. Adjustments to the standard reference years 1990 and 2000 were made by FAO, based on available national statistics. "Total forest" is the sum of natural forest and plantations. "Forest cover change" is the net change in forests and includes expansion of plantations, and losses and gains in the area of natural forests.

Forest plantations are forest stands of introduced species, or intensively managed stands of indigenous species of even age class and regular spacing. The table shows the total plantation area in year 2000, which is included in the total forest area.

Volume refers to total volume over bark of living trees above 10 cm diameter at breast height. Biomass refers to above ground mass of the woody part (stem, bark, branches, twigs) of trees, alive or dead, shrubs and bushes. Note: For "industrialized" countries (Europe, CIS countries, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and USA) the stem volume for all living trees has been used for the volume figure. Some variation as to the minimum diameter applied is reported in UN-ECE (2000).

Table 2: Forest management status 2000

The table summarizes membership of eco-regional processes on criteria and indicators, the area under forest management plans, the forest protected area and the area of forests certified by country.

Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management

ATO African Timber OrganiZation
DZAf The Dry-Zone Africa Process on Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management
DFAs Regional Initiative for the Development and Implementation of National Level Criteria and Indicators for the Sustainable Management of Dry Forests in Asia
EUR The Pan-European Forest Process on Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management
ITTO International Tropical Timber Organization
LEP Lepaterique Process of Central America on Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management
MON Montreal Process on Criteria and Indicators for the Conservation and Sustainable Management of Temperate and Boreal Forests
NE The Near East Process on Criteria and Indicators for Sustainable Forest Management
TARA The Tarapoto Proposal of Criteria and Indicators for Sustainability of the Amazon Forest

 

Notes:

  1. Bosnia-Herzegovina, Georgia, San Marino and Yugoslavia were invited to join the Pan-European Forest Process as of December 2000 and have been included in the table.
  2. Cuba and Lao People's Democratic Republic have developed national level criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management without being members of any of the above processes.
  3. Some changes to this column have been made on 5 February 2001.

Area under forest management plans

The definition used for the area under forest management plan is "The area of forest which is managed for various purposes (conservation, production, other) in accordance with a formal, nationally approved, management plan over a sufficiently long period (five years or more)". Exceptions: Industrialized countries (Europe, Cyprus, Turkey, Israel, CIS countries, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, Canada and USA) included also areas with a regularly applied informal plan. For these countries, it was also recommended that areas where a decision has been made not to manage them at all be included (UN-ECE 2000).

The areas under forest management plans are taken from national reports. The percentage is calculated as the percentage of the total forest area for year 2000. Exceptions: Where national reports indicated that all forests are under management, the percentage was set to 100% also for year 2000 and the area figure set to equal the total forest area.

Partial data were obtained from a variety of published sources.

Notes:

  1. Georgia: Forests classified as "undisturbed" are not included;
  2. Philippines: The figure represents the aggregated area covered by tenurial agreements for "forest land" and includes areas which are not defined as forests according to the FRA 2000 definition. A forest management plan is required under these agreements, but may not have been formally approved for all areas;
  3. Australia: Only the forests managed for wood supply are included;
  4. Finland: The original figure provided was 18,609,000 ha. However, as of December 2000, a total of 21.9 million ha of forest had been certified and since this implies the existence of a management regime, this latter, more recent figure has been used instead;
  5. Italy: Only forests with specific management plans are included. All other forests in the country are submitted to general silvicultural prescriptions;
  6. Guyana: The figure provided equals the area under concession agreements as all concessionaires must prepare a forest management plan to be approved by the Government;
  7. Numbers with an asterisk (*) represent partial data as national figures were not available.

Forest protected area

Forest protected areas refer to areas within IUCN categories I-VI for nature protection. "Country report" refers to the country submissions to FRA 2000 in which the term "protection" was interpreted broadly, particularly for IUCN categories V-VI and may include areas under general forest management. "Global maps" refers to an overlay of the FRA 2000 global maps of forest cover and the FRA 2000 global mapping (in partnership with UNEP-WCMC) of protected areas with a legal protection status. Percentages refer to total forest area.

Certified forest areas

The cumulative area of forests certified under the following schemes is listed:

ATFP American Tree Farm Program (as of December 2000)
CSA Canada's National Sustainable Forest Management System Standard (as of 21 December 2000)
FSC Forest Stewardship Council-Accredited Certification Bodies (as of 31 December 2000)
GT Green Tag (USA) (as of 31 December 2000)
PEFC Pan-European Forest Certification (National schemes endorsed by the PRFC Council) (as of December 2000)
SFI Sustainable Forest Initiative Program - American Forest and Paper Association (for Canada - as of 21 December 2000, for USA as of October 2000).

Notes:

  1. Although more than 72 million acres of land are enrolled in the SFI program in the US and Canada, only those areas which have been independently certified have been included;
  2. Areas certified under the ISO 14001 Environmental Management System Standard scheme (e.g. 30,980,046 ha in Canada and more than 300,000 ha in New Zealand) have only been included if also certified under specific forest certification schemes;
  3. Ghana, Malaysia and Indonesia, among others, are developing national certification schemes and additional areas may soon be certified under these. A total of 2,325,356 ha of forests in three states of Malaysia (Pahang, Terengganu and Selangor) have, as a first step, been assessed to the requirements of a mutually agreed standard and were awarded "audit statements" by an independent third party assessor (the Keurhout Foundation) under the Malaysia/Netherlands cooperation programme (H. Singh, NTCC pers. comm. (2001)).

Table 1. Forest data by country

Country/Area

Land area

Total forest 2000

Forest cover change 1990-2000

Total plantation area

Volume

Biomass

   

Area

Area p.capita

Annual change

   
 

000 ha

000 ha

%

ha

000 ha

%

000 ha

m3/ha

t/ha

Algeria

238 174

2 145

0.9

0.1

27

1.3

718

76

75

Angola

124 671

69 756

56.0

5.6

-124

-0.2

141

68

54

Benin

11 222

2 650

23.6

0.5

-70

-2.3

112

317

195

Botswana

58 174

12 427

21.4

7.8

-118

-0.9

1

78

63

Burkina Faso

27 358

7 089

25.9

0.6

-15

-0.2

67

18

16

Burundi

2 783

94

3.4

0

-15

-9.0

73

192

187

Cameroon

47 544

23 858

50.2

1.6

-222

-0.9

80

234

131

Cape Verde

403

85

21.1

0.2

5

9.3

85

144

127

Central African Republic

62 297

22 907

36.8

6.5

-30

-0.1

4

147

113

Chad

128 400

12 692

9.9

1.7

-82

-0.6

14

18

16

Comoros

186

8

4.3

n.s.

0

-4.3

2

105

65

Congo

34 200

22 060

64.5

7.7

-17

-0.1

83

230

213

Côte d'Ivoire

32 246

7 117

22.1

0.5

-265

-3.1

184

232

130

Dem Rep of the Congo

226 705

135 207

59.6

2.7

-532

-0.4

97

231

225

Djibouti

2 319

6

0.3

n.s.

0

0.0

-

36

46

Egypt

100 145

72

0.1

n.s.

2

3.3

72

188

106

Equatorial Guinea

2 805

1 752

62.5

4

-11

-0.6

 

162

158

Eritrea

11 759

1 585

13.5

0.4

-5

-0.3

22

39

32

Ethiopia

110 430

4 593

4.2

0.1

-40

-0.8

216

98

79

Gabon

26 767

21 826

81.5

18.2

-10

0.0

36

222

137

Gambia

1 130

481

42.6

0.4

4

1.0

2

23

22

Ghana

23 854

6 335

26.6

0.3

-120

-1.7

76

85

88

Guinea

24 586

6 929

28.2

0.9

-35

-0.5

25

203

114

Guinea-Bissau

3 612

2 187

60.5

1.8

-22

-0.9

2

32

20

Kenya

58 038

17 096

29.5

0.6

-93

-0.5

232

60

48

Lesotho

3 035

14

0.5

n.s.

0

0.0

14

60

34

Liberia

11 137

3 481

31.3

1.2

-76

-2.0

119

349

196

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

175 954

358

0.2

0.1

5

1.4

168

25

20

Madagascar

58 704

11 727

20.0

0.8

-117

-0.9

350

199

194

Malawi

11 628

2 562

22.0

0.2

-71

-2.4

112

180

143

Mali

124 019

13 186

10.6

1.2

-99

-0.7

15

38

31

Mauritania

102 552

317

0.3

0.1

-10

-2.7

25

7

6

Mauritius

203

16

7.9

n.s.

0

-0.6

13

154

95

Morocco

44 655

3 025

6.8

0.1

-1

0.0

534

46

41

Mozambique

78 425

30 601

39.0

1.6

-64

-0.2

50

44

55

Namibia

82 429

8 040

9.8

4.7

-73

-0.9

0

12

12

Niger

126 700

1 328

1.0

0.1

-62

-3.7

73

5

4

Nigeria

91 283

13 517

14.8

0.1

-398

-2.6

693

143

184

Réunion

251

71

28.3

0.1

-1

-0.8

3

200

160

Rwanda

2 633

307

11.7

0

-15

-3.9

261

192

187

Saint Helena

31

2

6.5

0.3

0

0.0

2

-

-

Sao Tome and Principe

95

27

28.3

0.2

0

0.0

-

188

116

Senegal

19 671

6 205

31.5

0.7

-45

-0.7

263

54

30

Seychelles

45

30

66.7

0.4

0

0.0

5

50

49

Sierra Leone

7 174

1 055

14.7

0.2

-36

-2.9

6

248

139

Somalia

63 766

7 515

11.8

0.8

-77

-1.0

3

32

26

South Africa

121 758

8 917

7.3

0.2

-8

-0.1

1 554

63

81

Sudan

250 581

61 627

24.6

2.1

-959

-1.4

641

15

12

Swaziland

1 737

522

30.1

0.5

6

1.2

161

68

115

Togo

5 679

510

9.0

0.1

-21

-3.4

38

160

155

Tunisia

16 362

510

3.1

0.1

1

0.2

202

27

27

Uganda

20 421

4 190

20.5

0.2

-91

-2.0

43

232

163

United Republic of Tanzania

88 166

38 811

44.0

1.2

-91

-0.2

135

75

60

Western Sahara

26 600

152

0.6

0.5

0

0.0

-

67

59

Zambia

74 135

31 246

42.1

3.5

-851

-2.4

75

75

104

Zimbabwe

38 775

19 040

49.1

1.7

-320

-1.5

141

70

56

AFRICA

3 008 412

649 866

21.6

0.9

-5 264

-0.8

8 036

124

109

Table 1. Forest data by country (cont.)

Country/Area

Land area

Total forest 2000

Forest cover change 1990-2000

Total plantation area

Volume

Biomass

   

Area

Area p.capita

Annual change

   
 

000 ha

000 ha

%

ha

000 ha

%

000 ha

m3/ha

t/ha

Afghanistan

64 958

1 351

2.1

0.1

0

0.0

-

39

27

Armenia

2 852

351

12.3

0.1

4

1.3

13

128

66

Azerbaijan

8 359

1 094

13.1

0.1

13

1.3

20

136

105

Bahrain

69

0

n.s.

0

0

14.9

0

24

14

Bangladesh

14 171

1 334

9.4

n.s.

17

1.3

625

40

39

Bhutan

4 701

3 016

64.2

1.5

0

0.0

21

284

178

Brunei Darussalam

577

442

76.6

1.4

-1

-0.2

3

206

205

Cambodia

17 636

9 335

52.9

0.9

-56

-0.6

90

70

69

China

959 806

163 480

17.0

0.1

1 806

1.2

45 083

90

61

Cyprus

916

117

12.8

0.2

0

0.0

27

43

21

Dem People's Rep Korea

12 054

8 210

68.1

0.4

0

0.0

-

41

25

East Timor

1 479

507

34.3

5.8

-3

-0.6

-

137

136

Gaza Strip

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Georgia

6 831

2 988

43.7

0.6

0

0.0

200

145

97

India

328 759

64 113

19.5

0.1

38

0.1

32 578

74

73

Indonesia

190 457

104 986

55.1

0.5

-1 312

-1.2

9 871

137

136

Iran, Islamic Republic of

163 320

7 299

4.5

0.1

0

0.0

2 284

151

149

Iraq

43 832

799

1.8

n.s.

0

0.0

10

50

28

Israel

2 063

132

6.4

n.s.

5

4.9

91

49

-

Japan

36 460

24 081

66.0

0.2

3

0.0

10 682

145

88

Jordan

8 921

86

1.0

n.s.

0

0.0

45

67

37

Kazakhstan

271 731

12 148

4.5

0.8

239

2.2

5

35

18

Kuwait

1 782

5

0.3

n.s.

0

3.5

5

37

21

Kyrgyzstan

19 850

1 003

5.1

0.2

23

2.6

57

32

-

Lao People's Dem. Rep

23 469

12 561

53.5

2.4

-53

-0.4

54

50

31

Lebanon

1 041

36

3.5

n.s.

0

-0.4

2

40

22

Malaysia

32 975

19 292

58.5

0.9

-237

-1.2

1 750

206

205

Maldives

30

1

3.3

0

0

0.0

-

-

-

Mongolia

156 650

10 645

6.8

4.1

-60

-0.5

-

128

80

Myanmar

66 050

34 419

52.1

0.8

-517

-1.4

821

58

57

Nepal

14 718

3 900

26.5

0.2

-78

-1.8

133

175

109

Oman

21 246

1

0.0

0

0

5.3

1

29

17

Pakistan

78 783

2 361

3.0

n.s.

-39

-1.5

980

39

27

Philippines

30 000

5 789

19.3

0.1

-89

-1.4

753

115

114

Qatar

1 100

1

0.1

0

0

9.6

1

22

12

Republic of Korea

9 926

628

6.3

0.1

-5

-0.8

-

58

36

Saudi Arabia

214 969

1 504

0.7

0.1

0

0.0

4

21

12

Singapore

62

2

3.2

n.s.

0

0.0

-

206

205

Sri Lanka

6 561

1 940

29.6

0.1

-35

-1.6

316

59

59

Syrian Arab Republic

18 517

461

2.5

n.s.

0

0.0

229

50

28

Tajikistan

14 270

400

2.8

0.1

2

0.5

10

14

10

Thailand

51 312

14 762

28.8

0.2

-112

-0.7

4 920

30

29

Turkey

76 273

10 225

13.4

0.2

22

0.2

1 854

136

74

Turkmenistan

48 109

3 755

7.8

0.9

0

0.0

12

4

3

United Arab Emirates

8 360

321

3.8

0.1

8

2.8

314

-

-

Uzbekistan

44 740

1 969

4.4

0.1

5

0.2

300

6

-

Viet Nam

33 170

9 819

29.6

0.1

52

0.5

1 711

66

66

West Bank

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Yemen

52 797

449

0.9

n.s.

-9

-1.9

-

24

19

ASIA

3 166 709

542 116

17.1

0.2

-371

-0.1

115 874

99

83

Table 1. Forest data by country (cont.)

Country/Area

Land area

Total forest 2000

Forest cover change 1990-2000

Total plantation area

Volume

Biomass

   

Area

Area p.capita

Annual change

   
 

000 ha

000 ha

%

ha

000 ha

%

000 ha

m3/ha

t/ha

American Samoa

20

12

60.1

0.2

0

0.0

0

-

-

Australia

766 818

158 080

20.6

8.5

0

0.0

1 043

55

57

Cook Islands

23

22

95.7

1.2

0

0.0

1

-

-

Fiji

1 827

815

44.6

1

-2

-0.2

97

-

-

French Polynesia

400

105

26.3

0.5

0

0.0

5

-

-

Guam

55

21

38.2

0.1

0

0.0

0

-

-

Kiribati

73

28

38.4

0.3

0

0.0

 

-

-

Marshall Islands

18

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Micronesia

69

15

21.7

0.1

-1

-4.5

0

-

-

Nauru

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

New Caledonia

1 858

372

20.0

1.8

0

0.0

10

-

-

New Zealand

26 542

7 946

29.9

2.1

39

0.5

1 542

322

217

Niue

26

6

-

-

0

0.0

0

-

-

Northern Mariana Islands

46

14

30.4

0.2

0

0.0

-

-

-

Palau

46

35

76.1

1.8

0

0.0

0

-

-

Papua New Guinea

46 284

30 601

66.1

6.5

-113

-0.4

90

102

58

Samoa

283

105

37.1

0.6

-3

-2.1

5

-

-

Solomon Islands

2 890

2 536

87.8

5.9

-4

-0.2

50

-

-

Tonga

76

4

5.3

n.s.

0

0.0

1

-

-

Vanuatu

1 218

447

36.7

2.4

1

0.1

3

-

-

OCEANIA

848 576

201 163

23.7

6.7

-83

0.0

2 848

73

64

Albania

2 760

991

35.9

0.3

-8

-0.8

102

81

58

Andorra

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

0

0

Austria

8 251

3 886

47.1

0.5

8

0.2

 

286

250

Belarus

20 285

9 402

46.3

0.9

256

3.2

195

153

80

Belgium and Luxembourg

3 287

728

22.1

0.1

-1

-0.2

 

218

101

Bosnia and Herzegovina

5 066

2 273

44.9

0.6

0

0.0

57

110

-

Bulgaria

10 890

3 690

33.9

0.5

20

0.6

969

130

76

Croatia

5 592

1 783

31.9

0.4

2

0.1

47

201

107

Czech Republic

7 727

2 632

34.1

0.3

1

0.0

 

260

125

Denmark

4 239

455

10.7

0.1

1

0.2

341

124

58

Estonia

4 175

2 060

49.3

1.5

13

0.6

305

156

85

Finland

30 455

21 935

72.0

4.3

8

0.0

 

89

50

France

54 379

15 341

28.2

0.3

62

0.4

961

191

92

Germany

34 609

10 740

31.0

0.1

0

0.0

 

268

134

Greece

13 076

3 599

27.5

0.3

30

0.9

120

45

25

Hungary

9 093

1 840

20.2

0.2

7

0.4

136

174

112

Iceland

9 028

31

0.3

0.1

1

2.2

12

27

17

Ireland

6 889

659

9.6

0.2

17

3.0

590

74

25

Italy

29 407

10 003

34.0

0.2

30

0.3

133

145

74

Latvia

6 222

2 923

47.0

1.2

13

0.4

143

174

93

Liechtenstein

15

7

46.7

0.2

0

1.2

 

254

119

Lithuania

6 258

1 994

31.9

0.5

5

0.2

284

183

99

Malta

32

0

n.s.

0

0

0.0

0

232

-

Netherlands

3 695

375

10.1

n.s.

1

0.3

100

160

107

Norway

30 636

8 868

28.9

2

31

0.4

300

89

49

Poland

31 464

9 310

29.6

0.2

11

0.1

39

213

94

Portugal

9 099

3 666

40.3

0.4

57

1.7

834

82

33

Republic of Moldova

3 295

325

9.9

0.1

1

0.2

1

128

64

Romania

22 570

6 448

28.6

0.3

15

0.2

91

213

124

Russian Federation

1 707 541

851 392

49.9

5.8

135

0.0

17 340

105

56

San Marino

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

0

0

Slovakia

4 808

2 177

45.3

0.4

18

0.9

15

253

142

Slovenia

2 014

1 107

55.0

0.6

2

0.2

1

283

178

Spain

50 058

14 370

28.7

0.4

86

0.6

1 904

44

24

Sweden

40 642

27 134

66.8

3.1

1

0.0

569

107

63

Switzerland

3 916

1 199

30.6

0.2

4

0.4

4

337

165

The FYR of Macedonia

2 531

906

35.8

0.5

0

0.0

30

70

-

Table 1. Forest data by country (cont.)

Country/
Area

Land area

Total forest 2000

Forest cover change 1990-2000

Total plantation area

Volume

Biomass

   

Area

Area p.capita

Annual change

   
 

000 ha

000 ha

%

ha

000 ha

%

000 ha

m3/ha

t/ha

Ukraine

57 950

9 584

16.5

0.2

31

0.3

4 425

179

-

United Kingdom

24 166

2 794

11.6

n.s.

17

0.6

1 928

128

76

Yugoslavia

10 112

2 887

28.6

0.3

-1

-0.1

39

111

23

EUROPE

2 276 233

1 039 513

45.7

1.4

871

0.1

32 015

112

59

Antigua and Barbuda

44

9

20.5

0.1

0

0.0

 

202

210

Bahamas

1 388

842

60.7

2.8

0

0.0

-

-

-

Barbados

43

2

4.7

0

0

0.0

0

-

-

Belize

2 296

1 348

58.7

5.7

-36

-2.3

3

352

211

Bermuda

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

British Virgin Islands

15

3

20.0

0.2

0

0.0

-

-

-

Canada

921 543

244 571

26.5

7.9

0

0.0

 

120

83

Cayman Islands

-

13

-

0.4

0

0.0

-

-

-

Costa Rica

5 110

1 968

38.5

0.5

-16

-0.8

178

366

220

Cuba

11 086

2 348

21.2

0.2

28

1.3

482

51

30

Dominica

75

46

61.3

0.7

0

-0.7

0

159

166

Dominican Republic

4 873

1 376

28.2

0.2

0

0.0

30

50

53

El Salvador

2 104

121

5.8

n.s.

-7

-4.6

14

-

-

Greenland

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Grenada

34

5

14.7

0.1

0

0.9

0

144

150

Guadeloupe

171

82

48.0

0.2

2

2.1

4

-

-

Guatemala

10 889

2 850

26.2

0.3

-54

-1.7

133

618

371

Haiti

2 775

88

3.2

n.s.

-7

-5.7

20

23

14

Honduras

11 209

5 383

48.0

0.9

-59

-1.0

48

101

105

Jamaica

1 097

325

29.6

0.1

-5

-1.5

9

111

116

Martinique

111

47

42.3

0.1

0

0.0

2

5

5

Mexico

195 820

55 205

28.2

0.6

-631

-1.1

267

91

54

Montserrat

11

3

27.3

0.3

0

0.0

-

-

-

Netherlands Antilles

80

3 278

n.s.

n.s.

-117

-3.0

-

-

-

Nicaragua

11 925

1

0.0

0.7

0

0.0

46

269

161

Panama

7 552

2 876

38.1

1

-52

-1.6

40

536

322

Puerto Rico

895

229

25.6

0.1

-1

-0.2

4

-

-

Saint Kitts and Nevis

36

4

11.1

0.1

0

-0.6

 

-

-

Saint Lucia

62

9

14.5

0.1

-1

-4.9

1

331

198

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Saint Vincent and Grenadines

39

6

15.4

0.1

0

-1.4

0

289

173

Trinidad and Tobago

513

259

50.5

0.2

-2

-0.8

15

124

129

United States

915 895

225 993

24.7

0.8

388

0.2

16 238

136

108

United States Virgin Islands

34

14

41.2

0.2

0

0.0

-

-

-

NORTH & CENTRAL AMERICA

2 098 891

549 306

26.2

1.2

-570

-0.1

17 533

129

94

Argentina

278 040

34 648

12.5

1

-285

-0.8

926

44

46

Bolivia

109 858

53 068

48.3

6.5

-161

-0.3

46

101

105

Brazil

854 739

532 481

62.3

3.2

-2 226

-0.4

4 982

190

115

Chile

74 437

15 536

20.9

1

-20

-0.1

2 017

125

75

Colombia

113 554

49 601

43.7

1.2

-190

-0.4

141

188

196

Ecuador

28 356

10 557

37.2

0.9

-137

-1.2

167

210

151

Falkland Islands

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

French Guiana

8 810

7 926

90.0

45.6

0

0.0

1

242

253

Guyana

21 498

16 879

78.5

19.7

-49

-0.3

12

242

253

Paraguay

40 609

23 372

57.6

4.4

-123

-0.5

27

57

59

Peru

128 522

65 215

50.7

2.6

-269

-0.4

640

117

122

Suriname

16 327

14 113

86.4

34

0

0.0

13

242

253

Uruguay

17 741

1 292

7.3

0.4

50

5.0

622

-

-

Venezuela

91 206

49 506

54.3

2.1

-218

-0.4

863

211

233

SOUTH AMERICA

1 783 696

874 194

49.0

2.6

-3 628

-0.4

10 455

172

128

 
TOTAL-
WORLD

13 182 522

3 856 159

29.3

0.7

-9 045

-0.2

186 760

126

92

Table 2. Forest management status 2000

Country/Area

Forest Area 2000

Criteria & Indicators for SFM

Area under forest management plans

Forest protected area

Forest area certified

         

country report

global maps

 
 

000 ha

 

000 ha

%

000 ha

%

%

000 ha

scheme

Algeria

2 145

NE

597

27.8

-

-

6

-

-

Angola

69 756

DZAf/ATO

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

Benin

2 650

-

-

-

-

-

32

-

-

Botswana

12 427

DZAf

-

-

-

-

26

-

-

Burkina Faso

7 089

DZAf

694

9.8

-

-

11

-

-

Burundi

94

-

-

-

-

-

29

-

-

Cameroon

23 858

ATO

-

-

-

-

11

-

-

Cape Verde

85

DZAf

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Central African Republic

22 907

ATO

269*

n.ap.

-

-

15

-

-

Chad

12 692

DZAf

-

-

-

-

27

-

-

Comoros

8

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Congo

22 060

ATO

-

-

-

-

14

-

-

Côte d'Ivoire

7 117

ATO

1 387

19.5

-

-

10

-

-

Dem Rep of the Congo

135 207

ATO

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

Djibouti

6

NE/DZAf

-

-

-

-

0

-

-

Egypt

72

NE

-

-

-

-

0

-

-

Equatorial Guinea

1 752

ATO

-

-

-

-

11

-

-

Eritrea

1 585

DZAf

-

-

-

-

0

-

-

Ethiopia

4 593

DZAf

112

2.4

-

-

15

-

-

Gabon

21 826

ATO

-

-

-

-

16

-

-

Gambia

481

DZAf

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

Ghana

6 335

ATO

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

Guinea

6 929

-

112*

n.ap.

-

-

5

-

-

Guinea-Bissau

2 187

DZAf

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

Kenya

17 096

DZAf

120*

n.ap.

-

-

40

-

-

Lesotho

14

DZAf

n.s.

2.0

-

-

16

-

-

Liberia

3 481

ATO

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

Libyan Arab Jamahiriya

358

NE

-

-

-

-

19

-

-

Madagascar

11 727

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

Malawi

2 562

DZAf

-

-

-

-

45

-

-

Mali

13 186

DZAf

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

Mauritania

317

NE/DZAf

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

Mauritius

16

DZAf

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Morocco

3 025

NE

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

Mozambique

30 601

DZAf

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

Namibia

8 040

DZAf

54*

n.ap.

-

-

5

54

FSC

Niger

1 328

DZAf

-

-

-

-

77

-

-

Nigeria

13 517

ATO

832*

n.ap.

-

-

7

-

-

Réunion

71

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Rwanda

307

-

-

-

-

-

76

-

-

Saint Helena

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Sao Tome and Principe

27

ATO

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Senegal

6 205

DZAf

-

-

-

-

16

-

-

Seychelles

30

DZAf

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Sierra Leone

1 055

-

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

Somalia

7 515

NE/DZAf

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

South Africa

8 917

DZAf

828*

n.ap.

-

-

7

828

FSC

Sudan

61 627

NE/DZAf

-

-

-

-

10

-

-

Swaziland

522

DZAf

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

Togo

510

ITTO

12

2.4

-

-

14

-

-

Tunisia

510

NE

400

78.4

-

-

4

-

-

Uganda

4 190

DZAf

-

-

-

-

18

-

-

United Republic of Tanzania

38 811

DZAf/ATO

-

-

-

-

14

-

-

Western Sahara

152

-

-

-

-

-

0

-

-

Zambia

31 246

DZAf

-

-

-

-

24

-

-

Zimbabwe

19 040

DZAf

92*

n.ap.

-

-

12

92

FSC

AFRICA

649 866

 

3 202

0.5

     

974

 

Table 2. Forest management status 2000 (cont.)

Country/Area

Forest Area 2000

Criteria & Indicators for SFM

Area under forest management plans

Forest protected area

Forest area certified

         

country report

global maps

 
 

000 ha

 

000 ha

%

000 ha

%

%

000 ha

scheme

Afghanistan

1 351

NE

-

-

-

-

0

-

-

Armenia

351

-

351

100.0

107

31

5

-

-

Azerbaijan

1 094

NE

1 094

100.0

1 094

100

7

-

-

Bahrain

0

NE

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Bangladesh

1 334

DFAs

1 334

100.0

-

-

14

-

-

Bhutan

3 016

DFAs

699

23.2

-

-

25

-

-

Brunei Darussalam

442

-

-

-

-

-

22

-

-

Cambodia

9 335

ITTO

-

-

-

-

24

-

-

China

163 480

MON/DFAs/
ITTO

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

Cyprus

117

NE

117

100.0

117

100

37

-

-

Dem People's Rep Korea

8 210

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

East Timor

507

-

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

Gaza Strip

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Georgia

2 988

EUR

2 438

81.6

111

4

3

-

-

India

64 113

DFAs/ITTO

46 159

72.0

-

-

8

-

-

Indonesia

104 986

ITTO

72*

n.ap.

-

-

16

72

FSC

Iran, Islamic Republic of

7 299

NE

-

-

-

-

12

-

-

Iraq

799

NE

-

-

-

-

0

-

-

Israel

132

-

132

100.0

-

-

63

-

-

Japan

24 081

MON

24 081

100.0

1 758

7

8

3

FSC

Jordan

86

NE

-

-

-

-

0

-

-

Kazakhstan

12 148

-

12 148

100.0

12 148

100

11

-

-

Kuwait

5

NE

-

-

-

-

0

-

-

Kyrgyzstan

1 003

NE

1 003

100.0

866

86

10

-

-

Lao People's Dem. Rep

12 561

-

-

-

-

-

20

-

-

Lebanon

36

NE

-

-

-

-

0

-

-

Malaysia

19 292

ITTO

14 020

72.7

-

-

9

55

FSC

Maldives

1

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Mongolia

10 645

DFAs

-

-

-

-

11

-

-

Myanmar

34 419

DFAs/ITTO

-

-

-

-

5

-

-

Nepal

3 900

DFAs

1 010

25.9

-

-

9

-

-

Oman

1

NE

-

-

-

-

0

-

-

Pakistan

2 361

NE

-

-

-

-

3

-

-

Philippines

5 789

ITTO

6 935

119.8

-

-

7

15

FSC

Qatar

1

NE

-

-

-

-

0

-

-

Republic of Korea

628

MON

4 096

652.2

-

-

4

-

-

Saudi Arabia

1 504

NE

-

-

-

-

9

-

-

Singapore

2

-

2

100.0

-

-

-

-

-

Sri Lanka

1 940

DFAs

1 940

100.0

-

-

18

13

FSC

Syrian Arab Republic

461

NE

-

-

-

-

0

-

-

Tajikistan

400

NE

400

100.0

400

100

1

-

-

Thailand

14 762

DFAs/
ITTO

-

-

-

-

23

-

-

Turkey

10 225

NE/EUR

9 954

97.3

194

2

2

-

-

Turkmenistan

3 755

NE

3 755

100.0

113

3

13

-

-

United Arab Emirates

321

NE

-

-

-

-

0

-

-

Uzbekistan

1 969

-

1 969

100.0

1 888

96

30

-

-

Viet Nam

9 819

-

-

-

-

-

6

-

-

West Bank

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Yemen

449

NE

-

-

-

-

0

-

-

ASIA

542 116

 

127 308

23.5

     

158

 

Table 2. Forest management status 2000 (cont.)

Country/Area

Forest Area 2000

Criteria & Indicators for SFM

Area under forest management plans

Forest protected area

Forest area certified

         

country report

global maps

 
 

000 ha

 

000 ha

%

000 ha

%

%

000 ha

scheme

American Samoa

12

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Australia

158 080

MON

158 080

100.0

23 870

15

13

-

-

Cook Islands

22

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Fiji

815

ITTO

-

-

-

-

0

-

-

French Polynesia

105

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Guam

21

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Kiribati

28

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Marshall Islands

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Micronesia

15

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Nauru

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

New Caledonia

372

-

-

-

-

-

2

-

-

New Zealand

7 946

MON

6 912

87.0

1 661

21

3

363

FSC

Niue

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Northern Mariana Islands

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Palau

35

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Papua New Guinea

30 601

ITTO

5 341

17.5

-

-

9

4

FSC

Samoa

105

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Solomon Islands

2 536

-

43*

n.ap.

-

-

0

43

FSC

Tonga

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Vanuatu

447

ITTO

-

-

-

-

0

-

-

OCEANIA

201 163

            

410

 
Albania

991

EUR

406

41.0

137

14

2

-

-

Andorra

-

EUR

n.a.

n.a.

-

-

-

-

-

Austria

3 886

EUR

3 886

100.0

785

20

22

550

PEFC

Belarus

9 402

EUR

7 577

80.6

856

9

10

-

-

Belgium and Luxembourg

728

EUR & EUR

656

90.1

179

25

30

4

FSC

Bosnia and Herzegovina

2 273

EUR

2 007

88.3

-

-

1

-

-

Bulgaria

3 690

EUR

3 690

100.0

1 391

38

8

-

-

Croatia

1 783

EUR

1 531

85.9

414

23

8

167

FSC

Czech Republic

2 632

EUR

2 632

100.0

647

25

28

10

FSC

Denmark

455

EUR

455

100.0

93

21

9

n.s.

FSC

Estonia

2 060

EUR

1 125

54.6

187

9

21

-

-

Finland

21 935

EUR

21 900

99.8

2 391

11

7

21 900

PEFC

France

15 341

EUR

15 341

100.0

2 746

18

17

1

FSC

Germany

10 740

EUR

10 740

100.0

7 207

67

29

3 242

PEFC/FSC

Greece

3 599

EUR

2 009

55.8

1 047

29

4

-

-

Hungary

1 840

EUR

1 840

100.0

368

20

16

-

-

Iceland

31

EUR

13

41.9

2

7

7

-

-

Ireland

659

EUR

551

83.6

7

1

5

-

-

Italy

10 003

EUR

1 117

11.2

1 881

19

11

11

FSC

Latvia

2 923

EUR

2 923

100.0

476

16

15

-

-

Liechtenstein

7

EUR

7

100.0

2

22

-

-

-

Lithuania

1 994

EUR

1 938

97.2

297

15

10

-

-

Malta

0

NE

n.s.

100.0

n.s.

10

-

-

-

Netherlands

375

EUR

375

100.0

89

24

9

69

FSC

Norway

8 868

EUR

7 147

80.6

2 297

26

1

5 600

PEFC

Poland

9 310

EUR

9 310

100.0

1 462

16

16

2 743

FSC

Portugal

3 666

EUR

1 201

32.8

634

17

8

-

-

Republic of Moldova

325

EUR

325

100.0

-

-

4

-

-

Romania

6 448

EUR

6 448

100.0

477

7

4

-

-

Russian Federation

851 392

MON/EUR

851 392

100.0

25 542

3

3

33

FSC

San Marino

-

EUR

n.a.

n.a.

-

-

-

-

-

Slovakia

2 177

EUR

1 988

91.3

897

41

29

-

-

Slovenia

1 107

EUR

1 107

100.0

80

7

6

-

-

Spain

14 370

EUR

11 694

81.4

3 420

24

17

-

-

Sweden

27 134

EUR

27 134

100.0

-

-

8

11 167

FSC/PEFC

Switzerland

1 199

EUR

1 153

96.2

43

4

12

49

FSC

The FYR of Macedonia

906

-

906

100.0

-

-

5

-

-

Table 2. Forest management status 2000 (cont.)

Country/
Area

Forest Area 2000

Criteria & Indicators for SFM

Area under forest management plans

Forest protected area

Forest area
certified

         

country report

global maps

 
 

000 ha

 

000 ha

%

000 ha

%

%

000 ha

scheme

Ukraine

9 584

EUR

9 584

100.0

987

10

6

203

FSC

United Kingdom

2 794

EUR

2 319

83.0

897

32

23

958

FSC

Yugoslavia

2 887

EUR

2 723

94.3

2 887

100

6

-

-

EUROPE

1 039 513

 

1 017 150

97.8

     

46 708

 
Antigua and Barbuda

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Bahamas

842

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

-

Barbados

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Belize

1 348

LEP

1 000

74.2

-

-

37

96

FSC

Bermuda

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

British Virgin Islands

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Canada

244 571

MON

173 400

70.9

19 321

8

5

4 360

FSC/CSA/
SFI

Cayman Islands

13

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Costa Rica

1 968

LEP

116*

n.ap.

-

-

36

41

FSC

Cuba

2 348

-

730

31.1

-

-

25

-

-

Dominica

46

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Dominican Republic

1 376

-

152

11.0

-

-

15

-

-

El Salvador

121

LEP

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

Greenland

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Grenada

5

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Guadeloupe

82

-

28*

n.ap.

-

-

-

-

-

Guatemala

2 850

LEP

54

1.9

-

-

35

100

FSC

Haiti

88

-

-

-

-

-

1

-

-

Honduras

5 383

LEP

821

15.3

-

-

5

20

FSC

Jamaica

325

-

44

13.5

-

-

11

-

-

Martinique

47

-

10

21.3

-

-

-

-

-

Mexico

55 205

MON

7 100

12.9

-

-

4

169

FSC

Montserrat

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Netherlands Antilles

3 278

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Nicaragua

1

LEP

236

23600.0

-

-

23

-

-

Panama

2 876

LEP

20*

n.ap.

-

-

35

1

FSC

Puerto Rico

229

-

57

24.9

-

-

5

-

-

Saint Kitts and Nevis

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Saint Lucia

9

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

-

-

-

-

-

0

-

-

-

Saint Vincent and Grenadines

6

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Trinidad and Tobago

259

ITTO

120

46.3

-

-

-

-

-

United States

225 993

MON

125 707

55.6

66 668

30

40

26 129

FSC/SFI/
ATFP/GT

United States Virgin Islands

14

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

NORTH & CENTRAL AMERICA

549 306

 

309 431

56.3

     

30 916

 
Argentina

34 648

MON

-

-

-

-

7

-

-

Bolivia

53 068

TARA

6 900

13.0

-

-

31

885

FSC

Brazil

532 481

TARA

4 000

0.8

-

-

17

666

FSC

Chile

15 536

MON

-

-

-

-

14

-

-

Colombia

49 601

TARA

85

0.2

-

-

24

-

-

Ecuador

10 557

TARA

14

0.1

-

-

20

-

-

Falkland Islands

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

French Guiana

7 926

-

400

5.0

-

-

7

-

-

Guyana

16 879

TARA

4 200

24.9

-

-

1

-

-

Paraguay

23 372

-

3 000

12.8

-

-

5

-

-

Peru

65 215

TARA

1 573

2.4

-

-

10

-

-

Suriname

14 113

TARA

1 568

11.1

-

-

4

-

-

Uruguay

1 292

MON

99

7.7

-

-

5

-

-

Venezuela

49 506

TARA

3 970

8.0

-

-

66

-

-

SOUTH AMERICA

874 194

 

25 809

3.0

     

1 551

 
 
TOTAL-
WORLD

3 856 159

           

80 717

 

Table of contents