COFO-2001/7-Rev.1


COMMITTEE ON FORESTRY

Item 8(c) of the Provisional Agenda

FIFTEENTH SESSION

Rome, Italy, 12-16 March 2001

MEDIUM TERM PLAN 2002-07

Secretariat Note

INTRODUCTION

1. Following the approval of The Strategic Framework for FAO 2000 - 2015, by the FAO Conference in November 1999, the Medium Term Plan 2002 - 2007 (MTP) was prepared to translate the broad longer-term strategies into a focused set of substantive priorities and programme activities for a six-year period. It is recalled that the medium-term plan is of a "rolling" nature, to be updated every two years to reflect evolving contexts. The first Programme of Work and Budget (PWB) to be formulated in the context of the Medium Term Plan 2002 - 2007 will cover the biennium 2002 - 2003 and provide a more detailed description of the outputs planned for this two year period and the required resources. This PWB will be presented to the FAO Conference for approval in November 2001.

2. While the MTP has already been considered by the FAO Council in November 2000, it is the expectation of the Council that COFO review and make recommendations on the forestry programme priorities in the document, which would also be taken into account in the formulation of the PWB 2002-2003.

3. Accordingly, an extract from the MTP document, dealing with Major Programme 2.4 Forestry is reproduced below. The introductory text and tables at the beginning of each programme establish the links of the MTP proposals with the Corporate Strategies and Strategic Objectives in the FAO Strategic Framework 2000-2015.

4. In accordance with the new programming model endorsed by the FAO Conference, each programme consists of a number of "entities". These entities are of three types: time-bound technical projects, continuing programme activities and technical services. Within each technical project, besides the rationale and objective, a number of "major outputs" are identified over its lifetime, and the same for continuing programme activities. They will translate into more detailed biennial "outputs" in the Programme of Work and Budget. As a major innovation, indicators of achievements are also provided.

5. In comparison with the Programme of Work and Budget 2000-2001, it may be noted that the four forestry programmes in the MTP are divided into fewer programme entities, which focus on the following priorities identified in the FAO Strategic Plan for Forestry:

6. The Committee will also wish to note that the FAO MTP identifies sixteen "Priority Areas for Inter-Disciplinary Action" (PAIAs), that will be coordinated through corresponding inter-departmental mechanisms. All are of some relevance to the forestry programme, but a number of forestry entities and outputs (in italics in the list below) particularly relate to inter-disciplinary action. They are as follows:

    - 243P4 output 1. Participatory forestry - support the participation of all stakeholders in natural resource management & policy formulation

    - 243P4 output 3. Methodologies, guidelines & tools for improving natural resource management and supporting sustainable livelihoods

    - 241A1 output 4. Sustainable management of natural forests and woodlands - improved methodologies in forest fire management and increased use of integrated pest management

    - 242P2 output 4. Appropriate utilisation of forest products - advice to countries on trade...issues

    - 242A1 output 1. Environmental aspects of forest products - contribution to the ad hoc Inter-Departmental Working Group on climate in relation to agriculture and food security The Forestry Department chairs the IDWG.

    - 241A5 output 3. Forest plantations and trees outside forests - enhance land productivity through appropriate land use planning and agroforestry systems...

    - 241A1 output 5. Sustainable management of natural forests and woodlands - improved knowledge and best practices for the management of forest genetic resources

    - 241A5 output 2. Forest plantations and trees outside forests - improved practices in tree planting...

    - 241A4 output 2. Environmental conservation in forests and fragile ecosystems - Improved knowledge & best practices to promote the conservation and management of biological diversity

    - 241A4 output 1. Environmental conservation in forests and fragile ecosystems - increased knowledge & technologies on fragile ecosystems

    - 241A4 output 3. Implementation of Agenda 21 - mountains, bio-diversity, deserts

    - 241A4 output 4. International Year of Mountains 2002

    - 241P1 output 2. Assessment and monitoring of forests and woodland resources - improved information on forest and woodland resources

    - 242P1 output 2. Forest products knowledge and information - information on utilization of forest products

    - 243A1 output 1. Forestry sector outlook studies - State of the World's Forests SOFO

    - 241P1 output 2. Assessment and monitoring of forests and woodland resources - improved information on forest and woodland resources

    - 243A1 output 7. Forestry sector outlook studies- Stronger basis for long-term projections

Further details on these PAIAs, the full forestry programme as well as the entire MTP document, are available by consulting FAO's Internet Web-site at the following address:

http://www.fao.org/mtp/

The following extract from the FAO Medium Term Plan (paras 88 to 91) refers to the programme in forestry.

MAJOR PROGRAMME 2.4: FORESTRY

88. In reviewing priorities in line with the Strategic Framework 2000-2015 and the FAO Strategic Plan for Forestry, a paramount factor remains the rapid evolution of the sector, including the complex political, economic, technological and institutional changes affecting forests. While forest degradation and loss continue in many countries, international concern is leading to a growing commitment to forest conservation and public involvement in forest management decisions. Forestry issues are, therefore, high on international "political agenda".

89. The main challenge over the medium-term is to balance increasing demands for wood and non-wood products with a wide array of environmental, social and cultural services, giving full effect to the key roles of forests and trees in food security, rural employment, the conservation of soil and water resources, mitigating climate change, and conserving biological diversity. As many of the critical issues in the forestry sector are linked with other sectors, there is a need for inter-sectoral approaches to forest management and conservation, especially increased collaboration between the forest and agriculture sectors, particularly in areas where there is competition for scarce land. FAO will also need to pursue its important role in concerted international efforts to promote the sustainable management and conservation of forest and tree resources.

90. The following medium-term priorities, with direct links to the Corporate Strategies approved by the FAO Conference, draw on the draft Strategic Plan for Forestry which has been reviewed and broadly supported by the Committee on Forestry, the six Regional Forestry Commissions, and the second FAO Ministerial Meeting on Forestry:

91. These priorities translate into fewer technical projects (seven) and continuing programme activities (seven) than in the structure tentatively shown in the Programme of Work and Budget 2000-2001 in application of the new model.

Programme 2.4.1: Forest Resources

Code

Type

Title

A1

A2

A3

B1

B2

C1

C2

D1

D2

E1

E2

E3

241A1

TP

Sustainable Management of Natural Forests and Woodlands

 

241A4

TP

Environmental Conservation in Forests and Fragile Ecosystems

               

     

241A5

TP

Forest Plantations and Trees Outside Forests

           

       

241P1

CP

Assessment and Monitoring of Forests and Woodland Resources

           

   

 

241S1

TS

Technical Support and Advisory Services

   

     

 

Legend

 

Greater than zero, less than US$ 1.5 million

US$ 1.5 million to 3 million

US$ 3 million to 5 million

More than US$ 5 million

 

241A1

Sustainable Management of Natural Forests and Woodlands

Timeframe: 2002 - 2007

Resources: US$ 4,987,000

Rationale
Objective

To support and increase national capacities to conserve, enhance and sustainably utilise natural forests and woodlands for the provision of a wide variety of goods and services.

Major Outputs
  1. Improved practices in national and international efforts to monitor progress on sustainable management of forests, based upon common criteria and indicators, including direct assistance to countries.
  2. Improved methodologies and practices in silviculture and multipurpose management of natural forests, including mountain forests and mangroves.
  3. Improved methodologies and practices in multipurpose management of woodlands and trees in arid lands and in low forest cover areas, and support to the implementation of Chapter 11 of Agenda 21, Combating Desertification.
  4. Improved methodologies in forest fire management and promotion of increased use of integrated pest management practices in forestry.
  5. Support to management of forest genetic resources, including a global database on forest genetic resources, conservation of biological diversity in forests, inventory of best practices, e.g. for in situ conservation, and development of regional and sub-regional action plans.
Indicators

241A4

Environmental Conservation in Forests and Fragile Ecosystems

Timeframe: 2002 - 2007

Resources: US$ 3,665,000

Rationale
Objectives

To identify constraints and facilitate the uptake of improved methods of biodiversity conservation and of sustainable use of forest and wildland animal resources; to enhance the protective role and functions of trees in fragile ecosystems and marginal lands, and to prevent erosion and control desertification; and to increase awareness of and action on sustainable mountain development issues, especially related to the International Year of Mountains (2002).

Major Outputs
  1. Technologies and technical information on critical issues in fragile ecosystems, with special reference to mountains and drylands (including capacity-building in countries and networking).
  2. Guidelines on best practices for effective conservation and sustainable management of biological diversity, including wildlife, in forests and wildlands (including inventories of research needs, training and support to the UN Convention on Biodiversity).
  3. Broad-based and heightened awareness and action on mountain issues, through the preparation for, and follow-up to, the International Year of Mountains.
Indicators

241A5

Forest Plantations and Trees Outside Forests

Timeframe: 2002 - 2007

Resources: US$ 3,411,000

Rationale
Objective

To support national programmes in forest plantations through the adoption of best silvicultural and management practices and the improved utilisation of trees outside forests (including agroforestry systems and urban and peri-urban environments).

Major Outputs
  1. Facilitation of access to and dissemination of information on appropriate tree planting materials and technologies (including seed networks, studies and guidelines and direct advice to national institutions).
  2. Guidelines on tree planting and plantation establishment and management including databases on forest plantation cover, growth and yields).
  3. Support to land use planning and agroforestry systems strategy formulation (including networks on agroforestry).
  4. Policies and programmes for the increased integration of trees in urban and peri-urban environments.
Indicators

241P1

Assessment and Monitoring of Forests and Woodland Resources

Timeframe: continuing programme activity

Resources: US$ 6,112,000

Rationale
Objectives

To systematically analyse, document and report on the status and trends in forest resources; to develop and update methods for forest inventory, analysis, assessment and monitoring based on common and agreed concepts and terms; and to strengthen national capabilities to assess forest resources and the underlying causes of deforestation and forest degradation.

Major Outputs
  1. Improved methodologies for assessing and monitoring changes in all types of forests and woodlands.
  2. Periodic reports on the state of and changes to global forest resources, and support to the international community (including international forest initiatives) and the public in general to understand the state of, and changes in, the forest resources at all levels, including facilitation of country participation in FRA.
  3. Support to capacity-building in forest resource assessment and monitoring.
Indicators

241S1

Technical Support and Advisory Services

Timeframe: technical services on demand

Resources: US$ 6,184,000

Covers both support to field projects and responses to requests from countries for technical advice on forest resource issues.

Programme 2.4.2: Forest Products

Code

Type

Title

A1

A2

A3

B1

B2

C1

C2

D1

D2

E1

E2

E3

242A1

TP

Environmental Aspects of Forests

   

       

   

242P1

CP

Forest Products Information

                 

   

242P2

CP

Appropriate Utilisation of Forest Products

         

   

   

242S1

TS

Support to Field Projects and Advisory Services

     

 

 

   

Legend

 

Greater than zero, less than US$ 1.5 million

US$ 1.5 million to 3 million

US$ 3 million to 5 million

More than US$ 5 million

 

242A1

Environmental Aspects of Forests

Timeframe: 2002 - 2007

Resources: US$ 3,319,000

 

Rationale
Objective

To contribute to the analysis of the environmental dimension of forests and forest practices, including their impact on climate and climate change.

Major Outputs
  1. Assessment of forestry contributions to carbon sequestration, substitution and emissions (including support to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change).
  2. Analyses of information on the role of wood energy in carbon substitution (including databases on wood fuels and direct assistance to countries).
  3. Study of trade and marketing linkages to environmental issues (including certification issues).
Indicators

242P1

Forest Products Information

Timeframe: continuing programme activity

Resources: US$ 6,128,000

Rationale
Objective

To improve availability of, and access to, information on forestry sector utilisation, production, trade and marketing.

Major Outputs
  1. Information and analyses on forest harvesting and engineering intensities, as well as related environmental impact.
  2. Data on the utilisation of forest products (including the Forest Products Yearbook).
  3. Studies and improved knowledge of the socio-economic importance of wood-based resources, and of non-wood forest products (NWFP).
Indicators

242P2

Appropriate Utilisation of Forest Products

Timeframe: continuing programme activity

Resources: US$ 5,389,000

Rationale
Objective

To develop and promote methodologies for best practices of forest utilisation covering harvesting, engineering, processing, trade, marketing of wood and non-wood forest products (NWFP) and bioenergy.

Major Outputs
  1. Studies and promotion of codes of forest harvesting and engineering practices.
  2. Inventories of best practices in forest industry and promotion in countries (including workshops and training activities).
  3. Methodologies for non-wood forest products assessment, product characterisation and the valuation of their socio-economic contribution to sustained livelihoods of farming communities (including harmonisation of concepts and definitions and support to national capacity-building).
  4. Advice to countries on trade and marketing issues concerning forest products, such as changes in trade restrictions, marketing policies and practices, market structures, etc. (including reports, case studies and training courses and workshops on forest products marketing, trade negotiations).
  5. Assistance in the development of sustainable wood energy systems.
Indicators

242S1

Support to Field Projects and Advisory Services

Timeframe: technical services on demand

Resources: US$ 4,316,000

This entity will support the field programmes and provide technical advice to countries on the various aspects of forest products assessment and use addressed by Programme 2.4.2.

Programme 2.4.3: Forestry Policy and Planning

Code

Type

Title

A1

A2

A3

B1

B2

C1

C2

D1

D2

E1

E2

E3

243A1

TP

Forestry Sector Outlook Studies

                   

 

243A3

TP

Strengthening of Institutional Capacities at Country Level

       

 

   

   

243P1

CP

Formulation of National Forestry Programmes

       

             

243P2

CP

Analysis of Economic Factors in Forestry

         

           

243P4

CP

Participatory Forestry

     

             

243S1

TS

Interaction with Field Programmes and Advisory Services

     

   

 

Legend

 

Greater than zero, less than US$ 1.5 million

US$ 1.5 million to 3 million

US$ 3 million to 5 million

More than US$ 5 million

 

243A1

Forestry Sector Outlook Studies

Timeframe: 2002 - 2007

Resources: US$ 3,989,000

Rationale
Objective

To facilitate long-term strategic forestry planning efforts, stimulate appropriate forestry policy reform in countries and to orient donor assistance and investment programmes to the needs of the forestry sector.

Major Outputs
  1. State of the World's Forests (SOFO - major FAO's biennial publication).
  2. Forestry Sector Outlook Study for Africa (including five sub-regional reports - planned during 2002-2003 biennium).
  3. Forestry Sector Outlook Study for Latin America and the Caribbean (planned in 2004).
  4. European Forestry Sector Outlook Study (planned in 2004).
  5. Forestry Sector Outlook Study for the Near East and Central Asia (planned in 2006-2007 biennium).
  6. Report on Asia-Pacific Forestry Towards 2020 (planned in 2006-2007 biennium).
  7. Development of stronger basis for long-term projections (including medium-term projections for forest products production, trade and consumption (20-30 years) and descriptive scenarios and quantitative implications of the long-term future of forests in society).
Indicators

243A3

Strengthening of Institutional Capacities at Country Level

Timeframe: 2002 - 2007

Resources: US$ 3,462,000

Rationale
Objective

To enhance institutional arrangements and legal instruments for the forestry sector at national level.

Major Outputs
  1. Analysis of forestry sector institutional issues (e.g. institutional conditions related to good governance, evaluation of institutional performance of forestry organizations, contractual arrangements to facilitate access to public forests) and information systems related to forestry policy and institutions.
  2. Support to networks on forestry research, education and extension.
  3. Assistance to countries and building of national capacities on formulation of appropriate institutional measures for forestry.
Indicators

243P1

Formulation of National Forestry Programmes

Timeframe: continuing programme activity

Resources: US$ 4,716,000

Rationale
Objective

To ensure that national forestry programmes maximise the contributions of the forestry sector to socio-economic development.

Major Outputs
  1. Analyses and case studies to improve understanding of the cross-sectoral linkages, influences and inter-relations between forestry policies and other national policies (including workshops and technical papers).
  2. Studies on key forestry policy issues (including privatisation, decentralisation of policy decisions, legal instruments for policy implementation and enforcement, impact on forestry of globalisation and integration processes, public policies affecting forest fires, and financing).
  3. Periodic reports on the implementation of national forestry programmes (including guidelines).
Indicators

243P2

Analysis of Economic Factors in Forestry

Timeframe: continuing programme activity

Resources: US$ 2,652,000

Rationale
Objective

To help countries define forest policies and implementation procedures that are fiscally and economically sustainable, thereby supporting long-term strategic forestry planning efforts and appropriate forestry policy reform.

Major Outputs
  1. Study of fiscal measures and tenure arrangements to serve sustainable forest management.
  2. Improved norms for valuation of non-timber forest outputs and mechanisms for internalising externalities.
  3. Manuals and training workshops on use of economic tools in forest management decisions.
Indicators

243P4

Participatory Forestry

Timeframe: continuing programme activity

Resources: US$ 3,669,000

Rationale
Objective

To support both sustainable forest management and sustainable livelihoods, especially of the most vulnerable, through an enabling environment for participatory management of trees, forests, and other natural resources and increased capacity by the different actors, especially those most dependent on forest resources.

Major Outputs
  1. Assessments and design of supportive policy frameworks, processes, and institutions, and materials on participatory approaches and programmes (including linkage between conservation and development, and pathways for effective decentralisation).
  2. Support to the incorporation of participatory processes in the implementation of national forest programmes.
  3. Methodologies, guidelines and tools for improving natural resource management and ensuring sustainable livelihoods.
Indicators

243S1

Interaction with Field Programmes and Advisory Services

Timeframe: technical services on demand

Resources: US$ 6,182,000

This entity includes technical backstopping to field projects and is to meet demands for advice from Members.

Programme 2.4.4: Forest Programmes Coordination and Information

Code

Type

Title

A1

A2

A3

B1

B2

C1

C2

D1

D2

E1

E2

E3

244A1

TP

Follow up to UNCED and International Forestry Processes

     

   

       

244P1

CP

Forestry Information

                 

   

244S1

TS

Support to Statutory Bodies and Liaison with the Regional Offices

     

   

 

   

Legend

 

Greater than zero, less than US$ 1.5 million

US$ 1.5 million to 3 million

US$ 3 million to 5 million

More than US$ 5 million

 

244A1

Follow up to UNCED and International Forestry Processes

Timeframe: 2002 - 2007

Resources: US$ 929,000

Rationale
Objective

To provide coordinated inputs and support to various international processes and initiatives affecting the forestry sector.

Major Outputs
  1. Support to the United Nations Forum on Forests (UNFF) and technical inputs and support to the International Task Force on Forests (ITFF).
  2. Coordinated forestry inputs to international conventions, and periodic reports to the United Nations Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) on the implementation of those chapters in Agenda 21 for which FAO is the task manager: Chapter 11 (Combating Deforestation) and Chapter 13 (Sustainable Mountain Development).
Indicators

244P1

Forestry Information

Timeframe: continuing programme activity

Resources: US$ 6,099,000

Rationale
Objective

To disseminate forestry-related data, information and knowledge by various means and to a wide range of users.

Major Outputs
  1. Forestry section of FAO's Internet Website and improved documentation and information search services.
  2. Advisory services to, and institution-building in countries for the management of forest-related data, information and knowledge.
  3. Targeted information materials (including the Unasylva magazine, newsletters).
Indicators

244S1

Support to Statutory Bodies and Liaison with the Regional Offices

Timeframe: technical services on demand

Resources: US$ 4,206,000

This entity covers servicing of the Committee on Forestry (COFO), other statutory bodies in forestry such as the Regional Forestry Commissions, the Advisory Committee on Paper and Wood Products, the International Poplar Commission, Silva Mediterranea, Working Group of the African Forestry and Wildlife Commission, and the Panel of Experts on Forest Genetic Resources. It also provides a focal point for interaction with forestry officers in Regional and Sub-regional Offices, and seconded to other organizations, and will ensure the provision of Secretariat services to the World Forestry Congress planned for Québec City, Canada, in 2003.