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GENERAL FISHERIES COMMISSION FOR THE MEDITERRANEAN

Report of the Fourth Session of the
SCIENTIFIC ADVISORY COMMITTEE

Athens, Greece, 4-7 June 2001

FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS
Rome, 2001

PREPARATION OF THIS DOCUMENT

This is the final report approved by the participants of the fourth session of the General Fishery Commission for the Mediterranean Scientific Advisory Committee, held in Athens, Greece, from 4 to 7 June 2001.

Distribution:

Participants
GFCM mailing list
FAO Regional and Sub-Regional Fisheries Officers

FAO
General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean.
Report of the fourth session of the Scientific Advisory Committee. Athens, Greece, 4-7 June 2001.
FAO Fisheries Report. No. 653. Rome, FAO. 2001. 36p.

ABSTRACT

The fourth session of the General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) met in Athens, Greece, from 4 to 7 June 2001 and was attended by delegates from fifteen Members of the Commission. The Committee reviewed the conclusions and recommendations of its four Sub-Committees and its ad hoc Working Group on Management Units. The Committee noted that some stocks are fully exploited and recommended the reduction of the fishing effort targeting these stocks. The Committee recommended to declare the year 2002 "the year of the anchovy". The Committee recommended to further investigate the feasibility of an ecosystem management-based approach to Mediterranean fisheries. It agreed on a proposal for a regional project on statistics (MEDIFSIS) that should be examined by the Commission during its next Session. The Committee agreed also on a proposal made by the European Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture Committee (EIFAC) to set up a Joint Working Group on Sturgeon provided that Black Sea riparian GFCM Members agree on such a proposal.



TABLE OF CONTENTS

OPENING OF THE SESSION

ADOPTION OF THE AGENDA AND ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SESSION

INTERSESSIONAL ACTIVITIES

REVIEW OF THE NATIONAL REPORTS

REVIEW OF THE PROGRESS OF STOCK ASSESSMENT STUDIES IN THE MEDITERRANEAN AND THE BLACK SEA

REVIEW OF THE PRESENT MANAGEMENT MEASURES AND "THE STATE OF THE ART" CONCERNING ELEMENTS REQUIRED FOR THE FORMULATION OF NEW OPTIONS

RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSIONS OF THE COMMITTEE

ANY OTHER MATTERS

ELECTION OF THE BUREAU

DATE AND PLACE OF THE FIFTH SESSION

ADOPTION OF THE REPORT

Appendix A: Agenda

Appendix B: List of Participants

Appendix C: List of Documents

Appendix D: GFCM Management Units (Athens, June 2001)

Appendix E: Management Units

Appendix F: Estimates of Lengths for Anchovy

Appendix G: Views of the Legal Counsel on the Representation of Members at the Level of SAC/Sub-Committees

Appendix H: National Reports



OPENING OF THE SESSION

1. The Fourth Session of the GFCM Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC) was held in Athens, Greece, from 4 to 7 June 2001.

2. The Session was attended by delegates from 15 Members of the Commission and by an observer from an FAO Member Nation as well as by observers from the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF). The list of delegates and observers is given in Appendix B to this report.

3. The meeting was called to order by Mr J. Camiñas (Spain), Chairman of the Scientific Advisory Committee, who welcomed the participants to Athens and thanked the Greek Government for organizing the meeting and providing such excellent facilities.

4. The Chairman then gave the floor to Mr Apostolos Tsiokas, General Director, Hellenic Ministry of Agriculture, General Directorate for Fisheries, who welcomed the participants to Athens. Mr Tsiokas stated that his government was in favour of a strengthened GFCM and called upon all contracting parties to contribute to the success of its programmes. He emphasized the role that GFCM should play in the promotion of cooperation among its Members. He informed the meeting that the management measures in Greece were strictly enforced, particularly those concerning seasonal zonal closures and the banning of some non-selective gear.

5. Mr H. Ben Alaya, Secretary of GFCM, then addressed the Committee on behalf of the Director-General of FAO, Dr Jacques Diouf, and expressed the appreciation of FAO to the Greek authorities for their hospitality in hosting this Session. The Secretary of GFCM noted the poor participation in the Working Groups of SAC by scientists from the Eastern Mediterranean and requested SAC to make suggestions to the Commission at its next Session on how this situation could be improved.

ADOPTION OF THE AGENDA AND ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SESSION

6. The Agenda as adopted by the Committee is attached as Appendix A. The documents presented to the Committee are shown in Appendix C.

INTERSESSIONAL ACTIVITIES

Review of the Recommendations of the Twenty-fifth Session of GFCM concerning the SAC mandate

7. The Chairman of SAC, Mr J.A. Camiñas, introduced the item with reference to paragraph 55 of the report of the Twenty-fifth Session of the Commission, which described the mandate given to SAC for its Fourth Session on the double issue s of stock assessment and conservation and identification of the management units.

Progress in the Elaboration of the GFCM Glossary

8. A draft Glossary prepared by Ms Pilar Pereda (Spain) was presented and discussed. This document was an update of what had been reviewed at the Third Session of SAC and included a proposal from the Sub-Committees on Marine Environment and Ecosystems and on Economic and Social Sciences that provided its definitions.

9. SAC recommended that the three parts of the Glossary be combined and presented, after further revision and analysis, as a single document to the next meeting of the Commission.

10. The possibility of having such a Glossary translated into the GFCM official languages was raised. The Secretariat was invited to identify a financing source for the translation of the Glossary and to investigate the possibility to place it on the GFCM Web Site. The possibility that some definitions contained in the GFCM Glossary might be different from the corresponding definitions in the FAO Glossary was raised and considered as an obstacle to the inclusion of the GFCM Glossary in an FAO Web Site. The possiblility of placing the document within the ADRIAMED, COPEMED and/or the Sub-Committee for Stock Assessment ftp Web Sites was also considered as an alternative solution.

11. The observer from the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) suggested using his Organization’s Glossary which was in the process of being revised and which would be in three languages, to facilitate the translation of the GFCM Glossary. The Committee agreed that a cross reference between the FAO and ICCAT Glossaries should be possible in the future.

Intersessional Meetings

Working Group on Management Units

12. The Committee recalled that the definition of the Management Units was part of the mandate given by the Twenty-fifth Session of the Commission to SAC. The Committee reviewed this item in the light of the conclusions and recommendations of the Ad hoc Working Group on Management Units which met in Alicante, Spain, in January 2001 (GFCM:SAC4/2001/Inf.7).

13. The GFCM Statistical Division limits were considered by the Group as a basis for the delimitation of the Management Units. The following modifications however were made:

  1. The limits between sub-regions 1 and 2 were moved to fit within the limits of the present fishery activity in the area.
  2. The limits between divisions 2.1 and 2.2 were moved as explained in document 5 of the Working Group.
  3. The limits between the divisions 1.1, 1.2 and 1.3 have been moved to be consistent with parallels and meridians.
  4. When a Management Unit takes as a reference a national border, the boundary point on the coast will be taken to establish the limit.
  5. The meridian and parallels have been used as limits with the following exceptions:

14. The Working Group recommended to the Committee to divide the GFCM geographical area into thirty provisional Management Units. A map delimitating the proposed divisions was shown and discussed. It was suggested that the surface of the overall Management Units as well as the area up to 800 m be calculated, as below that depth, there were no substantial commercial stocks that could be exploited.

15. The delegation of Libya presented a proposal that divided Management Unit 21 into three units as presented in the map attached as Appendix D. The sub-division proposed was justified by the type of fisheries prevailing in each sub-division, the maximum and average depth in each one and the type of gear used. The Committee agreed on this new proposal.

16. There was general consensus during the discussion on the provisional nature of the proposed delimitation and many delegations suggested changing the name of the Management Units into "sub-areas" or "geographical units" as the independent management units could not be taken into consideration because of a lack of information on fleet, stocks and socio-economic parameters.

17. The delegations of Tunisia and Morocco expressed reserve concerning the demarcations of the Management Units situated between Algeria and their respective countries and suggested that the definitive demarcation be established in the next future.

18. The Committee agreed to a new proposal which would take into account the comments made by different delegations and invited Mr Jorge Baro (Spain) to prepare a new map for consideration by the Commission. The Committee agreed that for the time being and awaiting further instructions from the Commission, the Management Units would be referred to by their sub-regional names as in the Table shown in Appendix E, proposed by the meeting in Alicante on Management Units. It was agreed that an additional column showing the longitudinal and latitudinal reference should eventually be added to the Table.

Sub-Committee on Economic and Social Sciences

19. Mr M. Mallouli, Coordinator of the Sub-Committee, outlined the work of this Sub-Committee which was held in Rome (15–18 May 2001). He also presented the results of the Working Group on Socio-Economic Indicators (Tunis, January 2001).

20. The Committee noted the progress made in the building-up of the different data bases related to the social sciences experts and to bibliographical references. A form concerning sources and accessibility to socio-economic data was reviewed by the Sub-Committee and the latter expressed the view that the data requirement should be considered in any process for the setting up and/or the improvement of national statistical systems. The Sub-Committee noted that the data requested were similar to those foreseen with the European Community regulations.

21. The Coordinator informed the Committee on the progress made in the finalization of the socio-economic Glossary, which should be available in September 2002. He reported that his Sub-Committee considered the geographical location of fishing boats around a harbour (local Operational Unit) as a possible criteria for the segmentation of the fleet.

22. The publication of the Glossary in the GFCM languages was raised and the Committee was informed that the translation of the Glossary should not be a problem, the only constraint would be the identification of a financing source for its publication.

23. Concerning the delay in the publication of the Glossary, it was stressed that the instructions of SAC should prevail over any decision taken by its subsidiary bodies.

24. The Sub-Committee suggested the revision of the term "Management Unit" in order to correspond to the fact that this delimitation is presently based on geographical and jurisdicial considerations only.

25. Concerning the Operational Units, the Sub-Committee suggested that the concept be linked directly to the fleet segmentation that has yet to be developed.

26. Concerning the co-management issue raised in the report of the Sub-Committee, some delegates noted that the Sub-Committee was not formally mandated by SAC to deal with this subject.

27. The Committee took note of the parameters identified by the Sub-Committee for the definition of the Operational Units (Appendix C2 of the report of the Sub-Committee) and called for further analysis of these parameters.

28. It was also pointed out that the basic information on parameters related to "economic structure" in the table for submission of data on Operational Units (Appendix VI of the report of the Working Group on Operational Units) had yet to be identified by this Sub-Committee.

29. The Committee took note of the work carried out by the Sub-Committee and stressed the great value of bio-economic analyses in fisheries management in promoting closer collaboration between fisheries biologists, economists and other social scientists. It recommended the expansion of bio-economic analytical work including the more widespread application of bio-economic models that are suitable for the analysis of Mediterranean fisheries. The Committee appreciated the efforts already undertaken in developing bio-economic models specifically tailored for the analysis of Mediterranean fisheries.

Sub-Committee for Stock Assessment

30. The report of the Sub-Committee was introduced by the Coordinator, Mr J. Lleonart. The Committee was informed that eleven species had been assessed (4 small pelagic and 7 demersal) in 12 management units corresponding to 25 stocks (3 of them are shared). The Coordinator presented a broad review of the situation of these stocks.

31. A long discussion ensued on whether SAC should recommend to GFCM to adopt a minimum size of capture of anchovy, such as the length of first maturity. Some delegates expressed concern with the wide-range of values of lengths presented at first maturity and proposed that more thorough studies should be undertaken.

32. SAC noted that differences in the estimates of the length at first maturity could reflect variability in ecosystem conditions both in space and time as well as changes in fishing mortality over time. A high and sustained fishing pressure could eventually result in a decrease in the length at first maturity. The Committee took careful note of the fact that the estimates varied only between 10.9 and 12.6 cm except for the estimated 9.1 cm for anchovy in the Central Adriatic Sea where the stock had not yet fully recovered from its collapse in 1987.

33. As a conclusion of this discussion, it was decided to recommend to GFCM to set up a minimum legal size at length of first maturity as a principle to be applied for all the region, with the precautionary approach.

34. In order to facilitate a decision by GFCM on this issue, SAC decided to submit a summary of available estimates of length at first maturity as shown in Appendix F.

35. The Committee also recommended to declare the year 2002 "the year of the anchovy" and invited GFCM to give maximum support to all initiatives leading to improved information on and management of anchovy fisheries. In particular, in support of the legal size limit and in order to ensure the recovery of stocks, complementary management measures should be considered including the reduction of fishing effort, closed areas and seasons, minimum mesh size, and other measures as appropriate. GFCM should also request all Sub-Committees and Working Groups to gather all available information on anchovy fisheries and encourage further research on them including bio-economic analyses.

36. Several shared stocks were identified by the Sub-Committee.

Stock

Species

Area

Countries

1

Hake

Gulf of Lions

France and Spain

2

Hake

Adriatic

Albania, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia

3

Hake

Sicily Channel

Italy, Tunisia, Libya and Malta

4

Anchovy

Gulf of Lions

France and Spain

5

Anchovy

Adriatic

Albania, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia

6

Sardine

Adriatic

Albania, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia

7

Sprat

Adriatic

Croatia, Italy, Slovenia

8

Red mullet

Adriatic

Albania, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia

9

Blue whiting

Adriatic

Albania, Croatia, Italy

10

Bogue

Adriatic

Albania, Croatia, Italy, Slovenia

11

Bluefin tuna

All Mediterranean

All countries

12

Swordfish

All Mediterranean

All countries

13

Albacore

All Mediterranean

All countries

37. SAC recommended that more shared stocks should be identified by the Sub-Committee in other or the same areas.

38. Other Sub-Committee conclusions and recommendations were also agreed:

39. Regarding the large pelagic fishes, the Committee was informed that the joint GFCM-ICCAT Working Group on Large Pelagic Fishes had not carried out any assessments of Mediterranean swordfish and albacore and that no new assessments of Eastern Atlantic-Mediterranean bluefin tuna had been undertaken since 1998. The observer from ICCAT explained that the lack of data was the main obstacle to conducting assessments for these stocks. It was further explained that lack of data for assessments did not necessarily mean that relevant data had not been collected; in some cases data were collected by individual countries but not reported to the appropriate regional bodies. The Committee urged scientists involved in data collection programmes, e.g. through COPEMED or through national monitoring programmes, to facilitate the reporting of data to GFCM and ICCAT.

40. Noting that collaboration between the two Commissions had been fruitful, the Committee was supportive of holding another joint GFCM-ICCAT data preparatory meeting in the near future (tentatively in 2002) in order to facilitate new stock assessments of large pelagic fishes in the Mediterranean, provided that new data were made available. It was suggested that the timing for such a meeting should be before the SCSA meeting in order to allow for the results to be integrated into the next meeting of the Committee.

41. The Committee endorsed the recommendations made by the last GFCM-ICCAT Working Group meeting, some of which are summarized below :

42. These recommendations will be submitted to the Commission for consideration at its Twenty-sixth Session.

43. High prospects had been put on the new GFCM by Mediterranean fisheries scientists, expecting it to function as other international commissions involved in stock assessment and fisheries management. In order to reach this goal, four SCs and several WGs, as well as ad hoc WGs, were created and are going on. Unfortunately, two years later, it must be recognised that little assessments have been made and not much useful recommendations can be done for fisheries management, although it must be recognised for the SC that data necessary to carry out assessment exists (but not always are available), at least for some MU. In this context, this SC felt that it is loosing its credibility for SAC and strongly expressed its concerns about its role and the future of SAC and GFCM. Through the SAC, this situation should be highlighted to the GFCM members for discuss during the next meeting of the Commission, recommending them to intervene for the respect and maintenance of the rules fixed for GFCM and accepted by each member two years ago.

Sub-Committee on Marine Environment and Ecosystems

44. Mr O. Jarboui introduced the report of this Sub-Committee on behalf of Mr Amor El Abed, Coordinator, who could not attend this session of SAC. He presented the conclusions of the Working Group on Environment and Marine Ecosystems (Palma de Majorca, February 2001) which were reviewed by the Sub-Committee. The conclusions of and actions taken by the Working Group are summarized as follows:

45. The Committee expressed its appreciation for the work of the SCMEE. It noted the increasing importance of adopting an ecosystem-based fisheries management approach. It agreed that the focus of the SCMEE would remain the study and analysis of the impact of fisheries on the ecosystem and environment as well as the influence of environmental factors on fisheries including those caused by other activities on fish habitat and water quality that could affect fish nurseries, migration, recruitment, etc. The Committee noted that the competence for ecosystem management was usually divided among several ministries and agencies. The need to establish a proper mechanism for coordination and information exchange was felt appropriate.

46. While welcoming the data Form on environmental conditions and bio-ecological information proposed by the Sub-Committee, the Committee recommended that only the final version of the form should be distributed, together with detailed instructions on how to complete them in a proper manner and indicating the appropriate units of measurement.

47. The Committee recommended to the GFCM the organization of an Ad hoc Working Group to analyse the feasibility of the ecosystem-based management approach to fisheries in Mediterranean waters, particularly:

48. This Working Group would be organized by the SAC Chairman in consultation with the Sub-Committees' Coordinators and should be held in 2002 prior to the next Session of SAC to which it will report.

49. SAC also recommended that the participation of experts from the majority of the GFCM member countries should be ensured in the preparation of this Working Group meeting.

50. SAC was informed that a workshop organized by the COPEMED Project on environmental variability and small pelagic fisheries in the Mediterranean Sea was be held in Mallorca (Spain) from 26 to 29 June 2001. The results of this workshop will be submitted to the next Session of SAC.

51. The Committee concurred with the importance of developing national plans of action for shark management and noted that the corresponding International Plan of Action (IPOA) was of a voluntary nature.

Sub-Committee on Fishery Statistics and Information

52. The Coordinator of the Sub-Committee, Mr D. Levi, recalled the role of this Sub-Committee as agreed at the Twenty-fifth Session of GFCM (Malta, September 2000). He also recalled the mandate given to the Sub-Committee by GFCM which was: to (a) develop and coordinate a regional project to improve the coverage of data for the Mediterranean Sea and (b) to call on a Working Group to design and compile an inventory of Operational Units, as well as to define the data structure and fishing effort parameters.

53. In this respect, a meeting held in Rome in May 2001, focused on the formulation of a draft proposal for a regional project on statistics, MEDIFSIS, the concepts of which stemmed from a preliminary meeting of experts held at FAO Headquarters in January 2001. The Coordinator drew the attention of the SAC delegates to point 4.1 of the proposal where the current situation of fisheries statistics in the Mediterranean and the objectives of the project are outlined. He explained that through the project, GFCM would help countries to raise the required common minimum standard in fisheries statistics. The Coordinator then stated that it would be appropriate for a task force to be set up which would take decisions on the methodology to be employed during the course of the execution of the project. He said that it was clear that the other Sub-Committees of SAC required a good flow of reliable statistical and scientific data and this project would provide the necessary tools which would otherwise be lacking. The draft project proposal was now before SAC for review since countries had already had an opportunity to comment and propose amendments to this draft (deadline 30 May 2001). The forthcoming GFCM Session (September 2001) would be invited to consider a finalized form of the proposal. In addition, it was pointed out that Governments, scientists, technicians and administrators from all participating countries would have an important role to play.

54. The Coordinator summarized the proceedings of the Working Group on Operational Units which met in Ancona in April 2001. He pointed out that a more polished version of the definition of Operational Units was agreed upon during that meeting. He informed the Committee that an agreement was reached on the importance of the identification of Operational Units. Some countries in the region had experimented with the use of the Operational Units tool within the framework of the meeting on the Operational Units in Ancona organized by the ADRIAMED Project. Prior to the meeting of the Working Group on Operational Units, Albania, Slovenia, Croatia and Italy had experimented with the use of the Operational Units tool and their experience was presented during the meeting. Morocco, Malta, , Spain, France and Libya presented the associated data on Operational Units during the SCSI meeting in May 2001, in the table format agreed upon during the meeting of the Working Group. It was noted that many countries had yet to submit the Operational Units data. The Coordinator stressed that it was now important to extend this exercise throughout the Mediterranean.

55. The issue of Management Units was then addressed and the recommendations of the SCSI on this issue were put forward. For management purposes, data would be collected with reference to a statistical geographical pattern using units of 30’ x 30’ or multiples of these units, the largest of which would be the Management Unit itself.

56. The Coordinator stated that the virtual library of scientific literature would continue to be developed with the support of COPEMED and outlined the programme of work for the intersessional period.

57. The necessity to strengthen coordination between organisms responsible for the production of fishery statistics during the implementation of the project was pointed out. It was noted that, in case of agreement by SAC of the MEDIFSIS project, a request for human and financial ressources would be addressed to GFCM Members. It was also noted that FAO would play a role in overseeing the compatibility of the methodology and outputs of the statistical systems developed in various countries with the requirements of international management bodies. The multidisciplinary approach to the development of these statistical systems was also agreed upon.

REVIEW OF THE NATIONAL REPORTS

58. National Reports had been requested by SAC in line with a standard format but only five reports had been submitted and are attached as Appendix H. Delegates stated, however, that they would send these reports upon return to their home countries.

REVIEW OF THE PROGRESS OF STOCK ASSESSMENT STUDIES IN THE MEDITERRANEAN AND THE BLACK SEA

59. A document summarizing the work on stock assessment carried out by SAC and its subsidiary bodies was presented. The document illustrated the trends in catches of anchovy and hake and referred to the FAO statistics (1950-1990) which showed for hake a general increase in catch until around 1985 and a sharp decrease over the last five years. Concerning anchovy, a sharp decrease was observed after 1980 and some recovery of the catch was reported over the last five years in all areas except for the Balearic sub-region where catch continued to decrease.

60. Regarding the trend in landings, it was indicated that they should not be confused with trend of abundance. The usefulness of such information was acknowledged and it was recommended for the next meeting of the Sub-Committee for Stock Assessment, to increase the number of species whose trends of landings were analysed, updating this analysis of trends on an annual basis.

61. The list of species recommended by GFCM at its Twenty-fifth Session was also revised. During the discussion by the Committee of its list of priority species, it noted that what GFCM called the "selected species list" was in fact the SAC "priority species". In order to avoid confusion, it was suggested that the SAC wording should be utilized. Furthermore, the use of the latin names of species in all cases was strongly recommended in order to avoid misunderstandings.

62. It was also agreed that only individual species should be listed and that particular attention should be given to species constituting shared resources. In this regard, the Committee approved the inclusion of the three species of large pelagics in the list as well as three new species: Boops boops, Trachurus mediterraneus and Coryphaena hippurus. Two other species which had been omitted through an oversight from the original list (Micromesistius poutassou and Mullus surmuletus) should be included again.

63. Regarding the genus Eledone, it was recommended to maintain in the list only Eledone cirrhosa. Regarding Sparidae, SAC invited GFCM to specify additonal Sparidae species as appropriate.. So far, within the priority list, are Pagellus erythrinus and Boops boops.

64. It was also recommended that the proposal made by some delegates to include the stocks of Sardina pilchardus in the Alboran Sea and Aristeomorpha foliacea and Parapenaeus longirostris from the Sicily Channel in the list of shared stocks be further analysed by the Sub-Committee for Stock Assessment.

65. The present list of priority species is as follows: Merluccius merluccius, Micromesistius poutassou, Merlangius merlangus, Mullus barbatus, Mullus surmuletus, Pagellus erythrinus, Boops boops, Psetta maxima, Engraulis encrasicolus, Sardina pichardus, Sardinella aurita, Sprattus sprattus, Trachurus trachurus, Trachurus mediterraneus, Thunnus thynnus, Thunnus alalunga , Xiphias gladius, Coryphaena hippurus, Aristeomorpha foliacea, Aristeus antennatus, Parapenaeus longirostris, Nephrops norvegicus and Eledone cirrhosa.

REVIEW OF THE PRESENT MANAGEMENT MEASURES AND "THE STATE OF THE ART" CONCERNING ELEMENTS REQUIRED FOR THE FORMULATION OF NEW OPTIONS

66. In introducing this agenda item, Mr J. A. Camiñas, Chairman, drew the attention of Committee members to a meeting held in Heraklion, Crete (March 2001) funded by the European Union Accompanying Measures (AUAM) that reviewed the strengths and weaknesses of Mediterranean fisheries and their management and offered some alternatives on the way forward. Copies of the meeting report entitled "Towards Holistic Fisheries Management: A Mediterranean Perspective" had been made available to SAC.

67. Mr Camiñas noted that only the Sub-Committee for Stock Assessment had explicitly considered this matter but was unable to offer comments on the appropriateness of present management measures. Mr J. Lleonart, Coordinator of that Sub-Committee, drew the attention of SAC to Section 5 of the Sub-Committee’s report.

68. In considering this item, SAC noted that its mandate to address this item was originated by the Twenty-fifth Session of GFCM (Malta, September 2000). While there were some differences in the interpretation of the scope and purpose of this mandate (paragraph 55 of the report of the Twenty-fifth Session) SAC was requested "to evaluate the appropriateness of present management measures in the light of updated evaluations of demersal and pelagic species and of explorations by SAC of different outputs of such evaluations consequent to different management measures".

69. Many delegations expressed the view that currently available information was unsatisfactory and insufficient to undertake such an evaluation. This was also reflected in the work and output of the Working Groups and Sub-Committees. Mention was made of the general problem of enforcement current management regulations.

70. The Committee agreed to seek advice from the Commission on whether specific actions should be taken such as, for example, the creation of a working group or the convening of a workshop, to review present management methods, in particular examples where management succeeded, and discuss options for improvements. In this regard, mention was made of an ongoing compilation of current fisheries regulations in the Mediterranean by the FAO Legal Office for COPEMED and the Barcelona Convention (SPA Protocol).

RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSIONS OF THE COMMITTEE

71. The recommendations by the SAC Sub-Committees agreed upon by the Committee are given below for consideration by the Commission.

FISHERIES MANAGEMENT MEASURES

72. SAC endorsed the following recommendations of its Sub-Committtee for Stock Assessment for consideration by the Commission.

Small Pelagics Species

Anchovy

Engraulis encrasicolus in Northern and Central Adriatic Sea: Considering the current levels of catches (25% of biomass) and the decrease of the biomass in 1996, it was recommended to maintain the current level of fishing effort. CPUE data updated to 1999 showed a trend of stock abundance similar to the previous years. Market opportunities should be investigated in order to find new markets for sardine which would reduce both discards of sardine at sea and fishing pressure on anchovy. General comments and recommendations for anchovy stocks in the Mediterranean from the assessments of this species presented at the Working Group:

Horse mackerel

Trachurus trachurus in Central Aegian Sea: In view of the abundance index estimated during the previous years (1988 -1995), SAC recommended keeping fishing effort at the current level.

Bogue

Boops boops in Central Aegian Sea: SAC recommended keeping fishing effort at the current level until multi–gear assessment work was undertaken.

Demersals Species

Hake

Merluccius merluccius in the Gulf of Lions: The assessment of this stock showed a growth overfishing and a risk of recruitment overfishing. In order to correct it, SAC recommended the improvement of the fishing pattern of the trawl and the reduction of effort of all gears.

Merluccius merluccius in Eastern Ligurian-northern Tyrrenian : SAC recommended the following: (i) seasonal closures should be implemented in order to protect the highly concentrated and vulnerable individuals presently in the nursery areas; (ii) in order to drive the spawning biomas to a safer situation (currently it represents about 16% of the pristine biomass), a moderate reduction of 15% in effort was suggested; (iii) the mesh size currently in use defined a very small size of first capture (8-9 cm), which was much lower than the legal size of the species. However, the adoption of a bigger mesh should lead to a slight improvement in Y/R for hake but contemporarily important losses as regards the catch of several other species that make part of the commercial package might occur; (iv) an increase in the size of first capture could also be obtained by self-regulation of the fleet, avoiding the fishing grounds where small hakes were concentrated or by enforcement of temporary or total closures of defined areas.

Merluccius merluccius in Aegian Sea: According to available data, the stock was defined as overexploited. In an attempt to protect as far as possible this stock, SAC recommended to enforce strongly the existing technical measures and regulations. Considering the existing closed season for demersal trawlers for four months in the Hellenic Seas and the spatial distribution of nursery grounds of this species, an improvement in the situation of this stock would be expected. In general, the reduction of effort and the increase of the selectivity of this species, avoiding the catch of small individuals was considered a priority for all hake stocks.

Red mullet

Mullus barbatus in Southern Ligurian-northern Tyrrenian: With the current level of exploitation there was a risk of depletion of this stock that should be taken into consideration. SAC recommended: (i) a total closure of the three mile coastal strip which was considered sufficient for the immediate protection of the juveniles after recruitment; (ii) settlement of artificial obstacles within the three mile strip to avoid illegal groundfish trawling; (iii) a seasonal closure during the period of post-recruitment could be theoretically efficient delaying the catch of newly settled individuals; (iv) a reduction in effort considered to be too high at present (v) as mesh size currently in use defined a length at first capture smaller than the legal size, the enforcement of area and temporary closures could determine an increase in the above-mentioned size that made unnecessary an increase in mesh size for the species.

Mullus barbatus in Aegian sea: SAC recommended the enforcement of current management measures, the application of which should reduce the mortality of juveniles in nursery areas, decreasing the exploitation level of the stock.

Red shrimp

Aristeus antennatus in the Balearic Islands: SAC recognized that the stock was over-exploited and expressed concern about the decreasing trend of biomass (current biomass represented about 10% of the estimated virgin biomass). In consequence, it recommended reducing the fishing effort targetting this species and to implement a harvesting rule based on the fishing mortality and biomass estimates.

Aristeus antennatus in the Alicante Gulf: SAC recommended to keep the present effort at its current level.

ICCAT – Management Recommendations

73. SAC took note of the Resolutions adopted during the intersessional period by ICCAT on management of large pelagic species. The Committee recommended that these recommendations be reviewed at the next Session of GFCM.

74. The Committee recommended the implementation of the Resolutions concerning the research programmes on bluefin tuna and swordfish at the level of the GFCM area to the Commission.

FISHERIES STATISTICS AND INFORMATION

75. SAC endorsed the following recommendations proposed by its Sub-Committee on Fishery Statistics and Information.

MARINE ENVIRONMENT AND ECOSYSTEMS

76. SAC endorsed the following recommendations of its Sub-Committee on Marine Environment and Ecosystems.

ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL SCIENCES

77. SAC endorsed the following recommendations of its Sub-Committee on Economic and Social Sciences for consideration by the Commission.

ANY OTHER MATTERS

EIFAC proposal for setting-up a Joint Working Group on Sturgeon to cover the Danube, the Black Sea, the Caspian Sea and the Adriatic Sea regions

78. The Committee took note of a request by EIFAC to set up such a Working Group and welcomed the idea as it coped with the direct interests of GFCM Members.`The Committee considered that such a Working Group would be an excellent opportunity for scientists from the Black Sea area to become more involved in GFCM activities but as no representative from the countries bordering the Black Sea was present at the time of the discussion, the Committee requested the Secretariat to contact the National Authorities in Bulgaria, Romania and Turkey seeking their views on the EIFAC proposal before submitting it to the Commission for consideration.

Views of the FAO Legal Counsel on the representation of members at the level of the SAC Sub-Committees

79. The Committee took note of the views of the FAO Legal Counsel on the issue of whether scientists attending SAC Working Groups and Sub-Committees represented their respective governments or attended as independent experts. A document containing the views of the FAO Legal Counsel on this is attached as Appendix G.

80. The Committee, considering also the content of paragraph 15 of the report of the Twenty-fifth Session of GFCM as well as paragraph 56 (fourth bullet) of the report of the Third Session of SAC, agreed that, while focal points and experts are designated by Members, they should act as scientists when attending the sessions of the Working Groups and Sub-Committees. The Committee recognized the usefulness of focal points in identifying the most competent scientists for each of the Sub-Committee sessions according to the agenda of each session and to keep their own National Scientific Committee duly informed.

81. Without prejudice to the participation of national experts provided by GFCM Members, the Committee also agreed that the sessions of the Sub-Committees and Working Groups should be open to any expert from the GFCM area and also from outside if such an expert were in a position to provide a valuable contribution to the activities of the Working Groups and Sub-Committees.

Participation of GFCM Members from the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean in the activities of the Commission

82. The Committee deplored the absence from GFCM meetings of scientists and representatives from several Mediterranean countries and suggested that cooperation between research institutions from the North and South Mediterranean be strengthened in order to improve the capability of the countries which needed assistance.

83. The idea of setting-up a regional project covering the Eastern Mediterranean region was considered important by the Committee. A financing source for such a project should be identified.

ELECTION OF THE BUREAU

84. The Committee unanimously agreed on the re-election of the present Bureau for another two-year period.

85. The Chairman of SAC, referring to the imminent retirement of Mr H. Ben Alaya, who had served as Secretary of the Commission for the last decade, recognized his wide experience, knowledge and pragmatism, expressed on behalf of the Committee his appreciation for the valuable support given to SAC, and wished him a happy retirement.

86. The Chairman also expressed his appreciation for the valuable support that Mr P. Oliver, Technical Secretary of the Sub-Committee on Stock Assessment, who had decided to go back to his Institute and expressed the wish that GFCM would continue to benefit from his knowledge and expertise.

DATE AND PLACE OF THE FIFTH SESSION

87. The delegate from Libya offered to host the next Session of the Committee. The first half of June 2002 was suggested as an indicative date.

ADOPTION OF THE REPORT

74. The report was adopted on Thursday 7 June 2001.




***


APPENDIX A

AGENDA

1. Opening of the Session

2. Adoption of the Agenda and arrangements for the Session

3. Intersessional Activities

4. Review of the national reports on research activities being undertaken in the field covered by the mandate of the four SAC Sub-Committees

5. Review of the progress of stock assessment studies in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea

6. Review of the present management measures and "the state of the art" concerning elements required for the formulation of new options

7. Formulation of recommendations in the field of fishery management and research

8. Any other matters

9. Election of the Bureau

10. Date and place of the Fifth Session of SAC

11. Adoption of the report

 

***


APPENDIX B

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS

MEMBERS OF GFCM

ALBANIA

Roland KRISTO
Director
Fishery Directorate
Ministry of Agriculture and Food
Skanderbeg Square
Tirana

ALGERIA

Nabila HAOUI (Ms)
Sous Directrice de la formation
Ministère de la pêche et des
ressources halieutiques
Rue des 4 Canons
Algers

BULGARIA

CROATIA

Ivan KATAVIC
Director, Fisheries Directorate
Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
Ul. Grada Vukovara 78
10000 Zagreb
Tel: (+385 1) 6106 208
Fax: (+385 1) 6109 208
E-mail: ivan.katavic@mps.hr

CYPRUS

EGYPT

Mohamed KHALIFA
Agricultural Counsellor
Deputy Permanent Representative
Embassy of the Arab Republic of Egypt
Via Salaria, 267
Rome, Italy
Tel: (+39 06) 854 89 56
Fax: (+39 06) 854 26 03

EUROPEAN COMMUNITY – MEMBER ORGANIZATION

Franco BIAGI
Principal Administrator
Directorate General for Fisheries –A1
Rue Joseph II, 99
B-1000 Brussels
Belgium
Tel: (+32-2) 2994104
Fax: (+32-2) 2955621
E-mail: franco.biagi@cec.eu.int

Michel HENRARD
Principal Administrator
EUROSTAT
Plateau du Kirchberg
Batiment Jean Monnet
L-2920 Luxembourg
Tel: (+352) 4301 33744
Fax: (+352) 4301 37318
E-mail:
michel.henrard@cec.eu.int

FRANCE

Henri FARRUGIO
Chef de Laboratoire de ressources halieutiques
IFREMER
Centre halieutique Méditerranéen et Tropical
Avenue Jean Monnet
34203 Sète
Tel: (+33) 499573200
Fax: (+33) 499573295
E-mail: henri.farrugio@ifremer.fr

Jean MARIN
Laboratoire des ressources halieutiques
IFREMER
Centre halieutique Méditerranéen et Tropical
Avenue Jean Monnet
34203 Sète
Tel: (+33) 499573200
Fax: (+33) 499573295
E-mail:
jean.marin@ifremer.fr

GREECE

Marina PETROU (Ms)
Director
Directorate General for Fisheries
Ministry of Agriculture
381 Akarnon Road
11143 Athens

Olga AGIOVLASSITI (Ms)
Head of Department
Ministry of Agriculture
Directorate General for Fisheries
381 Akarnon Road
11143 Athens
Tel: 01-2111175
Fax: 01-2022086
Email: hercules@hellasnet.gr

Constantina KARLOU-RIGA (Ms)
Head, Fisheries Laboratory
Ministry of Agriculture
Karaoli and Demetrion 15
Athens

Costas PAPACONSTANTINOU
Director
Institute of Marine Biological Resources
NCMR
Aghios Kosmas, Hellinikon
16604 Athens
Tel: (+30-1) 9821354/9811713
Email:
pap@ncmr.gr

Jorge PETRIDIS
Journalist
Tsaldari and Vasilikis, Office 72
Athens

ISRAEL

ITALY

Giovanni DELLA SETA
Direzione Generale della Pesca
e dell´Acquacoltura
Ministero per le Politiche Agricole e Forestali
Viale dell' Arte 16
00144 Roma
Tel: (+39 06) 59084785
Fax: (+39 06) 59084144
Email:
fonsilk@tiscalinet.it

Rosanna FRONZUTO (Ms)
Direzione Generale della Pesca
e dell'Acquacoltura
Ministero per le Politiche Agricole e Forestali
Viale dell' Arte 16
00144 Roma
Tel: (+39 06) 59084604
Fax: (+39 06) 59084176

Dino LEVI
Director
IRMA- CNR
V. Vaccara 61
91026 Mazara del Vallo
Tel: (+39 09) 23948390/948966
Fax: (+39 09) 23906634
Email:
levi@irma.pa.cnr.it

JAPAN

Ziro SUZUKI
National Research Institute of
Far Seas Fisheries
5-7-1, Orido, Shimizu, Shizuoka 424-8633
Tel: (+81) 543 366 041
Fax: (+81) 543 359 642
E-mail: zsuzuki@fra.affrc.go.jp

LEBANON

LIBYA

Atig Arbi DRAWIL-HUNI
Director
Marine Biology Research Center
National Authority for Scientific Research
PO Box 30830
Tajura
Tel: +218 21 369 0001
Fax: +218 21 369 0002
Email: drawatig@yahoo.com

MALTA

Francis MONTANARO MIFSUD
Ambassador to FAO
Permanent Representation of the
Republic of Malta to FAO
Lungotevere Marzio 12
00186 Rome, Italy
Tel: (+39 06) 6879990/6879947
Fax: (+39 06) 6892687

Matthew CAMILLERI
Fisheries Biologist
Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries
Fort San Lucian, Marsaxlokk
Tel: (+356) 650 934
Fax: (+356) 659 380
E-mail: matthew.camilleri@magnet.mt

MONACO

MOROCCO

Abdellah SROUR
Director, Centre régional INRH à Nador
B.P. 493, Nador
Tel: (+212) 56600869
Fax: (+212) 56603828
E-mail: srour@nadornet.net.ma

Mohammed Idrissi MALOULI
Centre régional INRH à Nador
B.P. 493, Nador
Tel/Fax: (+212) 56603828
E-mail:
malouli@nadornet.net.ma

Mehdi EL-OUAIRI
Chef de laboratoire des ressources
Institut national de recherche halieutique
2, rue de Tiznit, Casablanca
Tel: (+212 22) 222 090
Fax: (+212 22) 266 967
E-mail:
elouairi@inrh.org.ma

Majida MAAROUF
Ingénieur
Ministère des pêches maritimes
Cité administrative
Agdal, Rabat
Tel: (+212 37) 68 80 00
Fax: (+212 37) 68 81 94
E-mail:
maarouf@mp3m.gov.ma

ROMANIA

Viorel BOLOVAN
Economic and Commercial Counsellor
Embassy of Romania
Athens
Greece

SPAIN

Juan A. CAMIÑAS
Director
Centro Oceanográfíco de Málaga
Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnologia
Apto. 285
29640 Fuengirola
Tel: (+34 95) 247 81 48
Fax: (+34 95) 246 38 08
E-mail: jacaminas@ma.ieo.es

Pilar PEREDA (Ms)
Jefa de Programa de Pesquerías del
Mediterráneo
Instituto Español de Oceanográfía
Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología
C.O. Murcia, c./Varadero 1
30740 San Pedro del Pinatar
Murcia
Tel: (+34) 968180500
Fax: (+34) 968184441
E-mail:
pilar.pereda@mu.ieo.es

Jordi LLEONART
ICM-CSIC
Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología
P. Joan de Borbó S/N
08039 Barcelona
E-mail:
lleonart@icm.csic.es

Jorge BARO
Investigador
Centro Oceanográfíco de Málaga
Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnologia
Puerto Pesquero
29640 Fuengirola
Tel: (+34 95) 247 69 55
Fax: (+34 95) 246 38 08
E-mail:
jorgebaro@ma.ieo.es

SYRIA

TUNISIA

Othman JARBOUI
Maître de recherche agricole à l'INSTM
BP 1035
3018 Sfax
Tel: (+216 4) 497 117
Fax: (+216 4) 497 989
E-mail: othman.jarboui@instm.rnrt.tn

TURKEY

OBSERVER FROM FAO MEMBER NATION/OBSERVATEUR D´ÉTAT MEMBRE DE LA FAO

SLOVENIA

Jože ŠTIRN
Counsellor
Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and
Food
Dumajska c. 58
Ljubljana
Fax: (+38) 656745428

OBSERVER FROM INTER-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION/ OBSERVATEUR D'ORGANISATION INTERGOUVERNEMENTALE

INTERNATIONAL COMMISSION FOR THE CONSERVATION OF ATLANTIC TUNAS (ICCAT)/COMMISSION INTERNATIONALE POUR LA CONSERVATION DES THONIDÉS DE L'ATLANTIQUE (CICTA)

Victor RESTREPO
ICCAT
C. Corazon de María 8
28002 Madrid
Spain
Tel: (+34 91) 4165600
Fax: (+34 91) 4152612
E-mail:
victor.restrepo@iccat.es

OBSERVER FROM NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION/ OBSERVATEUR D'ORGANISATION NON-GOUVERNEMENTALE

WORLD WIDE FUND FOR NATURE/ FONDS MONDIAL POUR LA NATURE

Sergi TUDELA
Fisheries Officer
WWF Mediterranean Programme Officer
Pere Verges 1
08020 Barcelona
Spain
Tel: (+34) 93 30 56 252
E-mail:
studela@atw-wwf.org

SECRETARIAT

FAO

Viale delle Terme di Caracalla
00100 Rome

H. BEN ALAYA
GFCM Secretary/Secrétaire de la CGPM
Senior Fishery Liaison Officer/Fonctionnaire
principal de liaison (pêches)
International Institutions and Liaison
Service/Service des institutions
internationales et de liaison
Tel: (+39 06) 57056435
Fax: (+39 06) 57056500
E-mail:
habib.benalaya@fao.org

P. OLIVER
Senior Fishery Resources Officer/ Fonctionnaire principal des ressources
halieutiques
Fishery Resources Division/Division des
ressources halieutiques
Tel: (+39 06) 57056354
Fax: (+39 06) 57053020
E-mail:
pere.oliver@fao.org

R. WILLMANN
Senior Fishery Planning Officer/Fonctionnaire
principal (planification des pêches)/Fishery
Policy and Planning Division/Division
des politiques et de la planification de la pêche
Tel: (+39 06) 57053408
Fax: (+39 06) 57056500
E-mail:
rolf.willmann@fao.org

S. COPPOLA
Fishery Resources Officer/Analyste des
ressources halieutiques
Fishery Resources Division/Division des
ressources halieutiques
Tel: (+39 06) 57056279
Fax: (+39 06) 57053020
E-mail:
rino.coppola@fao.org

J. WEBB
Meetings Officer/Chargé des réunions
International Institutions and Liaison
Service/Service des institutions
internationales et de liaison
Tel: (+39 06) 57056721
Fax: (+39 06) 57056500
E-mail:
janet.webb@fao.org

M. GUYONNET
Secretary/Secrétaire
International Institutions and Liaison
Service/Service des institutions
internationales et de liaison
Tel: (+39 06) 57053951
Fax: (+39 06) 57056500
E-mail:
marianne.guyonnet@fao.org

ADRIAMED Project

Fabio MASSA
Project Coordinator
Corso Umberto 30
Termoli (CB)
Italy
Tel: (+39 08) 75708252
Fax: (+39 08) 75708252
E-mail:
fabio.massa@faoadriamed.org

COPEMED Project

Rafael ROBLES
Director
Universidad de Alicante
Ramón y Cajal 4
03001 Alicante
Spain
Tel: +34 965 145979
Fax: +34 965 145978
Email:
rafael.robles@ua.es

Interpreters/interpreters

Mr Pierre FOURNIER
Mrs Francoise BRON-HADZINICOLAOU
Ms Gabriela DOMINGO SERRANO
Mrs Christine LIBERAS
Mrs Hiam ABUL NAGA-HUSSEIN
Mr Omar Serif HAMMAD
Mrs Zeinab IBRAHIM
Mrs Claire TEDJINI-ROEMMELE
Mrs Fiorella FIACCADORI-ZANCHI

HOST GOVERNMENT/GOUVERNEMENT HOTE

Liaison Officer/Fonctionnaire de liaison

Ms Angeliki KALLARA
Tel: (+30-1) 2125292
Fax: (+30-1) 2111719
Email:
kps5mis@mail.ntua.gr

Liaison Assistants/Auxiliaires de liaison

Euthymia DAMASKOU
Aimilios ASPIRADIS
Konstantina PETSA
Konstantinos TSIKNAKIS
Phan SPYROU
Maria KOUDOUMOYIANNAKI
Penelopi BELEKOU
Evangelia BIZA
Issidora KARAMBOULA
Natassa PAPAYIANNI
Panagiota ALEXIOU
Dimitra KAPOPOULOU
Lambrini HARALAMPOUS

 

***



APPENDIX C

LIST OF DOCUMENTS

GFCM:SAC4/2001/1

Provisional Agenda and Timetable

GFCM:SAC4/2001/2

Intersessional Activities: Review of the activities carried out by the Commission during the intersessional period

GFCM:SAC4/2001/Inf.1 Rev.1

Provisional List of Documents

GFCM:SAC4/2001/Inf.2

Provisional List of Participants

GFCM:SAC4/2001/Inf.31

Conclusions and Recommendations of the four Sub-Committees:

  • Sub-Committee on Economics and Social Sciences
    (Rome, Italy, 15-18 May 2001)
  • Sub-Committee on Stock Assessment
    (Rome, Italy, 15-18 May 2001)
  • Sub-Committee on Statistics and Information
    (Rome, Italy, 15-18 May 2001)
  • Sub-Committee on Marine Environment and Ecosystems
    (Rome, Italy, 15-18 May 2001)

GFCM:SAC4/2001/Inf.41

Working Group on Demersal Species
(Tunis, Tunisia, 13-16 March 2001)

GFCM:SAC4/2001/Inf.51

Working Group on Small Pelagic Species
(Kavala, Greece, 27-30 March 2001)

GFCM:SAC4/2001/Inf.61

Working Group on Marine Environment and Ecosystems
(Palma de Mallorca, Spain, 26-28 February 2001)

GFCM:SAC4/2001/Inf.71

Ad hoc Working Group on Management Units
(Alicante, Spain, 23-25 January 2001)

GFCM:SAC4/2001/Inf.81

Ad hoc Working Group on Operational Units
(Ancona, Italy, 18-20 April 2001)

GFCM:SAC4/2001/Inf.9

Report of the Twenty-fifth Session of GFCM
(Sliema, Malta, 12-15 September 2000)

GFCM:SAC4/2001/Inf.10

Report of the Third Session of the Scientific Advisory Committee (Madrid, Spain, 2-5 May 2000)

GFCM:SAC4/2001/Inf.112

Working Group on Socio-Economic Indicators in Mediterranean Fisheries (Tunis, Tunisia 9-11 January 2001)

-------------

1 Only in English

2 Only in French

 

***


APPENDIX D

GFCM MANAGEMENT UNITS (Athens, Greece, June 2001)


***


APPENDIX E

MANAGEMENT UNITS

 

FAO SUBAREA

FAO STATISTICS DIVISIONS

GFCM MANAGEMENT UNITS (24th Meeting)

MANAGEMENT UNITS PROPOSAL (Alicante, 2001)

 

 

 

 

WESTERN

 

1.1. BALEARIC

1.1.a. waters surrounding Balearic Islands

5. Balearic Island

1.1.b. waters off Spanish continental coast

6. Northern Spain

1.1.c. waters off Algeria

4. Algeria

1.1.d. Alboran sea

1. Northern Alboran Sea

2. Alboran Island

3. Southern Alboran Sea

1.2. GULF OF LIONS

1.2.e. Gulf of Lions

7. Gulf of Lions

1.2.f. waters off Cote d’Azur

7. Gulf of Lions

 

1.3. SARDINIA

1.3.g. waters surrounding Corsica

8. Corsica Island

1.3.h. waters surrounding Sardinia

11. Sardinia

1.3.i. waters off north Sicily

10. South and Central Tirrenian Sea

1.3.j. waters off Italian continental shelf

9. Ligurian and North Tirrenian Sea

10. South Tirrenian Sean

1.3.k. waters northern Tunisia

12. Northern Tunisia

 

 

CENTRAL

2.1. ADRIATIC

2.1.a. northern and central Adriatic

17. Northern Adriatic

2.1.b. south Adriatic

18. Southern Adriatic Sea

 

2.2. IONIAN

2.2.c. waters off southeast Italy

19. Western Ionian Sea

2.2.d. waters off western Greek

20. Eastern Ionian Sea

2.2.e. waters off Sicily and Malta

15. Malta Island

16. South of Sicily

2.2.f. Gulf of Gabes and Hamamet

13. Gulf of Hammamet

14. Gulf of Gabes

2.2.g. waters off Libya

21. Libya

 

 

EASTERN

3.1. AEGEAN

3.1.a. Aegean Sea

22. Aegean Sea

3.1.b. waters surrounding Crete

23. Crete Island

3.2. LEVANT

3.2.c. waters surrounding Cyprus

25. Cyprus Island

3.2.d. waters off southern Turkey coast

24. South of Turtkey

3.2.e. southeast Levant

27. Levant

3.2.f. waters off Egypt

26. Egypt

BLACK SEA

4.1. MARMARA

4.1. Marmara Sea

28. Marmara Sea

4.2. BLACK SEA

4.2. Black Sea

29. Black Sea

4.3. AZOV SEA

4.3. Azov Sea

30. Azov Sea



***


APPENDIX F

ESTIMATES OF LENGTHS FOR ANCHOVY

 

GEOGRAPHICAL AREA

LFM (cm)

DEFINITION

METODOLOGICAL APPROACH

REFERENCE

MANAGEMENT UNITS

SAMPLING TIME PERIOD

Northern Alborán Sea

10.9

L50

Maturity key

Giráldez & Abad, 1995

1. Northern Alborán Sea

1990-1991

Algeria coast

11.4

L50

Maturity key

Djabali et al., 1988

4. Algeria

Algeria coast

11.4

L50

Maturity key

Hemida, 1987

4. Algeria

Catalonia coast

12.5

L50

Histological method

Ochoa-Baez, 1998

6. Northern Spain

Catalonia coast

12.6

L50

Maturity key

Pertierra, 1992

6. Northern Spain

1984-1985

Central Adriatic Sea

9.1

L50

Maturity key

Sinovcic, 1992 and 2000

17. Northern and Central Adriatic Sea

Gulf of Kavala

11.0

L50

Maturity key

Torre, 1995 and Proyect 97-0048, Final report, 2000

22. Aegean Sea

1983-1984, 1992-1993

1998-1999



***


APPENDIX G

VIEWS OF THE LEGAL COUNSEL ON THE REPRESENTATION OF MEMBERS AT THE LEVELS OF SAC/SUB-COMMITTEES


The status of members of working groups and subcommittees of the Scientific Advisory Committee.

The matter is governed by Rule X of the Rules of Procedure of the GFCM. However, this provision does not of itself provide a clear-cut answer to it.

Rule 2 (a) states that there shall be established a Scientific Advisory committee "which shall provide scientific, social, and economic information, data or advice relating to the work of the Commission."

Rule X.2(b) adds that the Committee shall be open to all "members" of the Commission. Each Member of the Commission may designate a member of the Committee, and a member may be accompanied by experts."

Further, X.2 (d) provides that "the Committee shall provide independent advice on the technical and scientific bases for decisions concerning fisheries, conservation and management......."

On the basis of X.2 (b), it is clear that Members of the Commission refers to governmental members. This would imply that such persons are representing their governments. However, their responsibility is to provide "independent advice".

On the other hand, the Scientific Advisory committee is given the power in paragraph 2. © of article X to "establish working groups to analyse data and to advise the Committee on the state of shared and straddling resources."

This would not preclude the Committee setting up a body which it decided should be comprised of independent experts. As a subgroup, however, it would only be able to work within the confines of its mandate and to advise the SAC.

It may also be noted that the Commission itself has the power to "establish such other committees and working parties as it considers desirable." This would enable the Commission to deal with the matter should it chose to do so, and in doing so to set down the function or character of the body to be established.

In the circumstances, the best approach is to decide first as a matter of policy what type of body SAC wants to establish. It will then be relatively simple to prepare terms of reference to reflect the qualifications or character of its members.

 

***


APPENDIX H

NATIONAL REPORTS
(in the language of submission)

(France, Greece, Libye, Malta, Spain, Tunisia)


FRANCE

(dans le domaine de la recherche halieutique en Méditerranée durant l’année 2000)

INTRODUCTION

En France, les travaux de recherche halieutique pour la Méditerranée sont essentiellement réalisés au sein du laboratoire « Ressources Halieutiques » et du service «Technologie des pêches» de l’IFREMER, regroupés au sein du Centre de Recherche Méditerranéen et Tropical de Sète.

Pour répondre à la demande des instances nationales et internationales, le principal objectif de ces travaux est de fournir des diagnostics sur l’état des ressources et des pêcheries, et de proposer des scénarios pertinents pour la gestion des pêcheries dans une optique de développement durable. Ils consistent en premier lieu en travaux de base en halieutique et en technologie des pêches, et contribuent aussi à des recherches intégrées en écologie et sur les systèmes de production et de gestion. L’IFREMER exerce une fonction de conseil auprès des responsables de la gestion des pêches et participe à des programmes coordonnés avec les organismes de Recherche des autres pays méditerranéens.

TRAVAUX SUR LES RESSOURCES DEMERSALES

Au cours de l’année 2000, l’échantillonnage régulier des débarquements des principales espèces commerciales réalisé par l’IFREMER dans les principaux ports et criées du littoral français s’est poursuivi. Ces données ont été saisies dans la base de données Arpège et ont été utilisées pour l’évaluation indirecte des ressources, en particulier au moyen des méthodes d’analyse des populations virtuelles. En 2000 elles ont permis en particulier d’alimenter les travaux du comité d’évaluation des stocks de la CGPM et ceux du projet communautaire MEDLAND (projet pilote d’échantillonnage des captures commerciales).

Les campagnes de chalutage MEDITS menées à partir du navire océanographique « L’EUROPE » et destinées à l’évaluation directe des ressources démersales en Méditerranée le long des côtes françaises, se sont poursuivies en 2000 pour la sixième année consécutive. L’ IFREMER participe aussi au projet communautaire SAMED, destiné en particulier à l’analyse des variations inter-annuelles d'abondance depuis 1994 ; ayant démarré en septembre 2000 et prenant fin en février 2002.

Au sein du projet communautaire LLUCET, les actions menées par IFREMER ont consisté en études basées sur les données provenant des campagnes de chalutage réalisées dans le golfe du Lion depuis 1983 : 1/ distribution géographique des jeunes merlus et biomasse relative à partir des indices d'abondance, 2/ analyse de la stabilité ou variabilité temporelle des zones de nurseries, 3/ analyse de la démographie des apports des chalutiers dans les principales criées où a été réalisé un échantillonnage biologique depuis 1998.

Dans le cadre du projet communautaire MEDCPUE, une étude de la dynamique de la flottille chalutière exploitant les ressource démersales a été poursuivie à partir des données provenant des criées informatisées du littoral du golfe du Lion. Cette étude a pour but de mesurer les puissances de pêche des navires, les indices saisonniers et annuels de variation d'abondance, d'effectuer une standardisation de l'effort de pêche permettant de simuler divers scénarios de gestion et d’intercalibrer les séries d’indices d’abondance de merlu obtenues à partir des données sur la pêche commerciale et des pêches expérimentales (campagnes MEDITS).

Dans le cadre des activités concernant la zone côtière, l’IFREMER avait réalisée en 1998 et 99 une actualisation de l’analyse détaillée des flottilles de "petits métiers" de la région Languedoc-Roussillon. Ce travail se poursuit depuis septembre 2000 par l’échantillonnage des efforts de pêche et des rendements dans la région, en particulier au niveau des sites d’implantation de récifs artificiels.

TRAVAUX SUR LES RESSOURCES PELAGIQUES

Le laboratoire IFREMER de Sète a poursuivi en 2000 la réalisation de son programme national pluriannuel d’étude sur les petits pélagiques et en particulier sur l’anchois du golfe du Lion. Le programme consiste en une évaluation annuelle des populations par échointégration (campagnes PELMED du N.O. L’EUROPE) et en études sur le comportement et la variabilité spatio-temporelle de l’espèce.

L’étude du thon rouge a vu en 2000 la poursuite de travaux de modélisation ayant pour but de tester différents scenari de recrutement, de maturité et de croissance, sur la taille du stock exploitable. Un axe de recherche résultant d’une collaboration entre l’IFREMER et l’IRD vise à étudier l’influence de la variabilité spatio-temporelle des upwellings côtiers du golfe du Lion, via l’imagerie satellitaire, sur les populations de juvéniles de thon rouge.

Le projet communautaire BFTMED, a pris fin en 2000 ; il a permis de comparer des données de captures de thon rouge en provenance de ports français et espagnols et de valider les données recueillies par enquêtes auprès des mareyeurs français et l’échantillonnage biologique (mensurations et pesées effectuées au débarquement). Pour sa première année, le projet communautaire STROMBOLI, coordonné par l’IFREMER, a permis de compléter une base de données historiques sur le thon rouge. Une analyse exploratoire de ces données a été réalisée, permettant notamment de mettre à jour un important cycle séculaire chez ces populations; dans le cadre de ce projet ont été réalisés également un travail de simulation sur la résistance à l'exploitation des thons tropicaux versus les thons tempérés, et une première série de missions aéroportées orientées vers l’observation des concentrations de thon rouge en surface dans les eaux des Baléares et du golfe du Lion. L’activité et la production de la flottille thonière ont continué d’être suivies en soutien à ces travaux.

AUTRES TRAVAUX

Les travaux du projet communautaire FIGIS, coordonné par l’IFREMER, se sont poursuivis et ont pris fin en 2000 ; outre les résultats méthodologiques qu’ils ont permis d’obtenir, ces travaux constituent une base pratique (interface entre études scientifiques et prises de décision) pour l’application des Systèmes d’Information Géographique à l’analyse des interactions entre ressources et facteurs environnementaux et à l’étude du comportement des flottilles de pêche en interaction avec le système réglementaire.

Le rôle des caractéristiques des engins de pêche et de leur utilisation est une question majeure des problèmes posés par l’application de la politique des pêches de l’Union Européenne et, d’une façon générale, de l’impact des techniques de pêches sur l’environnement et les ressources en Méditerranée. Au cours de l’année 2000, le service de Technologie des pêches a tenté d’y répondre par diverses actions concernant en particulier l’évaluation des capacités des flottilles de pêche (groupe de travail STECF, étude BFTMED sur les thoniers senneurs), les conséquences de l’application des mesures européennes de conservation, liées à l’interdiction : i/d’une hauteur supérieure à 4 mètres pour les filets droits calés, ii/des arts traînants en zone littorale, iii/de la thonnaille (filet emmêlant à thon rouge).

Par ailleurs, les problèmes posés par les interactions entre les filets calés et l’environnement ont fait l’objet d’une participation aux travaux de 2 programmes européens visant la recherche de solutions techniques, d’une part aux prédations de dauphins sur les captures de trémails en Sicile (étude ADEPTS), et d’autre part aux effets de la perte des filets sur la ressource et l’environnement (étude FANTARED).


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GREECE

1. Introduction

Fisheries research in Greece is carried out by Research Institutes, University Departments and Ministry Laboratories. Although these different research Institutes do not belong to the same administrative authority, the Ministry of Agriculture is responsible for the Fisheries Policy.

Fishery in Greek waters is multi-species and multi-gear targeted to demersal and pelagic fish stocks. The demersals such as hake, red mullet, cephalopods and shrimps are mainly caught by trawlers, while the small pelagics such as sardine, anchovy, bogue, Mediterranean horse mackerel and scombridae are caught by purse seiners. Besides the EC Regulations, National legislation does exist and is characterized by many restrictions mainly related to closed seasons-areas.

During the last decade because of the increasing fishing effort and the noticed overexploitation of some fish stocks in the Mediterranean, fisheries research has been much activated in the Greek Seas. Greece will encourage the scientists of the country to their research activities as well as to participate to the GFCM sub committees and to elaborate their results in a proper way able to produce a sound basis for the assessment and management of the local stocks.

Many research programmes in various topics related to fisheries have been carried out, the most important of which by Institute are the following :

2. Studies related to stock assessments

Four different Greek research Institutes took part in the two working groups: those on small pelagics and those on the demersal species. The first meeting was held in Kavala (Greece) and was co-organised by the Greek Ministry of Agriculture, General Directory of Fishery. In this meeting the Greek scientists presented three working documents on stock assessment for the species Engraulis encrasicholus (anchovy), Trachurus trachurus (horse mackerel) and Boops boops (bogue). The first document investigated the anchovy stock from the coastal areas of the Central Aegean and Ionian Seas. Data on biomass estimations and mitochondrial DNA analysis revealed the existence of two different stocks in the areas under study that constitute parts of the sub-areas 20 and 22.

The assessment document on the horse mackerel, based on mortality estimations, revealed that the stock occurred in the coasts of the sub-area 22 is fully exploited. Similar results were also found for the bogue stocks that were analysed in the third working document. Additionally three other documents with preliminary results from on going research projects, dealing with the purse seine fishery and the fishery of Sardinella aurita were also presented in this meeting. However, these documents were considered as preliminary and the working group encouraged the speakers to present them in a future meeting incorporating more detailed data.

During the meeting of the working group on demersal resources, which was held in Tunis, six (6) working documents on demersal stock assessment were presented by the Greek researchers. These documents covered totally or partially 3 management units and 4 species. Specifically two assessment documents were on hake (Merluccius merluccius) stocks, two on red mullet (Mullus barbatus), one on striped mullet (M. surmuletus) and one on pandora (Pagellus erythrinus). As the results of the assessment of the Cyclades stocks presented during the meeting were considered as preliminary, the working group recommended that more validated assessment works are needed. The assessments presented on the hake and red mullet from the Aegean and Ionian Seas (sub-areas 22 and 23) revealed that both stocks are overexploited. Therefore the enforcement of the existing measures and regulations was strongly recommended by the working group. Additional recommendations were also made for hake, such as a reduction of the fishing effort directed to the spawners by applying regulations to the fixed gears and to protect the recruits in the main hake nursery grounds.

These results, even if they are still fragmentary and incomplete, can be considered as the first promising step for full evaluation of existing scientific national data. Greece will continue to encourage the scientists of the country to participate in the GFCM sub-committees and to elaborate their results in a proper way to produce a sound basis for the assessment of the local stocks.

3. Main research programmes carried out in 2000


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LIBYE
(Atig A.D. Huni)

1. Studies related to Stock Assessment:

Fisheries resources along the coastal waters of Libya were taped for the first time during the period 1973-1975. Two trawl surveys were- then- carried out by the Marine Research Centre, which was an affiliate of the Department of Fisheries in the Ministry of Industry. One of these trawl surveys covered the western part of the Libyan coast. Two boats namely " AL – Baheth " and " AL – Muktashif " were involved in sampling fish and demersal benthic fauna, plankton communities and hydrographic conditions prevailing at the time of sampling. The other trawl survey covered the eastern part of the coastal waters. Similarly two boats were used to sample more or less the same biological and physco – chemical parameters.

Not until 1993-1994 that another attempt was made to the assessment of fish stock along the Libyan coastal waters down to a depth of 300 meters. This time a Research vessel bought from IF REMER, France – now named " R/V NOUR " was used to collect fish samples. Neither planktonic nor hydrographic parameters were dealt with in this study. High Vertical Opening (HVO) net was used to collect fish samples. The survey itself was one component of FAO – entrusted fund project. The tentative results of this work indicated that the present fish catch is approaching the maximum sustainable yield (MSY) limit (according to data obtained from the Secretariat of Marine Wealth). However, findings of the acoustic survey, which was done as another component, of the project indicated that there was a greater possibility to increase small pelagics fish landings.

2. Studies related to the identification of Management Unites:

Another component of the said trust – fund project was a fram survey in which fishing fleet, fishing gear and landing sites were recorded. These data which were used in a database were fairly recently been up – dated, thanks to FAO – COPEMED technical support. The data itself is now being refined and digitized in order to be used in a national Fisheries GIS system.

It is worth – mentioning that such findings have revealed in interesting features related to defining three clearly distinct management Unites (sub – unites) within the suggested management unite 21. The coordinates, Factors related to fish year and depth together with an indication of the subunites (I, II and III) on the map are herewith attached.


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MALTA

1. MALTASTAT

Through the support of COPEMED and FAO expertise, the Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture (Malta) has set-up a reliable and efficient computerised fisheries statistics system (MALTASTAT) which would satisfy its obligations with international fisheries bodies.

1.1 The Register

MALTASTAT is intended to serve inter alia as a register of fishing vessels which includes a detailed inventory of all licensed vessels. The inventory comprises information on vessel characteristics, fishing authorisation, structural characteristics, engines, electronic equipment, deck machinery, ownership, crew, base port and operating port, fishing areas and periods, gear, species caught, preservation equipment, safety equipment and other equipment. The data was collected by means of an on-site census, which was carried out by local Fisheries Officers.

1.2 Reports

MALTASTAT has an automatic reporting facility and a selection of reports on the structure of the fishing fleet and its activities could be downloaded. The standard reports which are requested by various international bodies have been included in the list of automatic reports. The type and number of reports will be changed / increased from time to time so as to satisfy internal and external obligations. Moreover, browse and search options provide the facility for downloading spreadsheet reports from a combination of over 200 fields which make up the inventory. It is also envisaged that MALTASTAT will be networked and used by departments and institutions outside the Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture to download a selection of reports and other requested information.

1.3 Licensing

MALTASTAT also has a licensing facility which has been used from January 2001. The license for a fishing vessel will not be issued if the inventory for that particular vessel would not have been completed.

1.4 Catch Assessment Scheme

Catch and fishing effort statistics will be obtained through the Catch Assessment Scheme will be based on a sampling approach in the major fishing ports. A pilot study for this scheme is scheduled to take place by the end of the third quarter of 2001. An automatic reporting and browse facility for reports on landings and fishing effort are currently being developed. Biological sampling is also expected to be an integral part of the Catch Assessment Scheme.

1.5 Operational Units

The MALTASTAT database has been analysed in detail in order to identify Operational Units in all fishing ports of the Maltese Islands. The results have been submitted to the SCSI in spreadsheet format for inclusion in the electronic system being developed by FAO which will be used for the identification of Operational Units in the Mediterranean.

1.6 Artisanal Fisheries

Malta has been an active participant in the COPEMED Artisanal Fisheries project whereby Malta was able to provide reliable statistics through MALTASTAT thus contributing to the GIS artisanal fisheries database which has been developed by this project.

2. MEDITS Trawl Surveys

The first trawl survey was carried out in 2000 providing some general indications as to the state of resources in the Maltese EFZ. Analysis of the data has been carried out and the results were compared to those for the rest of the Sicily Channel. It appears that Maltese waters are an important "refugium" and spawning ground for a number of important species. COPEMED has supported the participation of Malta in MEDITS. Malta will take part in the MEDITS campaign in 2001.

3. Population Dynamics and Biological Studies

Malta has participated in the COPEMED project on Coryphaena hippurus since August 2000. The project focuses on the study of population dynamics of this highly migratory species together with its biology. Catch and fishing effort data is also being collected. The project is expected to provide a basis for the formulation of a Mediterranean management regime for this species.

Malta has also participated for the last two years in a research project on blue-fin tuna in collaboration with COPEMED (who has financed Malta’s participation) and ICCAT.

4. Training in Fisheries Science

Within the framework of the Higher National Diploma course in fisheries science recently set-up and delivered by the Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture (Malta), training in stock assessment, fisheries management, socio-economics, fisheries oceanography, fisheries statistics etc. was made possible through FAO staff and other experts. COPEMED has contributed to the financing of the setting up of this course and visiting lecturers. The HND course is open to all Mediterranean countries.


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SPAIN

INTRODUCTION

Three institutions, regularly, involved in marine research in the Mediterranean: a) the Instituto Español de Oceanografía (IEO) b) the Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, through the Instituto de Ciencias del Mar in Barcelona (ICM) and the Instituto Mediterráneo de Estudios Avanzados in Palma de Mallorca (IMEDEA); c) the Gabinete de Economía del Mar of the University of Barcelona (GEM) and the different specific departments of the 20 or so Universities located in the Spanish Mediterranean.

The IEO is a multidisciplinary Public Organism of Research and has among its basic functions the elaboration, co-ordination and management of research programmes on live marine resources in the different seas and oceans of interest to the Spanish fisheries sector. This first section argues strongly in favour of researching in depth the biological characteristics of commercial species, population fluctuations and biotic and abiotic determining factors as well as fishing activity itself.

The ICM is a multidisciplinary centre for the study of the seas and oceans and is involved in research in Mediterranean, Atlantic, Pacific, and Antarctic areas. It has been organised around three departments: Oceanography and Marine Biology, Marine Geology and Physical Oceanography, and Renewable Marine Resources, a number of support units (Chemical analysis, Electron microscopy, Computer centre, Graphics and design service.

The GEM is a Public Research Institution that investigates on the economical results of the Spanish fisheries, its markets, the socio-economic impact of the management mechanisms. The GEM was found in 1994 with the aim of connecting research people involved in Marine Economy and to train new experts, organise information bases, stimulate research projects presentation and advise the Administration.

STATUS OF STOCKS OF PRIORITY SPECIES

During 2000, the fisheries of the main commercial species have been monitored at the principal landing sites. Those data are managed in the frame of the data base "Sireno" developed by the IEO. The target species of this studies are, demersal species such as Hake, Octopus vulgaris, Red mullet (2 species), Anglerfish (2 species) Red shrimp, Anchovy, Sardine, Albacore, Bluefin tuna and Sword fish

The data are utilised to assess the resources. Available assessment of the main demersal and small pelagic species are presented to the respective SAC working groups. Large Tuna fisheries are assess in the frame of the ICCAT-GFCM joint working group.

MEDITS Bottom trawl survey was carried out for the 6th year with the aim of stimulating relative abundance indices. An acoustic survey was carried out with the aim of estimate the abundance of small pelagics. This survey belongs to a series started in 1982 and continued until this year with the exception of 1987 to 1989 and 1994.

STATUS OF RESEARCH STUDIES IN PROGRESS

During year 2000 nearly 30 projects on fisheries research were carried out. Most of the projects were co-financed by the EU or by National agencies. Among these 30 projects, 20 were directly related to assessment of resources. Some of these projects are directed to monitor the fisheries and update the data base, estimation of discards, catches composition, fisheries biology and biological parameters estimation, characterisation of the fisheries, assessment of demersal stocks, catch trends, etc.

Other 10 projects were focussed on biology and ecology of the species and also on the development of methodologies such as the Application of generalised linear modelling to catch rate analysis, Eggs Production Methods, Precision and accuracy of tools in recruitment studies, selectivity of the species, Fisheries biology and population genetics Scomber scombrus and S. japonicus, and others.

About 14 projects related with the Marine ecosystem, most of them have relation with fisheries research and the effects of the fisheries on the ecosystems. The main objectives of those projects are: Estimations of discards, effect of protected areas, marine biodiversity, ecological effects of the protection in marine reserves, oceanographic and biological processes conditioning anchovy inter-annual fluctuations, impact of the fishery and environment on the hake recruitment, etc.

In the frame of the socio-economy it should be noted the development of the software "MEFISTO" for the modelisation of the Mediterranean Fisheries management strategy.


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TUNISIE
(Othman JARBOUI et Amor ELABED)
Institut National des Sciences et Technologies de la Mer (INSTM)

INTRODUCTION

Depuis des années, la recherche scientifique dans le domaine de l’étude des pêcheries s’est largement développée en Tunisie. En effet, selon des programmes bien structurés, les activités de recherche se font principalement au sein de l’Institut National des Sciences et Technologies de la Mer (INSTM) en collaboration étroite avec l’université, le Ministère de l’Agriculture, la profession et quelques organismes internationaux comme le projet FAO/COPEMED.

Dans ce qui suit, nous fournissons un récapitulatif des principales activités de recherche en cours de réalisation et qui concernent essentiellement les études d’évaluation des stocks, les études socio-économiques et celles en relation avec l’écosystéme et l’environnememt marin.

EVALUATION DES STOCKS HALIEUTIQUES

Après l’achèvement du Programme National Mobylisateur (PNM) " Evaluation des Ressources Halieutiques Tunisiennes" (ERHT) en l’an 2000, l’INSTM a entrepris un autre Programme de Recherche sur Contrat (PRC) intitulè : Evaluation des Ressources financé par le Secrétariat de la Recherche Scientifique et à la Technologie (SERST). L’objectif principal de ce programme consiste à l’étude biologique et dynamique de plus d’une dizaine d’espèces demersales et de petits pélagiques qui n’ont pas pu être considérés dans l’ancien PNM. Ces espèces représentent également un intérêt considérable dans les pêcheries tunisiennes comme la coryphène, le serre, les muges, la langouste, les sélaciens, la crevette blanche, l’anchois, la sardine, la sardinelle et le saurel.

La réalisation de ce programme a débuté depuis l’année 2000 par la collecte des données relatives à la biologie (croissance, reproduction et régime alimentaire), la démographie des captures ainsi que la distribution géographique et l’abondance de la ressource. Ces activités concernent les trois unités d’aménagement 12, 13 et 14.

Il est à signaler que certaines espèces comme la coryphène, les thonidés et la langouste sont étudiées dans le cadre des activités régionales mis au point et supportées par le projet FAO/COPEMED. Par ailleurs, des campagnes de prospections (demersales et pélagiques) sont programmées et réalisées chaque année dans les trois unités d’amènagement à bord du bateau de recherche "Hannibal".

ETUDES SOCIO-ECONOMIQUES

Dans le cadre d’une activité régionale du projet FAO/COPEMED, la Tunisie a profité du support de ce projet pour étudier les indicateurs socio-économiques de la pêcherie du golfe de Gabès. En effet, l’idée était d’étendre les travaux déjà réalisés dans la région de la Mer d’Alboran. Après la mise en place d’une stratégie adéquate d’échantillonnage et de ségmentation de la flottille de pêche, les opérations de la collecte des informations ont débuté depuis le mois de mars 2001. Cette phase de collecte sera poursuivie durant le mois de juin et les résultats concernant cette composante seront disponibles au courant de cette année.

Enfin, il est important de noter que, suite aux résultats encourageants obtenus lors de la réalisation du PNM "ERHT" relatifs aux stocks des petits pélagiques des côtes tunisiennes, la Tunisie envisage de créer un centre spécialisé de recherche dont les principaux axes seraient l’évaluation des stocks de ces espèces et l’étude socio-économiques des pêcheries correspondantes.

ETUDE DE L’ECOSYSTEME ET DE L’ENVIRONNEMENT MARIN

Afin d’assurer un développement durable et soutenu du secteur de la pêche, la Tunisie offre une importance considérable à l’écosystème et à l’environnement marin. C’est ainsi que l’INSTM réalise actuellement un PRC intitulé : Plancton, Benthos et Biodiversité. Ce programme de recherche, lancé depuis juin 1999 et s’étendant sur 3 années successives, est également financé par le SERST et au cours du quel plusieurs thèmes sont abordés:

De plus, la Tunisie, en collaboration avec le projet FAO/COPEMED est entrain d’élaborer un document complet et consistant sur les aires marines protégées et les récifs artificiels en Méditerranée.

Enfin, en parallèle à tous ces travaux, la Tunisie entreprend actuellement des expérimentations visant l’amélioration de la séléctivité des engins de pêche utilisés pour l’exploitation des principales ressources.