What Works: Tools, Methods, Approaches…
NFP approved by Parliament
Policy à Plan à Law à Authority NEW, based on participatory process
Many stakeholders have a role in forest management/conservation
Structure for participation + reviews and studies
High level policy dialogue + multiple sector integration
Evaluation of the Forest Policy is in place
Working Group plays role in evaluation process
Matrix of activities à policy concept
CIV are defined in the concept and fixed in the matrix
Looking for ideas rather than problems or issues
Different ways for communication
Free expression of ideas was practiced
Responsibility for changes
Be accepted by Forest Admin.
Link expertise – communication
Define clear objective of process
“Representatively” in participation
Differentiate between C&I of results and means
Conflict management? Consensus driven?
Issues for Further Exploration
WHO & THEIR INTEREST
Definition of stakeholders & who decides on these?
Taking decisions on nfp processes – who?
Participation of weakly articulate stakeholder? (concerned, affected)
What defines stakeholders’ interest in forestry management 1) land ownership? 2) land management? 3) land tenure
BASIS OF EVALUTATION
Basis of Evaluation? Cultural + other stakeholder
Can assessment of participation be participatory? Non-participatory?
Clarify on objectives of participation
Criteria and indicators of evaluating participation
Connections between participation and a) culture, b) politics, c) democratization -- ** Wider societal changes?
What is the cost of participation in a) material terms, b) social terms, c) political terms
What is to be assessed? Process/Results
What is the level of involvement of various actors a) How do you reconcile various interests/agenda? B) at what level stage do they come in?
ROLE of NFP
Role and place of NFP in the national policy system? – coordination with other policy process?
Role of donors in participation
Working Group a)How were the voices of the various actors accounted for? à opposing ideas excluded? ** selective participation **
Linkages between a) forestry management vs. b) other public/devel. Policies
Government and donors are stakeholders amongst many others. They may facilitate processes, but should not dictate the process. Horizontal linkages between stakeholders are key to participatory processes!