Period 1 January 1993 – 31 December 1995
Mr. S.J. Midgley
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization
CSIRO, Division of Forestry
P.O. Box 4008
Queen Victoria Terrace
Canberra, ACT 2600
Dr. P.Y. Kageyama
Senior Researcher and Professor of Genetics
Escola Superior de Agricultura
“Luiz de Queiroz” (ESALQ)
Depto. de Ciencias Florestais
Universidade de Sâo Paulo
Caixa Postal No. 9
Piracicaba SP 13418-900
Mr. Wang Huoran
Principal Research Scientist
Research Institute of Forestry
Chinese Academy of Forestry
Wan Shou Shan
Mr. F. Mesén
Regional Tree Improvement Project
Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigación e Enseñanza, CATIE
P.O. Box 74
Prof. J.G. Lorougnon
Professor of Botany
Laboratoire de Botanique
B.P. 297 Abidjan 22
Dr. B.A. Ditlevsen
DANIDA Forest Seed Centre
Dr. V. Koski
Professor of Forest Genetics and Head of Department
Department of Forest Ecology
Forest Research Institute
P.O. Box 18
Dr. H.I. Joly
Chief of Tree Improvement Programme
45bis avenue de la Belle Gabrielle
F-94736 Nogent-sur-Marne (Cedex)
Dr. D.N. Tewari
Indian Council for Research and Education, ICFRE
P.O. New Forest
Dehradun U.P. 248 006
Prof. R. Morandini
Istituto Sperimentale per la Selvicoltura
Viale Santa Margherita 80
Mr. F. Patiño V.
Centro de Investigación Regional del Sureste
Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones forestales
Calle 13 No. 77
Col. Felipe Carrillo Puerto, C.P. 97136
Mérida, Yucatán 97000
Dr. S. Bhumibhamon
Associate Professor (Forest Genetics)
Faculty of Forestry
Dr. R.D. Barnes
Senior Research Officer
Oxford Forestry Institute
South Parks Road
Oxford OX1 3RB
Dr. Gene Namkoong
Pioneer Research Scientist
USDA/FS, SE Forest Expt Station (USA) & Dean
Faculty of Forestry, Dept Forest Sciences
MacMillan Building, 193–2357 Main Mall
Vancouver B.C. V6T 1Z4 (Canada)
Mr. D.P. Gwaze
Manager. Research and Development
Forest Research Centre
P.O. Box HG 595
EIGHTH SESSION OF THE FAO PANEL OF EXPERTS ON FOREST GENE RESOURCES
Rome, Italy 28–30 June 1993
German Room (C-269)
Opening of the Meeting
Election of Chairman and Vice-Chairman
Adoption of the Agenda
Progress since the 7th Session of the Panel (Dec, 1989):
Brief statement by individual members (regional/sub-regional issues);
FAO Regular Programme
FAO Field Programme activities in forest genetic resources;
Major events of importance, incl. Unced;
Other international initiatives and developments.
Discussion of Priorities for Future Action:
Documentation, coordination at national and international levels.
Proposals for FAO Regular Programme Activities:
Medium and long-term.
Miscellaneous and Other Business
Next Session of the Panel
Closing of the Meeting
|AGENDA ITEM||SECR.NOTE No||TITLE||LANGUAGES|
|1||Inf.1||List of Secretariat Notes||E,F,S|
|Inf.2||List of Documents Sent to Panel Members||E,F,S|
|Inf.3||List of Documents Distributed at Meeting||E,F,S|
|FORGEN/93/2||List of Panel Members||Triling.|
|FORGEN/93/2a||Provisional List of Participants||Triling.|
|FORGEN/93/1a||Tentative Annotated Agenda||E|
|4(ii)||FORGEN/93/3||Follow-up to Recommendations of 7th Session||E,F,S|
|FORGEN/93/4||FAO/RP Activities 1990–1993||E,F,S|
|FORGEN/93/5||FAO/RP Financial Contributions to FGR||E,F,S|
|4(iii)||FORGEN/93/6||Activities of FAO Field Programme in FGR||E*|
|FORGEN/93/6a||Expenditure of FAO Field Programme in FGR||E*|
|4(iv)||FORGEN/93/7||Major International Events in FGR||E*|
|4(v)||FORGEN/93/8||Internat.Initiatives and Developments in FGR||E*|
|5(i)||-||Appendix 5, FO:FGR/Rep/7|
(Lists of Priority Species and Activities)
* Summary available in English, French and Spanish
The attached Tables show FAO Regular Programme (RP) expenditure in the forest genetic resources field between the time of the 7th and the present, 8th Session of the FAO Panel of Experts on Forest Gene Resources; they thus complement figures given in Appendix 4 of the Report on the 7th Session of the Panel, which cover RP expenditure up to the biennium 1988/891.
The figures include:
Collaboration with national institutes, through direct financial support to seed collection, despatch; in situ and ex situ conservation; and evaluation of field trials;
Expenditure for consultancies; or contractual services in support of specific studies related to forest genetic resources;
Expenditure for the dissemination of information; meeting costs.
A Summary Sheet is also provided, showing sub-totals for the above items.
Extra-budgetary resources, acquired in direct support of FAO Regular Programme activities and administered directly by the Forest Resources Division, are shown in the Tables in brackets.
The Tables thus contain details on expenditures which bear direct relation to the work and the recommendations of the FAO Panel of Experts on Forest Gene Resources. They do not include staff time and related travel; nor funding related to the FAO Field Programme, administered by the Forestry Operations Service and technically backstopped by the Technical Divisions of the Forestry Department. Field Programme activities in forest genetic resources and the conservation of forest ecosystems, operational in the biennium 1990/91 (and beyond), described in Secretariat Notes FORGEN/93/6 and /93/6a, are referred to in Appendix 5.
RP expenditure for staff time for the biennium 1992/93 included some 60% of one P4 Forestry Officer (presently this post is occupied by Mr. O. Souvannavong), and part-time secretarial assistance (the balance of Mr. Souvannavong's time being spent on backstopping of field programmes and of the Tropical Forestry Action Programme); it further included a proportion of the time of Chief FORM (presently, Ms. C. Palmberg-Lerche, P5) who, according to programming, spent an estimated 10–15% of her time on support to RP forest genetic resources activities. In addition, the activities were supported, through Extra Budgetary (Danish) funding, by the services of an Associate Professional Officer (presently Ms. A. Thomsen, P2). $US 20,000 of RP funds were available in 1992/93 for travel of Headquarters staff in support of forest genetic resources activities.
1 FAO's Regular Programme is financed through assessed contributions of its 170 member nations. These activities are complemented by the Field Programme, financed by extra-budgetary resources provided by a range of donors (see Appendix 5).
FINANCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS IN FOREST GENETIC RESOURCES: NON-STAFF RESOURCES. FAO's REGULAR PROGRAMME (RP), SUB-PROGRAMME 2312
(EXTRA-BUDGETARY RESOURCES ADMINISTERED BY THE SUB-PROGRAMME IN DIRECT SUPPORT TO RP ACTIVITIES SHOWN IN BRACKETS)
(excludes time and travel of FAO staff; and activities carried out under FAO's field programme)
|SUMMARY SHEET||1984/85||1986/87||1988/89||1990/91|| 1992/93|
|(i)||Seed/Evaluation/Conservation|| 83 700|
| 57 100|
| 60 600|
|92 000||45 000|
|(ii)||Contracts/Consultants|| 14 000|
|19 000||38 000||15 500||6 000|
|SUB-TOTAL DIRECT ASSIST. TO COUNTRIES:|| 97 700|
| 76 100|
| 98 600|
|107 500||51 000|
|(iii)||Dissemination of Information||259 000|| 27 400|
|70 200||119 600|| 91 400|
|(iv)||Meetings||36 700||26 250||43 000||70 600|
|(v)||Misc. (incl. transl. FGRI)||7 300|| 5 600|
|17 600||9 500||7 000|
- André Mayer Fellowship1
(Biotech.in Fo Tree Breeding)
|[60 000] 1|
|SUB-TOTAL, INFORMATION, MEETINGS, MISC.||303 000|| 59 250|
|130 800||129 100|| 169 000|
|TOTAL EXPENDITURE|| 400 700|
| 135 350|
| 229 400|
|236 600|| 220 000|
1 Funded by Fellowships Unit (AGOX), FAO (FAO Regular Programme Funds)
|(i)||COLLABORATION WITH NATIONALINST'S:|
SEED COLLECTION, DESPATCH (S) ;
IN SITU, EX SITU CONSERVATION (C);
EVALUATION OF FIELD TRIALS (E) :
|(S)||Argentina||(Univ. Cordoba)||5 000||3 000|
|(S)||Australia||(CSIRO/Div. FoResearch)||15 000||15 000|
|(C)||Brazil||(Univ. Sao Paulo/ESALQ)||8 000||4 500|
|(S)||Burkina Faso||(CNRF)||3 500|
|(E)||Chile||(CONAF)||10 000||8 000|
|(S)||China||(Academy of Forestry)||1 600||10 000|
|(S)||Denmark||(DANIDA FoSeed Centre)||(6 000)||8 000||5 000|
|(S)||India||(FRI)||4 000||4 000|
|(S)||Pakistan||(PFI)||4 000||3 000|
|(S)||PapuaN. Guinea||(FD)||5 000|
|(S/C)||Peru||(INIAA/INIA)||3 000||11 000|
|(E)||Senengal||(CNRF)||5 500||5 500|
|(S/C)||To be determined||22 500|
|SUB-TOTAL:|| 83 700|
| 57 100|
|92 000|| 45 000|
|N.B. For break-down of expenditure 1984/85, 1986/87, see Report on 7th Session of the Panel (FAO 1990).|
|(ii)||CONTRACTS AND CONSULTANCIES||1984/85||1986/87||1988/89||1990/91||1992/93|
|In situ Conservation|
|• “Global Network” (L. Roche)||10 000|
|• “Global Network” (B.A. Wilcox)||10 000|
|• Forestry Paper (R.H. Kemp)||16 000||3 000|
|Ex situ Conservation|
|• ex situ/forestry (B.S.P. Wang)||4 000||1 000|
|• Software f. Seedbanks (CTFT, France)||5 000||4 000|
• “Priority Ecosystems” (cf. Rec. 7th Session Gene Panel:Turnbull, Kageyama, Ng)
|• Design of Seed Thresher (Univ. Córdoba, ARG)||5 000|
|• FAO/IBPGR Seed Coll.Handbook (L. Thomson)||3 000|
• Fo Gen Res, Europe (Strasbourg Follow-up; INRA, France)
• Multipurpose spp. (Catalogue on Seed Sources: Algeria, Egypt, Morocco)*
• Mediterranean Pines (Morocco, Tunisia, Turkey, Yugoslavia)*
|• FAO/IUFRO Sahelian spp. Study||1 000|
|• Contribution to FAO Inter-Dept W.G. on Biodiversity||5 000|
• Contribution to FAO Inter-Dept W.G. on Biotechnology
|SUB-TOTAL:|| 14 000|
| 19 000|
|38 000||45 500|| 6 000|
|N.B. For break-down of expenditure 1984/85, see Report on the 7th Session of the Panel (FAO 1990). Figures in brackets refer to Extra-Budgetary funding.|
* Work carried out within the framework of “Silva Mediterranea”.
|(iii) – (vi)|
INFORMATION, MEETINGS, MISCEALLANEOUS
DISSEMINATION OF INFORMATION
|Report FAO Panel on Fo. Gene Resources1||12 000||16 000|
|Forest Genetic Resources Information1||18 000||41 100||47 400|
|In situ Leaflet (E, F, S, Arabic)||12 200|
|In situ Booklet1||40 0002|
|Forest Seed Handling (FoPaper 20/1): (S)||66 500|
|Forest Seed Handling (FoPaper 20/1): (F)||(76 500)|
|Conservation/Fo Management (FoPaper): (E)||12 000|
|Biotech. in Fo Tree Breeding (FoPaper): (E)||16 000|
|SUB-TOTAL:||259 000||27 400|
|70 200||119 600||91 400|
|Collab. w. IUFRO and Misc.|
|FAO Panel on Fo. Gene Resources|
|SUB-TOTAL:||36 700||26 250||43 000||-||70 600|
MISCELLANEOUS (transl. etc) SUB-TOTAL:
|7 300||5 600|
|17 600||9 500||7 000|
ANDRE MAYER FELLOWSHIP (BIOTECHN)3
1 Available in (E) = English; (F) = French; and (S) = Spanish.
2 Includes contribution of $US 12 000 from Publications Division of FAO (RP).
3 FAO Regular Programme funds from Fellowships Unit (AGO).
At the end of 1991, there were 267 on-going FAO forestry field projects (ref. FAO's Forestry Project Catalogue, June 1992). The projects could be broadly classified into five major categories, as shown in Table 1 below.
The FAO forestry field projects are operated by the Operations Service of the Forestry Department (FODO) and technically backstopped by the Technical Divisions in the Forestry Department and, as and if applicable, other units of FAO1. The duration of the field projects varied between 1 and 5 (8) years. All projects included, to various degrees, elements of biological and genetic conservation. Conversely, most projects concerned primarily with the conservation of biological diversity in forest ecosystems and forest genetic resources incorporated strong components of institutional strengthening and training; and many of them had a regional or sub-regional coverage, with emphasis on strengthened information and technology transfer between cooperating countries.
Although, as stressed above, environmental aspects formed an integral part of all presently operated forestry projects and programmes, a large proportion of the field projects over the past years laid special emphasis on, or were specifically focussed on, forest genetic resources and biological diversity in forest ecosystems. The total cost of field programme activities in forest genetic resources and the conservation of forest ecosystems, operational in the biennium 1990/91 and beyond, was estimated to amount to approx. $US80 Million over the whole project period of each project2. These were described in some detail in Secretariat Notes FORGEN/93/6 and /93/6a made available to the 8th Session of the present Panel.
Projects which laid special emphasis on forest genetic resources and/or conservation of forest ecosystems, are listed in the Table 2 below. As evidenced in the Table, these projects were found in developing countries in all regions, however, the largest number of them were located in the Asia/Pacific region. It is also interesting to note that biological diversity/genetic resources projects in this region were, in accordance with priorities of host Governments, largely focussed on seed procurement, tree improvement and research3; while those in Africa and Latin America were more slanted towards in situ conservation of genetic resources and the conservation and sustainable use of forests and forest ecosystems4. Although most of the projects were located in countries in the tropics and sub-tropics, there was also small number of FAO forest genetic resources projects in developing countries in the temperate zone. In the tropics, the projects were fairly equally distributed between dry and humid areas.
1 The FAO Field Programme, financed by extra-budgetary resources provided by a range of donors, complements FAO's Regular Programme (see Appendix 4).
2 This figure includes only external funding, and excludes counterpart funding covering i.a. all local costs financed by the host Government which, generally, at least matches total external funding.
3 Examples of such projects included, in addition to a range of national projects, i.a. FAO Regional Projects, “Improved Productivity of Man-Made Forests through Application of Technological Advances in Tree Breeding and Propagation” (RAS/91/004, FORTIP); and “Forestry Research Support Programme for Asia and the Pacific” (RAS/134/AsB, FORSPA).
4 Examples of such projects included, in addition to a range of national projects, i.a. FAO Regional and Sub-Regional Projects, “Institutional Support for the Protection of East African Biodiversity” (UNO/RAF/006/GEF); “Development of Genetic Resources of Multi-Purpose Species in the Arid/Semi-Arid Zones of the Sahel” (RAF/234/FRA); and “Support to the pro temporae Secretariat of the Amazon Treaty” (G-4908/NET).
Table 1, Appendix 5.
FAO FORESTRY FIELD PROJECTS
(AS OF JUNE 1992)
|Main Categories*||No of Projects||% of Projects||% of Expenditure|
|Renewable resource conservation and forest management||77||29||35|
|Fuelwood and community forestry||64||23||33|
|Forestry research and technology development||34||14||9|
|Forest industry and trade||10||4||6|
* The majority of projects covered several main categories. The projects in Table 1 have been classified on the criterion that ≥ 50% of project expenditure was related to the category specified; classification is approximative only.
Table 2, Appendix 5.
NUMBER OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY/FOREST GENETIC RESOURCES
FAO PROJECTS IN FORESTRY AND THEIR MAIN ACTIVITIES
(AS OF JUNE 1992)
|REGION||Support to nat. instit.||Regional coordin.||Gathering/ exchange of info.||Training||Seedcoll./ product./ storage/ exchange||Testing/ breeding||Conserv. of fgr + forest managem.||Ecosystem conserv.|
|Asia & Pacific||11||5||7||6||8||6||11||5|
(i) General Observations
The present Appendix, complemented by Appendix 7, represents an up-dated and revised version of the earlier tables which appeared as Appendix 5 in the Report on the 7th Session of FAO Panel of Experts on Forest Gene Resources (FAO 1990).
FAO's mandate, and that of the present Expert Panel, relates to genetic resources of species of socio-economic value for agricultural and forestry development, with special reference to intra-specific genetic variation found in these species. Endangered and vulnerable species, and species under threat of depletion listed i.a. in documentation published by the World Conservation Union (IUCN), are included only if they meet these basic development criteria. Similarly, although sometimes referring to genera, the list does not refer to ecosystems or biota.
The present Appendix does not present an exhaustive list of woody perennial species in need of attention at regional, ecoregional and global levels. The present list aims at providing information on those species and provenances which the FAO Panel of Experts on Forest Gene Resources, during its 8th Session in June 1993, considered should be given highest, relative priority in the forest genetic resources programme of FAO's Forestry Department. The list, arranged by regions and sub-regions, indicates priority on a scale from 1 to 3 (see below), for the various operational steps identified: exploration, evaluation, conservation and utilization of germplasm (including selection and breeding).
The Panel recognized that many of the priority ratings must be considered tentative; the list will need continuing up-dating and must be modified in the light of new information, knowledge and needs.
While not under-rating the fundamental importance of locally occurring species and the need to gain more information and to ensure the conservation and wise use of this category of woody perennials, the present list focusses on those species which, in addition to their local importance, are of actual or potential value also in other countries or areas; or which may be of immediate importance in improvement and breeding programmes of related species in their country of origin and other countries.
The present list should be reviewed in conjunction with the more complete list of national, regional and global priority species and activities, shown in Appendix 7. There is, furthermore, a need to supplement both lists drawn up by the Panel (Appendices 6 and 7), with more detailed, national lists of priorities for action at a local and national level.
(ii) “End Use of Species” (columns 1–4)
Only species of highest priority in one (or at times, several) of the four, general end use categories identified, are included. The present list includes those species/provenances which the Panel of Experts considered should receive maximum priority in the forest genetic resources programme of FAO (see Appendix 7 for a complete list of priority species and operations).
Column 1, “Industrial Wood”, includes those species whose main use is logs, sawn timber, heavy construction wood, plywood, chip and particle board, wood pulp etc.
Column 2, “Industrial Non-Wood Products”, includes those species which are mainly used for the production of gums, resins, oils, tannins or other products used in small, medium and large-scale local and non-local industries.
Column 3, “Fuelwood, Posts, Poles”, includes those species producing mainly fuelwood and wood used for the production of charcoal and energy; and those used for the production of non-industrial roundwood used on-farm (such as building poles, posts).
Column 4, “Other Uses (goods, services)”, is a category which includes species grown mainly for the production of food, fodder, and for land stabilization, soil amelioration, for shade, shelter and other environmental values.
Complementary information is, at times, given in the “Remarks”-column.
Three priority ratings are used. These ratings provide priority ratings over time, as follows:
Action should start (or be continued) with immediate effect.
Prompt action recommended.
Action should start within the next two biennia (1994/95; 1996/97).
Need for attention.
Action foreseen to start within the quinquennium 1994–1999.
Complementary information is, at times, given in the “Remarks”-column.
(E) in the “Remarks”-column, signifies endangered with extinction or severe depletion of the gene pool (see also paragraph 2 of “General Observations” above).
|End use of species||Exploration||Evaluation||Conservation||Germplasm use|
|Cedrela odorata||1||1||1||1||1||PVT, PGT in progress|
|Dendropanax arboreus||1||1||1||2||2||1||PVT, PGT in progress|
|Pinus patula||1||1||1||Int. PVT|
|Pinus chiapensis||1||1||1||PVT, PGT|
|Swietenia macrophylla||1||1||1||1||1||1||PVT, PGT in progress, SO, (E) certain populations|