Major Programme 2.4: Forestry
|(all amounts in US$ 000)
||2004-05 Programme of Work
||ZRG 2006-07 Programme of Work
||ZNG 2006-07 Programme of Work
||RG 2006-07 Programme of Work
||Forest Products and Economics
||Forestry Policy and Institutions
||Forestry Information and Liaison
|Programme Change from 2004-05 Programme of Work at MP level
Substantive thrusts under ZRG conditions
378. The major programme aims at sustainable forest management in its three dimensions: environmental, economic and social. During the biennium 2006-07, activities will be maintained on these three fronts, while placing emphasis on: sustainable forest management in the context of the Millennium Development Goals; FAO leadership in the international forest agenda, primarily through the Collaborative Partnership on Forests; further strengthening of international cooperation on forest fires; support to national capacity-building and forest programmes particularly through field projects, including the National Forest Programme Facility; and continued analysis and dissemination of information about forests and trees outside forests, including statistics, national and global forest resource assessments, support to countries, effective use of the Internet as a dissemination tool, and leadership in monitoring, assessing and reporting on sustainable forest management. In response to the Committee on Forestry (COFO) recommendation, increased support will be provided to regional forestry commissions to ensure they remain central to regional forestry processes and current international forestry dialogue.
Programme 2.4.1: Forest Resources
379. Sustainable forest management aims at ensuring that goods and services derived from forests and trees meet the needs of present and future generations, while at the same time securing their continuing availability and contribution to development. To this end, FAO will continue updating the global forest resource assessment and enhancing capacities for national forest assessment in 20 countries. FAO will provide countries with decision support information for management of planted forest and tree resources and increase assistance to smallholders in relation to plantation forest and agroforestry systems. New management approaches to fragile ecosystems, especially dry lands and mountain ecosystems will be tested and promoted in a number of countries. As specifically requested by COFO and the Ministerial Meeting held in March 2005, the programme will provide a forum for discussion and assist country and regional networks in combating fires and forest pests and diseases. It will support national strategies and plans against forest fires, including prevention and control, and facilitate inter-country cooperation. The role of forests in climate change and support to countries in climate change-related actions is another priority area. Developing countries will be provided with information on the potential benefits of new environmental markets, under the clean development mechanism (CDM).
Programme 2.4.2: Forest Products and Economics
380. The programme will continue to focus on the analysis and dissemination of forest products information, providing a long-term outlook for the forest sector and advice to member countries on sustainable harvesting and utilisation of forest products. Key activities will continue to be global and regional Forest Sector Outlook Studies covering analysis of the status, trends and emerging opportunities and challenges for the forest sector in the mid- and long-term. Support will be provided to countries to strengthen strategic planning at the national level, helping them adapt to the changing opportunities and challenges at regional and global levels. The global fibre supply and demand situation will be analysed. Another major thrust will be the economics of sustainable forest management, specifically in the tropics.
381. The programme will continue to provide data and information on production, consumption and trade of wood and non-wood products, as well as on wood fuels and their economics. It will also work towards the enhancement of forests and forest products' contribution to poverty alleviation while ensuring environmental sustainability by: 1) identifying the potential of non-wood forest products (NWFPs), improved harvesting and production methods, and wide dissemination of related knowledge at all levels; 2) re-appraising the value and potential of wood fuels as a clean, safe and economical energy source and raising awareness of their importance at policy level, including improved information systems; and 3) developing a regional code of forest harvesting for South America and assisting countries in Asia, Africa and South America to introduce reduced impact logging practices based on regional codes of harvesting.
Programme 2.4.3: Forestry Policy and Institutions
382. The programme will continue emphasising the vital role trees and forests play in addressing poverty and food security, and increasing awareness of the forest sector’s contributions nationally and internationally. Raising the profile of forests in national planning, policy development and poverty reduction strategies will be underscored. In addressing the social dimensions of sustainable forest management, FAO will aim at creating an enabling environment for better access to forest resources and sustainable livelihoods by the rural poor. Participatory approaches to forest policy planning and fostering communities of professional practice will be major tools to support this goal. At the same time, the programme will continue strengthening institutional capacities to formulate, implement and enforce policies which promote sustainable development of the forest sector through: national forest programmes, promoting cross-sectoral approaches and addressing important issues such as privatisation and decentralisation. The programme will provide active support to strengthen the important function played by education, research and extension in forest development.
Programme 2.4.4: Forestry Information and Liaison
383. Ensuring synergies with other key organizations is a prime objective of this programme. As emphasised by the last COFO, FAO leadership in the international forest agenda, particularly through the Collaborative Partnership on Forests (CPF), will be a major priority. FAO's key role in providing country-based information at the regional and global levels will be further strengthened in partnership with countries themselves and with other international and regional organizations, at the same time contributing to national capacity-building. Monitoring and reporting on forests, and in particular on progress toward sustainable forest management, will be strengthened, including through a coordinated CPF information framework. High-quality forestry information will continue to be provided through publications including the State of the World's Forests and Unasylva, technical publications and policy guidelines, and a comprehensive Web site about forests. FAO will continue to serve as a venue for regional and global discussions on key forest issues by organising meetings of: regional forestry commissions and their working groups; international expert groups; technical statutory bodies such as the Advisory Committee on Paper and Wood Products; and the Committee on Forestry. Particular emphasis will be given to reinforcing regional forestry commissions. The programme will seek to better engage CPF partners in civil society in agenda setting and substantive discussions.
Real Growth Scenario
384. Support would be provided to more countries in translating agreed concepts of sustainable management of forests into action, and sharing the experiences more widely among stakeholders. Programme 2.4.1 would also expand the dissemination of new and innovative approaches to watershed management and prepare appropriate communication tools. Awareness of the implications of the Kyoto Protocol would be fostered with top level forestry administrators in several regions. The programme would also facilitate small-scale forestry and agroforestry projects under the CDM.
385. The additional resources for 2.4.2 would be applied to three outputs. Under the study of forests and forestry for the 2030 horizon, more emphasis would be put on demographic changes, links between economic development of forests and the evolution of technologies, and an expert consultation on forest trends would be held. The second output pertains to the economic analysis of forestry in countries in transition, i.e. approaches to enhance economic benefits from forests and support to capacity-building in economic analysis in these countries. The third would be the reduction of carbon emissions during harvesting operations.
386. The RG level for 2.4.3 would allow enhancement of work on national policy frameworks and institutional arrangements for increased participation of civil society. Support would also be provided to improve forest law compliance and ensure transparency in the management of public forests at country level.
Zero Nominal Growth Impact
387. The ZNG level would have to be met by abolishing a number of posts. Under 2.4.1, activities in Low Forest Cover Countries (LFCC) have included integrating desertification control programmes into national development plans and ensuring participation of all stakeholders, especially rural populations in the rehabilitation of degraded lands. With reduced resources, LFCC support would become subject to extra-budgetary funding. Support to countries in implementing the action programmes of the UNCCD123
would be severely reduced. One statutory body, Silva Mediterranea, could be eliminated, unless extra-budgetary resources are identified.
388. Negative impacts are also expected from insufficient capacity to support countries in the prevention and control of forest fires at national and regional levels, to support forest fire networks and to elaborate guidelines on fire management. Assistance to countries in forest fire management would be dependent on extra-budgetary funding.
389. Under 2.4.2, it would not be possible to initiate new regional outlook studies and update previous ones. Work on forest products trade and environment would be eliminated. A planned major regional assessment of trends in production, consumption and trade in forest products and updated forecast for 2020 would have to be put on hold.
390. Under 2.4.3 and 2.4.4, ZNG would reduce capacity to promote problem-solving, participatory, multistakeholder approaches to enhance the contribution of trees and forests to sustainable land use and food security. Planned activities to address inadequacies in forestry institutions as the result of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, especially in Africa, would be halted. Support to the United Nations Forum on Forests and other dimensions of the international arrangement on forests would be severely curtailed in order to maintain adequate support to regional forestry commissions.
391. Under Programme 2.4.1, resources will be used for national forest assessments, enhanced knowledge on forest and tree resources and their management and pertinent analysis and inputs to national policy processes. They will also support implementation of sustainable forest management, including natural forests, plantations and trees outside of forests and work on concepts, methods and study cases of sustainable management across a wide variety of field situations. Other areas where extra-budgetary resources will be utilised are for programmes against wildfires and for the conservation of fragile ecosystems such as mountain regions and lands affected by desertification processes. Under Programme 2.4.2, resources are foreseen to enhance food security in Central Africa based on the valorisation of the full potential of NWFPs, especially forest foods.
392. Under Programme 2.4.3, the National Forest Programmes Facility will continue to support country efforts to put in place forest policy planning and implementation processes that effectively address local needs and national priorities, and reflect internationally agreed principles. So far, the Facility has provided grants to 42 countries and 4 partner organizations to support the participation of stakeholders and has been active in sharing experiences and knowledge worldwide. During the biennium 2006-07, an increased number of developing countries are expected to benefit from grants. Other areas where extra-budgetary resources will be sought are for community-based enterprise development founded on forest products in sustainably managed forests and for community-based forest fires prevention and management. They will also enable FAO to carry out additional work in the area of payments for environmental services.