Previous PagePrevious PageTable of Contents目  录Next PageNext Page
Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
211A1 Agricultural Water Use Efficiency and Conservation Technical Project AGL


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: recent international meetings, such as the second World Water Forum and the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD), have underlined the acute competition for scarce water resources among economic sectors and the pressing need to take action in this regard. Optimising the efficiency of agricultural water use requires simultaneous improvements in water management and technology, as well as capacity building. Action is needed at all levels, from farmers through irrigation agencies to basin and national water resources institutions.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: technologies allowing a more efficient use of agricultural water are to be widely disseminated, while in situ demonstration will stimulate additional investments in irrigation from the public and private sectors.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: farmers will benefit from increased investment and improved technologies in irrigation, coupled with more participatory decision making within irrigation schemes. The public at large will benefit from increased food production and/or more water being available for non-agricultural use.

Objective

  • Availability of technologies for efficient use and conservation of water; participatory, equitable and effective water management; improved irrigation policy and related institutional reforms.

Indicators

  • Evidence of increased water use efficiency and productivity due to the adoption of cost-effective irrigation technologies.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • This programme entity addresses the scarcity of water in the agricultural sector by promoting water-efficient technologies, including technologies for rainfed agriculture, and participatory, equitable and effective water-management techniques. This entity implies involvement and action at all levels, from farmers through irrigation agencies to basin and national water resources institutions and includes six major outputs. The implementation of 211A1 was carried out on a continuing basis from the previous biennium. It has achieved several significant outcomes as established through the auto-evaluation performed in 2005 and has now reached a turning point where some biennial outputs have been completed and will not be extended. The achievements can be evaluated through the fact that water productivity in agriculture and rural settings is better understood; integrated water resource management in irrigated command areas is progressively tackled at the local level. The well-known CROPWAT model has been modified to include modules for rice cultivation, and a crop-water experts meeting was held at FAO to prepare a new model (Aquariel). FAO has produced several important publications and carried out workshops on water harvesting (CD-ROM, manuals, etc.). Irrigation-management modernization and service-oriented management are also considered more and more by national authorities. During the past five years, more than 500 irrigation engineers and managers have been trained by FAO on modern service-oriented management and irrigation modernization (RAP workshops). Canal-operation manuals are under development. Irrigation-management transfer has been implemented in more than 60 countries covering more than 80 percent of worldwide irrigation. The support to emerging water users associations is also becoming an important aspect of agriculture and irrigation policies. Water valuation and water charging in agriculture have been the topics of two major FAO publications. FAO support to transboundary water issues is increasing in Africa and Asia.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   On-farm water control and management methods.
  401 Updated guidelines, training materials, regional seminars and support to networks for on-farm Water Control Techniques and Integrated Water Resources Management Training (including training courses and materials) AGL RAF RNE SNEA Completed
002   Crop water management and supplementary irrigation techniques.
  401 Guidelines on Crop Water Productivity, including supplementary irrigation and biotechnology applications, plus advisory services for greater private sector participation in irrigation management Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) AGL RAP Completed
003   Water resources development and irrigation technologies plus water harvesting.
  401 Development of water resources and irrigation technologies, including water harvesting and groundwater management Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) AGL RAF SAFR Modified
004   Irrigation system improvement and modernisation methods.
  403 Tools and methodology for diagnosis irrigation systems performance and developing improvements plans Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) AGL Completed
005   Institutional restructuring of irrigation.
  401 Irrigation sector and system evaluations, as a basis for restructuring and capacity building Studies and analyses AGL Completed
006   Promotion of appropriate irrigation policy and river basin management.
  401 Promotion of appropriate irrigation policies, including demand management and market analysis in irrigated agriculture Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) AGL RAP Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
211A2 Land and Soil Productivity Technical Project AGL


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: land and water resources are facing increasing pressures and limitations both in quality and quantity in most parts of the world. Sub-Saharan Africa, in particular, is facing a serious land productivity decline. Governments need to work with multiple stakeholders to ensure viable and equitable land use and efficient resource utilisation through the participatory development and local adaptation of sustainable management strategies and land use options.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: tested land fertilization and soil and moisture management techniques, if adopted by farmers, should help build up land productivity or prevent its decline, reduce excess runoff, erosion and periodic drought hazards, and result in higher, more stable yields.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: small farmers should benefit from enhanced soil fertility. The environment and public at large will benefit from the improved management of soil and crop biodiversity and carbon sequestration.

Objective

  • In the framework of the post-UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) conventions and the land management cluster of UNCED Agenda 21, test and disseminate improved land, fertility and moisture management options and support the rehabilitation of degraded land in different ago-ecological zones.

Indicators

  • Evidence of adoption of fertility, moisture conservation, soil rehabilitation and integrated plant nutrition management techniques by farmers in SPFS and Soil Fertility Initiative (SFI) related programmes.
  • Feedback from SPFS farmers and trainers on the validity of proposed fertility and moisture management techniques.
  • Examples of land use, land reclamation and fertilisation policies and strategies adopted and implemented as a result of this entity.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • The Land and Soil Productivity programme entity (PE) is core in the Land and Plant Nutrition Management Service (AGLL). The programme covers land, soil and plant nutrition management. The normative products of this PE increasingly support national agriculture investment strategies related to land. Activities include land degradation assessment, its mitigation, conservation and rehabilitation for degraded and problem soils. The programme extended advice on national soil fertility / productivity improvement activities with a focus on Sub-Saharan Africa. Methodology development in partnership with national institutions and analysis of sub national geo-referenced information for member countries to support their combating desertification and land degradation for improved local food security. Associated training in farmers¿ replenishment of soil nutrients in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia addressed various aspects of good agricultural practices on fertilizers, integrated plant nutrition systems (MDG recommendation). The implementation of programme activities applies to both FAO headquarters and Regional/Subregional Offices. Support to national action programmes on conservation agriculture strategies and techniques phased out.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Integrated soil and plant nutrient management practices.
  401 Support to national soil fertility / productivity improvement programmes, including methodologies, case studies, conferences and training in integrated plant nutrient management Coordination and information exchange RAP Completed
  405 Global fertilizer demand model Studies and analyses AGL Modified
  406 Fertilizer policy-case study Nigeria and SADC countries Direct advice to Members; field programme support AGL RAF SAFR Modified
002   Management, conservation and rehabilitation of degraded and problem soils.
  401 Methodologies for land degradation assessment, its mitigation, conservation and rehabilitation for degraded and problem soils, linked to LADA, SPFS and SFI Coordination and information exchange AGL RAF RAP SAFR Modified
003   Land resources analyses and planning tools.
  401 Specific tools and methods prepared for land resources use and planning (including carbon sequestration) Coordination and information exchange RAP Modified
004   Moisture conservation techniques in rainfed areas.



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
211A3 Integrated Land, Water and Plant Nutrition Policies, Planning and Management Technical Project AGL


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: in the absence of coherent policies, multi-stakeholder planning processes and appropriate incentive measures, communities are sometimes induced, due to poverty and inadequate support mechanisms, to adopt unsustainable techniques mining the environment or negatively affecting downstream water and land resources' users. Moreover, rural communities are unable to cope with natural events such as drought and floods in the absence of disaster preparedness and mitigation strategies and measures.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: well-informed, multi-disciplinary and multi-stakeholder decision making processes should result in more sustainable practices, strategies and policies to manage land and water resources and mitigate disasters.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: farming, pastoral and even urban communities are expected to benefit from the concerted, integrated and sustainable management of the land and water resources they rely upon for their livelihoods, especially in areas vulnerable to resource degradation, drought, floods and other natural hazards.

Objective

  • To promote integrated, multi-disciplinary and multi-stakeholder approaches to the development and sustainable management of land and water resources.

Indicators

  • Examples of effective in situ application of methodologies and technologies for integrated management of land and water, addressing resource access and benefit sharing issues.
  • Examples of wetland development and/or protection programmes based on FAO's capacity building, or initiated as a result of FAO's awareness raising activities.
  • Changes in policy or institutional environment resulting for FAO-supported land and water policy reviews and advice.
  • Evidence of improved preparedness of countries for assessing vulnerability and mitigating land- and water-related constraints and disasters.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • 211A3 focuses on integrated land and water management and combines aspects that require an interdisciplinary approach among water, soil and nutrient specialists. Promoting integrated, multidisciplinary and multistakeholder approaches, it aims to improve management of wetlands and watersheds, help mitigate drought and floods through more effective rainwater use (conservation agriculture [CA], soil-moisture management, water harvesting), and enhance interactions among water, nutrient and soil resources at farm level. The PE has seen good integrated work among staff from different teams and between headquarters and regional teams: Farmer field schools in land and water management, water harvesting and payment for environmental services have all been well-integrated programmes benefiting from expertise from different units within and outside the Division. Major achievements include: work on preparation of "Sustainable Management of Wetlands in Southern Africa through a Livelihoods and Ecosystems Approach" (with GEF, IWMI, IUCN); testing of an assessment methodology for land-resources degradation and biodiversity loss using transects and participatory rural/relaxed appraisal; participation in activities of the West-African Inland Valley Consortium; electronic conferences, publications (case studies) and networking on payment for environmental services in watersheds; an e-mail conference, workshops and several publications on soil-moisture management in rainfed agriculture and CA, including technical guidelines and development of modules for soil, water and biological resources management through farmer field schools; development of transboundary agroecosystem management approaches in conjunction with a GEF project in eastern Africa; policy papers on water control in southern Africa and drought mitigation in the Limpopo Basin; and the development of a new framework for land evaluation. Activities on developing training material on approaches for integrated land-use assessment were initiated through three case studies and will be finalized in 2006-07. 211A3 has evolved from a relatively loosely defined set of major outputs on integrated land and water management to a more focused set of outputs and activities responding more closely to the needs of users and enhancing its attractiveness and visibility. Overall, the programme was on track by end-2005.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
002   Technologies and methodologies for wetland development and conservation.
  401 Guidance, inventories and networking on integrated wetland development and management Studies and analyses AGL RAF SAFR Postponed
003   Guidelines for land and water management in rural watersheds, including disaster preparedness and mitigation for drought and flood.
  401 Land and water management in a watershed context with a focus on ecosystem services Direct advice to Members; field programme support AGL RAP Modified
007   Review of land, water and fertilizer use policies incorporating environmental elements.
  401 Programme development for drought mitigation in Southern Africa Direct advice to Members; field programme support AGL SAFR Completed
008   Revised FAO Land Evaluation Framework.
  401 Soil moisture management in rainfed agriculture with a focus on drought mitigation Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) AGL Modified
009   Participation in international fora and global events.
  401 Integrated planning and management of land, water and nutrient resources Studies and analyses AGL Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
211A5 Land and Water Quality Improvement Technical Project AGL


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: poor water quality problems in many parts of the world are further complicated by poor drainage, salinity and associated environmental effects and vulnerability to natural disasters.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: improved drainage systems and irrigation schemes, enhanced quality of treated waste water used in peri-urban irrigation and more appropriate land-use strategies and monitoring tools, help control waterlogging and salinity problems, decrease contamination, and mitigate the effects of related natural disasters.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: rural and peri-urban farmers in irrigated areas will be better able to maintain or increase their production and mitigate disasters as a result of sustained improvements in the quality and management of irrigation water.

Objective

  • Improved production systems and methods put in place to mitigate environmental effects from poor water quality and natural disasters; improved drainage systems and irrigation schemes, and enhanced quality of treated wastewater used in peri-urban irrigation.

Indicators

  • Examples of improved irrigation water quality, enhanced drainage systems and rehabilitated land resulting from technical support provided by this entity.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • In the context of water scarcity and protection of the environment, an expert consultation on Water Desalination for Agricultural Applications was held in Rome and an FAO Land and Water Discussion Paper prepared to analyse the state of the art of this technology and examine its long-term prospects, with focus on economic feasibility, specifically for irrigation. On coastal and marine impacts of land-based activities, proposal and partnerships were built with the UNEP Global Programme of Action on river-basin initiatives. On water for food and ecosystems, the programme entity (PE) contributed to information in fostering implementation and know-how for local action on the protection of ecosystems with production of food. In response to natural disasters, salinity information for post-tsunami assessment and rehabilitation of affected land and water were developed with long-term water quality monitoring. Associated work included technical advisory for the Global Environmental Monitoring System on water quality monitoring. The performance of drainage systems in two irrigation schemes in Mexico was evaluated with a published report. The final version of the FAO Irrigation and Drainage Paper, "Guidelines and computer programs for planning and design of land drainage systems", was completed and revised by three external peer reviewers. Two publications with WHO were completed on the Health Guidelines for Safe Reuse of Wastewater and Domestic Greywater in Agriculture. The PE contributed to PAIA Food for the Cities in waste and water recycling and produced fact sheets for the World Urban Forum and established Web information for urban and peri-urban producers. On poor-quality water's application in agriculture, information was provided to UN-Water on the collaborative World Water Development Report and the Comprehensive Assessment. FAO activities were disseminated at various fora (International Salinity Forum, International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage, Paddy and Water on the Environment and Miscellaneous Energy [solar] and Water Congress). In salinity control and water-quality aspects of the tsunami emergency response, normative outputs (technical publications) were extremely valuable and applicable in providing immediate technical guidance. Experience learned includes the importance for emergency operations to link with technical divisions in better addressing long-term, sustainable rehabilitation measures for the member countries. In addition, expert consultation processes are helpful and cost-effective in addressing new and emerging technologies. Partnerships with other UN organizations were effective in addressing various technical aspects as well as cost-sharing in providing assistance from global to country levels in addressing various MDGs.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Water quality management techniques and attenuation of negative environmental effects.
  401 Guidelines and case studies on drainage, safe use of treated wastewater and health aspects of irrigation Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) AGL RNE Modified
002   Waterlogging and salinity control methodologies.
  401 Proposals formulated for improved agricultural water management and for reducing and reclaiming affected areas Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) AGL Completed
003   Disaster mitigation through waterlogging and salinity control and rehabilitation measures.
  401 Guidelines on management of natural disasters, with emphasis on drought and floods Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) AGL RAP SAFR Modified



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
211P7 Land and Water Information Systems, Databases and Statistics Continuing Programme Activity AGL


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: there is a need to merge information on land and water and to establish linkages with sectoral information systems with a view to forge a comprehensive information base of a multi-scale, multi-purpose nature, also facilitating analysis in support of decision making. This effort should be accompanied with monitoring of the status and utilisation of land and freshwater resources worldwide, as emphasised by the sixth session of the CSD and the fifteenth session of the Committee on Agriculture (COAG).
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: better informed, more relevant policies, strategies and programmes will result in improved incentive structures and more sustainable management of land and water resources.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: farmers, herders and fisherfolk, as well as other users of land and water resources should take advantage of an improved policy and planning framework including reduced risks to the environment and more secure production levels.

Objective

  • Better managed land and water resources through information systems for monitoring, and increased awareness among decision makers about the global status of such resources.

Indicators

  • Examples of action taken (policies, programmes) to better manage or protect land and water resources, in part thanks to the awareness created by this entity.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • This PE in particular addresses FAO's mandate to collect, analyse and disseminate information relevant to agriculture. Two regional workshops (Asia and Caribbean) were organized on land resource information system implementation. The gateway for land and water and plant nutrition information and country profiles on the Web was substantially expanded; the AGLL Web site was regularly updated and expanded. A CD-ROM on soil and terrain resources in southern Africa (covering nine countries) was published and work on a soil and terrain inventory for Central Africa was initiated. A beginning was made with the revision of the Global Agro-ecological Zones study for land potential for agriculture and a web site on subnational agricultural crop statistics completed (Agro-Maps). The fourth edition of Guidelines for soil profile description was prepared and the second edition of the World Reference Base for Soil Resources prepared for publication in 2006. 23 volumes of Fertilizer use by crop were published. There was an update of the African continent, and Water Report 29, Irrigation in Africa in figures: AQUASTAT Survey - 2005, was published in English and in French; and an update prepared of the Asian countries on the Global Map of Irrigation Areas. A contribution to the irrigation sections of the report for the World Agricultural Census 2010 (FAO Statistical Development Series 11) was completed and the AQUASTAT Web site and database improved and updated. Thematic studies completed on: a) Water accounting at basin scale: a critique of the AQUASTAT approach; b) Investment trends in irrigation 1980-2003; c) Contribution to the collaborative programme on trends and opportunities for investment in agricultural water management in Sub-Saharan Africa. AGL staff assigned to this PE was member of and provided inputs to the subgroup on water statistics of the Inter-secretariat Working Group on Environment Statistics and led the preparation of the irrigation chapter of the Comprehensive Assessment Programme. The chapter on water, food and rural livelihoods was prepared for the Second World Water Development Report. AQUASTAT related GIS system development is progressing and initial analysis was carried out. The outline is available for completion in 2006. The auto-evaluation of this programme entity was undertaken and included a users' survey with an appreciative outcome.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Land and water information systems development.
  401 Support provided to capacity building of national land and water information systems, including web-based AEZ Information (products, systems, databases) RAF RAP RNE SAFR SLAC SNEA Modified
002   Land databases and statistics.
  401 Databases for land resources and land use (SOTER, Terrastat, WOCAT and Global AEZ) Information (products, systems, databases) AGL RAF RAP RNE SLAC Modified
003   AQUASTAT and contributions to the World Water Development Report.
  401 Development, updating and maintenance of AQUASTAT - Global Water Information System Information (products, systems, databases) AGL RAF RAP RNE SAFR SLAC SNEA Completed
004   State of the World Land and Water Resources.
  402 State of the World Land and Water Resources (SWLWR) report Information (products, systems, databases) AGL Postponed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
211P8 Knowledge Management and Partnerships Continuing Programme Activity AGL


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: lack of information on, and insufficient awareness of land and water issues at country level for planning and policy making, in particular as it relates to major international UN-backed conventions (UNCED, UNCCD, UNCBD and the IPCC).
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: this entity collates information for the preparation of issue papers and perspective studies at global, regional and national level (e.g. Agriculture Towards 2015/30), international fora such as CSD, CEB, Global Water Partnership and for other needs such as media articles or research papers. In turn, these publications and international discussions generate greater awareness of land and water issues, resulting in improved decision making.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: the public at large is set to profit from improved policies, programmes and strategies for the sustainable management of land and water resources.

Objective

  • Better informed decision making at the international, national and local levels; enhanced awareness of issues and actions related to land and water management and conservation.

Indicators

  • Examples of effective use of information and of actions taken in part thanks to this entity.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Knowledge Management and Partnerships. Knowledge management is an integral part of subject-related programme entities, and status/progress is reported under the relevant programme entity. AGL continues to participate in and provide inputs to international fora organized by its partners and relevant university departments. AGL made significant contributions to the AU/NEPAD CAADP, land and water development being the first pillar, the World Water Forum and others. Within the framework of combating desertification and establishing land management interventions particularly geared to conserve soil in fragile dry land ecosystems, regional workshops were organized in Asia, Africa and the Caribbean. An innovative interactive web site was established and proceedings and related documents published on-line, on CD-ROM and on DVD. The update of the global soil and terrain database (SOTER) continued to progress with the development of a universal algorithm to generate the terrain component and the physiography (in cooperation with the EU and ISRIC).


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Knowledge centre for land and water management.
  401 Web-based information centre and regional perspective studies at global & regional levels on land and water issues Studies and analyses AGL RNE SAFR Modified
002   Contributions to studies and inputs to major fora.
  401 Regular updating of knowledge base Coordination and information exchange AGL RNE Modified



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
211S1 Direct Support to Member Nations and to the Field Programme Technical Service Agreement AGL


Indicators

  • Effective technical support

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Significant resources were allocated to technical backstopping and assistance of project formulation, including to TCP and SPFS, and assistance and direct advice to member countries and in the operation of field projects. Technical support and relief operations such as that of the tsunami were carried out, as well. The outcome in this programme entity is a mix of results of technical aspects and services in the field and normative work. A better linkage and synergy between regular programme and field activities should further be pursued in terms of efficient use of resources and good impact to member countries.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Assistance to member countries and direct advisory services to countries
  401 Direct support to Member Countries Direct advice to Members; field programme support AGL REU SNEA Completed
002   Technical support to emergency and relief operation projects
  401 Support on demand for emergency and relief activities Direct advice to Members; field programme support AGL Completed
003   Technical backstopping and assistance in project formulation (on request from member countries)
  401 Ongoing support to the development and backstopping of the Field Programme, including SPFS Direct advice to Members; field programme support AGL Completed
004   Assistance in operation of field projects



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
211S2 International Programme for Technology and Research in Irrigation and Drainage (IPTRID) Technical Service Agreement AGL


Indicators

  • Formulation, facilitation and information dissemination

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • During the biennium, a series of projects dealing with the development of strategies for irrigated agriculture were formulated in Egypt, Senegal, the Syrian Arab Republic, West Africa (regional), and Central Asia. With the exception of Senegal, the projects were implemented and successfully completed during the reporting period. They have assisted irrigation and drainage agencies in the respective countries to plan interventions to upgrade their irrigation and drainage activities. A series of workshops dealing with capacity-development issues in irrigated agriculture were held in Burkina Faso, China, India, Mali, Niger and the Russian Federation. In addition, a series of workshops concentrating on strengthening skills of middle- and high-level water professionals were held in Egypt, Malaysia, the Syrian Arab Republic, the United Republic of Tanzania and Uzbekistan. A large number of publications dealing with lessons learned in both projects and workshops have been widely distributed based on the IPTRID network, which currently comprises more than 4 000 water professionals. Results of the biennium indicate that there is a continuous need to upgrade the skills of professionals dealing with irrigation and drainage systems in the developing world.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Formulation of irrigation and drainage R&D and technology transfer
  401 Support to the formulation of strategies and programmes to support capacity development for sustainable agricultural water management in the developing countries Studies and analyses AGL Completed
002   Facilitation of regional drainage programmes and technical networks
003   Dissemination of information through networking, a newsletter and WCA InfoNET
  401 Preparation of materials: including promotional website, flyers, posters, brochures and data fed into the IPTRID integrated information system Coordination and information exchange AGL Completed
  402 Six-monthly and annual reports on IPTRID's activities and outputs to be presented to the IPTRID Management Committee and Consultative Group. Organization of consultations and management meetings to support IPTRID activities Coordination and information exchange AGL Completed



Previous PagePrevious PageTable of Contents目  录Next PageNext Page