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Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
222A2 FAO/World Bank/USDA Initiative for Agricultural Statistics in Africa Technical Project ESS


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: the lack of a comprehensive and reliable statistical information base on the food and agricultural sector in Africa and the decreasing capacity of some countries to generate data is a major constraint to effective policies for food security and rural development in the continent. It also affects the monitoring and evaluation of progress towards development goals, including towards WFS commitments.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: this joint effort by the World Bank, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) and FAO is enhancing the availability of reliable and relevant statistical information on the rural sector in Africa, therefore, contributing to improved, evidence-based formulation of policies and programmes supporting the rural sector.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: the end beneficiaries of this entity are the rural population at large through more effective and efficient development programmes in the rural sector.

Objective

  • National governments, the private sector and development agencies take advantage of more integrated, reliable and timely statistical information on food and agriculture in Africa, to improve sectoral planning and enhance monitoring and evaluation of the performance of the agricultural sector.

Indicators

  • Availability, timeliness, quality and usefulness of agricultural data in target countries.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Data availability has improved significantly in several countries, including Kenya, Mali, Rwanda and Senegal, thanks to World Bank- and France-funded regional projects designed under the umbrella of this programme entity. Subregional seminars, workshops and training courses were organized covering data archiving and analysis to strengthen countries' capability in data use in support of food and agricultural policies.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
541   Data needs assessment studies, development of conceptual framework and formulation of programme in target countries.
  401 Assessment of data needs for PRSPs and Food Security Programmes, Medium Term Regional Programme formulated and funds mobilised for implementation Direct advice to Members; field programme support ESS RAF SAFR Completed
  402 Rural and Agricultural Components of National Strategic Statistical Plans formulated in 5 target countries Direct advice to Members; field programme support ESS RAF SAFR Completed
  403 Advocacy tools for strengthening Rural and Agricultural Statistics Coordination and information exchange ESS RAF SAFR Completed
542   Data quality assessment, harmonisation, storage and dissemination.
  401 Sub-regional and national databases (using modern tools of storage and access) in one sub-region and three countries Information (products, systems, databases) ESS RAF SAFR Postponed
  403 Publication on good practices in Rural and Agricultural Statistics Information (products, systems, databases) ESS RAF SAFR Completed
  404 Methodological studies and research to improve data quality and cost-effectiveness of rural and agricultural statistics systems in Africa Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) ESS RAF SAFR Completed
  405 Regional Training Courses Training (including training courses and materials) ESS RAF SAFR Completed
  406 Support to sub-regional institutions Coordination and information exchange ESS RAF SAFR Completed
543   Provision of technical supervisory and evaluation services.
  401 Reports on Technical Supervisory and Evaluation Missions prepared for three countries Direct advice to Members; field programme support ESS RAF SAFR Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
222A3 FAO Country Profiles and Mapping Information System Technical Project GIL


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: national programmes could produce more effective results through a cross-sectoral, area-based approach. However, despite the existence of a large number of country-based information systems, the information generated by the various systems lacks integration. Information tends to be generated and used in a circumscribed manner and tailored to a specific system, unit or area of interest, thus contributing to a compartmentalised approach to development.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: the FAO Country Profiles and Mapping Information System will integrate analytical, multilingual information with thematic databases and a digital map repository. It will facilitate access to information on multiple factors contributing to national food insecurity, fostering an integrated and multi-sectoral approach, decreasing design costs and increasing efficiency of projects and policies.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: farmers, mountain people, fishermen, pastoral people and victims of conflict and natural disasters will benefit as a result of context-based and coordinated national and international development and/or disaster relief interventions.

Objective

  • Analysts, researchers, project formulators and policy makers will have a comprehensive, area-specific view of the state of agriculture, enabling them to take a coordinated approach across sectors, to identify specific target areas and/or populations in need of attention and to better define technical or emergency assistance.

Indicators

  • Number of national geographic offices using the system, disseminating its data, or sharing data.
  • List of donors and aid agencies routinely using FAO's country profiles and maps in their project documents and evaluations.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Customized versions of the system have been implemented for specific topics, in particular, the Organic Agriculture country data. Traffic of the Country Profiles has been growing steadily over the past years, following the addition of key content components and external search engine optimization. The Country Profiles have greatly benefited from higher visibility and direct access from the FAO home page to one of the system's internal pages (list of specialized country profiles available from the FAO site). The growth in traffic has gone hand in hand with the increase in the quantity and variety of content. User feedback by both internal and external customers is positive. Participants of focus groups agreed on the effectiveness of the country-based format: Countries are an obvious level of aggregation, with (usually) clear boundaries; policy decisions are also made at the country level, hence pulling together information related to one country is very useful. Some departments are also investing heavily into developing sectoral Country Profiles linked to the WAICENT ones. The FAO Country Profiles are described as an example of the kind of cross-sectoral function that WAICENT should be promoting. Country codes used in the Country Profiles are increasingly being adopted by the systems that contribute information.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Development and implementation of FAO country profiles and mapping information system.
  401 FAO Country Profiles Mapping Information System (FCPMIS) as a decision-support tool (including dynamic report generation and profiling and personalisation capabilities), supporting dissemination of a range of FCPMIS information products Information (products, systems, databases) GIL Completed
  402 Establishment of an international network for country-based information Information (products, systems, databases) GIL Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
222A4 Systematic Evaluation and Improvement of Statistical Data Quality Technical Project ESS


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: the reported decline in agricultural sector data completeness and quality undermines the global and national statistical knowledge base, which underpins sound decision making. While the issue of data quality at the source will require a long-term and concerted effort at the country level, an urgent need exists for enhancing the quality in databases of FAOSTAT, which runs on obsolete software and hardware configurations, with the underlying programme libraries (components and compilers) no longer available for system support.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: improvements in the quality and usefulness of the FAO statistics by enhancing FAOSTAT functionality with the use of Web-based technologies in collection, processing and dissemination of statistics. A major improvement will be the availability of meta data on national methods of data collection and quality indicators.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: ultimate beneficiaries will be producers and consumers, benefiting from improved policy decisions based on more reliable, comprehensive and timely data.

Objective

  • The complete overhaul of FAO statistical database with more reliable, methodologically-sound and transparent data and new aggregations and extrapolations functions, providing decision makers with improved data series, therefore, contributing to improved planning, evaluation and policy setting in countries.

Indicators

  • Documented improvements in data quality (timeliness, reliability, usefulness, information on methodology and metadata).

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Work continued on updating the metadatabase ABCDQ, while a number of research papers and presentations were developed on data quality assessment. A representative of the division attended international fora on the subject, and the division actively contributed to discussions on data quality assessment at the international level.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
527   Review and quality improvement of agricultural input statistics.
  401 Evaluation and improvement of data quality for agricultural input statistics Information (products, systems, databases) ESS Completed
535   Review and quality improvement of agricultural production and trade statistics.
  401 Evaluation and improvement of data quality for agricultural production Information (products, systems, databases) ESS Completed
550   Improvement of quality and availability of agricultural census and survey data.



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
222A5 World Agriculture Information Resource System (WAIR) Technical Project GIL


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: national governmental and non-governmental rural development organizations, research centres, libraries and universities have a rich store of information, of which only a limited portion is available for sharing through modern information communication technologies such as the Internet. Their content is often non-transferable for various reasons, such as scarce resources, low priority given to information, and lack of good meta data (i.e. for classification and methodological purposes). This results in poor exchange of information amongst stakeholders, redundancies and waste of resources in data collection.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: access to quality information and peer reviewed literature and practical applications facilitate technology transfer. The adoption of uniform standards in electronic publishing supports the exchange of information and helps to transcend organizational barriers. More effective management of information resources will strengthen abilities within countries and of the international community to formulate and evaluate development programmes and policies effectively.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: countries will benefit by having access to the global experience in science and technology for the agricultural sector gained by the UN, national and international development organizations, research institutions and universities, and from more coherent and better planned international cooperation.

Objective

  • Decision makers, scientists and development workers will have access to a centralised gateway to multimedia resource collections on research and development in agriculture, and will be better able to search and retrieve information relevant to their work. Members will become proactive participants in the management and networking of national agricultural and research information systems.

Indicators

  • Estimated number of people using the WAIR portal worldwide, and per country.
  • Use made of information.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Success story: Collaboration in the Electronic Natural Resource Information Center (eNRIC) initiative with international organizations including IWMI, CIFOR and WorldFish Center established the eNRIC Web site (http://enric.cgiar.org/), affording researchers relevant and in-depth information on specific topics under natural resources. Other achievements included the continued strengthening of the AGRIS network through the provision of guidelines, support and tools to the user community, including the publication of technical papers on the AGRIS application profile, release of the integrated Library Management Systems in collaboration with CATIE and management and moderation of the WebAGRIS DGroup. Success story: Collaboration and cooperation with other United Nations Libraries has saved the Organization over a million dollars while providing the Organization with timely and relevant knowledge resources. FAO Library was a founding member of and participates actively in the UN Libraries Consortium (UNSEIAC) in associated Library manager meetings and consultations, teleconferences, UN Libraries Knowledge Sharing and Information Management (KSIM) through on-site visits, strengthened dialogue, information exchange and formal and informal partnerships with CERN and other academic and development representatives and institutions worldwide.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Establishment of networks, collaboration and tools for facilitating access to worldwide agricultural information resources.
  401 Application framework for ontology-based Web services to access distributed agricultural information resources Information (products, systems, databases) GIL Completed
  402 Networks for data sharing and exchange between information providers in FAO's subject areas including collaboration within the Access to Global Online Research in Agriculture (AGORA) network and the CGIAR Coordination and information exchange GIL Completed
  403 Enhanced access to information on development projects through participation in global initiatives (AIDA, IDML and others) and integration of CARIS activities Coordination and information exchange GIL Completed
  404 WEBISIS and other OpenSource software tools for information management Information (products, systems, databases) GIL Completed
  405 Exchange and subscription agreements with organizations and institutions contributing to the FAO Virtual Library and enhanced access to agricultural information through networks such as AGLINET, and the United Nations system electronic information acquisition consortium Coordination and information exchange GIL Completed
  406 Programme to provide Access to Global Online Research in Agriculture (AGORA) to national/public institutions in LIFDC, providing information from peer reviewed journals to these countries Coordination and information exchange GIL Completed
  407 Strengthening of library networks through the AGORA initiative, in the context of AGLINET Coordination and information exchange GIL Completed
003   Normative support to networks such as AGRIS/CARIS to improve access to scientific and technical information relevant to food security.
  401 AGMES-AGRIS application profile as a standard for meta data exchange for scientific and technical information and establishment of prototype OpenArchives with AGRIS centres Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) GIL Completed
  402 Establishment of AGRIS Open Archives (document repositories) with AGRIS centres and the AGRIS secretariat Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) GIL Completed
  403 AGRIS database and technical support to the AGRIS centres Coordination and information exchange GIL Completed
  404 AGRIS thematic gateways to scientific and technical information Information (products, systems, databases) GIL Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
222P1 Agricultural Resources and Income Statistics Continuing Programme Activity ESS


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: complete and accurate agricultural resources and income statistical data are essential to formulation, monitoring and evaluation of economically-sound agricultural policies and to supporting appropriate decision making.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: the entity will ensure statistical data on population, labour force, prices, incomes and other socio-economic variables.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: people working in agriculture and the public at large are to benefit from agricultural policies taking economic and environmental factors into consideration.

Objective

  • To provide analysts and policy makers in governments and development agencies with: a set of up-to-date and world-wide statistical series and indicators relating to land use, population, labour force, agricultural inputs, prices, income, investment, resource flows and environmental issues; and statistical profiles with integrated presentation of key indicators of the agricultural sector.

Indicators

  • List of international and regional organizations, aid agencies and governments routinely using agricultural resources and income statistics in their policy, programming and evaluation processes.
  • Typical use made of agricultural resources and income statistics.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • The statistical methodology and data series on agricultural resources statistics (human resources, land, irrigation, farm machinery, fertilizers, pesticides) have been updated and revised. The producer price data compilation continued on a regular basis with dissemination of updated basic time series. Revised methodology was developed and is to be implemented in the next biennium. The time series on agriculture investment and official development assistance were regularly updated; their quality and timeliness were significantly enhanced. Regular updating and improvements of the Summary of World Food and Agricultural Statistics have provided FAO authorities with an easy and quick reference tool on the wide range of food and agricultural statistics at the world and regional levels, at http://www.fao.org/es/ess/sumfas/sumfax_en_web.pdf. The FAO Food Security Statistics Web site of the Statistics division, available at http://www.fao.org/faostat/foodsecurity/index_en.htm, has been useful for analysis at country, regional and global levels.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
521   Agricultural inputs, resources and environmental statistics
  401 Biennially updated estimates and projections of agricultural population, labour force and urban/rural population Information (products, systems, databases) ESS Completed
  403 Databases pertaining to land use, farm machinery, fertilizer and pesticides Information (products, systems, databases) ESS Completed
  406 Collaboration and exchange on fertilizer statistics with International Fertilizer Industry Associations Coordination and information exchange ESS Completed
  407 Fertiliser Yearbook and Fertiliser Use by Crop (2 issues) Information (products, systems, databases) ESS Modified
  408 Development of meta data and data quality measures Information (products, systems, databases) ESS Completed
  409 Contribution to the development of FAOSTAT 2 Information (products, systems, databases) ESS Completed
  410 Dynamic atlas for presenting an overview of agricultural environment Information (products, systems, databases) ESS Completed
522   Agricultural prices, income and investment statistics.
  402 Databases pertaining to macro-economic aggregates Information (products, systems, databases) ESS Completed
  403 Databases pertaining to and development assistance Information (products, systems, databases) ESS Completed
  404 Databases pertaining to producer prices and index number of producer prices Information (products, systems, databases) ESS Completed
  406 Development of meta data and data quality measures Information (products, systems, databases) ESS Completed
523   Statistical profiles for agricultural sector analysis.
  401 Annual updating of Regional and World Summary of Food and Agricultural Statistics Information (products, systems, databases) ESS Completed
  402 Publication of Food and Agricultural Sector Profile Information (products, systems, databases) ESS Completed
  403 Development of socio-economic indicators for agricultural sector analysis Information (products, systems, databases) ESS Completed
  404 Training on collection of data and compilation and analysis of socio-economic indicators relating to agriculture and rural development Training (including training courses and materials) ESS RAF RAP RLC Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
222P2 Agricultural Production, Trade Statistics and Food Balance Sheets Continuing Programme Activity ESS


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: complete and accurate statistical data regarding crop and livestock production, trade and utilisation statistics need to be maintained so as to support economic analysis and forecasting, and the development, implementation and evaluation of effective policies and programmes for food security and rural development.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: this continuing programme activity complements the preceding in terms of FAO's core statistical work, covering the key areas of agricultural production and trade statistics and food balance sheets (FBSs).
  • Intended end beneficiaries: ultimate beneficiaries will be producers and consumers benefiting from improved policy outcomes.

Objective

  • To provide users in FAO and the world community at large with a set of consistent and up-to-date series and indicators relating to production, trade and utilisation - crop and livestock - statistics to analyse and monitor the food and agricultural regional and global situation and to support decision making.

Indicators

  • List of international and regional organizations, aid agencies and governments routinely using FAO agricultural production, trade statistics and FBSs in their policy, programming and evaluation processes.
  • Use made of agricultural production, trade statistics and FBSs.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Compiling, processing, storing and disseminating statistical data is a core normative role of FAO. FAOSTAT data available to the world community are found in all economic and policy studies in agricultural economics. Their contribution to all FAO economic policy reports is crucial. During the biennium, under the umbrella of the FAOSTAT2 arrears project, all FAOSTAT methodology, coding and questionnaires were reviewed and are being restructured, while simultaneously in 2004-05, data continued to be assembled and disseminated in the old format. A great deal of all staff time was spent in development of the new FAOSTAT and in contributing to related projects such as CountrySTAT.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
531   Agricultural production statistics.
  401 Annual databases on agricultural production and index numbers Information (products, systems, databases) ESS Completed
  402 Evaluation and improvement of data quality of agricultural production statistics Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) ESS Completed
  403 Production Yearbook (2 volumes) Information (products, systems, databases) ESS Modified
532   Agriculture trade statistics.
  401 Annual databases on international agricultural trade and index numbers Information (products, systems, databases) ESS Completed
  402 Annual databases on trade by origin and destination Information (products, systems, databases) ESS Completed
  403 Trade Yearbook (2 volumes) Information (products, systems, databases) ESS Modified
  404 Contribution to international statistical work in classification of goods and services Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) ESS Completed
533   Supply Utilization Accounts (SUAs) and Food Balance Sheets (FBSs).
  401 Annual databases on Supply Utilisation Accounts, commodity balances and Food Balance Sheets Information (products, systems, databases) ESS Completed
  402 Publication of Food Balance Sheets (1 volume) Information (products, systems, databases) ESS Completed
  403 Improved methodologies related to SUAs and FBS Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) ESS Completed
  405 Contribution to the development of a new database for food and agricultural statistics (FAOSTAT2) Information (products, systems, databases) ESS Completed
  406 Selected Indicators of Food and Agriculture Development in Asia-Pacific Region (2 volumes) Information (products, systems, databases) ESS RAP Completed
  407 Selected Indicators of Food and Agriculture Development in Africa Region (2 volumes) Information (products, systems, databases) ESS RAF Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
222P3 Agricultural Statistics Development Continuing Programme Activity ESS


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: the lack of timely, reliable and comprehensive agricultural censuses and surveys for the agricultural sector in many countries represents a critical constraint to policy making and development planning, as well as monitoring the performance of the sector and improving food security.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: this CP supports the development of methodologies and technical tools for agricultural censuses and contributes to the production by countries of harmonised and improved basic data, which will contribute to better planning, evaluation and policy setting in the agricultural sector.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: planners and administrators in the public and private sectors will benefit by having a better information base for decision making with the ultimate benefit flowing to society at large.

Objective

  • Improved availability, reliability, timeliness and usefulness of statistics relating to food and agriculture at the national level for improved sector planning, monitoring and evaluation of policies and programmes addressing food security issues.

Indicators

  • Number of countries having strengthened their statistical capacity through training.
  • Number of countries participating in the Programme for the World Census of Agriculture and conducting an agricultural census.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • The new World Programme for the Census of Agriculture 2010 was developed through technical consultations, then finalized and published at the end of 2005. A new, modular approach was introduced in this world programme, including thematic modules, especially on the gender dimension in agriculture. This programme introduced community-level statistics to be collected or compiled regarding agricultural and rural infrastructure, which have many potentials in guiding policy orientations. Regional roundtable meetings have been organized to promote this new world programme. In the meantime, methodologies and results from country agricultural censuses of the World Programme for the Census of Agriculture 2000 were compiled and disseminated through the Internet. New and emerging statistical methodologies and tools were documented and presented at regional meetings as part of the capacity-building activities for the benefit of member countries.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
544   Improved methodologies for agricultural censuses and surveys.
  401 Review of the World Census of Agriculture publications Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) ESS RAF RAP RLC SAFR Completed
  402 Reports of Technical Consultations on World Census of Agriculture 2010 Studies and analyses ESS RAF RAP RLC SAFR Completed
  403 Draft Programme for the World Census of Agriculture 2010 Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) ESS RAF RAP RLC SAFR Completed
  404 Methodological studies on agricultural censuses and surveys including gender issues Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) ESS RAF RAP RLC SAFR Completed
  405 Database on census methodologies and key results Information (products, systems, databases) ESS RAF RAP RLC SAFR Completed
  406 Training materials and training courses on applied survey/census methods Training (including training courses and materials) ESS Completed
545   Strengthening of national capacities in agricultural statistics.
  401 Methodological Support for National Systems of Agricultural Statistics Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) ESS Completed
  402 Guidelines/studies on integrated systems of food and agricultural statistics Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) ESS Completed
  403 Training materials and workshops to upgrade statistical capacity at national level Training (including training courses and materials) ESS Completed
  405 Regional Expert Consultation on Urban Agriculture and Horticulture Statistics Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) ESS RAF SAFR Completed
  406 Regional Expert Consultation on Analysis and Dissemination of Food and Agriculture Sector Data Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) ESS RAP Completed
  407 Regional Expert Consultation on Livestock Statistics Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) ESS RLC Cancelled
561   Data quality documentation.
  401 Collection and dissemination of crop and livestock production and agricultural trade statistics metadata Information (products, systems, databases) ESS RAF RAP RLC SAFR Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
222P5 Programme for the Improvement of Language Coverage Continuing Programme Activity GII


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: Members have re-emphasised the importance of the equal treatment of language in the activities of the Organization and in the production of its outputs.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: the funds provided under this entity will enhance FAO's ability at corporate level, to provide its information products and outputs in the required languages, particularly by meeting eventual funding gaps in individual entities.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: Members and civil society worldwide will benefit from the availability of FAO's messages and information products in all official languages.

Objective

  • Ensure that information and normative products generated under all programmes are accessible in the required FAO languages.

Indicators

  • Extent of increased availability of information in all official languages through FAO's Web site and published outputs.
  • Increase in the number of hits on FAO's Web pages from countries belonging to various linguistic groups.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • 01 - Concerted efforts to implement FAO's open-access publishing policy whereby (with the exception of promotional products) all print products are archived and disseminated electronically via the document repository have resulted in more immediate and increased availability of a variety of FAO's technical and policy information outputs in all official languages. In addition, there has been an observable trend towards more PDF-based e-books produced for online posting or e-mail dissemination only (i.e. no print or user printing from downloaded files). This trend is being slowed by the current quota distribution system, which encourages a minimum level of print production for ISBN products.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
002   Integrated multilingual publishing environment.
  401 Support to integrated multilingual publishing environment Information (products, systems, databases) GII Modified
  402 Non Official Languages Publishing Information (products, systems, databases) GII Completed
003   Support to multilingual publishing activities.
  401 Support to multilingual publishing activities Information (products, systems, databases) GII Completed
  402 Chinese Publishing Programme Information (products, systems, databases) GII Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
222P6 WAICENT Corporate Information Management and Dissemination Systems Continuing Programme Activity GIL


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: while information communication technologies, in particular the Internet, have greatly facilitated timely access to corporate information systems in both developed and developing countries, the problem remains to locate and retrieve specific information. Some developing countries also have limited access to information communication technologies, constraining their integration into the evolving global market. Their exclusion is further heightened by the lack of multilingual information and information systems.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: this entity will facilitate the search for, and access to FAO's collection of information by governmental and non-governmental institutions and civil society organizations that will be better able to assess the state of food and agriculture in respective countries, and to establish and implement more effective policies and programmes aimed at food security and sustainable agricultural production.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: the international community at large benefits from WAICENT as it provides timely access to a vast multilingual repository of information on food and agriculture. Developing countries lacking adequate communication infrastructures will benefit from facilitated access and retrieval of authoritative information on food, agriculture and sustainable rural development in a variety of forms.

Objective

  • Decision makers, researchers, planners and evaluators, in particular in developing countries, will be assured timely access to multilingual information on food, agriculture and rural development via Web-based and other media such as CD-ROM, scanning and digitisation technologies.

Indicators

  • Number of monthly hits to the FAO's Web site.
  • Estimated percentage of the FAO's Web site content which is available on CD-ROM in developing countries.
  • Use made of information.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Significant progress has been made towards improving access to FAO information through WAICENT information management tools, procedures and methodologies. The new full-text search tool, open source based, was designed and implemented to improve access to FAO Web pages and documents. Extensive analytical work was done to improve the Web traffic analysis and related tools to generate reports. The new ASK FAO service has been released on the Web, following the indication of the Director-General, as one of the initiatives of FAO as a knowledge organization. The Best Practices and Thematic Knowledge Network portals have been developed in support of the related IDWGs. Existing workflow tools were further improved to streamline electronic publishing, and new XML-based tools to manage content production were designed. Liaison with all technical departments has been significantly enhanced through the WAICENT Advisory Group and the WAICENT project approach in collaboration with AFI; in particular, the TC and PBEE Web sites were redesigned, and the Tsunami portal and What's New sites launched. GIL's advice on information dissemination has been increasingly requested for the design and implementation of Web sites and portals. A new methodology for the production of dynamic CD-ROMs was finalized, and several CD-ROMs were produced: Codex Alimentarius, Corporate Document Repository. The first version of the Web Guidelines and procedures in support of all aspects of electronic publishing, in consultation with the WAICENT Advisory Group and all technical units, was finalized. The number of visits to the FAO Web site grew by about 100 percent during the biennium, from 1.3 million in January 2004 to 2.5 million in December 2005. The auto-evaluation was completed and the final report released.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Enhanced search capabilities on the FAO's Web site.
  401 Further collaboration with United Nations and other international organizations for the improvement of the FAO search engine, and incorporation of additional information (news items, projects, etc.) into the FAO Information Finder Information (products, systems, databases) GIL Completed
002   Corporate databases and the Organization's Intranet.
  401 Guidelines and procedures for the enhancement of corporate information systems and compliance with international standards Information (products, systems, databases) GIL Completed
  402 Mechanisms tools and advice to improve publishing capacity in the Organization, and timeliness of information dissemination with specific regard to multilingualism Information (products, systems, databases) GIL Completed
003   Multilingual environments to facilitate access to WAICENT information using Internet and CD-ROM technologies.
  401 Multilingual approaches for the further development of corporate information systems Information (products, systems, databases) GIL Completed
  402 Implementation of the Digital Resources Laboratory for testing of new Internet technologies Information (products, systems, databases) GIL Completed
005   Support to thematic information systems and related expert networks.
  401 Web site portals to facilitate access to and dissemination of technical information on rural and agricultural development themes Information (products, systems, databases) GIL Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
222P7 Standards, Norms and Procedures for Improved Access to Agricultural Information Continuing Programme Activity GIL


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: the major constraint to integrating information from different sources and to providing an effective search and retrieval capability is the lack of uniform standards, norms and procedures that guide information collection, processing and dissemination. Without such standards, national agricultural information systems will remain isolated and many professionals will not benefit from national and international information resources on agricultural research and rural development.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: this continuing programme activity will develop uniform standards for collecting, archiving and disseminating information and knowledge that will help national communities and international organizations have access to more reliable information at a lower cost.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: countries and various user groups will benefit from improved access to information, while better informed national policies in support of rural development and international cooperation initiatives are of interest to all populations.

Objective

  • The adoption of international standards and methodologies for the collection, storage and dissemination of electronic information pertaining to food and agriculture, enabling better management of national information systems, and resulting in increased utilisation of available information.

Indicators

  • Number of countries adopting the standards and/or providing information to FAO in a standardised way.
  • Number of users being part of the network to discuss standards, by country.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • All biennial outputs contributed to increasing awareness of the importance and necessity of adopting international standards and methodologies for managing information and their uptake to facilitate exchange of information. The progress was manifested through the participation of Members at workshops jointly organized by GIL and other institutes. Collaborations with partners were strengthened through initiatives with CGIAR centres, IWMI, UNEP and WorldFish, leading to greater consensus on agreed standardization of categorization and indexing schema. Particular progress was achieved in Chinese thesaurus terminology via the AGROVOC-CAAS mapping project (further reported in the section on "Synergies"). An independent feasibility study under the auspices of the QINFO PAIA began further exploration into FAO information management standards utilized across data domains in the Organization in order to improve the quality of FAO information. Success story: the development of the Agricultural Information Management Standards Web site (AIMS), which facilitates collaboration and networking among partners by promoting information exchange and knowledge sharing, and harmonizes the decentralized efforts currently taking place in the development of methodologies, standards and applications for management of agricultural information systems.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
003   A reference framework for the organisation, classification and cataloguing of information in FAO's areas of expertise.
  401 Agricultural ontology services for vocabularies, thesauri, meta data Information (products, systems, databases) GIL Completed
  402 Mechanisms, procedures and networking systems for the maintenance of distributed knowledge systems Coordination and information exchange GIL Completed
  403 Establishment of a consortium for semantic standards relevant to food security and rural development with world-wide partners Coordination and information exchange GIL Completed
  404 Clearinghouse for information management standards in the agricultural domain Coordination and information exchange GIL Completed
  405 Development of domain specific multilingual ontologies Information (products, systems, databases) GIL Completed
  406 Training material, online courses and guidelines for information resource description Training (including training courses and materials) GIL Completed
  407 Implementation of ontologies into applications such as knowledge systems server, natural language processing (automatic translations) and full text search engines Information (products, systems, databases) GIL Completed
006   Standards and procedures for effective and quality data exchange between FAO and member countries.
  401 Procedures and standards for digitization and release of FAO's information in electronic form Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) GIL Completed
  402 Support to information management capacity related to standards and procedures in countries, for effective data exchange with FAO, and more generally to standardisation efforts in member countries Coordination and information exchange GIL Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
222P8 Facilitation of WAICENT Outreach Continuing Programme Activity GIL


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: complementary to entity 222P6, the problem to be addressed is the limited access to, and exchange of, information and knowledge related to agriculture and food security at national, regional and local levels. This is to be remedied by the development and strengthening of information management, dissemination and exchange systems at all levels, with a strong emphasis on the use of new information and communication technologies (ICTs).
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: the programme entity will contribute to wide dissemination of methods and tools to share agricultural knowledge and information. These new tools and methods, when applied, will facilitate the dissemination of information to broad audiences, bridging the information "divide".
  • Intended end beneficiaries: improved information management, dissemination and exchange systems in countries will enhance access to available information and knowledge bases by stakeholders at all levels involved in agricultural development and food security, including networks, local educators, farmers' organizations, local media outlets and others.

Objective

  • Enhanced ability of individuals and communities in countries to access and exchange information and knowledge, as well as improve the efficiency, quality and relevance of information being exchanged among the various stakeholder groups involved in agricultural development and food security.

Indicators

  • Estimate number of people using WAICENT methodologies worldwide, and by country.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • FAO's Strategic Programme Bridging the Rural Digital Divide (BRDD) was developed under this programme entity to enhance the role of knowledge exchange and access to information in combating hunger and poverty. The programme's objectives are to increase the availability of information content in digital form, to develop innovative mechanisms and processes on information exchange and to establish communities of practice in information and communication for development, in relation to and support of rural livelihoods. Normative activities under the programme included dissemination of a wide range of information management and knowledge sharing tools and methodologies, development of capacity-building resources for institutions and individuals, and advocacy among the international development community and in member countries. The advocacy activities around BRDD formed a major part of the promotion work related to the WAICENT framework, including FAO's contribution to the World Summit on the Information Society. Success story: To address the key topic of capacity-building, a range of tools and methodologies from WAICENT and elsewhere continued to be incorporated into the Information Management Resource Kit (IMARK), which was further developed by FAO and more than 30 partner organizations. The first two e-learning modules in the IMARK suite were disseminated during the biennium, and a further two modules were developed and were ready for publication early in 2006, with the support of and contributions from a wide range of international, regional and national organizations. The modules were made available on CD-ROM and through the new IMARK Web site, with work at different levels of completion on adaptation from English into the FAO working languages. External reviews of the IMARK modules have shown strong appreciation of the comprehensive subject matter coverage and pedagogical design, which have had an impact on workplace procedures at national levels, as well as being a comprehensive resource used by trainers in partner institutions and member countries. Development of IMARK was coordinated through a steering group formed in 2004 comprising seven international or regional organizations. Development of FAO's wider use of the distance-learning techniques developed for IMARK led to work on the development of two new modules in support of national food security information systems, and the Right to Food, which were initiated in 2005.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Adaptation of WAICENT methodologies, tools, and applications for information management to support national agricultural and food security systems in countries.
  401 WAICENT's information management tools adapted for dissemination in member countries and collaborating organizations Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) GIL RAF RAP RLC RNE SEUR Completed
  402 Guidelines on information resource description and management and operationalizing conceptual models to enhance information and knowledge exchange in agricultural development and food security, including FARMNet and VERCON Coordination and information exchange GIL RAF RAP RLC RNE SEUR Completed
002   Training and distance-learning materials for agricultural information management.
  401 WAICENT Information Management Resource Kit developed and revised in response to demand comprising specific modules on CD-ROM on management of electronic documents, statistics, and geo-referenced data Training (including training courses and materials) GIL Completed
  402 Promotion of Internet-based community of practice with users of the WAICENT Information Management Resource Kit Training (including training courses and materials) GIL Completed
  403 Comprehensive system for the development and delivery of learning content, registration and support for distance learners Information (products, systems, databases) GIL Completed
  404 Further enhancement and translation of learning content and resources for modules Information (products, systems, databases) GIL E
003   Support to enhanced visibility of WAICENT.
  401 Enhanced and revised promotional materials and presentations for WAICENT Coordination and information exchange GIL RAF RAP RLC RNE SEUR Completed
  402 Promotion of WAICENT, including support for annual World Food Day events, conferences, workshops, press briefings and other relevant activities Coordination and information exchange GIL RAF RAP RLC RNE SEUR Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
222P9 Virtual Library and Library Information Services in Support of WAICENT Continuing Programme Activity GIL


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: Lack of transfer of knowledge on solutions to problems or latest techniques in agriculture and rural development constitutes a limiting factor to the development of the agriculture, fisheries and forestry sectors.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: the programme entity will contribute to equitable dissemination of information and technologies that respond directly to the constraints and needs of rural people.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: food producers, in particular, will benefit from accelerated technology transfer.

Objective

  • Development projects and national agriculture support systems have access to technical information and expert knowledge on effective agricultural practices.

Indicators

  • Examples of international and national initiatives which make use of FAO's information.
  • Examples of technologies and information products in high demand, highly appreciated by development stakeholders.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Success story: The FAO archive was enhanced through an extensive collection maintenance activity to box fragile FAO documents, bind items in the historical collections, shelf check, map and label to improve collection access after the return and shelving of the library collections to their destination (compact shelves, basement, Building A). This activity needs to be performed on an ongoing basis to ensure proper collection housekeeping. The lack of appropriate staff resources dedicated to collection housekeeping will produce a negative long-term effect on collection usability and use. Success story: Developments, trends and best practices in the area of digital preservation and associated challenges for long-term preservation of FAO information assets in their native formats or surrogates were monitored. It was confirmed that the digitization of FAO documents and publications for the production of a digital surrogate in TIFF format represents a reliable option for digital preservation. The digital master collection of FAO's institutional memory of technical and scientific publications and documents (c. 1 150 000 pages, a total of 16 500 documents published after 1997) was built. This collection provides a disaster-recovery solution to the print master collection, is used for online delivery of FAO documents and can easily be converted to produce a Web- and print-friendly format to facilitate Web access to FAO documents, even from low-capacity communication lines. Success story: FAOBIB, the multilingual online catalogue of documents and publications produced by FAO since 1945, has been enriched via the creation of 4 432 new records and editing of 4 760 records, granting access to more FAO technical information. Major achievements were the development of a Chinese version of the FAOBIB system and installation of the FAOBIB mirror site in China.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
002   Upgrading and improved accessibility of FAO's technical and scientific information.
  401 Integrated FAO library union catalogue and associated training, and comprehensive library tools and services for users Coordination and information exchange GIL Completed
  402 FAO Institutional Memory of technical and scientific documents and publications with regard to data and metadata preservation Information (products, systems, databases) GIL RAF RAP RLC SEUR SNEA Completed
  403 Enhanced interfaces to access FAO's information products, including mechanisms for document delivery and offline products Information (products, systems, databases) GIL Completed
  404 High quality meta data repositories on FAO information products to support the institutional memory Information (products, systems, databases) GIL RAF RAP RLC RNE SEUR Completed
  405 Processes to assure the application of standards and quality control mechanisms for meta data in the virtual library Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) GIL Completed
  406 Analysis of access to and usage of information resources of the FAO Web site Studies and analyses GIL Completed
003   Virtual library services.
  401 Improved integrated access to Library Resources online and offline including an integrated "e-learning" package for access and provision of virtual library services to country offices. Information (products, systems, databases) GIL Completed
  402 Multimedia collections strengthened in content, relevance and accessibility through acquisitions resources Information (products, systems, databases) GIL RAF SAPA SNEA Completed
  403 Improved integrated access across databases, library catalogues, information resources and services Information (products, systems, databases) GIL RAF SAPA SNEA Completed
  404 Enhanced subject literature searches and dynamic current awareness service (desktop delivery) Information (products, systems, databases) GIL Completed
  405 Document delivery from FAO technical and scientific documents and from world collections Information (products, systems, databases) GIL RAF SNEA Completed
  406 Quarterly releases of the Corporate Document Repository (CDR) in CD-ROM with continuous development and maintenance of the CDR, including non-FAO documents and materials in non-FAO languages Information (products, systems, databases) GIL Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
222S1 Technical Support Services to Member Nations and the Field Programme Technical Service Agreement ESS


Indicators

  • Direct advice to member countries
  • Field Programme Support
  • Capacity building

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Direct advice was provided to member countries on development of an integrated system of agricultural statistics, on organization of agricultural censuses and surveys, on supply utilization accounts, on food balance sheets and on indicators of undernutrition. A number of countries were supported in the mobilization of resources for statistics projects and in the conduct of a large-scale agricultural census. Often, Technical Cooperation Programme support precedes a larger-scale donor-financed project, such as in the Niger, where US$8 million was mobilized for a census of livestock and agriculture. Regional commission meetings were successfully organized in Africa, in Asia and the Pacific, in Europe and in Latin America. These activities resulted in increased data availability for users in several countries, which in the end improves the quality and quantity of data provided by countries to FAOSTAT.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
523   Advice/assistance to countries on socio-economic indicators relating to agriculture and associated databases
  401 Advice to countries on socio-economic indicators and economic accounts Training (including training courses and materials) ESS Completed
534   Advice/assistance to countries on Supply Utilization Accounts (SUAs) and Food Balance Sheets (FBSs)
  401 Workshop and roundtable meetings dealing with SUAs and FBS Training (including training courses and materials) ESS Completed
547   Advice/assistance to countries on development of integrated systems of food and agricultural statistics and agricultural censuses
  401 Advice/assistance to countries in agricultural surveys/censuses through direct interventions or field projects Direct advice to Members; field programme support ESS RAF RAP RLC SAFR Completed
563   Meetings of statistical commissions and statutory bodies
  403 27th Session of the FAO/ECE/CES Study Group on Food and Agricultural Statistics in Europe Coordination and information exchange ESS Completed
  404 22nd Session of the Working Group (FAO-OAS/CIE-IICA) on Agricultural and Livestock Statistics Coordination and information exchange ESS RLC Completed
  405 Advisory Panel of Experts in Statistics Coordination and information exchange ESS RAF RAP RLC SAFR Completed
  407 Twentieth Session of the Asia and Pacific Commission on Agricultural Statistics Coordination and information exchange ESS RAP Completed
  408 Nineteenth Session of the African Commission on Agricultural Statistics Coordination and information exchange ESS RAF SAFR Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
222S2 Assistance to Countries in Capacity Building for Agriculture and Food Information through WAICENT Technical Service Agreement GIL


Indicators

  • Number of countries applying the technical advice and recommendations

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Under the framework of FAO's Strategic Programme Bridging the Rural Digital Divide (BRDD), technical services were provided through 40 field projects in Africa, Asia and the Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean and the Near East. Advisory missions were undertaken and projects were formulated and implemented for building national capacity in agricultural information management, often in collaboration with other technical divisions. A total of 50 regional or national training workshops, in which representatives from governmental and institutional sectors were trained in information management, were cosponsored, often using materials derived from the Information Management Resource Kit (IMARK) developed under 222P8. Study tours to FAO headquarters were organized for delegations from ten national institutions or regional organizations to strengthen collaboration with WAICENT Outreach.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Field Programme Support: Field missions and projects identified and formulated concerning national information services, systems and networks
  401 Support to national capacities in agricultural information management Direct advice to Members; field programme support GIL RAF RAP RLC RNE SEUR Completed
  402 Technical backstopping to WAICENT projects and information management components in other FAO projects Direct advice to Members; field programme support GIL RAF RAP RLC RNE SEUR Completed
002   Advisory Services to countries: Ad hoc advisory services to governments, Regional and Subregional Offices concerning WAICENT corporate activities, AGRIS/CARIS and establishment and strengthening of national information systems and networks
  401 Advisory services to governments concerning WAICENT strategic programme Direct advice to Members; field programme support GIL RAF RAP RLC RNE SEUR Completed
  402 WAICENT training courses, technical workshops, and expert consultations targeted to needs of member countries and networks Training (including training courses and materials) GIL RAF RAP RLC RNE SEUR Completed
003   Support to non-FAO bodies, Contributory Support to Programme Entities in other Divisions, Secretariat Servicing of Statutory Bodies (e.g. COAIM, FIVIMS).
  401 Provide inputs to policy related to agricultural information management to be considered by the Organization's governing bodies International undertakings, agreements/conventions and standards GIL RAF RAP RLC RNE SEUR Postponed
  404 COAIM Web site Coordination and information exchange GIL Completed
  405 Support to initiatives such as the UN ICT Task Force and WSIS-2005 Coordination and information exchange GIL Completed



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