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Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
232A1 Promotion of Responsible Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Project FIR


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: significant challenges exist in most countries as to the sustainability of inland fisheries and aquaculture. There is a broad need for technical assistance and stakeholder cooperation for improving resource use efficiency and management, as well as protection of the resources and environments on which these sectors are based.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: greater national and international awareness, improved national policy environments and adequate technical capacities for sustainable inland fishery and aquaculture practices, in particular in relation to the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, should lead to overall sound sustainable management and conservation of these resources.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: more sustainable resource use and efficient management of inland fisheries and aquaculture will benefit governments, investors and other economic actors, vulnerable groups whose livelihoods depend on this sector, as well as consumers.

Objective

  • Enhanced awareness at national and international levels; promotion in national policies of the sustainable use of inland fisheries and aquaculture resources, as well as greater technical capacity of groups operating in the sector, such as civil society and producer organizations and NGOs, to manage resources according to these principles.

Indicators

  • Evidence of adoption by government agencies, NGOs and other private sector actors of practices and policies, as advocated by FAO, for sustainable development of aquaculture and inland fisheries.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • The programme entity has 22 biennial outputs, of which 21 were completed and one postponed. Twenty countries' case studies on seed utilization in aquaculture were carried out in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Three regional syntheses and six thematic reviews were carried out and produced. A global workshop on freshwater seed as a global resource for aquaculture was held. Seven countries' reviews on feed utilization in aquaculture in Asia, six in Africa and three regional syntheses and one global synthesis were carried out and produced. Seven special case studies in feed economics were conducted in Asia. A global workshop on feed use in aquaculture was held. Work on GESAMP continued. An Expert Workshop on Mariculture was organized; the proceedings will be produced in 2006. Work on habitat rehabilitation for inland fisheries has resulted a global review of effectiveness and guidance for rehabilitation of freshwater ecosystems (FAO Fisheries Technical Paper No. 484), and a joint FAO/WorldFish Center publication, Culture of fish in the rice field, was also published. Training was conducted on both radio telemetry and molecular technology in fish breeding. The database, National Aquaculture Legislation Overview, was established with 40 countries entered as the first batch. A report on implementation of the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries provisions relevant to aquaculture and inland fisheries was prepared for the forthcoming Committee on Fisheries:AQ III Session to be held in India in Sept 2006. Technical guidelines produced were: Guidelines on preparedness and response to aquatic animal health emergencies in Asia (FAO Fisheries Technical Papers No. 486); Advances in sea cucumber aquaculture and management (FAO Fisheries Technical Papers No. 463); Marine ranching (FAO Fisheries Technical Papers No. 429); Mapping coastal aquaculture and fisheries structures by satellite imaging radar (FAO Fisheries Technical Papers No. 459); Hatchery culture of bivalves: a practical manual (FAO Fisheries Technical Papers No. 471); Surveillance and zoning of aquatic animal diseases (FAO Fisheries Technical Papers No. 451); Tilapias as alien aquatics in Asia and the Pacific: a review (FAO Fisheries Technical Papers No. 453); and Good feed manufacturing practices (FAO Fisheries Technical Papers No. ___). A comprehensive study was carried out to compare environmental costs of aquaculture with other food-producing sectors (agriculture and livestock). An expert workshop involving specialists from various sectors and fields including economics was held. Work continued on developing technical guidelines on safety and quality of aquaculture products, environmental sustainability and alien species.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Methodology for management and conservation of resources used by aquaculture and inland fisheries.
  401 Prevention of habitat degradation and rehabilitation of inland fish habitats & migration; comparison of fish passes Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FIR Completed
  402 Regional Workshops on the development of extension materials for small scale aquaculture in rice-based farming Training (including training courses and materials) FIR RAF RAP Completed
  403 Studies and analyses on utilized aquatic biodiversity and alien species Studies and analyses FIR Completed
  404 Assistance for rehabilitation of inland fish habitats Studies and analyses FIR RAF RAP RLC Completed
  405 GESAMP Report on the State of the Marine Environment Coordination and information exchange FIR Completed
  406 Support to Environmental Risk Assessment for aquaculture Coordination and information exchange FIR Completed
  407 Methodology on environmental risk assessment for coastal aquaculture Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FIP FIR RAF RAP RLC Postponed
  408 Study on integrated aquaculture development in coastal areas and watersheds in selected countries Studies and analyses FIR Completed
  409 Study and analysis on seed production in small scale rural aquaculture Studies and analyses FIR Completed
  410 Study and analysis on use of feed and nutrient in sustainable aquaculture development Studies and analyses FIR Completed
  411 Study on appropriate management schemes for stocking activities and other culture-based fisheries Studies and analyses FIR Completed
002   Technical guidelines for implementation of Article 9 and other provisions of the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries relevant to aquaculture and inland fisheries.
  401 Review of the effects of dams on fisheries and the aquatic environment Studies and analyses FIR Completed
  402 Promotion of radio telemetry in developing countries (including a training course) Direct advice to Members; field programme support FIR RAF RAP Completed
  403 Technical guidelines and publication on good on-farm feeds and feeding management Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FIP FIR RAF RAP RLC Completed
  404 Guidelines on genetic resources management in aquaculture and inland fisheries Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FIR Completed
  405 Reporting on implementation of the CCRF - Aquaculture Relevant Provisions by member countries Coordination and information exchange FIP FIR Completed
003   International norms for responsible management of aquaculture and inland fisheries.
  401 Guidelines on responsible use of alien species Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FIR Completed
  402 Guidelines on genetics in fishery management and aquaculture (FAO/MRC joint activity) Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FIR Completed
  403 Guidelines on sustainable coastal aquaculture development Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FIR Completed
  404 Study on environmental costs of aquaculture production in comparison with other food production sectors Studies and analyses FIP FIR RAF RAP RLC Completed
  405 Methodology and technical guidelines on safety and quality of aquaculture products (in collaboration with FIIU) Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FIR Completed
  406 Technical guidelines on environmental sustainability in aquaculture development Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FIR RAF RAP RLC Completed
  407 Manual on use of radio telemetry Studies and analyses FIR Completed
  408 Review of eco-regional assessment and management for sustainable inland fish production Studies and analyses FIR Completed
  409 GESAMP Report No. 68 Information (products, systems, databases) FIR E
  410 Report and Guidelines on aquaculture sustainability indicators Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FIR Completed
  411 Guidelines on health management and transfers of live aquatic animals Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FIR Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
232A2 Increased Contribution of Aquaculture and Inland Fisheries to Food Security Technical Project FIR


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: increased fish production through aquaculture and inland fisheries is important for food security in developing countries, but realising its significant potential in a sustainable manner requires appropriate technologies and methodologies.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: Improved local, national and regional capacity to implement practices for the sustainable intensification of production systems in aquaculture and inland fisheries should result in a substantial increase in fish supplies.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: achievement of sustainable increases in production of fish and the induced rural development in inland and coastal areas will benefit principally those vulnerable groups, such as low-income households, dependent on inland fisheries and aquaculture resources for their livelihoods.

Objective

  • Improved capacity of developing countries at the local, national and regional levels to implement efficient practices for sustainable intensification of production systems for aquaculture and inland fisheries.

Indicators

  • Examples of methodologies and practices, developed by FAO, in use by government agencies, international organizations, civil society organizations and farmer/producer organizations.
  • Examples of increased aquaculture and inland fishery production using FAO technologies and methodologies

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Of seventeen biennial outputs, 16 were completed and one postponed. Work on management of inland fisheries in Latin America for poverty alleviation was presented to the Tenth Session of the Commission for Inland Fisheries of Latin America (COPESCAL). Work on use of fish to feed fish and its implications to food security and poverty alleviation and on use of wild fishery resources as seed input for aquaculture production was conducted, with extrabudgetary funding support from Japan through GCP/INT/936/JPN. The publication, Capture-based aquaculture, the fattening of eels, groupers, tunas and yellowtails, was produced. Publications were: Manual on hatchery production of seabass and gilthead seabream (Volume 2); Tilapias as alien aquatics in Asia and the Pacific: a review (FAO Fisheries Technical Papers No. 453); Marine ranching (FAO Fisheries Technical Papers No. 429); Mapping coastal aquaculture and fisheries structures by satellite imaging radar: case study of the Lingayen Gulf, the Philippines (FAO Fisheries Technical Papers No. 459); Advances in sea cucumber aquaculture and management (FAO Fisheries Technical Papers No. 463); Proceedings of Bamako Workshop on Integrated Irrigation and Aquaculture; and Review on rice fish farming. Review of the state of world fisheries resources: inland fisheries (Fisheries Circular No. 942, Rev. 1) was published in all five FAO official languages. A new version of the Aquatic Animal Pathogen and Quarantine Information System (AAPQIS) was released online. Work on policy framework for commercial aquaculture development is in progress. Desk studies of national aquaculture legislation were carried out. A regional workshop was organized on microfinance and credit programmes supporting responsible inland capture fisheries practices. At the request of African countries, a workshop was convened (Uganda, October 2004) to present experiences on cage culture in the Americas, Asia and Europe to enlighten the policy-makers of African countries on how to develop cage culture in inland water bodies of Africa, mainly large lakes such as Victoria and Tanganyika. The report and proceedings of the workshop were published as a FAO Fisheries Report. As follow-up to the FAO Expert Consultation on the Use of Irrigation Systems for Sustainable Fish Production in Arid Countries of Central Asia (Almaty, Kazakhstan, 2001), a regional review was conducted through collaboration with countries in the region. Extension material was produced and a workshop organized in the Caribbean through a regional Technical Cooperation Programme. There was excellent synergy of normative work and field projects. Three farmers were trained in China through a TCDC arrangement.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Studies and methodologies for improved efficiency and intensification of aquaculture and inland fisheries production systems.
  401 Organization of workshop and development of guidelines on micro-credit and insurance in support of responsible inland capture fisheries in Asia (joint activity with 233A2) Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FIR RAP Completed
  402 Policy Framework for Commercial Aquaculture Development (in collaboration with FIPP) Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FIR RAF RAP RLC Completed
  403 Genetic technology in aquaculture and inland fisheries Studies and analyses FIR Completed
  404 Methodologies for mariculture seed production Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FIR RAP Completed
  405 Support to inland fisheries and poverty alleviation programmes Direct advice to Members; field programme support FIR Completed
  406 Study on use of wild fish/fishery resources for aquaculture production Studies and analyses FIR Completed
  407 Study on use of fish to feed cultured fish and its implications to food security and poverty alleviation Studies and analyses FIR Completed
  408 Methodology on health management and updating APPQIS Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FIR Completed
002   Development of integrated aquaculture-agriculture farming practices for sustainable rural livelihoods.
  401 Review of the use of irrigation systems for fish production Studies and analyses FIR RAF RAP RLC Completed
  402 Regional Workshop on the development of extension materials for small scale aquaculture in rice-based farming Training (including training courses and materials) FIR RAF RAP Completed
  403 Studies and analyses on Integrated and Organic Fish Farming Studies and analyses FIR RAF RAP Completed
  404 Workshop on cage culture in Africa Training (including training courses and materials) FIR Completed
  405 Workshop on small scale aquaculture in African Training (including training courses and materials) FIR Completed
  406 Review on use of irrigation systems for fish production in Central Asia Studies and analyses FIR Completed
  407 Bivalve Hachery Manual Information (products, systems, databases) FIR Completed
  408 Purification of bivalves Studies and analyses FIR Completed
  409 Proceedings of ASCAM Workshop Information (products, systems, databases) FIR Completed
  410 Proceedings of Chiang Rai Expert Consultation Information (products, systems, databases) FIR Completed
  411 African Water Resources Database - CD ROM Information (products, systems, databases) FIR Completed
  412 Remote sensing in the Philippines Direct advice to Members; field programme support FIR Completed
  413 Technical Paper on Market Accessibility of Aquaculture Products Information (products, systems, databases) FIR Completed
  414 Technical Paper on Tilapias Information (products, systems, databases) FIR Completed
  415 Review of livestock-fish farming systems (joint activity of FIRI/AGAP) Studies and analyses FIR Completed
  417 Technical Paper on Sea Ranching Studies and analyses FIR Completed
  419 Desk study of aqua legislations Studies and analyses FIR Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
232A3 Marine Fisheries Resources Identification and Biodata Technical Project FIR


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: in developing countries, decision makers often lack reliable information to facilitate species identification as well as essential biological and ecological data of exploited marine species, which are essential elements to the development of the fisheries sector and the conservation and sustainable management of resources.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: access to, and use of improved data and statistics on exploited marine species by national governments, regional and international fisheries bodies and other key stakeholders in a position to impact on relevant policies and practices, should result in a more sustainable exploitation of fisheries resources.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: more sustainable management of fisheries and rationalisation of fishery-related activities will provide economic and social benefits to populations depending on them.

Objective

  • National policy makers of developing countries, international and regional fisheries bodies, and other key stakeholders active in the development of the fisheries sector, will make use of a more reliable information base and improved tools for species identification and essential biological and ecological data of potentially exploited marine species.

Indicators

  • Examples of use of FAO's statistics and tools in national government planning processes, regional and international accords and fishery management practices.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • The FAO database on identification of commercially exploited fish species has been extended, and its use expanded. Great progress continues to be made in providing proper species identification tools, catalogues and guides for member countries (and/or scientists and fish inspectors therein) to identify and report properly on the species composition of their catches. This includes producing drawings for both species identification purposes and an archive database of about 30 000 illustrations, covering almost 300 commercially exploited fish stock. They have been used to produce fact sheets for 548 species, distribution maps of some 391 species and other contributions to FIGIS, FishBase and other widely available databases. This programme entity has produced five major publications for species or fish stock identification purposes (Fisheries Synopses, Species Catalogues, Species Identification Guides, etc.) and has continued the enumeration of all species identification publications. It has also contributed to other FAO-related documents (e.g. CD-ROM Encyclopaedia, Fisheries atlas). The revision the Eastern Central Atlantic guide has been initiated, with the organization of a workshop; the guide will include contributions of 75 leading experts. A GEF project on biodiversity and fisheries in the Mediterranean is in preparation, under the coordination of UNEP MAP. The increased attention paid through international fora to biodiversity issues in relation to fisheries and the further development of the theory and applications of the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries contributes to opening new opportunities and creates new demands applicable to this programme entity. Within this context, it will not be sufficient to identify the main exploited species properly. There is also a need and increased demand to identify other non-exploited species in the same ecosystems that could be affected by or could have an influence on fisheries or the exploitation of commercial species. The species composition in a given ecosystem, as well as the balance in abundance and interactions between species, now have more importance, calling for more and more specialized work in this field. In addition to traditional taxonomic studies, there are requests for studies on biodiversity, zoogeography, mapping (e.g. using geographic information systems). Eco-labelling and/or eco-certification initiatives in fisheries, which require proper identification and traceability of fish and fish products, is another emerging issue that opens new opportunities and demands on the products of this programme entity.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Interactive electronic archive of geographical distribution and data on marine species of commercial importance.
  401 Production of scientific illustrations and maps of marine species of commercial importance Information (products, systems, databases) FIR SLAC Completed
  402 Maintenance and updating of archives of drawings, photographs, maps of marine species of commercial importance Information (products, systems, databases) FIR SLAC Completed
  403 Design and testing of electronic archives Information (products, systems, databases) FIR SLAC Completed
002   World, regional and national guides and catalogues on living marine resources.
  401 Preparation of guides and catalogues (1 guide for the EC Atlantic, 1 field guide and 4 catalogue volumes, of sharks (last volume), batoids (first volume), flatfishes and cephalopods (last volume)) Information (products, systems, databases) FIR SLAC Completed
  404 Production of species identification guides and catalogues Information (products, systems, databases) FIR Completed
003   Inputs to global resources information systems and FIGIS.
  401 Electronic fact sheets of selected species Information (products, systems, databases) FIR SLAC Completed
  402 Stock and resources databases for research and management purposes Information (products, systems, databases) FIR SLAC Completed
  403 Updated inputs to FIGIS and other regional and global databases Information (products, systems, databases) FIR SLAC Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
232A4 Monitoring and Reporting on Global Marine Resources and Relevant Environmental and Ecological Changes Technical Project FIR


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: if they are to pursue sound policies and practices, key stakeholders involved in managing and exploiting marine fisheries resources worldwide require regularly updated, standardised reporting on the state of these resources, as well as improved information on the impact of environmental and ecosystem changes on exploited resources and the marine habitat.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: increased capacity of public and commercial stakeholders to identify fisheries resources practices and formulate policies which explicitly take into account long-term trends and environmental and ecosystem concerns, should result in sustainable management and more efficient commercial exploitation practices.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: Improved fisheries management, exploitation and conservation practices will provide an economic and environmental benefit to countries which pursue these practices, as well as to their populations.

Objective

  • National planners and policy makers, international and regional bodies and key commercial concerns enabled to pursue policies and practices for sustainable use and exploitation of fisheries resources based on knowledge of underlying trends and understanding of environmental interactions.

Indicators

  • Reference to FAO's fisheries outlook studies in national and/or international planning processes and accords and management practices that support sustainable management of fisheries.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • This programme entity actively contributes to shaping and increasing international awareness expressed by governments and governmental and non-governmental organizations, industry and the general public regarding the state of exploitation of world marine fishery resources, and of the marine ecosystem in general. The information provided by FAO, mostly through this programme entity, has contributed to illustrating and placing into a more objective and better-informed perspective the international debate on the state of exploitation of living marine resources of the world and the need to protect world fish stocks and related ecosystems. In addition to producing a major review of the state of world marine fishery resources (FAO Fisheries Technical Papers No. 457), particular attention was given during the biennium to reviewing the state of world highly migratory, straddling and other high seas resources, including high profile tunas, sharks and deep-sea resources. Attention is also given to following up on the results and recommendations of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg, South Africa, 2002) regarding the state of living marine resources and the need to rebuild depleted and overexploited fish stocks with specific targets for 2015. Through this programme entity, the Fisheries Department finds itself in a better position to respond to increased international demand for advice and information on the assessment and monitoring of the state of world marine fishery resources and related ecosystems. This work is to be continued and, to the extent possible, strengthened in 2006-07. This programme entity has also made relevant contributions to the more institutionwide efforts to promote an Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries and the widespread application of the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries. It has produced or made major contributions in the production of more than 20 relevant FAO publications dealing with or containing reports on the status, assessment or monitoring of marine fish stocks or related ecosystems (including The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture, reports of regional working groups and expert consultations, and regional/global reviews of resources).


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Indicators for measuring ecosystem effects on fishery resources.
  401 Study of long-term environmental variability and climate change impacts on marine fisheries Studies and analyses FIR RAP SLAC Completed
  402 Support to GOOS/COOP and other Large Marine Ecosystems initiatives Coordination and information exchange FIR RAP SLAC Completed
  403 ENSO and other environmental impacts on marine fisheries Information (products, systems, databases) FIR RAP SLAC Completed
  404 Ecosystem analyses and monitoring in support of EAF Studies and analyses FIR RAP SLAC Completed
  405 Contribution to the UN ATLAS of the Ocean Information (products, systems, databases) FIR RAP SLAC Completed
002   Biennial review of the State of Marine Fishery Resources.
  401 Updated Review of World Marine Fishery Resources Studies and analyses FIR RAP SLAC Completed
  402 Regional reviews on the state of marine fisheries and fishery resources Studies and analyses FIR RAP SLAC Completed
  403 Global and regional reviews of tuna and tuna-like fisheries and fishery resources Coordination and information exchange FIR RAP SLAC Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
232A5 Resources Assessment and Management of Fisheries Resources Technical Project FIR


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: most developing countries have insufficient capacity to identify fisheries management practices that take into account local resource characteristics and environmental factors and explicitly address the objectives and risk preferences of policy makers and other key stakeholders.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: increased national capacity, particularly in developing countries, to identify and implement fisheries management strategies tailored to their particular requirements should lead to more satisfactory policy environment and resource use.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: fisheries management and conservation practices adapted to local resource conditions and stakeholder preferences will benefit all key actors in the sector, including national governments, industry, and consumers.

Objective

  • Increased national capacity, particularly in developing countries, to identify and implement operational management strategies, policies and practices for fisheries that take into account local resource and environmental profiles and accurately reflect key stakeholder goals and preferences.

Indicators

  • Number/examples of countries making policy and strategy adjustments, using FAO methodologies, and explicitly considering local resource conditions and national goals.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • This programme entity continues to actively promote international discussion on reference points and indicators for the implementation of the FAO Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries and for the Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries (EAF) and is leading the production of some of the technical guidelines, with particular reference to the assessment, conservation and management of marine capture fisheries and related living marine resources and ecosystems. The programme entity continues to be instrumental in tackling several important emerging issues and recommendations from the Committee on Fisheries and other relevant fora, in particular those related to EAF, reference points, the precautionary approach, MPAs, IPOA Sharks, CITES listing criteria for commercially aquatic species, deep-sea fishing, conservation of sea turtles through reduction of sea turtles-fisheries interactions, tuna fishing capacity and assessment of the impact of the tsunami on fisheries and related ecosystems. The programme entity has also contributed to promoting the use and application of enhanced methodologies for the assessment and management of marine capture fisheries. In relation to all of the above, this programme entity has produced or has made major contribution in the production of more than 20 relevant FAO publications dealing with the assessment and management of marine fisheries resources and related ecosystems, including some containing guidelines or methodological developments (including The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture and reports of ad-hoc working groups and expert and technical consultations) and has contributed to more than a 100 FAO reports on one or more of the above areas.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Stock assessment, alternative resource management and risk assessment methodologies.
  401 Development and use of indicators and reference points for assessing and monitoring the status of marine fishery resources and related ecosystems Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FIR Completed
  402 Technical guidelines and handbooks on fish stock assessment, fisheries management and ecosystem approaches to fisheries management Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FIR Completed
  403 Development and application of fish stock and marine ecosystem modelling, assessment and monitoring methods and techniques Studies and analyses FIR Completed
  404 Assessment and management of deep water fishery resources Studies and analyses FIR Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
232P1 Global Monitoring and Strategic Analysis of Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture Continuing Programme Activity FIR


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: information on inland fisheries and aquaculture resource status and development trends, as well as national, regional and international cooperation of key stakeholders must be improved if sustainable use of these resources is to be achieved.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: improved national capacity for policy formulation based on solid information and analysis, and better cooperation of major stakeholders at local, national and regional levels to develop and promote sustainable inland fishery and aquaculture practices, should lead to overall sustainable management and conservation of these resources.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: analytical work and promotion of partnership will benefit governments, investors and vulnerable groups whose livelihoods depend on the sector.

Objective

  • Improved national capacity to identify and pursue policies and management practices promoting sustainable development of inland fisheries, as well as enhanced regional and international coordination toward this goal.

Indicators

  • Examples of improved national policy and practices of civil society and/or private sector organizations in support of sustainable development of inland fisheries and aquaculture.
  • Evidence of enhanced regional and international cooperation in promoting sustainable development of inland fisheries and aquaculture.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Of 25 biennial outputs, 23 were completed and two postponed. Work on developing aquaculture information systems continued, an Aquaculture Gateway page has been developed and the database on genetic and feed resources is being developed. The GISFish Gateway page is being developed. Cultured Aquatic Species Fact Sheets, with 40 top aquaculture species of commercial importance, have been developed and published online in all FAO official languages. The FAO Aquaculture Glossary has been developed and published online in all FAO official languages. 120 National Aquaculture Sector Overviews (NASOs) have been developed and translated in all FAO official languages, and 20 have been published online. Forty National Aquaculture Legislation Overviews (NALOs) have been developed and published online in all FAO official languages. Some 2 000 FAO publications on aquaculture and inland fisheries published in the 1970s and 1980s have been scanned and will be stored in the FAO Document Repository. A prospective analysis of future aquaculture development was conducted in parallel with NASO development. Seven regional reviews/workshops on status and trends of aquaculture development were organized, respectively, for Africa, Asia, Central and Eastern Europe, Latin America and Caribbean, the Near East and North Africa, North America and Western Europe. A global aquaculture outlook in the next decade: an analysis of national aquaculture production forecasts to 2030 was published as FAO Fisheries Circular No. 1001. Work on improving aquaculture statistics continued. A meeting of the Working Group on the FAO Aquaculture Questionnaire, FISHSTAT AQ, was held in Rome. The result of the meeting, Towards improving global information on aquaculture, was published as FAO Fisheries Technical Papers No. 480. Four issues of the FAO Aquaculture Newsletter (31-34) were produced. Feasibility studies and workshops on a Network of Aquaculture Centres in Asia-Pacific (NACA)-type arrangement for Africa and Latin America were conducted. Other work included: Secretariat for COFI:AQ, GFCM CAQ, EIFAC and RECOFI WGA; technical support and inputs to regional fisheries bodies sessions such as CIFA, COPESCAL, APFIS, NACEE; and technical inputs to and participation in the GESAMP intersecretariat meetings. A number of extension materials/publications were produced.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Development of architecture for global information systems and database on inland fisheries and aquaculture.
  401 FIGIS-Aquaculture Component Information (products, systems, databases) FIR RAF RLC Completed
  402 Development of National Aquaculture Sector Overview (NASO) Studies and analyses FIR RAF RLC Completed
  403 Development of Aquaculture Glossary Information (products, systems, databases) FIR Completed
  404 Development of Aquaculture Species Fact Sheets Information (products, systems, databases) FIR Completed
  405 Development of architecture for Inland fisheries and aquaculture information systems Information (products, systems, databases) FIR RAF RLC Completed
  406 Fishery Information Network on Genetic Resources (FINGER) Information (products, systems, databases) FIR RAF RLC Completed
  407 Database on water resources for aquaculture in Africa Information (products, systems, databases) FIR RAF RLC Completed
  408 Global Gateway to GIS, Remote Sensing and Mapping for Aquaculture and Inland Fisheries Information (products, systems, databases) FIR RAF RLC Completed
  409 Land and water use in aquaculture Information (products, systems, databases) FIR RAF RLC Completed
  410 Development of a web-based reference of aquaculture legislations Information (products, systems, databases) FIR Completed
  411 African aquaculture/inland fisheries library networking Coordination and information exchange FIR Completed
  412 Development of database for aquaculture feed resources Information (products, systems, databases) FIR Completed
  413 GIS and Remote Sensing for offshore aquaculture Information (products, systems, databases) FIR E
002   Studies, reviews and analyses of various aspects and issues of aquaculture and inland fisheries.
  401 Review of World Inland Fisheries Resources (Fisheries Circular 942 - Rev. 2) Studies and analyses FIR RAF RLC Completed
  402 Study and analysis on national aquaculture development plans of selected countries (in collaboration with FIPP) Studies and analyses FIR RAF RLC Completed
  403 FAO Aquaculture Newsletter (3 issues) Information (products, systems, databases) FIR Completed
  405 Improvement of status and trends reporting in aquaculture (in collaboration with FIDI and FIPP) International undertakings, agreements/conventions and standards FIR RAF RLC Completed
  407 Study and analysis on land and water use in aquaculture Studies and analyses FIR Postponed
  408 Prospective analysis of future challenges in global aquaculture development (joint activity of FIPP/FIRI) Studies and analyses FIR Completed
  409 A Thematic Review of Aquaculture Social and Economic Impacts (joint activity with FIPP) Studies and analyses FIR Completed
003   Support to regional fisheries and aquaculture bodies in relation to aquaculture and inland fisheries and promotion of partnership, cooperation and information exchange.
  401 Secretariat support to EIFAC 23 Session and its Sub-Commissions and Symposium Coordination and information exchange FIR Completed
  402 Technical support and inputs to related UN inter-agency working groups (GESAMP, etc) Coordination and information exchange FIR Completed
  403 Secretariat of the 3rd Session of COFI Sub-Committee on Aquaculture Coordination and information exchange FIR Completed
  404 Secretariat support to GFCM-Committee on Aquaculture Coordination and information exchange FIR Completed
  405 Technical support to Regional Bodies Coordination and information exchange FIR Completed
  406 Technical support to GFCM Aquaculture network Direct advice to Members; field programme support FIR Completed
  407 Study on possibilities of a NACA type arrangement in the Americas Studies and analyses FIR RLC Completed
004   Studies and analyses on applied research and participatory extension services in aquaculture and inland fisheries in selected countries.
  401 Promotion of inter-regional cooperation in aquaculture development between Asia and Africa Coordination and information exchange FIR RAF Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
232S1 Advice on Marine Resources and Environmental Issues Technical Service Agreement FIR


Indicators

  • Number of missions undertaken in FAO member countries

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • This programme entity has been very active in both providing technical advice to member countries either directly or through regional organizations and projects and in technical backstopping and operational services to projects. Through this programme entity, FIRM has been providing budget-holding and operational services to more than 14 regional, interregional and global Trust Fund projects with a total delivery of more than US$4 million in the biennium and has provided technical backstopping to almost double the above amount of projects. This has also represented an important source of extrabudgetary funds to several normative functions performed through other programme entities, particularly Monitoring and Reporting on Global Marine Resources and Relevant Environmental and Ecological Changes (PE232A4) and Assessment and Management of Fisheries Resources (232A5).


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
005   Technical assistance to member countries in marine fishery resources issues and resource management
  401 Provision of technical advice, support and information on stock assessment, fisheries management and ecosystem monitoring Direct advice to Members; field programme support FID FIR RAF RAP RLC SAFR SAPA SLAC Completed
  402 Technical support to field programme and project backstopping Direct advice to Members; field programme support FID FIR RAF RAP RLC SAFR SAPA SLAC Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
232S2 Advice on Inland Fisheries and Aquaculture Development Technical Service Agreement FIR


Indicators

  • Provision of technical advice

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • This programme entity responded to over 1 000 requests by member countries and individuals on technical issues in the biennium. Nine training courses were organized in partnership with national or regional institutions/organizations on a variety of subject areas, including fish health, fish pass, radio telemetry, genetics, molecular technology, hatchery design and management, integrated fish farming, rice-cum-fish culture, microfinance in inland fisheries and use of geographic information systems in aquaculture and inland fisheries. Aquaculture and/or inland fisheries are important components of SPFS projects in all regions to diversify production systems and increase incomes for rural population. With FIRI's technical assistance, a considerable number of SPFS and TFD projects have been implemented and/or are currently operational in a number of countries, especially in Africa, Asia and Central and Latin America. FIRI formulated or implemented and/or assisted in the implementation of some 70 field projects (TCP, UTF, UT, UNDP/SPPD, and UNDP/STS) that involved 30 percent of FIRI's professional staff time. These projects assisted Members in building up their national capacities, helped them in preparation of development strategies and technical guidelines/regulations and policy frameworks, and demonstrated sustainable technologies. Tremendous efforts were made by the service in emergency relief and rehabilitation after the tsunami disaster in 2004-2005.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Provision of technical information and advice on inland fisheries and aquaculture
  401 Technical information, advice and training to member countries Direct advice to Members; field programme support FID FIR RAF RAP RLC SAFR SAPA SLAC Completed
002   Provision of technical support to field project formulation and implementation in inland fisheries and aquaculture
  401 Technical support and backstopping to field projects in aquaculture and inland fisheries (average 70 projects annually) Direct advice to Members; field programme support FID FIR RAF RAP RLC SAFR SAPA SLAC Completed



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