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Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
233A1 Reduction of Discards and Environmental Impact from Fisheries Technical Project FII


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: current world fishery practices create an unacceptably high volume of discards from catches, while certain methods negatively impact the environment with consequent effect on biodiversity. COFI has called for determined global efforts to reduce discarding of bycatch and incidental capture of non-target species during fishing operations.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: improved national practices and policy environment in support of reduced discards should lead to sustainable increases in fish production from capture fisheries and reduced negative environmental impact caused by fishing operations.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: sustainable increases in fish food production, conservation of aquatic resources and reduced negative effects on biodiversity and the environment will benefit governments, fishing industry and consumers as well as vulnerable groups whose livelihood and food security depend on these resources.

Objective

  • Improved national management practices, technologies and policy environment in support of the reduction of discards and adverse environmental impact from fisheries, as well as an enhanced international awareness and enriched debate on the importance of the issue.

Indicators

  • Examples of countries using new technologies and policies promoted by FAO to support reduction of discards and reduce adverse environmental impact from fisheries.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Based on a major study, FAO Fisheries Technical Papers No. 470, Discards in the world's marine fisheries, was released in 2005. The study concludes a substantial lower estimate of global discard (about 8 million tonnes), compared to earlier estimates (between 27 and 20 million tonnes). Under the GEF-funded project, Reducing by-catch in shrimp fisheries, the FAO guidebook, A guide to bycatch reduction in tropical shrimp-trawl fisheries, was released in 2005. The book is now widely used as reference book and practical technical guideline on turtle excluder devices (TEDs) and bycatch reduction devices (BRDs). A lesson learned is that there is a major step from legislation to implementation of technical measures in developing countries. The fishing industry needs support and training in order to understand and adapt legislated technical measures on fishing gears. FIIT has successfully conducted a series of national and regional workshops to facilitate implementation of TEDs and BRDs. A study on unaccounted fish mortality, Mortality of fish escaping trawl gears (FAO Fisheries Technical Papers No. 478), was published in 2005. The paper provides valuable figures for future management of the fish resources.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Methodologies for the assessment of, and studies on the environmental impact of fishing operations.
  401 Methodology for global estimation of discards Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FII FIP RLC SLAC Completed
  402 Publication of discard figures from selected fisheries Studies and analyses FII RLC SLAC Completed
  403 Studies on physical impact of fishing gears on sea beds Studies and analyses FII Completed
002   Technical guidelines for introducing and evaluating measures to reduce bycatch in tropical shrimp trawl fisheries (execution of the GEF funded project).
  401 Global study on the status of shrimp trawling Studies and analyses FII FIP RAF RLC RNE Modified
  402 Guidelines for introduction of by-catch reduction devices in shrimp trawls Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FII RAF RLC RNE Completed
  403 Training material for by-catch reduction devices Training (including training courses and materials) FII Completed
003   Technical assistance and monitoring of the implementation of the International Plan of Action to reduce the Incidental Catch of Seabirds.
  401 Updated guidelines to avoid incidental catch of seabirds Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FII RLC Modified
  402 Regional meetings of countries requiring support in drawing up National Plans of Action (Seabirds) Direct advice to Members; field programme support FII RLC Completed
004   Methodologies and guidelines for increased bycatch utilisation.
005   Reports and management methods to support the establishment of national frameworks.
  401 Assessment of fisheries regulations and legal frameworks related to by-catch and discards Studies and analyses FII FIP Completed
  402 Studies on the economic and social impact of discards in specific fisheries Studies and analyses FII FIP Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
233A2 Sustainable Development of Small-scale Fisheries Technical Project FII


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: artisanal fisheries can be very efficient while providing high levels of employment and contributing to food security. However, in many countries, a range of constraints prevents the sector from fully achieving its economic and social potential.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: building national and local capacity to develop and manage more efficiently and sustainably small-scale fisheries will permit this sector to better realise its potential in contributing to food security and employment.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: Increased income and better access to food through development of small-scale fisheries will benefit fishing communities and local fisher groups.

Objective

  • Improved national and local capacities from both a management and technical perspective, and a regulatory environment that supports the efficient and sustainable management of small-scale fisheries, including in the aftermath of natural disasters.

Indicators

  • Examples of improved local and regional practices supporting the development and more efficient and sustainable management of small-scale fisheries.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • While the revision of the Code of Safety for Fishermen and Fishing Vessels was finalized, and good progress was made in activities related to microenterprise development and microfinance (as below), efforts were largely diverted towards providing assistance following the tsunami that occurred at the end of 2004 in Southeast Asia. Planned activities were largely replaced by activities related to damage and needs assessments, identification, procurement and repairs of lost fishing inputs (boats, engines and gear), beneficiary identification, upgrading standards of boatbuilding through awareness-raising campaigns, training courses and publications. Within the tsunami-affected regions, the major lasting achievement will have been our contribution towards improved quality of design and construction of fishing vessels. Case studies and local/national workshops on microenterprise development for small-scale fishing communities and on microfinance for women in India and the Philippines provided lessons and recommendations on group formation and strengthening, linkages and partnerships, monitoring, sensitization, capacity-building and dissemination and replication. Among the major points are: (1) awareness-raising for target groups, senior and field officers of financial institutions and fisheries officers; (2) technical and business skills development through training and exposure visits; (3) establishment of linkages/partnerships between self-help groups/fisherfolk organizations and non-governmental organizations, universities and government agencies; (4) dissemination of success stories, what works, as well as positive and negative experiences.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Participatory methods and approaches for application in small-scale fishing communities.
  401 Studies on participatory methods and approaches in fisheries extension services and training institutes Studies and analyses FII RAP Completed
  402 Case studies on technical support and provision of services to small-scale fishers Studies and analyses FII RAP Completed
  403 Case studies and workshop on the collection and use of demographic information related to coastal fishing communities in Small Island Developing States in the Caribbean Studies and analyses FII SLAC Completed
  404 Case studies, workshop and guidelines on micro-credit and insurance in support of responsible inland capture fisheries in Asia Studies and analyses FII RAP Completed
002   Training and technical materials on improved safety and efficiency of small-scale fishing operations.
  401 Database on fishing gear and methods in inland water fisheries Information (products, systems, databases) FII Postponed
  402 Publication on the design of small longliners Information (products, systems, databases) FII Completed
  404 Regional meetings on fishing vessel safety Coordination and information exchange FII RAF SAPA Completed
  405 Case studies on energy optimization with particular reference to specific fish stock harvesting options Studies and analyses FII Modified
005   Tools, guidelines and methodologies for improved efficiency in small-scale fisheries post-harvest systems.
  401 Guidelines for improving efficiency in small-scale fisheries post-harvest systems Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FII Postponed
  402 Database of global fishery products Information (products, systems, databases) FII Cancelled
007   Case studies, guidelines and approaches in improved disaster preparedness and impact assessment in fishing communities.
  401 Guidelines for improved disaster preparedness and impact assessment in small-scale fisheries Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FII RAP Completed
  402 Assistance to Tsunami affected countries Direct advice to Members; field programme support FII Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
233A3 Increased Production from Under-utilised Aquatic Resources and Low-value Catches Technical Project FII


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: the production of food fish from conventional species in capture fisheries has peaked, but there remain under-utilised species and low-value catches that can contribute to increased food supplies and sectoral employment.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: a supportive policy environment and improved fisheries management practices in harvesting, processing and marketing of under-utilised species will lead to an overall increase in food production and better utilisation of resources.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: a more rational utilisation of aquatic resources and sustainable increases in food fish production, increased income from the sector and reduced negative effects on the environment will benefit governments, fishing industry and consumers, and particularly vulnerable groups whose livelihoods and food security depend on these resources.

Objective

  • Increased emphasis on and improved public and private management practices, policies and investment supporting harvesting, processing and marketing of under-utilised aquatic resources and low-value catches.

Indicators

  • Number of countries where policies, technologies and approaches are adopted to support increased harvesting, processing and marketing of under-utilised aquatic resources.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Improvement of the production of underutilized aquatic resources and low-value catches and of their utilization for human consumption has continued in many developing countries to meet food security requirements and the high demand for fish, especially in least-developed countries.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Technical papers on cost-effective fishing technologies and vessel and equipment design.
  401 Adaptation of fishing technology and vessel equipment for harvesting laternfish resources Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FII Modified
  402 Paper on technologies to catch and utilize Antarctic krill Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FII Completed
002   Policy and legal framework for increasing production from selected under-utilised species and low-value catches.
  401 Support to introduction of an appropriate management system for laternfish resources Direct advice to Members; field programme support FII FIP Completed
005   Guidelines and methodologies for improved efficiency and adaptability in processing and marketing systems.
  402 Regional workshop for Latin America on the promotion of small pelagics for direct human consumption Training (including training courses and materials) FII Completed
  403 Dissemination of the South East Asian experience in the utilization and marketing of by-catch and low value fishes for human consumption Other FII Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
233A4 Consumption, Safety and Quality of Fish Products Technical Project FII


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: increased demand, greater safety requirements from markets and consumers and the globalisation of fish trade has made safety and quality of fish products a key issue, and developing countries and regions need assistance if they are to comply with international trade requirements and standards. In addition, there is an insufficient exploitation of the nutritional benefit of low-value resources such as fish oil.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: improved national fish safety and quality assurance programmes, infrastructure and organisation will assist in meeting quality requirements of the international markets, making fish safer, reducing post-harvest losses, rejections and detentions.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: developing countries will be able to maintain and strengthen their market shares, and fish consumers will have safe and good quality fish at affordable prices. Health and intellectual development of infants will be increased.

Objective

  • Improved national capacity and programmes, infrastructure and organisation for safety and quality assurance of fish products that comply with international trade and food standard agreements; increased consumption of fish oil, particularly by pregnant women.

Indicators

  • Increase in number of countries with established (accredited) fish inspection and quality services.
  • Examples of national policies, commercial practices which facilitate and promote the consumption of fish oil by pregnant women.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Extensive support was provided to developing countries to improve fish-utilization practices and safety and quality programmes. Changes in the regulatory requirements of the European Union, Japan and the United States of America were taken into consideration to adapt the assistance provided. As a result, more developing countries have been accredited by the European Union sanitary authorities, while many others were able to maintain their accreditation. International undertakings were initiated to address both the risks and the health benefits of seafood, especially in relation to pregnant women and women of child-bearing age. Special attention was given to utilization, safety and quality of aquaculture products.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
002   Development and maintenance of the fish safety information system (FishPort).
  401 Workshops for the Fishport editors and gatekeepers Training (including training courses and materials) FII RAF SAPA Completed
  402 Development and Maintenance of the Fishport system Information (products, systems, databases) FII RAF SAPA Completed
008   Planning and supervision of a substantial trial on the health impact of fish oil in Southern Africa.
009   Training and technical assistance for strengthening fish inspection services.
  401 Workshops on fish inspection and quality assurance Training (including training courses and materials) FII RAF SAPA SLAC Completed
  402 Assistance for strengthening the legislative and organizational framework for fish inspection and quality assurance in selected member countries Direct advice to Members; field programme support FII RAF SAPA SLAC Completed
  403 Organization of the 6th World Congress on fish inspection and quality control International undertakings, agreements/conventions and standards FII Completed
010   Support to the work of Codex on fish safety and quality.
  401 Contribution to the work of the Codex committee on food hygiene and the Codex Committee on fish and fishery products International undertakings, agreements/conventions and standards FII Completed
  402 Contribution to the FAO/WHO work on microbiological risk assessment pertaining to fish and fishery products International undertakings, agreements/conventions and standards FII Completed
011   Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) implementation in the fish industry.
  401 Workshops on the implementation of HACCP in the fish industry, with particular emphasis on aquaculture Training (including training courses and materials) FII RAF Completed
  402 Preparation of technical guidelines for HACCP implementation, auditing and verification Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FII Completed
  403 Workshops on the application of HACCP auditing and verification in the fish industry Training (including training courses and materials) FII RAF SLAC Completed
012   Support to the implementation of the SPS/TBT agreements of the WTO.
  401 Training on the implementation of SPS/TBT agreements in the fish industry Training (including training courses and materials) FII RAF SLAC Completed
  402 Technical support for the implementation of SPS/TBT agreements in the fish industry Direct advice to Members; field programme support FII Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
233A5 Promotion of International Fish Trade Technical Project FII


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: the importance of net export revenue from fish trade, particularly to developing countries, is increasing, and these countries need assistance in ensuring that fish trade is compatible with environmental protection and adequately treated in international regulatory frameworks.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: improved sharing of information and enhanced national capacity of developing countries to pursue trade opportunities that more effectively defend national interests should lead to better international trade negotiation outcomes and increased fish exports.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: increased exports will benefit national fisheries sectors, including small-scale operators, create jobs and raise incomes for poor people and contribute to overall food security, with a particular benefit derived by women, many of whom work in fish processing and food distribution.

Objective

  • Increased collaboration and exchange of information on key fisheries trade issues and an improved capacity of analysts, policy makers and negotiators of developing countries to identify and effectively pursue in international fora, trade opportunities that defend and promote their economic interests and enhance food security.

Indicators

  • Evidence and examples of increased participation of developing countries in fish trade processes and agreements.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Support in marketing and trade information, capacity-building in developing countries and guidance on the main fish trade issues, in collaboration with the FishInfoNetwork and other international organizations, have been highly appreciated by developing member countries that have experienced an increase of their contribution to international fish trade. The Ninth Session of the Subcommittee on Fish Trade provided an excellent forum for discussing sensitive issues (safety and quality, traceability, market access, eco-labelling, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora [CITES], Technical Barriers to Trade [TBT]) and transparent approaches to dealing with them.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Maintenance and dissemination of the Computerized System of Fish Marketing Information (GLOBEFISH) data collection.
  401 Configuration and maintenance of the FIN website Information (products, systems, databases) FII Completed
  402 Maintenance of the Globefish databank Information (products, systems, databases) FII Completed
002   Coordination and strengthening of the Fish Marketing Information Services (INFONetwork).
  401 Organization of the meeting of the FIN directors Coordination and information exchange FII Postponed
  402 Support to the organization of the FIN Governing Council meetings Direct advice to Members; field programme support FII Completed
003   GLOBEFISH publications and Web page.
  401 Publication of the Globefish marketing reports (MMR, GH, CU, EPR) Information (products, systems, databases) FII Completed
  402 Studies on issues relevant to fish trade (traceability, eco-labelling, globalization) Studies and analyses FII Completed
004   Conferences on status and issues of specific fishery commodities and trade.
  401 Support to the organization of four fishery commodities trade conferences (Tuna, organic aquaculture, shrimp and small pelagics) Coordination and information exchange FII Completed
006   Support to supervisory body for CFC-funded projects.
  401 Supervision of the implementation of CFC funded projects Direct advice to Members; field programme support FII Completed
007   Organisation of bi-annual sessions of COFI Sub-committee on Fish Trade.
  402 Organization of the 9th session of the COFI Subcommittee on fish trade International undertakings, agreements/conventions and standards FII Completed
  403 Follow up on the recommendation of the 9th COFI Subcommittee on fish trade International undertakings, agreements/conventions and standards FII Completed
008   Report on monitoring the impact of fish trade on food security.
  401 Country case studies on the impact of fish trade on food security Studies and analyses FII Modified
  403 Technical guidelines on the impact of fish trade on food security in the frame of the CCRF Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FII Completed
  404 Support to building capacity of fish trade policymakers on the impact of fish trade on food security Direct advice to Members; field programme support FII Completed
009   Support to implementation of WTO agreements.
  401 Case studies on the impact of subsidies on fish trade Studies and analyses FII Completed
  402 Training on the implication of the WTO agreements on fish trade Training (including training courses and materials) FII RNE Completed
  403 Assistance to developing countries in fish-related multilateral trade negotiations Direct advice to Members; field programme support FII RNE Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
233S1 Support and Advice in Fishing Technology, Fish Utilisation and Trade Technical Service Agreement FII


Indicators

  • Higher efficiency of fishing, utilization and marketing

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Provision of support and advice.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Provision of technical support and guidance to member countries and FAO field programme in the area of fishery technology
  401 Support to field operations, advice to other UN organizations, NGOs, regional fisheries bodies Direct advice to Members; field programme support FII RAF RLC SAFR SAPA Completed
  402 Information base on fishing fleets and gear and related technological developments Information (products, systems, databases) FID FII Completed
  403 Support to fisheries technology and training institutes, and international undertakings reflecting the interests of the fishing industry Direct advice to Members; field programme support FII RAF RLC SAFR SAPA Completed
  404 Advice to regional agricultural credit associations on credit for small- and medium-scale fisheries enterprises Direct advice to Members; field programme support FII Completed
002   Provision of technical support and guidance to member countries and FAO field programme related to the utilisation and marketing of fish and fish products
  401 Project identification, design/formulation, technical appraisal, backstopping and monitoring in fish technology and marketing Direct advice to Members; field programme support FII RAF RLC SAFR SAPA Completed
  402 Training material and support to extension services in post-harvest fisheries Training (including training courses and materials) FII RAF RLC SAFR SAPA Completed



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