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Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
242A3 Forestry Sector Outlook Studies Technical Project FOP


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: forestry policy makers do not always have a complete understanding of the long-term outlook for the sector and future economic, environmental, technological and social trends affecting it. This can lead to policies that do not, or incompletely support the sustainable use of resources.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: a policy environment based on more complete understanding of long-term forestry issues should lead to more sustainable forest management practices which, in turn, contribute to addressing future economic, environmental, technological and social trends affecting the sector.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: policies which take into account long-term trends should benefit all stakeholders with interest in forestry policy, including investors, owners and managers, as well as indigenous and vulnerable groups.

Objective

  • Policy formulation in countries and donor assistance and investment programmes that take into account long-term opportunities and challenges of the forestry sector, stimulated by enhanced strategic planning capacity.

Indicators

  • Examples of forestry policy reforms that explicitly reflect the long-term outlook for the sector.
  • Examples of investment planning reflecting a long-term perspective.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • All the major outputs envisaged under this programme entity have been accomplished. The "State of the World's Forests 2005" was prepared and distributed in all five FAO languages. Substantial work was done in capacity building in strategic planning, especially in Africa taking advantage of extrabudgetary support. The European Forest Sector Outlook Study was completed and the results disseminated, and the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), in collaboration with FAO, has identified a number of areas for follow up. The Latin America Forest Sector Outlook Study was finalized. All the activities envisaged under the Forestry Sector Outlook Study for West and Central Asia were completed. A number of subregional and regional workshops were organized and 20 country outlook papers and 8 thematic studies were completed. All the outlook studies were undertaken with the full involvement of the member countries in the respective regions as well as other regional and subregional organizations, academic institutions, etc. This collaboration has ensured ownership of the outputs by the countries enabling improved uptake of the recommendations of these studies.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   State of the World's Forests (SOFO).
  401 SOFO 2005 Information (products, systems, databases) FOP Completed
002   Support to improved capacity for strategic planning at the national, sub-regional and regional levels.
  401 Four regional/subregional workshops helping selected countries to build up country capacity in long term strategic planning Training (including training courses and materials) FOP RAF Completed
  402 Assistance to selected countries in Africa to revise country outlook papers Direct advice to Members; field programme support FOP RAF Completed
  403 Regional network of forestry planners to strengthen planning capability Coordination and information exchange FOP RAF RNE Completed
  404 Two global and 4 regional thematic studies assessing long term trends on selected topics Studies and analyses FON FOP RAF RAP RLC RNE Modified
003   Forestry sector outlook study for Latin America and the Caribbean (LAFSOS).
  401 Draft outlook study for Latin America and the Caribbean (LAFSOS) Studies and analyses FON FOP RLC Completed
004   European forestry sector outlook study (EFSOS).
  401 European Forest Sector Outlook Study Studies and analyses FON FOP LOGE SEUR Completed
  402 Identification of themes/ topics that require in-depth assessment and follow-up studies Studies and analyses FOP Completed
005   Forestry sector outlook study for the Near East and Central Asia.
  401 Five thematic studies relating to the outlook study on West and Central Asia International undertakings, agreements/conventions and standards FOP RNE SEUR Completed
  402 Assessment of trends in production, consumption and trade of forest products and updated forecasts to the year 2020 Information (products, systems, databases) FOP RNE SEUR Completed
  403 Draft of the outlook report for the West and Central Asia region Studies and analyses FON FOP RNE SEUR Completed
  404 Two subregional workshops to discuss and finalize the outlook report Coordination and information exchange FON FOP RNE Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
242A4 Economic Aspects of Forests Technical Project FOP


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: in the context of achieving sustainable management, the intergovernmental dialogue on forestry must be enlightened by sufficient analysis of key issues such as financing, trade, methods of valuation and internalisation of forest-based goods and services, and forestry's role in employment generation, particularly in rural areas.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: forestry policies and management practices that are economically sustainable over the long-term should stimulate investment in the sector, optimise goods and services provided and improve employment and income generation capacity for both large and small forest enterprises.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: better fiscal and land tenure arrangements, incorporation of social costs into forest management and policy decisions and a higher level of financing for sustainable forest management should benefit forest owners, sectoral employees and other groups deriving their livelihood from the sector.

Objective

  • Forest policy makers, owners, managers and investors design policies and pursue practices that are economically sustainable over the long-term and lead to increased investment and employment in the sector, including in small-scale enterprises.

Indicators

  • Number of countries changing fiscal policies and adopting innovative mechanisms to finance sustainable forest management.
  • Examples of improvements in policies and strategies that support increased sector income generation and employment.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Major success with regard to PE-01 has been achieved though the complete revision of forestry fiscal policies in Liberia and the initiation of a public-private partnership to fund the control and monitoring of forest products production and exports. Work in Fiji was also successful, highlighting that they have a very good fiscal system for the forestry sector that ensures almost complete rent collection and equitable distribution among different stakeholders. Work on PE-02 has focused on the Mekong Region and revealed that there are opportunities to strengthen the contribution of forestry to employment and income generation through targeted investments and policy reform. Although not yet completed, it is expected that this work will highlight several opportunities that countries in the region could pursue.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Mechanisms to enhance resource mobilisation and financing in support of sustainable forest management.
  401 Development of innovative methodologies for resource mobilization and investments in sustainable forestry management Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FON FOP RAF RAP RNE Completed
  403 Technical advice to countries to improve/rationalize revenue collection systems Direct advice to Members; field programme support FOP RAF RAP RNE Completed
002   Tools and techniques for the valuation, internalisation and optimisation of the provision of forest based goods and environmental services.
  401 Methodologies for assessing and internalizing the values of forest-based public goods, addressing critical environmental issues Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FOP RAF RAP RNE Modified
  402 Case studies on economic issues relating to forest-water linkages and approaches to internalizing the externalities Studies and analyses FOP RAF RAP RNE Cancelled
  403 Position papers on economic issues in CDM investments in selected countries Studies and analyses FOP RAF RAP RNE Modified
003   Assessment of employment and income generation opportunities from forestry.
  401 Five country case studies analyzing the employment and income generation potential of forestry, taking into account technological changes Studies and analyses FON FOP LOGE RAF RAP RNE Postponed
  402 Case studies on small-scale enterprises focusing on their role in poverty alleviation, taking into account emerging constraints and opportunities Studies and analyses FON FOP LOGE RAF RAP RNE Postponed
  403 Position paper examining the economic aspects of poverty alleviation through forestry interventions Studies and analyses FON FOP Modified
005   Assessment of emerging issues and opportunities in the trade of forest products and services.
  401 Report on shifts in trade patterns, in response to differential economic performances of countries and regions Direct advice to Members; field programme support FOP Postponed
  402 Support to inter-governmental discussion of forest trade policy and forest certification issues International undertakings, agreements/conventions and standards FON FOP Completed
  403 Case studies on trade of goods and environmental services focusing on their implications for sustainable forest management Studies and analyses FOP LOGE RAF RAP RNE Postponed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
242P1 Forest Products Information Continuing Programme Activity FOP


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: current national policies relating to forest products and operations practices do not always promote sustainable use of these resources.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: a policy environment which supports the sustainable use of forest products and efficient forest operations practices, as well as awareness at national, regional and global level of the contribution of wood and non-wood forest products to national economies, should result in a more balanced and sustainable use of these resources.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: more sustainable use of forest products and sound forest operations practices would ultimately benefit forest owners and managers, as well as civil society, in particular vulnerable groups whose livelihoods depend on forest resources.

Objective

  • National forestry strategies and policies are based on an improved awareness and understanding of forestry product trends and support their sustainable use, and forest management better reflects sustainable harvesting practices.

Indicators

  • National policies and strategies that support the sustainable use of forest products.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • All the biennial outputs envisaged under the programme entity have been produced. The "Yearbook of Forest Products" was produced during 2004 and 2005 and distributed in print and electronic forms. This publication continues to be the only source of comprehensive global information on all wood products and forms the basis of most analysis relating to trends in production, consumption and trade of forest products. In addition, surveys have been conducted and data compiled and disseminated on information relating to pulp and paper capacities and the extent of use of recovered paper. A synthesis version outlining the trends in production, consumption and trade of forest products was produced to enable policy-makers, planners and general users to understand the overall situation. The auto-evaluation of the programme entity carried out in 2005 gave a clear indication of the extent of use of the various information products by governments, the private sector, non-governmental organizations, academic institutions, etc. The FAOSTAT forest products data are one of the most frequently downloaded information products. Similarly, the information bulletin "Non-Wood News" represents an important source of global information on non-wood forest products.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Information on the social and economic contribution of harvested forest products.
  401 Publication and distribution of periodical information on forest harvesting, wood energy, and non-wood forest products Information (products, systems, databases) FOP Completed
  403 Regular publication and distribution of Non Wood News and the electronic newsletter Digest Information (products, systems, databases) FOP RAF RAP RNE Completed
  404 Information collection, which will also serve as inputs to FORIS Information (products, systems, databases) FOP Completed
  405 Regular publication of Recovered Paper Statistics and the Pulp and Paper Capacity Survey Information (products, systems, databases) FOP Completed
002   Forest Products yearbook and other data on forest products, recovered paper and pulp and paper capacities.
  401 Publication and distribution of periodical information on forest harvesting, wood energy and non-wood forest products Information (products, systems, databases) FOP Completed
  402 Publication of the Forest Products Yearbook in 2004 and 2005 Information (products, systems, databases) FOP LOGE RAF RAP RNE SAFR SEUR Completed
  403 Production and dissemination of summary analysis of key trends in production, consumption and trade of forest products Information (products, systems, databases) FOP Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
242P2 Appropriate Utilisation of Forest Products Continuing Programme Activity FOP


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: in many countries, current practices regarding forest products and services focus on employment and income generation at the expense of national resource conservation and environmental protection goals.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: national forest product utilisation policies and practices based on a solid understanding of environmentally sound harvesting, engineering and processing methods, and a better balance between economic and social concerns, should lead to sustainability in the provision of these products.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: environmentally sound, economically feasible and socially acceptable provision and utilisation of forest products and services contributes to food security and poverty alleviation of vulnerable groups, and supports overall social and economic development.

Objective

  • National forest wood and non-wood product utilisation practices are based on a solid information foundation and reflect balanced economic and social concerns.

Indicators

  • Number of countries with forest products' utilisation policies and practices supporting sustainable use of these resources.
  • Extent to which technologies and practices advocated by FAO are integrated into national forest products' management practices.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Interest has been growing in recent years in non-wood forest products as an important element of sustainable forest management and in their contribution to improving rural livelihoods. The annually published bulletin "Non-Wood News" was rated by the auto-evaluation conducted in 2005 as an excellent resource for foresters, researchers and individuals working for rural development in many countries. It has been therefore decided to increase its publication frequency to twice a year. Bioenergy has been the focus of increasing attention in the world community, leading to the creation of a PAIA and IDWG on bioenergy as a result of interdepartmental collaboration. The Forest Products and Economics Division's technical publications on wood energy provide valuable information to both developing and developed countries.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Best practices for forest harvesting and engineering.
  401 Training on best practices in wood harvesting and engineering for the forest industry Training (including training courses and materials) FOP Completed
  402 Capacity building on implementation of environmentally sound harvesting practices, including the African Code Training (including training courses and materials) FOP Modified
  403 Development of regional code for forest harvesting for Latin America in collaboration with Latin American Forestry Commission Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FOP RLC Postponed
002   Best practices and case studies on forest products as environmentally sound alternatives.
  401 Promotion of wood-energy as an environmentally friendly source of energy and its integration into national agriculture, energy and environment development policies Direct advice to Members; field programme support FOP Completed
  402 Promotion of best practices in wood processing and utilization Training (including training courses and materials) FOP RAF RAP RLC Modified
003   Best practices and methodologies for the sustainable use of non-wood forest products.
  401 Elaboration of methodologies for assessment, management and utilisation of non-wood forest products (NWFP) Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FOP Modified
  402 Facilitation of consensus on definitions and codes of key non-wood forest products International undertakings, agreements/conventions and standards FOP Modified
004   Guidelines and methodologies for environmental impact assessments of forest operations.
  401 Analysis of environmental issues related to forest utilisation and more generally in the forest sector Studies and analyses FOP Modified
  402 Support to capacity building on environmental impact assessments Training (including training courses and materials) FOP Completed
005   Information on sustainable wood energy methodologies and technology.
  401 Development of methodologies for Woodfuel Integrated Supply and Demand Overview Mapping (WISDOM) to enhance planning and policy development in this sector Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FOP Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
242S1 Support to Field Projects and Advisory Services Technical Service Agreement FOP


Indicators

  • Technical backstopping to field projects
  • Advise to member countries

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Appropriate and timely policy/technical advice has been provided in response to queries from member countries. On-site advice has also been provided on wide-ranging issues related to forestry, especially economic aspects and forest products.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Strengthened interaction with the field programme
  401 Support to field projects Direct advice to Members; field programme support FOP Completed
002   Advice to member countries
  401 Advice to member countries related to forest products and economics Direct advice to Members; field programme support FOP Completed
003   Intra-departmental cooperation



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