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Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
243A3 Strengthening National Institutional Capacities Technical Project FON


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: current institutional frameworks required for administering and enforcing forestry policies and programmes, particularly in developing countries, are insufficient and in need of improvement.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: better managed and coordinated national forestry institutions and increased capacity to identify, advocate and enforce development policies based on objective analysis and information, will facilitate development of the forestry sector.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: the general public will benefit, particularly in developing countries from increased output of goods and services from forests and rural communities depending on forest resources will benefit from enhanced governance approaches that incorporate economic incentives, participatory methods and equity considerations.

Objective

  • National forestry institutions are more efficiently managed and better coordinated and the main stakeholders, including researchers, educators and policy makers are enabled to formulate and enforce policies which promote development of the forestry sector in a sustainable way.

Indicators

  • Number and examples of countries adopting formal processes of policy analysis, formulation and enforcement.
  • Examples of institutional reforms promoting more effective management and better coordination.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Assistance was provided to 27 developing countries in Africa, Asia, Eastern Europe and Latin America in updating, modernizing and reinforcing their institutional structures within the forestry sector and public service administrations that have an impact on forests. In partnership with the National Forest Programme Facility, support was provided to 42 countries in involving civil society in national forest policy dialogue . Support was also provided to five regional and national forestry education institutions in revising and enriching their forestry education curricula.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Support to capacity building for national planning and programming, policy analysis and performance reporting.
  401 Analysis and publication on forest institutions performance and on reforming forest organizations Studies and analyses FON RAF RAP RLC RNE SAFR SEUR SLAC Completed
  402 Manual on Economic & Environmental Accounting for Forestry Information (products, systems, databases) FON Completed
  403 Assistance for institutional capacity building and information for improved policy analysis and better governance of the forestry sector Training (including training courses and materials) FON RAF RAP RLC RNE SAFR SEUR SLAC Completed
002   Reports and analyses on key forestry institutional issues.
  401 Studies, guidelines and publications on country capacity issues, with emphasis on institutional development and performance, knowledge management and governance Studies and analyses FON RAF RAP RLC RNE Completed
003   Demonstration and documentation of extension partnership models.
  401 Demonstration and documentation of extension partnership models for tree and forest products, including approaches to equitable market access Training (including training courses and materials) FON RAF RLC SAFR Completed
  402 Models of joint ventures schemes, clearing house, and private forest owners associations Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FON FOR RAP RLC SAFR Completed
004   Support to national and regional capacities in forestry education and development.
  401 Support to forestry education institutions, especially in curriculum development and review, training needs assessments and strengthening of institutional arrangements Direct advice to Members; field programme support FON RAF RAP RLC RNE Completed
  402 Strengthening of regional forestry education networks Coordination and information exchange FON RAF RAP RLC RNE Completed
  403 Improved global exchange and cooperation in forestry education Coordination and information exchange FON RAF RAP RLC RNE Completed
005   Support to strengthening of national and regional capacities in forestry research.
  401 Review of models for improved relevance and impact of forestry research on social and economic development of countries Studies and analyses FON RAF RAP Completed
  402 Assistance to national and regional forest and environment research planning Direct advice to Members; field programme support FON RAF RAP RLC RNE Completed
  403 Improved exchange of information and cooperation in forestry research; including the strengthening of regional forestry research networks Coordination and information exchange FON RAF RAP RLC RNE Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
243A4 Forest Policies and Governance Technical Project FON


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: decision makers in governments and other actors in developing countries lack the expertise and capacity to guide the development of forestry sector policies and national programmes in a way that meets both economic and sustainable development goals.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: the entity aims at supporting implementation and monitoring of forestry policies and programmes that promote conservation and sustainable use of forestry resources in developing countries, leading to major economic benefits from the sector, while ensuring long-term sustainability.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: while the increased flow of goods and services from forestry in a sustainable and efficient way directly contributes to economic development, positive effects will be derived by rural communities dependent on forests for their livelihoods.

Objective

  • Concerned stakeholders in countries will more objectively and rationally guide, implement and monitor forestry policies and programmes, promoting sustainable development as well as increased economic returns, products and services from the sector.

Indicators

  • Number of countries undertaking formal policy analysis leading to decision making, taking into account emerging trends in sector development.
  • Number of active national programmes supported by this entity.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Assistance was provided to six countries in reviewing and reforming their administrative procedures and policies concerning forest law enforcement. The Forestry Paper "Best practices for improving law compliance in the forest sector" was published in three languages. A joint effort with the International Tropical Timber Organization and drawing on 11 country case studies, this publication provided an overview of concrete steps countries are taking to address the issue of illegal operations in the forest sector. In addition, a capacity building programme for national forest programmes (NFPs) was developed and its implementation was initiated with an introductory training module on the guiding principles of NFPs, tested in three pilot countries.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Technical support to countries on the implementation of national programmes and analysis of current policy issues.
  401 Support to countries in cross-sectoral analysis, policy formulation, implementation of national programmes, research/monitoring of critical forestry issues including governance, forest law compliance, privatization and decentralization Direct advice to Members; field programme support FON RAF RAP RLC RNE Completed
  402 Publications, workshops and seminars on forest policies and governance Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FON Completed
002   Research and monitoring of trends and issues critical to forestry development in developing countries.
  401 Study on cross sectoral impacts, privatization and decentralization of forest authorities Studies and analyses FON RAF RAP RLC Completed
  402 Comparative analysis of major issues like privatization and decentralization on sustainable forest management Studies and analyses FON RAF RLC SAFR Cancelled
003   Methodologies, approaches and tools for implementation of policy and national programmes.
  401 Methodologies and tools for forestry policy and programmes formulation, implementation and evaluation Direct advice to Members; field programme support FON RAF RAP RLC Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
243A5 Forests, Poverty Alleviation and Food Security Technical Project FON


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: while currently about 1.6 billion people rely more or less directly on forest resources for their livelihoods, development strategies insufficiently recognise that forests can make a decisive contribution to poverty reduction. At the same time, world's forests are declining, demands on forests and trees are increasing, and global climate changes are expected to have drastic future impacts on forests and agricultural systems.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: by increasing awareness of the international community and better incorporating the role of forestry in addressing poverty alleviation and food security into national planning and policy setting, the entity will seek to heighten the influence of the forestry sector and assist with an increased contribution of forests to alleviating poverty.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: an increased contribution of forests and trees to poverty alleviation and food security will particularly benefit vulnerable groups, including women, low-income households, and ethnic minorities living in and around forests.

Objective

  • Increased national and international awareness of the forestry sector's contribution to poverty alleviation, food security and sustainable development and a strengthened role of forestry in national and international planning and policy setting.

Indicators

  • Examples of national poverty reduction strategies and other policy frameworks which promote the role of forestry in poverty alleviation and food security.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Capacity development was undertaken in each region to strengthen the ability of forestry institutions to contribute more effectively and forcefully to the preparation of national poverty reduction strategies and other policy frameworks that promote the role of forestry in poverty alleviation and food security. The Forestry Paper "Microfinance and forest-based small-scale enterprises" was published, which describes the specific microfinance needs of small-scale enterprises given the often seasonal and unpredictable nature of forest-based activities. This paper has proved to be a vital reference for the design of policies and projects for the development of forest communities and for the provision of financial services to small enterprises in rural areas.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Studies on impact of forest policies and strategies on poverty alleviation and food security
  401 Studies and guidelines on the impact of forest policies and strategies on poverty alleviation and food security (with emphasis on cross-sectoral linkages/issues) Studies and analyses FON RAF RAP RLC RNE Postponed
002   Guidelines and workshops to support capacity building and raise awareness on role of forestry in poverty alleviation and food security
  401 Support to integration of forestry issues in national development planning processes, coupled with awareness-raising Studies and analyses FON RAF RAP RLC RNE Completed
  402 Support to countries in relation to emerging opportunities such as markets for environmental services, forest valuation methods, carbon markets and innovative financial mechanisms to benefit the poor Direct advice to Members; field programme support FON RAF RAP RLC RNE Completed
  403 Manual on how to improve forestry contribution to poverty alleviation aimed at raising awareness among practitioners Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FON Modified
003   Research and studies on new approaches and opportunities to enhance the contribution of forest and trees to poverty alleviation.
  401 Study on innovative approaches to alleviating poverty through the improved utilization of forests and trees Studies and analyses FON Modified
  402 Analysis of relationship of national forestry programmes with poverty reduction strategic papers in selected countries Studies and analyses FON RAF RAP RLC RNE Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
243P4 Participatory Forestry and Sustainable Livelihoods Continuing Programme Activity FON


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: Participation of the main stakeholders in decisions on the use and management of forest and tree resources has been recognised as a most effective means to enhance the contribution of forestry to rural livelihoods in a sustainable fashion. Yet, participatory forestry has had difficulties moving beyond isolated and short-lived initiatives.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: improved participation of key stakeholders in forest management policy, planning, legislation and implementation practices and an enabling environment for livelihood-oriented forestry are the main areas of attention under this entity.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: Increased opportunities and security regarding access to, and use of tree and forest resources, will benefit directly people whose livelihoods are heavily dependent on these resources. An improved and sustainable management context for forest resources will benefit the general public.

Objective

  • Forest management policy, planning and legislation and implementation practices at local, national and regional levels reflect appropriate participation of key stakeholders, including local communities, and create an enabling environment for better access to forest resources and sustainable livelihoods.

Indicators

  • Examples of successful policy development processes that involved local communities and civil society organizations.
  • Evidence of improved community organisation and formation of local enterprises of forest dependent communities.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Assistance was provided to seven countries in revising their forest policies and operational procedures to facilitate greater involvement of civil society. In addition, the forestry legislation of over 40 countries was reviewed to analyse the legal framework for forest management planning by smallholders and communities in order to identify the necessary conditions for promoting community forest management.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Approaches for the participatory formulation of forest policy and legislation and planning and management of forest resources.
  401 Development and implementation of effective approaches for increased participation of forest stakeholders in forest processes Studies and analyses FON RAF RAP RLC RNE Completed
  402 Support to community of practice on "enhancing stakeholders participation in national forestry programmes" Coordination and information exchange FON RAF RAP RLC RNE Completed
002   Multi-stakeholder capacity building materials and training in participatory processes and approaches.
  401 Capacity building support to stakeholders in participatory processes Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FON Completed
  402 Support to training programmes on participatory processes for national forestry programmes development in partnership with training institutions Training (including training courses and materials) FON Completed
003   Methodologies, guidelines and tools for improving participatory natural resources management and sustainable livelihoods.
  401 Methodologies, case studies and practical guidelines Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FON RAF RAP RLC RNE Completed
  402 Improved guidelines on community-based enterprise development based on feedback from experience Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) FON RAF RAP RLC RNE Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
243S1 Interaction with Field Programmes and Advisory Services Technical Service Agreement FON


Indicators

  • Backstopping missions to field projects

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Achievements included: the drafting and submission of several bankable projects aimed at supporting regional and national forestry research projects; the review and strengthening of 17 TCP project submissions from member countries; the provision of technical backstopping to 41 projects, including 21 TCP projects, 14 GCP projects and 5 UTF projects; and support through the National Forest Programme Facility to 42 countries and regional organizations.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Interaction with field programme
  401 Support to field projects Direct advice to Members; field programme support FON RAF RAP RLC RNE SAFR SAPA SEUR SLAC Completed
002   Advice to member countries
  401 Advice to member countries related to forest policies, governance, participation, research, education, extension, poverty alleviation, and sustainable livelihoods Direct advice to Members; field programme support FON RAF RAP RLC RNE SAFR SAPA SEUR SLAC Completed
004   Intra-departmental cooperation



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