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Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
252A3 Gender and Natural Resources Management Technical Project SDW


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: women's and men's different knowledge, practices and access rights must be taken into consideration for effective natural resource management in support of food security and sustainable livelihoods. Rural development institutions still lack sufficient tools and capacity to effectively integrate the gender dimensions of natural resource management in their activities.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: building and strengthening institutional capacity for gender-responsive and participatory natural resource management planning, and helping with enhanced opportunities for equitable participation of women and men in policy and programme formulation.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: rural communities and individuals (both women and men), who will see their needs and priorities with regard to natural resources adequately addressed in rural development policies and programmes.

Objective

  • Policies, programmes and projects that ensure gender equality in the distribution and management of natural resources and increased farmers' participation in policy and programme formulation processes.

Indicators

  • Number of countries which have integrated gender in natural resources management policies and strategies, with help from this entity.
  • Number of related projects supported by FAO and other agencies which integrated gender sensitive approaches in part thanks to this entity.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • A paper on gender perspectives in the UN Conventions on Biodiversity, Climate Change and Desertification was finalized, and a UNU-WIDER publication on gender, local knowledge and lessons learned in documenting and conserving agrobiodiversity was prepared. In addition, a paper on climate change and gender issues, and one on energy and gender issues were published and made available for the CSD-14 and COP-11 of the UNFCC. A "Gender and land compendium of country studies" was published in 2005, aimed at promoting gender equity in land reform programmes and ensuring that rights to land are acknowledged as basic human rights. The publication presents different country/regional experiences in gender equity and land rights (sub-Saharan Africa, Burkina Faso and Senegal, and Brazil and Nicaragua). A study on "Gender and farming systems: lessons from Nicaragua" was also published in 2005, in both English and Spanish. This paper proposes a conceptual and methodological framework that integrates a gender perspective into the traditional analysis of farming systems. SDW also collaborated with experts from Colegio de Mexico to finalize field research on agrarian changes in Mexico and their impact on gender equity and rural livelihoods; produced a paper on integrating gender into land tenure programmes; and prepared a detailed abstract of a gender analysis study of the agrarian reform programmes in Brazil, in both English and Spanish. Other reports and papers published during the biennium included: "Gender and sustainable development in drylands: an analysis of field experiences"; "Breaking ground: present and future perspectives for women in agriculture"; and "Rural women's access to land and property in selected countries", which was jointly published with IFAD. The Division also prepared fact sheets for wide distribution on gender-sensitive indicators for natural resource management, household resource management, FAO action for egalitarian agricultural development, gender and dryland management, a gender perspective on land rights, and gender and rice. The latter was accompanied by a multimedia presentation on "People and rice".


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Gender-responsive methods for natural resources management.
  401 Information, research and case studies on the gender dynamics of natural and household resource management Studies and analyses RAP SDW Completed
002   Support for gender-responsive natural resources management policy.
  401 Guidelines, training materials, methods and tools (such as gender-sensitive indicators) to promote mainstreaming of gender in natural and household resource management Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) RAF RLC RNE SDW Completed
  402 Technical assistance to enhance the understanding and application of the linkages between gender, the environment and the sustainable use of natural resources in programmes at all levels Coordination and information exchange SDW Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
252A4 Analysis and Mitigation of the Impact of HIV/AIDS on Food Security and Rural Development Technical Project SDW


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: the HIV/AIDS epidemic in developing countries is impacting dramatically on food security and rural development efforts. Government agencies lack the necessary knowledge and experience to face this problem effectively and mitigate its effects on poverty and food security.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: the development of policies on mitigating the impact of HIV/AIDS on agriculture and rural development will have a direct positive influence on the agricultural sector in the worst affected countries, improving the livelihoods and food security of the poorest groups.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: the end beneficiaries are the rural people (particularly women and the rural poor) in countries hard hit by HIV/AIDS.

Objective

  • Appropriate interventions and policy instruments to counter the effects of HIV/AIDS on the rural and agricultural sector.

Indicators

  • Number of countries formulating AIDS-sensitive agricultural policies with explicit reference to FAO's policy tools and/or assistance.
  • Number of countries taking specific measures to mitigate the effects of AIDS on the agriculture sector with explicit reference to FAO's information, tools and/or assistance.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • The programme entity (PE) has continued to analyse the impacts of HIV/AIDS on agriculture and key aspects of rural livelihoods, including property rights and gender relations. National studies were undertaken on the impact of HIV/AIDS and other diseases such as malaria and tuberculosis, on agriculture, food security and rural development. Several journal articles were published and papers were presented at international conferences. This work generated information and policy support tools on the linkages among HIV/AIDS, population dynamics and agricultural outcomes. Policy assistance was provided to countries in sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia, aimed at improving capacity to formulate and implement agriculture sector strategies to counter the effects of HIV/AIDS and other diseases. Policy briefs were also produced. The first national agriculture sector strategy on HIV/AIDS was adopted and is beginning implementation in the United Republic of Tanzania. Work also began on introducing HIV/AIDS considerations in Malawi. Special attention was devoted to building the capacity of agricultural policy-makers to respond to the needs of vulnerable population subgroups, such as rural children, orphans and the elderly. Training manuals and methodologies were produced and training sessions were held in several sub-Saharan African countries. FAO technical units were supported in incorporating HIV/AIDS considerations into their programmes and in strengthening the attention given to human health-related issues. The PE helped raise awareness of the significance of HIV/AIDS and other diseases for rural development and contributed to building partnerships and networks with and among key stakeholders. Work on addressing the socio-economic impacts of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) was launched, together with AGA. HPAI poses a significant threat to the poultry industry and the livelihood of hundreds of millions of poor livestock farmers. FAO has contributed significantly to the development of a global strategy, and recognizes the need to tackle the disease from both the livestock and human perspective simultaneously. As part of its collaboration with AGA on gender issues in livestock production and animal health, SDW has drawn upon its experience of examining the impacts of pandemic diseases on the rural poor to contribute to investigating gender and social issues associated with the impacts of HPAI and its control on rural livelihoods. HPAI-related activities included the organization of a joint AGA/SDW informal workshop on social issues in the control of avian influenza, participation in a workshop on community-based approaches to HPAI control, and membership of the ECTAD cross-disciplinary working group on socio-economics and policy.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Gender-sensitive methodologies, policy and decision support tools on HIV/AIDS.
  401 Policy and decision support tools (methodologies, research papers, guidelines, training materials) on the linkages between HIV/AIDS, population dynamics, gender, agriculture, food security, and environment Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) RAF SAFR SDW Completed
002   Technical assistance for HIV/AIDS prevention and mitigation.
  401 Workshops and support HIV/AIDS and food security/agriculture networks to build national capacity at all levels of government and civil society to address the implications of HIV/AIDS and to assist affected populations Training (including training courses and materials) RAF SAFR SDW Completed
003   Studies on HIV/AIDS and land tenure.
  401 Research papers and other policy- and decision-support materials on the interconnections between HIV/AIDS and land tenure Studies and analyses RAF SAFR SDA SDW Completed



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
252P1 Promotion of Gender and Population in Policies, Legislation and Civil Institutions Continuing Programme Activity SDW


Rationale

  • Development problem to be addressed: gender issues and population dynamics have many implications for rural development and food security, especially for the poorest groups. However, they are not always effectively incorporated in governments' decision making, plans and programmes, due to a lack of awareness, information and methodological tools. Within FAO itself, sufficient awareness of both must be nurtured, but especially of population issues.
  • Proposed contribution to problem resolution: mainstreaming of gender and population issues in FAO's work and that of its direct clients will lead to more sensitive (and, therefore, more effective) rural development policies and programmes. This will be achieved primarily as a result of awareness-raising, training and improved databases produced by this entity.
  • Intended end beneficiaries: primarily the population involved in agriculture and the rural economy, which will benefit from gender and age differentiated priorities and needs' assessments in rural areas.

Objective

  • FAO staff and governments will be able to utilise population and gender information in support of national and sub-national planning and decision making; reduce or eliminate discrimination by gender, age and/or socio-cultural characteristics, and enhance capacity to use population and gender analysis methodologies.

Indicators

  • Number of cases where contents of a Socioeconomic and Gender Analysis (SEAGA) workshop were explicitly translated into policy, plans and/or projects.
  • Number of countries formulating gender-responsive legislation and policies with verifiable reference to FAO's advice, information or training.
  • Number of national institutions which have adopted and use population and gender analysis methods and tools in agricultural and rural development planning.

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • Under the Gender and Development Plan of Action and Gender PAIA, training sessions were organized with the Gender Focal Points to assist FAO technical divisions in mainstreaming gender issues in their areas of expertise and in developing and using Socio-economic and Gender Analysis (SEAGA) Programme sector guides: in 2004, for AGA to apply SEAGA tools directly to livestock sector projects/activities; in 2005, for TCE staff working in emergency and rehabilitation programmes. The Division continued its long-term capacity-building SEAGA in order to mainstream gender issues into member countries' policies, programmes and projects. SEAGA training of trainers and/or direct SEAGA training workshops were held in Afghanistan, Brazil, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Honduras, India, Morocco, Panama, the Philippines, Slovenia, The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Togo, Uganda, and the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. Often, these workshops covered the full range of SEAGA tools and methods, but some were more specialized and dealt with more focused SEAGA tools, such as the HIV/AIDS Resource Guide, the Irrigation Sector Guide, the Microfinance Guide, and Microenterprise Development Guide. In total, over 600 agricultural extension agents, researchers, NGO staff, community workers, and others were trained. To further assist gender mainstreaming, the Division continued to produce specialized SEAGA guides and tools for agricultural specialists: "Rural households and resources: a SEAGA pocket guide for extension workers", which outlines the constraints and opportunities faced by rural households, with emphasis on water, land, credit and savings, time and labour-saving technologies, and mainstreams HIV/AIDS concerns throughout; "Addressing HIV/AIDS through agriculture and natural resource sectors: a SEAGA guide for extension workers", which provides basic facts about the disease and its impact on rural communities and presents ways to address the epidemic in rural areas through agriculture and natural resource sector initiatives; and the "SEAGA livestock guide: planning with a gender and HIV/AIDS lens", which provides an overview of key socio-economic and gender issues related to livestock production and considers the impact of HIV/AIDS on livestock production and related activities. The Division continued to develop tools and methods to help member countries formulate policies and legislation that reflects the use of gender-disaggregated data and statistics. It also published on the SD Dimensions Web site related papers on the establishment of a core set of gender-sensitive indicators for the agriculture sector and on adding a social dimension to agricultural statistics.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Support to national capacity for SEAGA in agriculture and rural development.
  401 Materials and training-of-trainers workshops at regional and national level, in the framework of the Socioeconomic and Gender Analysis (SEAGA) Programme Training (including training courses and materials) RAF RAP REU RLC RNE SDW Completed
003   Advisory assistance to countries on gender-responsive national legislation and policies.
  401 Guidelines and methodologies on how to address gender and population factors in national legislation, agricultural policies and programmes Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) RAF RAP REU RLC RNE SDW Completed
  402 Studies of gender-differentiated impacts of globalisation/trade liberalisation Studies and analyses RAP RLC SDW Completed
004   Support for gender mainstreaming in FAO's technical work.
  401 Coordination of the implementation of the PAIA on Gender and Development within FAO, inter alia, through support to implementation of the FAO Gender and Development Plan of Action (2002-2007), including regular monitoring and analytical reporting function Coordination and information exchange RAF RAP REU RLC RNE SDW Completed
  402 SEAGA-oriented technical guidelines, studies relating to gender mainstreaming issues within various technical fields, in coordination with other technical FAO units, and integration of the SEAGA materials into FAO training programmes Methodologies and guidelines (including pilot testing and demonstration) SDW Completed
005   Analysis of inter-relations between gender, population and food security.



Programme Entity Title Type Lead Division
252S1 Technical Support to Member Nations and the Field Programme Technical Service Agreement SDW


Indicators

  • Number of institutions in Member Countries which have integrated gender into their programmes and projects
  • Number of FAO's field projects with gender considerations

2004-05 Implementation Progress - Achievements, Success Stories and Lessons Learnt

  • SDW has been involved in revising a series of projects for countries affected by the Tsunami (i.e. Indonesia, Sri Lanka) in order to incorporate a gender perspective, and in capacity-building activities relating to socio-economic and gender analysis in emergency and rehabilitation programmes in Afghanistan. In addition, Socio-economic and Gender Analysis (SEAGA) tools and approaches were used in the formulation of a national framework for gender mainstreaming for agricultural and rural development in Tajikistan. As part of the Inter-Agency Standing Committee Task Force on Gender and Humanitarian Action, close cooperation was also established with other UN agencies and international organizations to mainstream gender issues in rehabilitation and reconstruction actions in situations of complex emergencies and natural disasters, and in the formulation of guidelines on gender-based violence in emergency contexts. Through a Technical Cooperation Project, SDW provided technical support to the National Women's Federation in the Dominican Republic to strengthen women's participation in cassava production, in coordination with AGP.


Major Output Biennial Output Title Type Contributing Divisions (Lead Division in bold) Status
001   Advice and assistance to member countries and civil institutions on gender-responsive approaches and population issues to enhance food security
  401 Policy advice and technical assistance in response to demands from partner institutions in support of gender mainstreaming and the FAO field programme Coordination and information exchange SDW Completed



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