137. The Council recalled that this had been the subject of many discussions of changes in the past and the Conference had requested the Programme and Finance Committees to examine the various opinions expressed by Member Governments and make recommendations about the future format of the document.
138. The Council noted that the Committees had made a detailed review of the matter on the basis of a concise and useful analysis of the situation which had been presented to them.
139. The Council confirmed that the Medium-Term Objectives should be presented in a separate document from the Programme of Work and Budget (PWB). It agreed that it should broadly follow the same framework of Major Programmes and Programmes used for the PWB. This would facilitate a meaningful relationship between them. Care should however be taken that the medium-term presentations in both documents should be complementary rather than duplicative. The need for brevity was also stressed.
140. The Council decided that the former sections on. the "World Situation" and on "The Role of FAO" should no longer be included in the Medium-Term Objectives document and that the Regional presentations should be retained since they added an important dimension to consideration of objectives.
141. The Council agreed that in view of the past difficulties as regards quantification of resources, this should not be further pursued. It felt that it would be useful to attempt as far as possible and appropriate to include some indicative information on relative priorities within Major Programmes, provided the approach was not over-ambitious in scope or in time.
142.: The Council approved the Director-General's proposal, as endorsed by the Programme Committee, to establish a new Category 4 to cover specifically "seminars, training courses, workshops and other group-training activities, attended primarily by selected nominees participating at FAO expense; these training activities are aften funded from extra-budgetary sources."
143. The Council noted with satisfaction the Director-General's positive response in taking steps to improve the distribution of languages in Category 3 and 4 meetings. It felt however that linguistic balance should not be sought for its own sake, but that the paramount consideration was the actual needs of the countries and regions directly concerned.
144. The Council recalled that the Director-General had taken the initiative at its Seventy-First Session in June 1977 in announcing that he would carry out his evaluation of the first phase of the Programme to assess performance, adherence to approved criteria, procedures and rules.
145. It noted that as indicated in the document, the evaluation had been an intensive exercise using a variety of competent sources of information and judgement, including an independent report by a consultant. The latter was, however, only one of the elements in the overall exercise, involving governments, the Director-General, FAO Representatives, UNDP Resident Representatives, project personnel, regional and headquarters staff, and other external observers.
146. The Council also had before it the views of the Regional Conferences as expressed in resolutions and recommendations contained in a separate document4 and of the Programme Committee5. It had also noted the remarks made by the Director-General in his opening address to the Council6 in which he had referred to the Evaluation Report and the views of the Programme Committee, stressing that the TCP projects had been short-term, small-scale, concrete, rapid, economical, unduplicative, and catalytic. The Council noted his emphasis on the essential characteristics of the Programme - immediacy and flexibility and that as regards the recommendations in the document the Director-General had pointed out that they were not fundamental but that the TCP was fundamental to realization of FAO's constitutional mandates: the TCP was not just a symbol but, together with the policy of decentralization primarily at the country level, was a corner-stone of the new FAO.
147. The Council considered the information set out in the Annex to the document, giving an analysis of quantitative performance followed by qualitative assessment, together with up-dated information provided during its session.
148. As regards the quantitative performance, the Annex dealt only with the first 20 months of operations, up to 1 July 1978. The Programme had, however, continued to gain momentum. The latest overall statistics were as follows. Up to the end of October, a total of 356 projects involving $26.26 million had been approved. Of these, more than 31 percent had been in Africa, more than 28 percent in Asia and the Far East, more than 18 percent in the Near East, and nearly 19 percent in Latin America. Emergencies accounted for a little more than 21 percent of the total.
149. The qualitative assessment in the Annex dealt with the involvement of governments, how projects fitted into each criterion, other aspects of the Programme such as its focus on increasing food production, on least-developed countries, on utilization of national institutions, on local or regional procurement of supplies, and with application of rules and procedures.
150. The Council considered the main part of the document summing up the findings, in particular paras. 10-12 of the document, setting out the general conclusions not only of the independent consultant but of all sources of information and assessment. It also reviewed the recommendations of the Programme Committee contained in paras. 1.53 to 1.65 of its Report.
151. The Council supported the recommendations to governments contained in para. 13 (i) to (vi) of the document which, on the basis of experience, would increase the impact of the Programme.
152. The Council made various comments on paras. 14 to 16 of the document, in which the Director-General gave some information on the steps he had already taken for closer internal integration of the TCP with other FAO action programmes, for improvements in project handling and backstopping, including delegation of authority to FAO Representatives to approve urgent, small-scale project requests up to certain amounts.
153. Finally, the Council considered para. 17 (i)-(iv) of the document in which there were some recommendations for Council consideration concerning improvement of the impact of the Programme. These related to action in support, of TCDC, a more liberal interpretation of the investment category, flexibility in the time limits, and a little more flexibility in categories of action.
154. The great majority of the Council therefore strongly reaffirmed their welcome for the evaluation, endorsed its main findings and conclusions, and the recommendations for various measures to improve the impact of the TCP while maintaining its chief characteristics - its unprogrammed character, immediacy and flexibility. They believed it was fitting and desirable to adopt a resolution which was conciliatory in purpose and tone and left no doubt of the broad consensus which existed on this issue.
155. Other members supported the TCP and welcomed the evaluation as an interim assessment of the achievements of the TCP to date. On the evidence available, they were fully satisfied that the TCP was following the guidelines approved by the Council and Conference and had been efficient and non-duplicative in operation. They considered, however, that pending a further full evaluation in due course, the criteria and guidelines proposed should be maintained as at present and that the changes proposed in para. 17 of the document were unnecessary or should be applied only very restrictively. They also considered it was unnecessary and undesirable at this stage to adopt a resolution as proposed by the majority of delegations.
156. A few members felt that the present guidelines were satisfactory as regards emergencies and to some extent as regards small-scale, short-term actions which could not be covered from other funding sources. One member considered that the TCP should not be considered for other purposes, nor should the criteria be extended as proposed in the document, pending a continuing assessment of the operations of the TCP. He joined others opposed to the need or timing for a resolution at this, stage and wished to dissociate his Government from its terms.
157. The Council adopted the following resolution:
Resolution 1 /74
TECHNICAL COOPERATION PROGRAMME
Recalling the great satisfaction with which, at its Sixty-Ninth Session, 12-16 July 1976, it welcomed the Director-General's proposal to create a Technical Cooperation Programme, and the unqualified support given by the Conference at its Nineteenth Session, 12 November-1 December 1977,
Recalling Resolution 5/77 adopted by the Conference on 1 December 1977, at its Nineteenth Session, by which the Director-General was invited to "make every effort to strengthen the Technical Cooperation Programme in accordance with the established criteria, with a view to making the technical competence of the Organization more readily and speedily available for the solution of the most pressing development needs of Member Nations",
Recalling further the firm support extended by the Regional Conferences of Asia, Africa, Latin America and the Near East in support of the TCP,
Recalling the Buenos Aires Plan of Action, adopted by the United Nations World Conference on Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries, held at Buenos Aires from 30 August to 12 September 1978, most of whose objectives and recommendations concern FAO's fields of activities,
Taking into account the report' of the Director-General on the evaluation of the Programme7 and the comments thereon of the Programme Committee contained in the Report on its Thirty-First Session,8
1. Reaffirms its belief that, in accordance with the Organization's constitutional mandate and the needs and desires of Member Governments, it is essential to maintain the TCP as an integral part of the Regular Programme of the Organization;
2. Welcomes the findings of the evaluation report9and confirms the practical validity of the concept, the adherence to approved criteria and procedures, the rapid and effective implementation while avoiding duplication and achieving complementarity with other sources of assistance, and the promotion of increased investment in food and agricultural development;
3. Commends the Director-General for the action already taken by him to strengthen the effectiveness of the Programme and to achieve its close integration with other FAO activities;
4. Approves the proposals submitted for Council approval in the evaluation report10for improving the impact of the Programme in regard to (i) action, including regional and interregional projects as appropriate, in support of TCDC; (ii) a more liberal interpretation of the investment category; (iii) flexibility in time limits; and (iv) categories of action;
5. Invites the Director-General to make every effort to further strengthen and improve the TCP in order to make the specialized competence of the Organization increasingly available for the solution of the most pressing problems of Member Nations.
158. The Council recalled that the study of this subject had been carried out in response to a request by the Nineteenth Session of the FAO Conference to examine the possibilities and implications of establishing an International Food Corps. The Council expressed its appreciation of the Director-General's report which was based upon the findings of an independent consultant, the experience of the Organization, and the Director-General's many contacts with governments and with other organizations. This report, which was informativ relevant and most timely, gave a new perspective and dimension to the use of volunteers in agricultural development activities, and it revealed the great potential for the involvement of youth in these activities, particularly in those which were directed to promoting agricultural production and improving the welfare of poorer segments of rural populations.
159. The Council unanimously endorsed the basic theme in this report, fully supported by the Programme Committee, that the emphasis should be placed upon development and expansion of domestic volunteer schemes in the developing countries themselves. However, there could be no single model applicable to all countries in view of differences in economic, social and cultural needs and patterns. It was for the government of each country to decide on how best to ensure the participation of young men and women, by voluntary effort, in activities which would not only enhance their understanding of the problems of the rural poor but also contribute significantly to self-reliant development.
160. The Council was informed of many schemes in operation or being planned which involved the services, as volunteers, of university students and graduates, urban workers and young people in rural areas. It considered that this information, offered in response to the request by the Director-General in paragraph 8 of his report, would be most useful to the secretariat in planning programmes in support of these efforts. The Council was also informed of the experience of developing countries in their use of international volunteers and from this experience it was clear that their services, when requested by governments, could best be used in carefully planned projects and specifically in those with training components. They should be technically qualified, highly motivated, and provided with adequate support services. Several delegates referred to some negative experiences and aspects as regards International Volunteers and invited the FAO Secretariat to ensure that all activities to this effect undertaken in its name, be carried out under the Organization's control, in order to achieve the objectives being sought.
161. Concurring with the Programme Committee, the Council saw possibilities of extending the use of domestic volunteers to sub-regional and regional programmes and projects and it noted that some efforts in this direction were already being made. These volunteers could more easily adapt themselves to conditions in neighbouring countries and by exchanging knowledge and experience could make positive contributions to the concept of TCDC. One delegation emphasized the need for suitable technical training for small farmer volunteers.
162. Without qualification, the Council endorsed the Conclusions of the Director-General, summarized in paragraphs 20-22 of his report.12 It agreed with the Director-General that there was no need to establish any new institutional mechanism, within FAO or within the UN system, to coordinate or mobilize support for agricultural projects incorporating the use of volunteers. A flexible and pragmatic approach was much more desirable, particularly at this innovative stage in the use of national volunteers. The Council was convinced that the Organization had both the experience and the administrative competence to render the services required by developing countries.
163. The Council considered in particular that FAO could assist governments of developing countries in the setting up and expansion of domestic volunteer services for agriculture and in the formulation of viable schemes in this sector. It could also assist by collecting and disseminating information about successful schemes now in operation, the incorporation of appropriate training courses in programmes and projects, the provision of short-term technical advice, as well as by mobilizing financial support for national efforts from governmental and non-governmental donors. However, the Council emphasized that it was the responsibility of governments to take the initiative in identifying their priorities and needs and in formulating requests for such assistance.
164. The Council also agreed with the Director-General and with the Programme Committee, that any financial support for the promotion of new programmes and schemes should provide additional resources and not substitute for existing aid commitments. It urged the secretariat to continue to cooperate with the United Nations Volunteers, bilateral agencies and non-governmental organizations sponsoring volunteers. It also urged the Director-General as appropriate to make every effort to obtain additional contributions from donors interested in supporting new national volunteer schemes in agriculture as well as agricultural and rural development projects using domestic volunteers.
165. The Council observed that the World Conference on Agrarian Reform and Rural Development in July 1979 would discuss amongst others the involvement of youth and women in development activities in the agricultural sector. It expressed the hope that this Conference would take full account of the role which could be played by young volunteers in agrarian reform and rural development and that in the Plan of Action adopted by the Conference specific and concrete recommendations would be made on this subject.
166. The Council recalled that the Director-General had been authorized by the Fourteenth Session of the Conference to convene unscheduled sessions in exceptional cases and had been requested to make regular reports to the Council on the unscheduled sessions approved and on the sessions cancelled.
167. The Council noted that since the beginning of the biennium 14 sessions had been cancelled and 11 unscheduled sessions had been approved. Details of these are given in Appendix F.
168. It also noted that Sessions AGL 806/807 - Consultations on the FAO Fertiliser Programme - had been programmed to include attendance of selected Member Nations and international organizations (Category 1), but had been expanded to include also representatives of the fertilizer industries (donors) and became Category 2 sessions. No additional costs were involved.
169. The Council approved the revised Calendar of Sessions for 1978-79 of the Council and those Bodies which report to it, as set out in Appendix G to this Report.
170. The Chairman of the Finance Committee reported on the operations of the Special Account for the Prevention of Food Losses, as discussed at the Forty-Second Session of the Finance Committee.
171. Appreciation was expressed of the Director-General's quick and effective implementation of Conference Resolution 3/77. It was particularly appreciated that most governments had agreed not to withdraw their share of the former Suspense Account and to transfer it to the Special Account for the Programme for the Prevention of Food Losses and that several Member Nations had made voluntary contributions either equivalent to or in addition to their shares to the Action Programme. It was noted that one Member Nation that had withdrawn its share had not yet made a contribution to the Special Account.
172. The Council urged Member Governments to make further contributions directly to the Special Account which would meet the targets set and enable the Director-General to expand on the successful activities already undertaken under the Prevention of Food Losses programme.
(a) Status of Contributions
173. A statement of contributions outstanding at 4 December 1978 is attached asAppendix H. A summary of contributions collected to 4 December is as follows:
Total Outstanding 1 January 1978
Balance Outstanding 4 December 1978
107 046 911
96 756 297
10 290 614
To be paid in
107 166 150
96 760 061
10 406 089
174. The percentage of current year's assessments collected at 4 December 1978 was 91.30 percent, as shown in the following graphic presentation, compared to 94.45 percent in 1977 and 86.16 percent in 1976. It was noted that 9.23 percent of the receipts during, this period in 1977 came from the distribution, as of 1 January 1977, of Surplus of Prior Biennia.
Percentage of Current Assessments Collected Cumulative — Year to Date)
175. The Council shared the satisfaction expressed by the Finance Committee at its Forty-Second Session that many Member Nations had fulfilled their financial obligations to the Organization and also recognized that for some, facing serious financial difficulties, this had involved a major effort.17
176. The Council, agreeing that the demonstration of good intent inherent in the specific instances of three Member Nations 18 should serve as an example for all Members to follow, concurred that until the membership at large met their obligations promptly when due, an apparent inequity arose favouring those who were late in payment.
177. With regard to arrears of contributions, the Conference had accepted the proposals of the Dominican Republic and Paraguay that they be allowed to liquidate their arrears of contributions over a 10-year period while at the same time they undertook to pay each current contribution in the calendar year of assessment.19
178. The Council noted with particular concern that, notwithstanding these special commitments, $70 364.60 was overdue from the Dominican Republic (relating to amounts payable in 1975, 1976 and 1977) while an additional $30 688.20 was payable in 1978. In the case of Paraguay, $62,519 was overdue (relating to amounts payable in 1975, 1976 and 1977) and an additional $17 696 payable in 1978.
179. The Council was advised that as postal communications with Democratic Kampuchea continued to present problems, the Director-General's Notes requesting payment were now being sent to the UNDP Resident Representative in Lao with the request to onforward them to the Government. While payment of $10 113.30 had recently been received from the Central African Empire in payment of arrears, $56 979 still remained outstanding relating to the years 1973 to 1977. The Council also noted that no payment had been received from Grenada since it attained membership at the 18th Session of the Conference (November 1975).
180. The Council agreed,with the observation of the Finance Committee that "If the interests of the Organization, were to be best served, a need for discipline amongst Member Nations as to the payment of contributions was essential". 20 The Conference would no doubt wish to take this into account should it be called upon, at any future session, to consider the question of the voting rights of a Member Nation seriously in arrears in payment of its contributions (Article III.4 of the Constitution).
181. The Council requested the Director-General to use all means at his disposal to collect contributions in arrears and appealed to all Member Nations to arrange in future for prompt settlement of their obligations to the Organization.
(b) Working Capital Fund
182. The Council noted the Director-General's decision, taken in accordance with Conference Resolution 17/69, to authorize the withdrawal of $350 000 for use in emergency locust control operations in the Red Sea area. The Council noted further that under Financial Regulation 6.5(b) the Conference would determine by which method the withdrawal will be reimbursed.
– Regular Programme 1976-77
– United Nations Development Programme 1977
– m World Food Programme 1977
183. The Council in reviewing the above accounts took note of the External Auditor's comments and the actions taken by the Organization in regard to these.
184. The Council noted that a consolidated draft resolution to cover the adoption by the Conference of the Audited Accounts of the Regular Programme 1976/77, the United Nations Development Programme 1977, and the World Food Programme 1977, together with the Accounts to be examined by the Council at its 1979 pre-Conference Session, would be submitted by the Council to the Twentieth Conference Session.
185. The Council noted the comments made by the Programme Committee at its Thirty-Fourth and Thirty-Fifth Sessions on the item "Other Programme, Budgetary, Financial and Administrative Matters", including in particular cooperation with Industry, Review of Programmes, Review of FAO Statutory Regional Bodies and the Report of the Task Force on International Assistance for Strengthening National Agricultural Research.
186. With regard to cooperation between FAO and Industry, the Council concurred with the Programme Committee in endorsing the measures taken by the Director-General to strengthen such cooperation so as to assist developing countries in their development efforts in the field of agriculture, including forestry and fisheries.
187. On the review of Statutory Regional Bodies, the Council agreed with the observations and recommendations of the Programme Committee. In particular, the Council agreed that it should:
- Request the Regional Conferences carefully to review the functioning of the regional bodies in the respective Regions with a view to determining if they were functioning effectively in the service of the member countries, and consequently to recommend necessary measures; and
- Propose to the Conference that it adopt a resolution, to be added to the Basic Texts (Volume II) to provide guidelines for the establishment of bodies under Articles VI, XIV and XV, the action paragraph of which might be along the following lines:
"Henceforth, any proposal to establish a new body under Articles VI, XIV and XV of the Constitution shall be accompanied by a document prepared by the Director-General setting forth in detail:
- the objectives that are to be achieved through the establishment of the body;
- the manner in which the body will carry out its functions and any impact that its creation may have on the current or future programmes;
- the financial implications of the establishment of the body for the current biennium, as well as a forecast of the financial implications for the future biennia.
The Conference or, as appropriate, the Council shall consider the document referred to above before approving or authorizing the establishment of any new body under Articles VI, XIV or XV of the Constitution."
188. The Council recognized that proposal "(b)" would constitute an extension of the existing principles governing the establishment of subsidiary bodies by Article XIV and XV bodies, as set out in paragraph B.20 on page 184 of the Basic Texts. The Council requested that the Committee on Constitutional and Legal Matters examine both the wording of the proposed action paragraph and the most appropriate manner of incorporating it into the Basic Texts.
189. The Council also requested that the Committee on Constitutional and Legal Matters consider the question whether provision could be made in the Basic Texts for the abolition of those bodies which were either inactive or had outlived their usefulness.
190. With respect to the establishment of the International Service for Strengthening National Agricultural Research in Developing Countries (ISNAR), the background of which had been considered by the Programme Committee, the Council shared the concerns expressed by the Committee in its Report (CL 74/5). The Council generally felt, however, that as ISNAR was in the process of being established by the CGIAR, the Director-General should consider ways and means of mutual cooperation in the interest of the developing countries.
191. Attention was drawn to the European cooperative networks of research institutes, which are open to specialized institutes of developing countries. The Council noted that the Secretariat intended to extend this type of cooperation to other regions. With regard to the CARIS Programme, for which increased country participation was considered desirable, the Secretariat provided the Council with additional information concerning the decentralization of this Programme to Latin. America, Southeast Asia and a number of Arab countries. Methodology and technical consultancies would be provided by the CARIS Coordinating Centre, starting 1979.
192. The Chairman of the Finance Committee introduced the Reports of the Forty-First and Forty-Second Sessions of the Committee and highlighted some of the recommendations made therein.
193. The Council recalled that a Separation Payments Scheme had been established for Rome General Service staff from 1 January 1975, following the recommendations of a General Service Salary Board. The Council noted that the financial position of the fund established to meet the Oragnization's liabilities under the Scheme had been reviewed by an Actuary and that in the light of the results of that review the Finance Committee had recognized the desirability of impoving the funding coverage of the Scheme.
194. The Council accordingly endorsed the Finance Committee's recommendation that the existing funding coverage be amended as follows:
- Extra-budgetary Funds
Adoption of a funding rate of 9 percent as of 1 January 1979;
- Regular Programme
Adoption of a 30 percent funding from 1 January 1980, at 3 percent of net salaries; in addition 70. percent of all separation payments under the Regular Programme to be charged to the annual budget.
195. The Council noted that the above measures would increase the cost to extra-budgetary funds in 1979 from $800 000 to $900 000, and for the Regular Programme in 1980 and 1981 from approximately $400 000 per year to some $950 000 per year. The Council recognized that for the Regular Programme the increase would form part of the cost increases in the Programme of Work and Budget. It concurred with the Finance Committee's suggestion that another actuarial report on the Fund be prepared in 1982.
196. The Council noted that the Finance Committee, at its Forty-First Session, had reviewed a progress report on the Programme Budget and Management Information System. The Council was informed that computerization of the system had been implemented for all units in the Agriculture, Economic and Social Policy, Fisheries and Forestry Departments and that the main objective of the system was being achieved, i.e. to ensure the rapid provision to all levels of management of information on programme objectives, resource requirements and the use of resources.
197. The Council also noted that a firm of management consultants had been engaged to make a study of the Organization's Personnel and Payroll System and that since the Finance Committee's Forty-Second Session the Director-General had employed the same consultants to study the requirements of a Field Project Information System for the Organization's Field Programmes.
198. The Council noted that, in order to ensure the best possible utilization of cash resources held in the short term, pending disbursement, the Director-General had established an FAO Advisory Committee on Investments composed of highly knowledgeable individuals from outside the Organization, together with senior FAO staff.
199. On the subject of Headquarters Accommodation, the Council was informed of the latest position on the restructuring of Building D and the views of the host Government on the various aspects raised in the reports. In particular, that:
- The Italian Government would honour its obligations under the Headquarters Agreement and would deliver Building D to the Organization by the end of 1979. The recent approval by the Administration of the Organization's 1976 plans enabled the preparation of a network plan which foresaw completion of the works by that date unless factors beyond the control of the Government (such as major strikes) interfered with the progress of work. The Government also hoped to have a solution to the problems facing the Organization in connection with the installation of a new telephone exchange. The total cost for the Italian Government of the restructuring of Building D was estimated at US$ 6.5 million. The Government was also making an annual voluntary contribution to the Organization of 300 million lire (approx. US$ 350 000).
- The Italian Government could not accept any additional liability for the payment of rents for Buildings F and G but hoped that a compromise agreement would be reached regarding the increase in rents requested by the owners of those buildings.
- In the course of the recent meetings which the Director-General had with the President of the Republic and the Prime Minister, great interest had been expressed in the proposed construction of a new building complex, which would serve to accommodate FAO as. well as other UN Agencies stationed in Rome. The construction of such a complex would solve the Organization's accommodation problems on a permanent basis. The Prime Minister had arranged for the setting up of a working group to consider this matter and prepare the Government's reply to the Director-General.
200. The Council took note of progress made thus far in connection with buildings but underscored the importance attached to the speedy completion of Building D by the end of 1979. It expressed the hope that the schedule would be maintained so that some reduction in expenditure for rental costs in the next biennium would be permitted. The also expressed the hope that the Italian Government will continue its assistance to contain and limit the growth in rental costs for Buildings F and G.
1CL 74/3; CL 74/4; CL 74/5; CL 74/PV/12; CL 74/PV/15.
2CL 74/PV/12; CL 74/PV/15. See also paras. 119-124 above.
3CL 74/14; CL 74/PV/5; CL 74/PV/6; CL 74/PV/9; CL 74/PV/15.
5CL 74/5, paras. 1.53 to 1 .65.
6See Appendix D.
10CL 74/14, para. 17.
11CL 74/5; CL 74/6; CL 74/PV/9; CL 74/PV/15.
13CL 74/26; CL 74/PV/12; CL 74/PV/15.
14CL 74/19-Rev.l; CL 74/PV/13; CL 74/PV/15.
15CL 74/4; CL 74/5; CL 74/INF/ll; CL 74/INF/l1-Corr. 1; CL 74/PV/13; CL 74/PV/15.
16CL 74/4; CL 74/5; CL 74/LIM/1: CL 74/PV/13: CL-74/PV/15.
17CL 74/5 para 2.7.
18CL 74/5 paras 2.9 and 2.10
19Dominican Republic - Conference Resolutions 39/75; Paraguay - Conference Resolution 26/71.
20CL 74/5 para 2.16.
21CL 74/5 paras 2.33-2.45; C 79/5; C 79/6; C 79/6-Corr.1; C 79/1; CL 74/PV/13; CL 74/PV/15.
22CL 74/3; CL 74/5; CL 74/PV/12; CL 74/PV/15.
23CL 74/4; CL 74/5; CL 74/PV/12; CL 74/PV/15.
24CL 74/4, paras 74-81; CL 74/5, paras 2.69-2.81; CL 74/PV/12; CL 74/PV/15.