TO THE AGREEMENT FOR THE
ESTABLISHMENT OF A
REGIONAL ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND HEALTH COMMISSION FOR ASIA, THE
FAR EAST AND THE
OF THE COMMISSION
The contracting parties, realising the need to coordinate their policies, plans and programmes in livestock production, and disease control and eradication, and desiring to provide machinery for the exchange of information and experience, hereby establish, within the framework of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (hereinafter referred to as "the Organization"), a Commission to be known as the "Regional Animal Production and Health Commission for Asia, the Far East and the South—West Pacific" (hereinafter referred to as "the Commission").
The purposes of the Commision shall be:
(a) [the promotion of] to promote livestock development in general and
national and international research and action with respect to animal health and
husbandry problems in [Asia, the Far East and the South-West Pacific.] the Region as
defined in Article III.1 of this Agreement;
(b) to build up regional and national livestock programmes based on collective Self-reliance and mutual assistance within the Region;
(c) to promote livestock production as an industry and as part of the farming system on the basis of self-reliance at the farm level;
(d) to raise the level of nutrition and standard of living of small farmers and, rural communities through the optimal exploitation of potential resources for livestock development.
1. Membership of the Commission shall be open to Member Nations and Associate Members
of the Organization situated wholly or partly within, or responsible for the international
relations of any territory situated wholly or partly within, the area bounded by latitudes 50°
North and 50° South and longitudes 60° East and 130° West,(hereinafter referred to as "the Region").
2. The Commission may, by a two-thirds majority of its members, admit to
membership states situated wholly or partly within, or responsible for the international relations of
any territory situated wholly or partly within the Region, that are not members
of the Organization but are members of the United Nations, any of its specialized
agencies or the International Atomic Energy Agency, provided that such states have submitted an
application for membership of the Commission and a declaration made in a formal instrument accepting the Agreement.
OF MEMBERS REGARDING NATIONAL POLICIES AND
INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION IN ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND HEALTH
- Members undertake to maintain directly a.nd through the Secretary of the Commission a regular exchange of information on the current animal production and health situation; on research and investigational activities in livestock husbandry and health; on the progress of disease control campaigns within their countries; and to transmit such information regularly to the Organization.
- Members undertake to promote the growth of livestock industries in their respecttivé
- encouraging and supporting such training, surveys and research work as will be considered appropriate for the expansion and improvement of livestock production;
- participating and cooperating in the implementation of any common policy in
animal production and disease control or prevention; and of any common standards and practices,
which may be recommended by the Commission;
- maintaining a permanent disease investigation, reporting and control service, in accordance with such common standards and practices as may be recommended by the Commjssion;
- holding reserves of vaccines, drugs and administering equipment;
- maintaining, where appropriate, national research institutes or laboratories for the study of livestock production problems and of special diseases as may be considered desirable by the Commission and as are compatible with the resources of the country;
- subject to the provisions of paragraph 3 of this Article, bringing their national legislation, administrative procedures and documentary requirements into full accord with any common standards and practices recommended by the Commission, within the period of time specified to this effect by the Commission;
- facilitating the storage of frozen semen and disease control equipment and facilities
and vaccines and drugs that may be held by the Commission and permitting the duty-free import or export without hindrance of such goods and equipment, as we11 as the free movement within the country of such good and equipment, subject to national animal health regulations for their importation being met.
- providing the Commission with any information and facilities it may request to carry out its functions effectively.
- Members undertake to adopt all appropriate measures to ensure national implementation
of common regional standards and practices recommended by the Commission, provided that any Member may, within 90 days of notification of such recommendation, present an objection addressed to the Secretary of the Commission, who shall inform the Chairman and members of the Commission of receipt of such objection. A.member having presented an objection within the above time—limit shall not be under an obligetion to give effect to the recommendation and shall not be a member of any subsidiary body, as may be created for the purpose of implementing the recommendation.
- Members undertake to designate one or more national authorities responsible for taking
measures to implement this Agreement. Such authorities shall be responsible for
all communications and correspondence within the scope of this Agreement, and
may communicate directly with the Secretariat and with the designated national
authorities of other Members.
- Members undertake to submit to the Commission periodic reports on the action taken to fulfil the obligations specified in paragraphs 1, 2, 3 and 4 of this Article.
OF THE COMMISSION
- The Seat of the Commission shall be the FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Far East,
- Sessions of the Commission shall normally be held at its seat. Sessions may,however,
be convened elsewhere, in consultation with the Director-General of the Orgarization,
in pursuance of a decision of the Commission at a previous session, or inexceptional
circumstances, of a decision by the Executive Committee.
OF THE COMMISSION
following shall be the functions of the Commission:
action and assistance
- plan and promote joint action for the improvement of animal production;
- plan and promote joint action for the survey and control of contagious and
and recommend common standards and practices for this purpose;
- plan and promote joint action to establish educational programmes to meet the needs
of the animal industry and advise on standardization of education courses;
- determine, in consultation with Members concerned, the nature and extent ofassistance.
needed by such Members in order to implement their national live stock
development programmes as well as to support regional programmes;
- assist, at the request of any Member, and within budgetary limits, in the
epizootic and communicable diseases whose control may be beyond the capacityof national
The Commission shall:
- ensure that all Members are provided with current information on epizootic andcommunicable diseases and progress in animal production work in the Region, and shall collect and disseminate information on experience gained in these fields;
- assist in the establishment of regional projects in animal production and health for
diagnosis, research, education and development, work and shall coordinatetheir activities with those of national organizations;
- collect, analyse, interpret and disseminate to Members the reports submitted, pursuant
to Article IV.5 of this Agreement.
The Commission may:
- enter into arrangements or agreements through the Director-General of the Organization,
with states in the Region that are not members of the Commission, for common action in connection with the survey, control and eradication of animal diseases and on subjects related to livestock production;
- enter into or endourage arrangements through the Director-General of-the
Organization with other United Nations Specialized Agencies or other international organizations concerned, for joint action on the control of epizootiè and communicablediseases,
to overcome animal production problems and for the mutual exchangeof
information on problems concerning the livestock industries in general.
The Commission shall:
- consider and approve the report of the Executive Committee on the activities of
the Programme and Budget of the Commission for the ensuing financial
period, and the annual accounts;
- keep the Director-General of the Organization fully informed of its activities
andtransmit to him the accounts, the Programme and the Budget of the Commission,the
latter for submission to the Council of the Organization prior to
- transmit to the Director—General of the Organization the.reports and
recommendations of the Commission, for such action by the Council or Conference of theOrganization as may be appropriate.
following shall be the special functions of the Commission:
- To assist in controlling animal disease outbreaks in emergency situations in any manner
considered appropriate by the Commission and by the. Member or Members concerned.
For this purpose, the Commission or its Executive Committee, in coiformity with the provision’s of Article XII (e) may use any uncommitted balances of
Budget referred to in Article XV. 7 as well as any [contributions]
supplementary contributions which may be provided for emergency action under
4 or .6.
elaborate and amend, as appropriate, common Regional standards and practices of
animal production and health. Upon recommendation by a two-thirds majority of
qf the Commission, these standards and practices and any amendment theretoshall
constitute Annexes to this Agreement, to be implemented by Members in accordance with
Article IV. The Commission may adopt detailed procedures pertaining to the elaboration,
adoption and amendment of, and reservations to, such standards and practices.
assist in the procurement and distribution of frozen semen and high quality
take suitable action on the following:
- storage of cultures or vaccines for distribution to any Member in case of need;
- promotion when necessary, of the establishment by a Member or Members of"cordons
sanitaires" to prevent the spread of disease.
carry out such further special projects in animal production and health as may
be suggested by Members and approved by the Commission within budgetary limits.
- Funds from the surplus of the Administrative Budget may be used far the purposes stated
in paragraphs 3, 4 and 5 of this Article when such action is approved by the
by a two—thirds majority of the votes cast, providing such majority is more than
one half of the membership of the Commission.
OF THE COMMISSION
- Each Member of the Commission shall be represented at sessions of the Commission by a
delegate who may be accompanied by alternates an by experts and advisers Alternates,
experts and advisers may take part in the proceedings of the Commission but may
not, vote unless authorized by the delegate to substitute for him.
majority of the Members of the Commission shall constitute a quorum. Each Member
shall have one vote. Decisions of the Commission shall be taken by a majority of
the votes cast, except as otherwise provided for in this Agreement.
Member which is in arrears in the payment of its financial contributions to theCommission,
shall have no vote if the amount of its arrears equals or exceeds the amountof
the .contributions due from it for the two preceding financial years.
- The Commission shall elect, ‘at [the beginning of] each regular session, a
Chairman, a Vice-Chairman and three Members of the Executive Committee provided for in Article XI_from among the delegates. These officers shall
[hold] remain in officeuntil the [beginning of] election of new officers at the next regular session and shall be eligible for re-election to the same office only for’ one further. successive term.
The Director-General of the Organization, in consultation with the Chairman of
the Commission, shall convene a regular session of the Commission normally once a year. Special
sessions may be convened by the Director-General of the Organization in consultation with the Chairman of the Commission, if so requested by the Commission in regular sessions or by at least one-third. of the Members during intervals between regular sessions.
- The Director-General of the Organization or a rep1 esentative designated by him
shall have the right to participate without vote in all meetings of the Commission, its
ExecutiveCommittee or other subsidiary bodies.
- Participation of international organizations in the work of the Commission and
the relations between the Commission and such organizations shall be governed by the relevant provisions of the Constitution and the General Rules of the Organization, as well as by the rules on relations with international organizations adopted by the Conference orCouncil of the Organization. All such relations shall be dealt with by the Director General of the Organization.
- Member Nations and Associate Members of the Organization that are not members of the Commission may, upon their request, be represented by an observer at sessions of the Commission.
- States which, while not Members of the commission, nor Members or AssociateMembers of the Organization, are Members of the United Nations, any of its specializedagencies
or the International Atomic Energy Agency may, upon request and subject tothe
concurrence of the Executive Committee and to the provisions relating to the
observer status to nations adopted by the Conference of the Organization, be
attend sessions of the Commission in an observer capacity.
- The Commission may invite consultants or experts to attend its sessions or those of
the Executive Committee.
Director-General of the Organization shall provide the Secretary and Staff of
who, for administrative purposes shall be responsible to him. They shall be
appointed under the same terms and conditions as the staff of the
of the Commission shall be a Veterinarian.
- There shall be an Executive Committee composed of the Chairman
and Vice-Chairman of the Commission,[and] three Committee
members elected by the Commission, and the former Chairman of the Commission
as an ex-officio member.. The former Chairman shall serve
for the term immediately following the term during which he
was Chairnan, and he
shall have the right to vote. The
Secretary of the Commission shall act as Secretary of the Executive Committee.
- The Executive Committee shall meet at least once between
regular sessions of the
Commission. The Chairman of the Executive Committee shall, in consultation
with the Director—General
of the Organization, convene sessions of the Committee.
OF THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
Executive Committee shall:
make proposals to the Commission with respect to the general policy of
submit draft programmes. of work and budget and annual accounts to the
ensure the implementation of the policies and programmes approved by the
prepare the draft annual report on the activities of the Commission for the
approval of the Commission and for transmission to the Director—General of the
carry out such other functions as the Commission may delegate to it, in
particular with reference to emergency action under Article VII.1.
The Commission may, if necessary, establish sub—commissions, committees orworking parties, subject to the availability of the necessary funds in the relevant chaptersof
the approved budgets of the Commission and of the Organization. The
such availability shall be made by the Director—General of the Organization.
any decision involving expenditure in connexion with the establishment of subsidiary
bodies, the Commission shall have before it a report from the Director—General
on the administrative and financial implications thereof.
Sessions of sub—commissions, committees and working parties shall be convened by
the Chairman of such bodies in consultation with the Director—General of theOrganization.
Membership in subsidiary bodies shall either be open to all Members of the
or shall consist of selected Members of the Cornmission, or of individuals
their personal capacity, as determined by the Commission.
The procedure of subsidiary bodies shall be governed mutatis mutandis by the
Rules of Procedure of the Commission.
OF PROCEDURE AND FINANCIAL REGULATIONS
The Commission may, by a two—thirds majority of its membership, adopt and amend its own
Rules of Procedure and Financial Regulations which shall be consistent with the General
Rules and Financial Regulations of the Organization. The Rules of Procedure and
the Financial Regulations of the Commission and any amendments thereto shall
come into force as from the date of their approval by the Director—General of
the Organization, the Financial Regulations and amendments thereto being su1ject
to confirmation by the Council of the Organization.
1. Each Member of the Commission undertakes to contribute
annually its share of the Budget in accordance with a scale of contributions to
be adopted by a two-thirds majority of the membership of the Commission. [Contributions by Members shall be made in
 2. Contributions
shall be made in cash and shall be payable in currencies to be determined by the Commission after consultation with each Member and
with the concurrence of the Director—General of the Organization.
3. In addition to making their annual contributions provided for in paragraph 1 or
supplementary contributions in accordance with paragraph 6 of this Article,
Members of the Commission may establish a national fund into which they may pay moneys in
their national currency or in other currencies to be used for implementing the
Commission's programmes and projects. Any such national fund shall be
administered by the Member concerned.
 4. The
Commission may also accept [contributions and] donations and other forms of assistance from organizations,
individuals and other sources for purposes connected withthe fulfilment of any
of its functions including emergency action.
 5. [All]
Contributions and donations received shall be placed in a Trust Fund
administered by the Director—General of the Organization in conformity with
the Financial Regulations ‘of the Organization.
 6. Supplementary contributions may be accepted from a Member or Members for emergency action or for the purpose of implementing specia.l schemes or campaigns ofdisease
control which under Article VII the Commission or Executive Committee mayadopt
 7. At the end of each financial [year] period, any uncommitted balance of the
[administrative] Budget shall [be placed in a] accrue to the
and shall be available for the
purposes outlined in Articles VI and VII.
- The expenses of the Commission shall be paid out of its Budget except those
such staff and facilities as may be made available by the Organization. The
borne by the Organization shall be determined and paid within the limits of the
prepared by the Director—General of the Organization and approved by the
Conference of the Organization in accordance with the Constitution, General
Rules and the Financial Regulations of the Organization.
- Expenses incurred by delegates of Members of the Commission and by their
and advisers, when attending sessions of the Commission, as well as the expenses
incurred by observers , shall be borne by the respective governments or organizations.
Expenses incurred by [the representative of] each member of the
Committee when attending sessions of the Executive Committee shall be
borne by the Commission.
- Expenses of consultants or experts invited to attend sessions or participate inthe
work of the Commission or the Executive Committee shall be borne by the
- This Agreement may be amended by a two—thirds majority of the membership of the Commission.
Proposals for amendments may be made by any Member of the Commission or by.the
Director—General of the Organization. Proposals made by a Member of the Commission
shall be addressed to both the Chairman of the Commission and the DirectorGeneral
of the Organization and those made by the Director—General of the Organization shall
be addressed to the Chairman of the Commission, not later than 120 days
Session of the Commission at which the proposal is to be considered. The
of the Organization shall immediately inform all Members of the Commission ofall
proposals for amendments.
Any amendment to this Agreement shall require the approval of the Council of the Organization
unless the Council considers it desirable to refer the amendment to theConference
of the Organization for approval.
Amendments not involving new obligations for Members of the Commission shalltake
effect from the date of the approval by the Council or Conference of the
Organization, as appropriate.
- Amendments involving new obligations for Members of the Commission shall, afterapproval
by the Conference or Council of the Organization, come into force in respect ofeach
Member only upon acceptance by it. The instruments of acceptance of amendments.
involving new obligations shall be deposited with the Director—General Of the
Organization. The Director—General of the Organization shall inform all
Members of the Commission and the Secretary—General of the United Nations of such acceptance. The rights and obligations of any Member of the Commission that has not accepted an amendment involving
new obligations shall continue to be governed by the provisions of the Agreement
prior to the amendment.
The Director—General of the Organization shall inform al.l Members of theCommission,
all Members and Associate Members of the Organization and the Secretary—General of the United Nations of the entry into force of any amendment.
Annexes to this Agreement containing common regional standards and practices ofanimal
production and health recommended by the Commission may be amended inaccordance
with the procedure specified in Article VII.2 of this Agreement.
- Acceptance of this Agreement by any Member or Associate Member of the Organization shall be effected by
the deposit of an instrument of acceptance with the Director—General of the
Organization and shall take effect on receipt of such instrument by the
Director—General of the Organization.
Acceptance of this Agreement by non—Member Nations of the Organization shallbecome
effective on the date on which the Commission approves the application for membership
in conformity with the provisions of Article III of this Agreement.
The Director—General of the Organization shall inform all Members of the
Members and Associate Members of the Organization and the Secretary—General of
the United Nations of all acceptances that have become effective.
Acceptance of this Agreement shall be deemed to include acceptance of the provisions
of any Annexes thereto, with the exception of any provisions with respect to
which an objection is made in the instrument of acceptance. An objection to a provisioncontained
in an Annex to this Agreement shall not constitute a reservation within themeaning
of paragraph 5 of this Article.
- Acceptance of this Agreement may be made subject to reservations which shallbecome
effective only upon unanimous acceptance by the Members of the Commission.The
Director-General of the Organization shall notify forthwith all Members of theCommission
of any reservation. Members of the Commission not having replied withinthree
months from the date of the notification shall be deemed to have accepted the reservation.
Failing such acceptance, the nation making the reservation shall not becomea
party to this Agreement.
Members of the Commission, when accepting this Agreement, state explicitly to
which territories their participation shall extend. In the absence of such a
shall be deemed to apply to all the territories in the Region for the
of which the Member is responsible. Subject to the provisions of Article XXI.2,the
scope of the territorial application may be modified by a subsequent
AND SETTLEMENT OF DISPUTES
- Any dispute regarding the interpretation or application of this Agreement, if not settled
by the Commission, shall be referred to a Committee composed of one member
by each of the parties to the dispute, and in addition an independent chairman
by the members of the Committee.
Committee shall submit a report to the Chairman of the Commission who shall transmit
it to the parties to the dispute, to the other Members of the Commission and to the
Director—General of the Organization. The costs arising from the Committee's
shall be borne by the parties to the dispute as determined by the Commission.
The recommendations of such a Committee, while not binding in character, shall
the basis for renewed consideration by the parties concerned of the matter out
the disagreement arose. If as the result of this procedure the dispute is not
shall be referred to the International Court of Justice in accordance with the
Statute of the
Court, unless the parties to the dispute agree to another method of settlement.
- Any Member may withdraw from the Commission at any time after the
one year from the date on which its acceptance took effect or from the date on
Agreement entered into force, whichever is the later, by giving written notice
to both the Chairman of the Commission and the Director-General of the
Organization. The Director—General of the Organization shall forthwith inform
of the Commission, all Member Nations and Associate Members of the Organization
and the Secretary—General of the United Nations of the receipt of any notice
of withdrawal. The withdrawal shall become effective one year from the date of
receipt by the Director— General of the Organization of the notification of
Member of the Commission may give notice of withdrawal with respect to one or
more of the territories for the international relations of which it is
responsible. When a
Member gives notice of its own withdrawal from the Commission, it shall state to
which territory or territories the withdrawal is to apply. In the absence of
such a declaration, the
withdrawal shall be deemed to apply to all the territories for the international relations
of which the Member of the Commission is responsible, except that such withdrawal
shall not be deemed to apply to an Associate Member of the Organization.
- Any Member of the Commission that gives notice of withdrawal from the
be deemed to have simultaneously withdrawn from the Commission, and this withdrawal
shall be deemed to apply to all the territories for the international relations
Member concerned is responsible, except that such withdrawal shall not be deemed
to an Associate Member of the Organization.
- This Agreement shall be considered terminated if and when the number of Membersof
the Commission falls below five, unless the four remaining members of the
Commission decide, with the approval of the Conference of the Organization, to
maintain the Agreementin
force. The Director—General of the Organization shall inform all Members of
the Commission, all Members and Associate Members of the Organization and the
Secretary— General of the United Nations of such termination.
of the Agreement all assets of the Commission shall be liquidatedby
the Director—General of the Organization and after settlement of the
liabilities, the balance shall be distributed proportionately amongst Members on
the basis of the scaleof
contributions n force at the time. Nations whose contributions are in arrears
for two consecutive years shall not be entitled to a share of the assets.
- This Agreement shall enter into force as soon as five eligible Members or Associate
Members of the Organization have become parties to it by the deposit of an
of acceptance in accordance with the provisions of Article XVIII of this
- The Director—General of the Organization shall notify all Nation shaving
of acceptance as well as all Member Nations and Associate Members ofthe
Organization and the Secretary—General of the United Nations of the date on
which this Agreement comes into force.
English and French texts of this Agreement shall be equally authentic.
1 Additions underlined, deletions in square brackets