New agroforestry publication
Conference on forestry financing
IUFRO forestry awards
SHIFTING CULTIVATORS IN THAILAND - "slash-and-burn" agriculture can cause soil degradation
A new international, multidisciplinary journal entitled Agroforestry systems began quarterly publication during 1982. The journal, based in The Hague and printed in English, will serve as an outlet for research results on different aspects of agroforestry systems. In addition, it will offer "critical reviews" of sustained-yield land-management systems combining agriculture, animal husbandry and trees.
Agroforestry systems will cover a variety of topics: agroforestry and rural development: agro-sylvi-pastoral systems and ecosystems; the role of trees in multiple land-use programmes: the compatibility of various land-use practices with forest management; shifting cultivation and related practices; tree-based farming and multipurpose tree products; economics of agroforestry; and the acceptability of new policies and techniques to rural societies.
Authors who wish to contribute to Agroforestry systems are invited to send manuscripts or requests for "Instruction to authors" to the Editorial Office, Agroforestry systems, PO Box 566, 2501 CN The Hague, the Netherlands.
A subscription to Volume 1, which will comprise four issues during 1982, costs fl. 148 (ca. US$74) for institutions and fl. 86 (ca. US$43) for individuals. Orders should be sent to: Kluwer Academic Publishers Group, Distribution Centre, PO Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht, the Netherlands.
The inter-American Development Bank (IDB) held a four-day regional forestry conference on 22-25 June 1982 in Washington, D.C. on the theme "Financing forest-based development in Latin America". Although the conference focused on Latin-American forests, the information presented has application in other developing countries. Included on the agenda were protection, reforestation, management, development, financing and industrialization of the forests.
Speakers presented 31 papers, 20 of which were in Spanish, 10 in English and one in French. The papers have been bound into a single volume and are available from: S.E. McGaughey. Inter-American Development Bank, 808 17th St NW, Washington' D.C. 20577. USA.
New scientific advances in forestry and wood products were honoured by the international Union of Forestry Research Organizations (IUFRO) in Kyoto, Japan during the Seventh World Forestry Conference held in September 1981.
Seven Scientific Achievement Awards were given in the areas of tree growth, forecasting of growth and yield, wood adhesion, forest-management planning, wood transformation, nutrient cycling and soil micro-organisms. Awards are given only once every five years and only to scientists under the age of 45. The winners were:
· Dr David I. Bevege, Queenstown, Australia, Head of Soils and Nutrition Research at the University of Queensland Department of Forestry. Working with pine, araucaria and eucalypts, Dr Bevege developed techniques for stimulating tree growth through fungi associated with plant roots, and for accurately predicting tree growth by the level of nutrients applied.
· Dr Harold E. Burkhart, Blacksburg, Virginia, USA, Professor of Forestry at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University. Dr Burkhart developed new models for forecasting growth and yield for slash pine, radiate pine and hardwoods using advanced statistical methods and computer programmes.
· Dr Suezone Chow, Merritt, British Columbia, Canada, Vice-President of Ardew Wood Products, Ltd. While working with Canada's Western Forest Products Laboratory, Dr Chow developed sophisticated wood-adhesion knowledge and techniques. One study used foliage to produce a new natural adhesive.
· Dr Pekka J. Kilkki, Helsinki, Finland, researcher at the University of Helsinki. Dr Kilkki applied linear and dynamic programming to develop new forest-management planning methods.
· Dr T. Kent Kirk, Madison, Wissconsin, researcher at the US Forest Service's Forest Products Laboratory. Working in the general research area of the transformation of wood by microbes and enzymes, Dr Kirk found a way to apply lignin biodegradation to the manufacture of pulp.
· Dr Hugh G. Miller, Aberdeen, Scotland, Principal Scientific Officer for the Macaulay Institute for Soil Research. Dr Miller conducted research in nutrient cycling through forest ecosystems, including processes in the growth response of trees and forest soils to fertilizers.
· Dr Makoto Ogawa, Ibaraki, Japan, researcher for the Japanese Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute. The ecological roles of soil microorganisms and fungi in pine forests were the focus for Dr Ogawa's research.