Vegetables

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VEGETABLES

Agavaceae    
Yucca elephantipes Izote, bulbstem yucca Mexico, Guatemala
Asclepiadaceae    
Vincetoxyoum salvini Cuchamper Guatemala, Costa Rica
Araceae    
Xanthosoma brasiliensis Belembe Brazil
Cactacaae    
Opuntia spp. Prickly pear Mexico
Caricaceae    
Carica monoica Col de montaña Peru
Cucurbitaceae    
Cucurbita argyrosperma Cushaw, calabaza, saquil, pipián, pipitoria Mexico, Guatemala
Cucurbita ficifolia Cidra, sidra, fig leaf squash, chilacayote, Malabar gourd Mexico, Guatemala
Cucurbita maxima Winter squash Argentina
Cucurbita moschata Pumpkin, winter squash, musky squash, cushaw China squash Mexico, Guatemala
Cucurbita pepo Pumpkin, vegetable marrow, summer pumpkin, autumn pumpkin Mexico, Guatemala
Cyclanthera exploders Artillery cyclanthera, pepino diablito El Salvador, Peru
Cyclanthera pedata Prickle cyclanthera, caigua Andes
Sechium edule Chayote, cho-cho, chow chow, christophine, Madeira marrow, vegetable pear Mexico, Guatemala
Sechium tacaco Tacaco Costa Rica
Sicana odorifera Casabanana Northern South America (?)
Euphorbiaceae    
Cnidoscolus chayamansa Chaya, spurge Mexico, Guatemala
Manihot esculenta Cassava, manioc, mandioca, tapioca, gari Amazon region
Leguminosae, Papilionoideae    
Crotalaria longirostrata Tachipilin Mexico, El Salvador
Marantacaae    
Calathea macrosepala Chufle Guatemala, El Salvador
Palmae    
Bactris gasipaes Peach-palm, pejibay(e), pejivalle Honduras, Brazil
Chamaedorea tepejilote Pacaya Mexico, Guatemala
Euterpe oleracea Assai, assai palm, assai enterpe, cabbage enterpe Brazil
Portulacaceae    
Talinum triangulare Potherb fameflower Northeastern South America
Chenopodiaceae    
Chenopodium berlandierispp nuttalliae Pitseed goosefoot Mexico
Solanacaae    
Lycopersicon esculentum Tomato Mexico
Solanaceae    
Physalis philadelphica Tomatillo, ground cherry, hush-tomato, jamberry Mexico, Guatemala
Solanum americanum Hierba more, nightshade Guatemala, El Salvador
Solanum sp. Nightshade Guatemala
Vitaceae    
Cissus gongyloides Marble treebine Amazon region
GRAIN LEGUMES
Leguminosae, Papillonoideae    
Canavalia ensiformis Jach bean, sword bean, sabre bean, Jamaican horse bean Peru
Erythrina edulis Basul Colombia, Peru
Lupinus mutabilis Andean lupin, South American lupin Colombia, Bolivia
Phaseolus acutifolius Tepary bean United States, Costa Rica
Phaseolus coccineus Scarlet runner bean, ayacote, patol, botil Mexico, Guatemala
Phaseolus lunatus Butter bean, Burma bean, duffin bean, Rangoon bean, Lima bean United States, Chile
Phaseolus polyanthus Botil Mexico
Phaseolus vulgaris Kidney bean, French bean, flageolet bean, dwarf bean, navy bean, string bean, haricot bean, baked bean, field bean United States, Argentina
OIL CROPS
Compositae    
Helianthus annuus Common sunflower United States, Mexico
Madia saliva Madia oil plant, tarweed, melosa Chile
Chrysobalanaceae    
Licania sclerophylla Oiticica Brazil
Euphorbiaceae    
Caryodendron orinocensis Tacay nut, inchi Amazon region, Orinoco
Labiatee    
Salvia hispanica Mexican chia Mexico, Guatemala
Leguminosae, Papilionoideae    
Dipteryx odorata Tonka bean Northeastern South America
Myrtaceae    
Pimenta racemosa Bay rum tree Antilles
  ROOTS AND TUBERS  
Araceae    
Xanthosoma sagittifolium Tannia, tania, tanier, new cocoyam, Yautia Mexico, Brazil, Antilles
Basellaceae    
Ullucus tuberosus Ullucu, Oca quina Venezuela (Andes), Argentina
Cannaceae    
Canna edulis Achira, Queensland arrowroot, tous-les- mois Western Andes
Compositae    
Helianthus tuberosus Jerusalem artichoke United States
Polymnia sonchifolia Leafcup yacón Venezuela (Andes), Argentina
Convolvulaceae    
Ipomoea batatas Sweet potato, yam, kumara, Brazilian arrowroot Mexico, Brazil, Antilles
Cruciferae    
Lepidium meyenii Maca, pepper grass, pepper weed Peru (Andes)
Dioecoreaceae    
Dioscorea trifida Cush-cush, yampi yam Northern South America
Euphorbiaceae    
Manihot esculenta Cassava, manioc, mandioca, tapioca, gari Mexico, Brazil, Antilles
Iridaceae    
Tigridia pavonia Tiger flower Mexico
Leguminosae, Papillonoideae    
Pachyrhizus ahipa Ahipa, yam bean Peru, Argentina
Pachyrhizus erosus Yam bean, manioc bean, jicama Mesoamerica
Pachyrhizus tuberosus West Indies yam, jicama Colombia (western Andes), Peru
Marantaceae    
Calathea allouia Guinea arrowroot, topinambour, Northern South America, Antilles
  topi-tampo, topi-tamboo  
Nyctaginaceae    
Mirabilis expanse Mauka, chago Ecuador, Bolivia
Oxalidaceae    
Oxalis tuberosa Oca Colombia (Andes), Chile
Solanaceae    
Solanum tuberosum Potato Venezuela, Chile
Tropaeolaceae    
Tropaeolum tuberosum Añu, mashwa Colombia (Andes), Bolivia
Umbelliferae    
Arracacia xanthorrhiza Arracacha, apio, Peruvian parsnip, white carrot Colombia, Bolivia
DYESTUFFS
Bixaceae    
Bixa orellana Annato, arnatto, roucou, achiote, bixa Mexico, Brazil, Antilles
Cucurbitaceae    
Lagenaria siceraria Calabash, bottle gourd United States, Argentina, Antilles
MISCELLANEOUS
Bambusa angustifolia Bamboo, guadua Colombia
Stevia rebaudiana Caa-ehe, cahahé Paraguay
Nicotiana rustica Aztec tobacco, wild tobacco Canada, South America
Nicotiana tabacum Tobacco Mexico, South America

Bibliography

Brücher, H. 1989. Useful plants of neotropical origin and their wild relatives. Berlin, Springer Verlag.

Graham, A., ed, 1973, Vegetation and vegetation history of northern Latin America. Amsterdam, Elsevier.

Harris, D.R. & William, G.C., eds. 1989. Foraging and farming. London, Unwin.

Hart, R.D. 1987. Indian agriculture in America. Lawrence, USA, University of Kansas Press.

Hueck, K. 1978. Los bosques de Sudamérica. Eschborn, Germany, GTZ.

Martínez M.A. 1988. Contribuciones iberoamericanas al mundo. Botánica, medicina agricultura Madrid, Anaya.

Patiño, V.M. 1963-74. Plantas cultivadas y animales domesticados en América equinoccial, Vol. 1-4. Cali, Colombia, Imprenta Departamental.

Reed, C.A., ed. 1977. Origins of agriculture. The Hague, the Netherlands, Mouton.

Sapper, K. 1936. Geographie und Geschichte der Indianischer Lartdwirtschaft. Hamburg, Germany, Ibero-Amerikanisches Institut.

Sauer, C. 1950. Cultivated plants of South and Central America. In J.H. Steward. ed. Handbook of South American Indians, 6:487-543.

Smith, C.E. 1988. Evidencia arqueólogica actual sobre los inicios de la agriculture en America. In G.C.L. Manzanilla, ed. Coloquio V. Cordon Childe, p. 91-112. Mexico, UNAM.

Stone, D., ed. l 984. Pre-Columbian plant migration. Peabody Mus. Arch. Ethnol., Paper No. 76.

Vavilov, N.I.1931. Mexico and Central America as the principal centre of origin of cultivated plants in the New World. Bull. Appl. Bot. Genet. Plant Breed., 26: 135-199.

Vavilov, N.I. 1949-50. The origin, variation, immunity and breeding of cultivated plants. Waltham. Chronica Botanica, 131 (16):


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